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【BBC】Ultra-processed food linked to early death 食用超加工食品可能导致早逝

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发表于 2019-6-25 11:55:11 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
BBC Learning English 英语教学

Ultra-processed food linked to early death 食用超加工食品可能导致早逝

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食物在经过加工后所包含的营养成分会有所降低,这也是为什么人们普遍认为经过加工后的食品不如新鲜食材营养丰富。科学家发现,被经过 “超级加工” 的食品对人体健康带来了新的威胁。超加工食品是一种经过大量工业加工的食品,包装上通常有很长的成分表。科学家对超加工食品进行了研究,他们发现了什么?本集 “随身英语” 讨论食用超加工食品可能对人体健康产生的影响。

Vocabulary: eating 词汇: 饮食

It’s good to enjoy food, but sometimes stories about the dangers of eating certain things can be hard to digest. I love to tuck into to a pepperoni pizza or munch on a jam doughnut, even though I know the dangers that lurk in their ingredients. It’s clear that processed foods are not the most nutritious things; but there now comes a new threat - from ultra-processed foods.

Scientists have now discovered that eating these types of food - such as chicken nuggets, ice cream and breakfast cereals - have been linked to early death and poor health. This is the stuff that has been through more substantial industrial processing and often has long ingredient lists on the packet, including added preservatives, sweeteners or colour enhancers.

Knowing that your bowl of cornflakes could be bad for you might be hard to swallow, but two studies have shown that people eating more ultra-processed food had worse heart health. Dr Mathilde Touvier from the University of Paris, who conducted one of the studies, told the BBC: "The rapid and worldwide increasing consumption of ultra-processed foods, to the detriment of less processed foods, may drive a substantial burden of cardiovascular diseases in the next decades."

But it might not be completely necessary to change your diet just yet as there is still some uncertainty about the results of the study and questions still to answer. Kevin McConway, a professor of statistics at The Open University, told the BBC: "These studies do increase my confidence that there's something real behind these associations - but I'm still far from sure."

Maybe we should follow the advice of The US National Institutes of Health, which found that ultra-processed foods lead people to eat more and put on more weight. It suggests avoiding food containing ingredients you cannot pronounce or anything your grandmother would not recognise as food! The obvious thing to do seems to be to feast on more unprocessed foods, such as fruit, vegetables, fish, nuts and seeds, beans, lentils and wholegrains, often called a Mediterranean-style diet. After all, we are what we eat!

词汇表

hard to digest 难以(让人)接受
tuck into 尽情地吃,痛快地吃
ingredient 成分,配料
processed foods 经过加工的食品
nutritious 营养丰富的
preservative 防腐剂
sweetener 甜味剂
colour enhancers 色素
hard to swallow 令人难以置信
consumption 食用
cardiovascular disease 心血管疾病
diet 饮食
feast on 尽情享用,大吃大喝
unprocessed 未经加工的
wholegrain 全谷物的
Mediterranean-style diet 地中海式饮食
we are what we eat 人如其食

测验与练习

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. According to new studies, what might be worse than processed foods?

2. True or false? An ultra-processed food item contains many ingredients.

3. How might eating too much ultra-processed food be bad for your health?

4. According to one study, what should you do if your grandmother doesn’t recognise what you’re eating?

5. Which word used in the article means ‘connections between two things’?

2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

1. When I’m on holiday I like to _______ a nice plate of bacon and eggs for my breakfast!

tuck up                 tuck on                 tuck into                 tuck out

2. _______ of coffee has increased considerably. Now there seems to be a shop selling it on every street corner.

ingredients             consumption         diet                       preservatives

3. After being ill for several weeks, my doctor has recommended I eat some _______ meals to improve my health.

nutritious              ingredients             wholegrains           sweeteners

4. Getting poor grades in my exams was _______ - but I guess I can try again next year.

hard and swallow   hard to swallowing    hardly swallow      hard to swallow

5. The bread tasted awful! I think it was full of _______, which is why it stayed fresh for a week!

colour enhancers        ingredients             preservatives         processed food

答案

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1.According to new studies, what might be worse than processed foods?
Studies have found the worst kinds of food are ultra-processed ones.

2.True or false? An ultra-processed food item contains many ingredients.
True. Scientists have found ultra-processed foods have been through more substantial industrial processing and often have long ingredient lists on the packet.

3. How might eating too much ultra-processed food be bad for your health?
Two studies have shown that people eating more ultra-processed food had worse heart health, also known as cardiovascular diseases.

4. According to one study, what should you do if your grandmother doesn’t recognise what you’re eating?
The US National Institutes of Health suggests avoiding or cutting down on anything your grandmother would not recognise as food!

5. Which word used in the article means ‘connections between two things’?
The word is ‘associations’. Kevin McConway, a professor of statistics at The Open University, told the BBC: "These studies do increase my confidence that there's something real behind these associations - but I'm still far from sure."

2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

1. When I’m on holiday I like to tuck into a nice plate of bacon and eggs for my breakfast!

2. Consumption of coffee has increased considerably. Now there seems to be a shop selling it on every street corner.

3. After being ill for several weeks, my doctor has recommended I eat some nutritious meals to improve my health.

4. Getting poor grades in my exams was hard to swallow - but I guess I can try again next year.

5. The bread tasted awful! I think it was full of preservatives, which is why it stayed fresh for a week!

Copyright © 2019

上一篇:【BBC】Is too much screen time bad for children? 使用屏幕时间过长对儿童有害吗?
下一篇:【BBC】Toy joy! 玩具带来的快乐
[发帖际遇]: 一个袋子砸在了 katy 头上,katy 赚了 2 元 家元. 幸运榜 / 衰神榜
发表于 2019-7-3 14:18:46 | 显示全部楼层
现在人的生活饮食确定是非常的不健康,还是提倡home made,尽量在家里吃饭什么的
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