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[TED] 【公开课】学习是一辈子的事

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千缘 发表于 2019-11-22 02:48:17 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
查看: 82|回复: 0


演讲稿节选

I think we must do three things.

我认为我们必须做三件事

The first, we must prepare to accept change in stead of fighting it

首先 我们必须接受改变 而不是抗拒它

I've been afraid of changes many times

我以前很常畏惧改变

I didn't want to change school, I didn't want to change jobs

我不想换学校和工作

Let me tell you

告诉你

whenever I was afraid to do something

当我害怕做某件事时

I didn't want to change

我都不想改变

Those are by far the most depressing moments of my life

然而那些时候却是我人生中最低潮的时刻

Being afraid is not nice

害怕改变并不好

It's paralyzing

它使人无法向前

Because when you are afraid, you're afraid to fail

因为你害怕 就意味着你害怕失败

You're afraid that yeah, I would not make it to that school

你害怕没进那所学校

I would not win the scholarship

害怕不能得到奖学金

I would not be able to change up and find something else.

害怕我不能够找到更好的方案

You know. They were right. I was stupid

他们是对的 我不够聪明

I couldn't learn. I couldn't learn lalalalaal

我学不会 我学不会 等等等等等等

It's a downward spiral.

就像无底洞一样

We live in a society that stigmatizes mistakes.

我们这个社会把错误污名化

We've been living in where failure is not an option

我们认为失败不能是个选项

And that we should play safe

因此我们总是寻求安全的路

Study something that will get you a safe job

读热门科系 才能找到工作

Work for a big company, look for stability

进大企业工作以寻求稳定

But you see, in the future of great uncertainty

但是我们都知道 未来充满不确定性

Stability is the illusion of the unimaginative.

稳定根本是假象

lifelong. I think we must move away from the idea that teaching is for adults, and learning is for kids.

第二点是终身学习 我们打破「成年人就是教导,小孩就是学习」思维

Learning is a lifelong experience.

学习该是终身

And anybody can be a mentor, a teacher, or a friend to someone else, or a guide.

而且任何人都能是心灵导师 是传授知识的老师、朋友或者是指导者

In our strictly individualistic society,

在这个极度个人主义的社会

our personal success is imperative

个人的成就成了必要

So we have standardized tests

所以我们有标准化的考试

we try to get the best grades at the best school so we can get to the best university and then we can get to best job and outcompete everyone else and be successful.

我们试图考最高分进最好的学校才可以考取到最好的大学争取到最好的工作 并打败他人取得成功

But in a collaborative society your accomplishments. An accomplished individual is one that contribute the most

但在一个合作的社会成功的人应该是贡献最多的人

both of their personal development as well as that of their fellow human beings.

包括个人成就和对群体的成就

When I was at school I remember that

我记得我在学校的时候

the way I learned best was not when the teacher was talking

最好的学习方式 并不是老师在说教的时候

was when one of my classmates would come up to me and say

而是我同学过来问我说

hey how? this is how you do it ?

你是怎么做到的?

Like in five minutes we would solve something that in 2 hours of lesson that nobody understood

我们在五分钟内 解决了两个小时的课堂上没人懂的问题

and I thought why can't we just get to that

我想我们为何不像这样

Those 5 minutes of peer learning

用五分钟 透过同侪间的学习方式学习

and when I was teaching someone else

当我在教别人时

I was really testing my ability of understanding and reciprocating that

我也在考验我的理解程度以及表达能力

And also it was much more fun and engaging

而且教人真的很好玩

It was rewarding to be able to teach to someone

教别人的时候你可以看见

you can see in their eyes like there've been going like tho sfor 2 hours

他们为了这个问题搞了两个钟头

and you teach them in two minutes

你两分钟就把他们教会

and their eyes go like

他们的眼睛会像这样

yeah! I get it

哇!我懂了!

It's fun, right?

很好玩不是吗?

And we need time to experiment to make mistakes, to teach yourself, to teach others not, here's the vacuum. Imagine this idealized maybe with interesting problems

我们必须花时间去实验去犯错、教别人、也教自己也许可以透过很有趣的问题而不是 这是真空环境 假设...

no no no, real life problems

不不不 一定要真实的课题

Problems that have many solutions

问题可能有很多解决之道

maybe no optimal solutions

也许没有最理想的解法

maybe no one know what the answer is

或者说不定根本没人知道答案

maybe there are no answers. Who knows?

甚至根本没有答案 谁知道呢?

Fun and challenging problems

当你试着探索

and the process of discovery just like they were saying

有趣且具挑战的问题

"starve them, not stuff them."

就像之前的讲者说的

The speaker before me.

「让他们渴望知识 而不是塞知识给他们」

It's exactly right

非常有道理

Discovery. Learning is a process that happens when you're interested and engaged.

