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【双语】八个小知识让你了解二十四节气“寒露”

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[LV.7]常住居民III

发表于 2019-10-9 01:55:29 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  传统的中国农历(lunar calendar)根据太阳的运行周期将一年分成了24个节气(solar terms ),作为指导农事的补充历法。寒露(Cold Dew)是其中的第十七个节气,从每年的10月8日开始,10月23日结束。

  每当寒露到来的时候,中国大多数地区的气温会比上一个节气,白露(White Dew)时的温度低很多。雾气越发浓重和寒冷,降水量减少,农作物也趋于成熟(ripe )。

  下面就通过八个小知识来带大家了解一下寒露:

  一、雾秋 Foggy autumn

  十月份常伴随着强降温。当冷空气遇到了秋雨时,丰富的水汽很快达到饱和状态,随之变为蒙蒙烟雨或潮湿的雾气。湿度达到了一定高度,全国各地就会出现大范围多雾天气。

  Temperatures drop significantly in October. When the cold air encounters autumn rain, the abundant water vapor in the air soon reaches saturation, and then it turns into misty rain or fog. When the humidity is high, there will be foggy regions formed in many areas of China.

  二、秋钓季 Season for fishing

  人们都说秋季钓鱼找浅水。因为在寒露季节,温度下降快,日照无法充足地照射到深水区,所以鱼儿都喜欢到温度较高的近岸浅水区活动。

  People always say that fishing in shallow water in autumn does make sense. That’s because during the Cold Dew period, temperatures decrease quickly and sunshine cannot reach the deep water thoroughly. Fish all swim to shallow water areas where the water temperature is relatively high.

  三、石榴季 Season for eating pomegranates

  石榴在寒露时期成熟。几世纪以来,石榴因其精致饱满的色泽,甜美多汁的风味和较高的营养价值而广受人们的喜爱。

  Pomegranates are ripe during Cold Dew. Pomegranates have been cherished for their exquisite beauty, flavor, color, and health benefits for centuries.

  四、菊花酒季 Season for drinking chrysanthemum wine

  菊花迎寒露。为了缓解秋季带来的干燥,中国很多地区都形成了喝菊花酒的习俗。中国的重阳节常常在寒露前后,因此喝菊花酒也成为了九月九重阳节的传统内容。根据历史记载,经常喝菊花、茯苓和松脂酿制的酒,会起到延年益寿的功效。

  Chrysanthemum is the iconic flower of Cold Dew. To prevent autumn dryness, many regions in China have the custom of drinking chrysanthemum wine. This is a tradition of the Double Ninth Festival (on the ninth day of the ninth month in the Chinese calendar), which often falls around Cold Dew. According to ancient records, drinking the wine made with chrysanthemums, poria cocos and pine oleoresin grants people long lasting youth.

  五、山楂季 Season for eating hawthorns

  农谚道:寒露收山楂。浆果的提取物长期以来都被用来制作中草药,而山楂中的抗氧化剂可以通过强化血管,刺激血液流动,来保护心脏健康。

  There is a saying that goes "It is time to harvest hawthorn during Cold Dew." Extracts of the berries have long been used in herbal medicine. The antioxidants in hawthorn are thought to boost heart health by strengthening blood vessels and stimulating blood flow.

  六、登山季 A great time for hiking

  在寒露时节,中国北方常常是蓝天白云,霜天红叶。重阳节那天,人们经常去爬长有黄杨木的山,以此来驱邪避恶。这个传统习俗最早可以追溯到东汉末年。

  During Cold Dew, North China takes on a look of late autumn with white clouds, red leaves and early frost. On the day of the Double Ninth Festival, people often climb hills with cornels, a kind of plant. This custom aims to dispel evils, and originated in the Eastern Han Dynasty (AD25-220).

  七、腌鱼季 Season for making kippers

  在寒露时节制腌鱼是湖南侗家人的习俗。据说在寒露到来的那天,将腌鱼配以黄酒、盐、糯米、辣椒粉、花椒粉和生姜制作,味道会非常鲜美。

  People of the Dong ethnic group in Hunan province have the custom of making kippers during Cold Dew. It is said that the kipper made on the day of the Cold Dew with accessory foods such as rice wine, salt, glutinous rice, pepper powder, paprika powder and ginger are especially delicious.

  八、山茶花季 Season for picking camellia seeds

  湖南省南部是生产茶籽油的著名区域。只有到了寒露季节,人们才能去山上采摘山茶花。

  Southern Hunan province is a famous area for producing tea seed oil. People are not allowed to go to the mountains to pick the seeds until Cold Dew comes around.



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