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【VOA】欧洲政局变动或引发宪法危机

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发表于 2019-9-29 01:26:02 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式


Constitutional Crises Bring Attention to European Monarchs

欧洲政局变动或引发宪法危机

For most of the last 100 years, Europe's royalty have mainly been known for big weddings and newspaper gossip. Now, that might be changing.

在过去一百年的大多时间里,欧洲王室成员主要以盛大婚礼和报纸八卦而闻名。如今,这一情况可能正在发生改变。

Spain's King Felipe VI used his power to denounce Catalonian separatism. He called the leaders of the 2017 popular vote for independence from Spain criminals. He also said it was his constitutional duty to save national unity.

西班牙国王费利佩六世利用自身影响力谴责加泰罗尼亚的分离主义。他称2017年加泰罗尼亚独立公投的领导人是罪犯。他还表示,维护国家统一是他的宪法职责。

Recently, the British media has wondered if Queen Elizabeth II will be called upon to end a possible constitutional crisis. It could involve Prime Minister Boris Johnson's plans to withdraw Britain from the European Union on October 31. Johnson said he will move forward with "Brexit" even if there is no official agreement with the EU.

最近,英国媒体猜测英国女王伊丽莎白二世是否会被要求终止一项潜在的宪法危机。这可能涉及到首相鲍里斯·约翰逊计划于10月31日带领英国退出欧盟。约翰逊表示,即便未同欧盟达成正式协议,他也将推进“脱欧”进程。

Monarchs face political crises, and risks

君主面临政治危机和风险

The two royal heads of state would appear to have little in common.

这两位王室元首似乎没有什么共同之处。

Elizabeth II has been Queen for 67 years. Felipe became King just five years ago after the abdication of his father, King Juan Carlos, who was restored to the throne by dictator Francisco Franco in 1969.

伊丽莎白二世在位67年。而费利佩于5年前在其父亲胡安·卡洛斯退位后成为了西班牙国王,独裁者弗朗西斯科·佛朗哥于1969年恢复了卡洛斯的王位。

They are relatives through Queen Victoria, who ruled the British Empire in the 1800s.

他们都是于19世纪统治大英帝国的维多利亚女王的亲属。

Political science professor William Ogilvie de la Vega of Franciso Marroquin University in Madrid said that both rulers are being asked to make political decisions. He said the reason is because elected politicians seem to be unable to do their jobs.

马德里Franciso Marroquin大学的政治学教授威廉·奥格尔维·德拉维加表示,这两位统治者都被要求做出政治决定。他说,原因是当选的政界人士似乎无法胜任岗位职责。

The two monarchs remain as constitutional heads of state. They hold what former Spanish ambassador to Britain Federico Trillo-Figueroa describes as "sleeping powers."

两位君主仍然是国家宪法意义上的元首。他们掌握着前西班牙驻英国大使费德里科·特里洛 - 菲格罗亚所说的“沉睡的权力。”

Queen Elizabeth II has the power to start and end parliament and to sign legislation into law. She exercises those powers only at the request of the prime minister.

英国女王伊丽莎白二世有权启动和解散议会,以及将立法签署为法律。她只有应英国首相要求才能行使这些权力。

These powers "are normally exercised in an invisible way" Trillo-Figueroa told VOA.

特里洛 - 菲格罗亚告诉美国之音,这些权力“通常以无形的方式行使”。

But stepping into politics can cause problems.

但是涉足政治可能会带来问题。

Queen Elizabeth II has the power to refuse Johnson's request to suspend parliament's session if ministers try to stop Britain's EU withdrawal without an agreement. However, she would risk angering the most traditional parts of British society -- and many of them voted to leave the EU in a 2015 popular vote. Officials at Buckingham Palace, the home of British monarchs, has said that the "will of parliament should be respected."

如果内阁部长们想要阻止英国无协议脱欧,伊丽莎白二世有权拒绝约翰逊提请女王暂停议会的请求。然而,她有可能会因此激怒英国社会最传统势力,这些人中大部分在2015年公投中投票支持英国脱欧。英国王室所在的白金汉宫的官员表示:“议会的意愿应该受到尊重。”

A top supporter of Brexit, Nigel Farage, then released an attack on the royal family.

英国脱欧的一位重要的支持者奈杰尔·法拉格随后针对王室发表了攻击言论。

King Felipe similarly earned the anger of Catalan nationalists by openly supporting the federal government's direct rule over Catalonia. Barcelona Mayor Ada Colau opposes Catalan independence, but she stays away from the king when he comes to Spain's second largest city. Felipe is usually met with protests in the Catalan capital.

费利佩国王公开支持联邦政府对加泰罗尼亚的直接统治,此举同样引起加泰罗尼亚民族主义者的愤怒。巴塞罗那市长阿达·科洛反对加泰罗尼亚独立,但是当费利佩国王来到了巴塞罗那这座西班牙第二大城市时,她刻意与国王保持距离。费利佩经常在加泰罗尼亚首府遭遇抗议。

The newspaper El Mundo reported that former Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy advised against a royal televised speech during the crisis in Catalonia. In the speech, Felipe accused Catalan officials of acting with unacceptable "disloyalty," before the government officially charged them with sedition and rebellion.

《西班牙世界报》报道称,在加泰罗尼亚危机期间,前首相马里亚诺·拉霍伊不赞成王室发表电视讲话。费利佩国王讲话时指责泰罗尼亚官员“不忠”行为令人无法接受,随后西班牙政府正式指控他们煽动叛乱。

But Raquel Casviner Canellas of the Catalan Civic Union said the king needed to speak to Spanish unionists who felt that the central government had been too weak.

但是加泰罗尼亚公民联盟的的拉奎尔·卡斯维纳·卡纳拉斯表示,国王需要与西班牙统一主义者对话,他们认为中央政府过于软弱。

Felipe's father, Juan Carlos, helped the country move to democracy after the death of Franco. He later helped stop an attempt by the military in 1981 to seize power.

费利佩的父亲卡洛斯在佛朗哥去世后帮助西班牙走向民主。他后来还协助阻止了1981年军方试图夺权的企图。

The younger generations of royals also seem to be more interested in politics. Prince Harry's wife Meghan Markle, Duchess of Sussex, has been criticized for her political opinions in a coming article she edited for British Vogue, titled "Fifteen forces for change."

年轻一代的王室成员似乎对政治更感兴趣。哈里王子的妻子、苏塞克斯公爵夫人梅森·马克尔为英国《Vogue》杂志编辑了一篇题为《15种变革力量》的文章,她因这篇即将发表的文章中的政治观点受到批评。

I'm Susan Shand.

苏珊·尚德为您播报。



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