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【双语】年过40?你需要了解这些健康迹象

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发表于 2019-5-17 02:20:02 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
1. Abdominal Bloating

1. 腹胀

Ovarian cancer is a serious issue for women over 40.According to the American Cancer Society,approximately half of all cases occur in women 63or older.

对于40岁以上的女性而言,卵巢癌这个问题十分严重。美国癌症协会的统计表示,大约一半的卵巢癌患者年龄在63岁以上。

Unfortunately, many of the symptoms of thisdisease-especially in its early stages-are not overt,like bloating and belly pain. Since these same inconveniences can be caused by everything fromindigestion to food intolerances, women rarely think they could be the result of something asserious as cancer.

不幸的是,卵巢癌的很多症状--尤其是卵巢癌早期--并不明显,比如腹胀和腹痛。因为这些症状可能是由于消化不良或食物不耐受所致,所以女性同胞很少会将其联想到癌症等严重疾病。

2. Moodiness

2. 情绪波动

Falling is increasingly common as we age. In fact, fall-related traumatic brain injuries aloneaccount for more than 140,000 emergency department visits among older adults every year inthe United States. Some of the cognitive concussion symptoms like confusion, moodiness,and memory problems mimic the natural aging process, so it's not uncommon for bothpatients and doctors to brush them off.

随着年龄的增长,跌倒的次数也随之增加。事实上,美国老年人与跌倒相关的创伤性脑损伤急诊案例每年就有14多万起。困惑、情绪波动和记忆问题等认知脑震荡症状模仿了自然衰老的过程,所以患者和医生不欢迎这些症状也就很常见了。



If you are involved in a fall or any sort of accident and begin to experience fogginess ormoodiness, make sure to get yourself checked out by a professional immediately to rule outany serious brain trauma.

如果你跌倒了,或者出了事故,并且开始觉得视线模糊或情绪低落,请务必立刻找专业人士检查,排除创伤性脑损伤的风险。

3. Unintentional Weight Loss

3. 意料之外的体重减轻

Losing weight is only something to celebrate if you need to shed a few pounds and are activelytrying to do so. Otherwise, that unintentional weight loss could be a symptom of somethingserious, like type 2 diabetes.

如果你需要减肥且正在积极地进行尝试,体重减轻可是件值得庆祝的事情。但是,意料之外的体重减轻可能是2型糖尿病等疾病的严重症状。

"If you have type 2 diabetes, your body doesn't use insulin effectively, and can't transportthe glucose to the cells," according to Sue Cotey, RN and Andrea Harris, RN, nurses with theCleveland Clinic. "When the glucose doesn't arrive in your cells, your body thinks it's starvingand finds a way to compensate. It creates energy by burning fat and muscle at a rapid pace."Hence the unintended weight loss."

"如果你是2型糖尿病患者,你的身体则不能有效使用胰岛素,无法将葡萄糖运输到细胞中,"苏·蔻蒂(SueCotey)注册营养师和安德里·哈里斯(Andrea Harris)注册营养师表示,他们也是克利夫兰诊所的护士。"当葡萄糖无法到达组织细胞,你的身体会感到饥饿,并试图找方法补偿。通过快速燃烧脂肪和肌肉,身体产生了能量。所以体重才会减轻。"

In 2015, the National Diabetes Statistics Report found that adults between 45 and 64 were themost diagnosed age group for diabetes. So if you're losing weight inexplicably, you should'tsimply look the other way.

2015年,《美国国家糖尿病统计报告》发现:45至64岁的成年人占糖尿病患者的比例最高。所以如果你的体重莫名其妙地减轻了,千万不要对其不理不睬。



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