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【BBC】Slow walking and ageing 走路慢 老得快

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katy 发表于 2019-11-12 09:52:24 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
BBC Learning English 英语教学

Slow walking and ageing 走路慢 老得快

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科学家们一直在寻找能让人们延长寿命,获得健康幸福生活的方法。本期 “随身英语” 围绕最新的一项研究展开讨论——这项研究称,人们在40多岁时走路的速度是他们的大脑和身体衰老程度的标志。走路速度较慢的人是不是应该加快步伐呢?

Vocabulary: health 词汇:健康

Getting old might not be something that’s yet to cross your mind. But ageing is inevitably going to get the better of us one day, so it’s something I’m sure we’d all like control. It would be great to have a long, healthy and happy life, and that’s why scientists are constantly seeking out evidence that will show us what we need to do to achieve longevity.

We all know that regular exercise is good for us. In recent years we’ve been told to aim to walk 10,000 steps a day to remain healthy, although other advice to do three brisk 10-minute walks a day is thought to be even more effective. But the latest piece of research might put a spring in your step if you’re someone who walks at a fast pace. That’s because, according to scientists, the speed at which people walk in their 40s is a sign of how much their brains, as well as their bodies, are ageing.

The BBC’s Philippa Roxby writes that tests on 1,000 people from New Zealand born in the 1970s found that slower walkers tended to show signs of "accelerated ageing". Their lungs, teeth and immune systems were in worse shape than those who walked faster. And to add insult to injury, the study found not only did slower walkers' bodies age more quickly, their faces looked older and they had smaller brains. Professor Terrie E Moffitt, lead author of the study, told the BBC: "[it] found that a slow walk is a problem sign decades before old age."

This might be seen as a wake-up call for people with a slower gait who might feel it’s time to work out and get fitter. But it might be too late; researchers writing in JAMA Network Open say they were able to predict the walking speed of 45-year-olds using the results of intelligence, language and motor skills tests from when they were aged three. They also suggest that even in early life, there are signs showing which people will go on to have a healthier life.

So, what’s the point of knowing that a slower walking pace might mean a smaller brain? Well, researchers say measuring walking speed at a younger age, and understanding what this might mean, could be a way of testing treatments to slow human ageing. This might help us make lifestyle changes while we’re still young and healthy. Any steps we can take to prolong a good mental and physical state is a no brainer!

词汇表

to cross sb’s mind (念头)闪现,想起
ageing 衰老
to get the better of sb 击败
longevity 长寿
brisk 轻快的
effective 有效的
a spring in your step 步伐轻快
fast pace 快节奏,快步伐
brains 大脑
a slower walker 走路速度慢的人
accelerated ageing 加速老化
immune system 免疫系统
lung 肺部
in worse shape 情况更糟糕
to add insult to injury 往伤口撒盐
a wake-up call 警示
gait 步伐,步态
work out 锻炼身体
treatment 治疗方法
make lifestyle changes 改变生活习惯
a no brainer 容易理解的事情

测验与练习

1.  阅读课文并回答问题。

1. Which is thought to be better exercise – walking 10,000 steps a day or doing three brisk walks a day?

2. According to this research, how big were the brains of people who in their mid-40s walked slowly?

3. True or false? By testing people’s walking speed at 45, scientists could predict who would go on to have a healthier life.

4. What could the findings from this research be used for to help people lead a longer and healthier life?

5. Which word used in the article means: ‘make something last longer’?

2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思恰当的单词填入句子中的空格处。

1. I think the most _______ cure for a cold is drinking honey and lemon and getting plenty of rest!

longevity                      effective                            treatments                   work out

2. The ferry was in a _______ than when I last sailed on it. I was worried it was going to sink!

worst shape                 worse shapes                   worse shaped             worse shape

3. My maths test results are a _______ that I need to study harder.

wake-up call                no brainer                         work out                      lifestyle change

4. I put my grandfather’s _______ down to a healthy diet and not smoking or drinking.

gait                              motor skills                       longevity                      brisk

5. When you were cooking chicken casserole, did it not _______ that our guests are all vegetarians?!

cross my mind             crossed your mind           cross your mind           cross his mind

答案

1.  阅读课文并回答问题。  

1. Which is thought to be better exercise – walking 10,000 steps a day or doing three brisk walks a day?
In recent years we’ve been told to aim to walk 10,000 steps a day to remain healthy, although other advice to do three brisk 10-minute walks a day is thought to be even more effective.

2. According to this research, how big were the brains of people who, in their mid-40s, walked slowly?
The study found slower walkers had smaller brains.

3. True or false? By testing people’s walking speed at 45, scientists could predict who would go on to have a healthier life.
False. Researchers were able to predict the walking speed of 45-year-olds using the results of intelligence, language and motor skills tests from when they were aged three.

4. What could the findings from this research be used for to help people lead a longer and healthier life?
Researchers say measuring walking speed at a younger age, and knowing what this might mean, could be a way of testing treatments to slow human ageing.

5. Which word used in the article means: ‘make something last longer’?
Prolong (“Any steps we can take to keep to prolong a good mental and physical state is a no brainer!)

2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思恰当的单词填入句子中的空格处。 

1. I think the most effective cure for a cold is drinking honey and lemon and getting plenty of rest!

2. The ferry was in a worse shape than when I last sailed on it. I was worried it was going to sink!

3. My maths test results are a wake-up call that I need to study harder.

4. I put my grandfather’s longevity down to a healthy diet and not smoking or drinking.

5. When you were cooking chicken casserole, did it not cross your mind that our guests are all vegetarians?!

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evaguan 发表于 2019-11-12 11:20:51 | 显示全部楼层
念头)闪现,想起 to cross one's mind
衰老 ageing
击败 to get the better of sb
长寿longevity
轻快的brisk
有效的effective
步伐轻快 a spring in your step
快节奏,快步伐 fast pace
大脑 brain
走路速度慢的人a slower walker
加速老化 accelerated ageing
免疫系统immune system
肺部lung
情况更糟糕a worse shape
往伤口撒盐 to add an insult to injury
警示 a wake-up injury
步伐,步态 gait
锻炼身体 work out
治疗方法 treatment
改变生活习惯 make lifestyle changes
容易理解的事情 a no brainer
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hei8 发表于 2019-11-18 11:03:14 | 显示全部楼层
谢谢楼主分享,辛苦了!
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