好的学习过程 是会让人很快乐以及非常投入的

Not when you're receiving

一直接收讯息并不代表学习

This way, you foster an innate curiosity

透过好的学习方式 会激起

that is inside all of us.

内心与生俱来的好奇心

And finally I think we must develop a stronger culture of grit

最后 我认为我们必须培养一个有毅力的文化

Grit means passion. It means perseverance. It means never giving up.

毅力的意思是热忱、持续力、永不放弃

The determination

这种决心

So many people see my success story

很多人看了我成功的故事

and they wonder what's different about me

他们好奇我有什么不一样

Am I special?

我很特别吗?

no

不是

Do I come from a rich family?

我家很有钱吗?

No

也不是

Am I some sort of genius? Nonsense, my teacher said that I was too stupid too learn

我是天才吗?当然不是!我的老师说我笨到无法学习

So what's different?

那到底哪里不一样?

It's very simple

很简单

I had somebody who believe in me

有人相信我

And I never gave up

而且我从不放弃

That's it

就这样

Studies has shown that intelligence, talent

研究显示智力、才华和社会地位

and social status have very little correlation with your long term success in life

跟你长期的成功没有太大的关联

So if you can find the person

如果你能够找到

If you can find somebody who believes in you

相信你的人

Somebody who can look at you in the eye

这位可直视你的眼睛

and tell you that you're not stupid

告诉你你不笨

you're not crazy

你并不疯狂

go for it

去做吧

THAT changes everything

那会改变所有一切

everything

完全改变

My drive has always been to fix stuff.

我很喜欢修理东西

and whenever I saw something I want to be there to fix it, or make it better

我看到任何东西都想修理它 让他变好一点

or finding it get more optimal resolutions.

或者帮它找到比较理想的办法

whenever I saw a toy or a desk and bicycle

无论是玩具、书桌或脚踏车

or the school or politics in Italy.

无论是意大利的学校还是政治

I want to fix everything

无论是什么

didn't matter what it was

我都想修理

couldn't help it

没办法

and when I was twelve I saw this thing, this computer

我十二岁的时候我看到计算机

which I could program myself

发现可以写程序

and it will do stuff for me

来帮我做事

and I was like holy cow

我那时觉得天呀!

this is amazing

这太神奇了

Seriously, I didn't have any money

我根本没钱

I didn't have any resources, I don't have any budget

没有资源或预算

But suddenly, I could solve humongous problems

但突然间这么庞杂的问题

that used to required thousands of people

以前需要很多人去解决

just by myself

竟然我自己就可以搞定

the only thing I needed was

而我只需要的只是决心

determination, passion, interest, and patience. lots of patience.

热忱、兴趣、以及许多许多的耐心

but then

接着

when I found a community of activists, of hackers, of makers

我看到社会运动的份子 甚至黑客

people who challenge me, people who inspire me

他们挑战我、激励我

everything got so much better, so much faster, so much quicker

所有的东西都变得更好、更快

and so much more interesting and engaging.

而且更有趣

It increased my range, in orders of magnitude

拓展我的视野

and we need to foster our creativity.

我们需要激发的创造力

I think that has a lot to do with mentorship

而我认为这与心灵导师有很大的关系

with guidance

协助指引

First I had my parents who believed in me

一开始我有父母相信我

And then, my school, the college

接下来是学校和大学

and then countless other people to which

以及许多人

I owe everything

我欠这些人

everything that I am now

我现在拥有的一切

there are many people here on the stage

你可以看见

you can see them

好多人在这舞台上

not crazy, I don't really see them

我还没疯 当然这些人不是真的在我身旁

but you know what I mean

不过你懂我的意思

I am standing on their shoulders

我站在这些巨人的肩膀上

If it hadn't been for them, I would not be here now

若非他们 我今天不会站在这

talking to you

和你们讲话

and technology is now making this process easier, more skills available than ever.

而科技让资源变得比以前更容易取得

Because your mentor doesn't have to be in the same village, doesn't have to be in the same town

你的心灵导师不必和你来自同一个城镇

or even the same country

不必来自同一个国家

doesn't even have to speak the same language

甚至不需要说同一种语言

we can't forget that only 6% of the world speak English natively

别忘了世界上以英语为母语的人只有6%

and 73% of the world doesn't understand any English

还有73%的人一点英文都不懂

But now technology is taking down all these barriers.

今日的科技打破了这些藩篱

For the first time in human history

这是人类史上第一次

we have the technological tools to bring about a revolution in education

可以利用科技革命教育

But it won't come by itself

但革命不会自己发生

We need people too

革命需要人来推动

and also we need the right mindset

也需要对的心态

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[发帖际遇]: 千缘 发帖时在路边捡到 3 朵 鲜花,偷偷放进了口袋. 幸运榜 / 衰神榜
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