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【同义词辨析】 2019-04-15 专断dictatorial-dogmatic

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发表于 2019-4-21 07:22:03 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
dictatorial: stresses autocratic, high-handed methods and a domineering manner: a ~ manner that alienated her colleagues.   autocrat=a dictator独裁者专制君主, a ruler with complete power,如republican in title he was, but an autocrat at heart他名义上是共和主义者,内里却是个独裁者(专制君主) )    domineering专横,表示态度傲慢overbearing高压tyrannical地施行自己的意志, 三个词首字母是dot点,可以帮助记,在2018-12-13 masterful强势词条)


magisterial: stresses assumption or use of prerogatives appropriate to a  magistrate or  schoolmaster in forcing acceptance of one's opinions: the ~ tone of his arguments implies that only a fool would disagree.    prerogative特权=privilege, special advantage or rights,如the royal prerogative(=the special rights of a king or queen)君主特权)   magistrate地方法官,执法法官


dogmatic: implies being unduly and arrogantly positive in laying down principles and expressing opinions: very ~ about deciding what is art and what is not.            武断地决定什么是艺术什么不是


doctrinaire: implies a disposition to follow abstract or personal theories or doctrines in teaching, framing laws or deciding policies affecting people: a ~ conservative unable to deal with complex realities.       doctrine教条,指权威的教导authoritative teaching,如religious doctrines宗教教条


oracular: implies the real or implies possession of hidden knowledge and the manner of one who delivers opinions in cryptic phrases or with pompous dogmatism: for three decades she was the ~ voice of fashion.    cryptic隐晦难懂的,使用密码的,如a cryptic message/smile一条隐晦难懂的消息/微笑,cryptography密码学


dictatorial独裁专横: 形容专断高压盛气凌人,magisterial专断: 像执法官校长一样行使特权强制别人接受自己观点,dogmatic武断: 设立原则和表达意见时过分肯定显得傲慢不恰当,doctrinaire教条: 在教学立法施政时喜欢遵循抽象的或个人的理论教条,oracular神谕权威: 指具有神秘知识,以及使用隐晦难懂确定的语言表达


记忆方法: 1)首字母dmddo想成DDDOM(因为在自己房子)<==专断             词根DOM表示房子house引申为地盘领地,如kingdom属于国王的领地,dominate主导,domestic国内,domineering专横的


               2)专断的意思是强行施加个人的意志意见mean imposing one's will or opinions on others.

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下一篇:【同义词辨析】 2019-04-16 欺骗dishonest-untruthful
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