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【BBC】Make-up's little secret 化妆品的小秘密

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katy 发表于 2019-11-21 13:59:59 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
BBC Learning English 英语教学

Make-up's little secret 化妆品的小秘密

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化妆品行业是一个不小的产业。它能使即将走出家门、面对世界的人们充满自信。但是,生产化妆品给环境带来了怎样的影响?70%的化妆品中都含有一个重要但备受争议的成分。它是什么?为什么这么有争议?生产这个化妆品成分给环境造成了什么损害?如何减轻这种损害?本期 “随身英语” 讨论化妆品背后的小秘密。

Vocabulary: make-up and conservation 词汇:化妆品和环保

Have you ever gone out without putting your face on? Whether it's a dash of foundation or a full application of lipstick, blusher or mascara, many would consider make-up essential before being seen. According to a survey by Fragrance Direct, a leading UK beauty retailer, the average UK woman uses twelve beauty products in their beauty regime daily – that's approximately £500 spent annually. But behind the monetary cost lies another, and it's one that many consumers may not know about.

70% of cosmetics are manufactured using palm oil – a substance which is controversial, and, according to many, environmentally damaging. Between 1990 and 2008, oil palm tree plantations were responsible for the deforestation of around 8% of the world's forests, according to the BBC. This leads to a loss of biodiversity and habitat for wildlife – particularly those already under threat, such as the orangutan. And demand for the crop is increasing.

To further complicate things, we can't simply ban it or stop using it. It's the most widely used vegetable oil on the planet and responsible for an industry worth more than $40 billion. Stopping its production would ruin many people's livelihoods worldwide. Worse, alternative vegetable oils, such as rapeseed, coconut or sunflower, would require up to ten times as much land to produce the same amount. This would only exacerbate the issue.

There is hope, though, of sustainable palm oil based on a global standard set by the Round Table on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) – a group of growers, retailers, NGOs and manufacturers. To meet their standards, a company must not clear any primary forest, treat workers fairly, and create wildlife zones, among other things. However, many critics say that these rules are not strict enough. According to a report by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, there is limited evidence of effective conservation as a result.

That said, in 2016, 75% of the total palm oil imports to the UK were sustainable, according to the BBC. Many retailers and leading brands use it, but as a consumer, knowing which is which can be difficult. The RSPO has a logo, but it rarely gets printed on the cosmetic label. The best we can do for now is check the ingredients carefully and do some research.

词汇表

put your face on 化妆
foundation 粉底
application 涂抹
lipstick 口红
blusher 腮红
mascara 睫毛膏
beauty product 美容产品,化妆品
beauty regime “美容法”
cosmetics 化妆品
palm oil 棕榈油
plantation 种植园
deforestation 大面积砍伐森林
biodiversity 生物多样性
habitat 栖息地
wildlife 野生动植物
under threat 受到威胁
crop 庄稼
sustainable 可持续的
cosmetic 化妆品的

测验与练习

1.  阅读课文并回答问题。

1. True or false? On average, UK women use approximately a dozen beauty products daily.

2. How does palm oil harm the environment?

3. Why can't we just stop using palm oil?

4. What must a company do to meet the RSPO standards for sustainable palm oil?

5. Which word used in the article means: ‘make a bad situation even worse'?

2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思恰当的单词填入句子中的空格处。

1. I'm ready but you're still _______! How long do you need for a bit of lipstick?!

applying your face on       making your face on     

putting your face on         pasting your face on

2. I follow a very simple _______. I only use foundation and a bit of eye-liner.

beauty product                 beauty regime             make-up product           make-up regiment

3. The rainforests are one of the most _______ places on Earth. There are so many species!

biodiversity                      biodiverse                    biodiversify                    biodiversityify

4. African slaves were transported to cotton and tobacco _______ in America in the 1600s.

farms                               crops                            habitats                         plantations

5. Electricity generated from hydroelectric dams and wind power is more _______ than fossil fuel generated power.

under threat                    cosmetic                       sustainable                    wild 

答案

1.  阅读课文并回答问题。  

1. True or false? On average, UK women use approximately a dozen beauty products daily.
True. According to a survey by Fragrance Direct, a leading UK beauty retailer, the average UK woman uses 12 beauty products in their beauty regime daily.

2. How does palm oil harm the environment?
Palm oil plantations cause deforesting which leads to a loss of biodiversity and wildlife.

3. Why can't we just stop using palm oil?
It would ruin many people's livelihoods and alternative oils would make things worse.

4. What must a company do to meet the RSPO standards for sustainable palm oil?
To meet their standards, a company must not clear any primary forest, treat workers fairly and create wildlife zones, among other things.

5. Which word used in the article means: ‘make a bad situation even worse'?
Exacerbate (“This would only exacerbate the issue.")

2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思恰当的单词填入句子中的空格处。 

1. I'm ready but you're still putting your face on! How long do you need for a bit of lipstick?!

2. I follow a very simple beauty regime. I only use foundation and a bit of eye-liner.

3. The rainforests are one of the most biodiverse places on Earth. There are so many species!

4. African slaves were transported to cotton and tobacco plantation in America in the 1600s.

5. Electricity generated from hydroelectric dams and wind power is more sustainable than fossil fuel generated power.

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上一篇:【BBC】Slow walking and ageing 走路慢 老得快
下一篇:【BBC】What's a narcissist like? 自恋者是什么样的人?
[发帖际遇]: 一个袋子砸在了 katy 头上,katy 赚了 2 朵 鲜花. 幸运榜 / 衰神榜
fantasy34 发表于 2019-11-22 12:44:39 | 显示全部楼层
People enjoy the beauty at the cost of the nature.
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