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【语法学习】英语语法常见错误详细解析10例(比较学习最有效)

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发表于 2019-2-28 00:58:57 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式



1. 我们信任我们的老板。

误:We believe our boss.

正:We believe in our boss.

析:believe sb 指“相信某人说的话”,believe in sb指“相信某人的为人”或“信任某人”。又如:I can believe him, but I can not believe in him. 我相信他说的话是真的,但是不相信他的为人。

2. 铃还没响,同学们就走了出去。

误:The students went out before the bell didn’t ring.

正:The students went out before the bell rang.

析:before 表示“在……之前”,before the bell rang指的就是“在铃响之前”,既然是铃响之前,当然就是铃还没响。也就是说汉语的否定意味已包含在 before 当中,所以该从句不再用否定式。

3. 不久天空中出现了星星。

误:Soon the stars were appeared in the sky.

误:Soon the sky appeared the stars.

正:Soon the stars appeared in the sky.

析:appear(出现)是不及物动词,因此其后不能有宾语,也不能用于被      动语态。

4. 她离开时,她的丈夫还在睡熟。

误:Her husband was very asleep when she left.

正:Her husband was fast [sound] asleep when she left.

析:要表示“睡得很熟”,asleep 不能用 very 修饰,可用 fast或 sound 来修饰。类似地还有:He’s in a sound sleep. 他睡得很香。

5. 这双鞋不相配,一只大,一只小。

误:These shoes do not match; one is large and another is small.

正:These shoes do not match; one is large and the other is small.

析:表示两者当中的另一个,要用 the other,不用another。

6. 今天下午我打过电话,但没人接听。

误:I telephoned this afternoon, but nobody received.

正:I telephoned this afternoon, but nobody answered.

析:表示接电话,英语习惯用动词 answer。顺便说一句,听见门铃或敲门声去开门,习惯上也用动词 answer。如:I knocked at the door but no one answered. 我敲了敲门,但没有人来开门。

7. 因为下雨,所以我们只好呆在家里。

误:Because it was raining, so we had to stay at home.

正:Because it was raining, we had to stay at home.

正:It was raining, so we had to stay at home.

析:because(因为)是从属连词,用以引导原因状语从句;而so(所以)是并列连词,用以连接并列句。 两者不可同用在一个句子中,改正的办法是:任意去掉其中的一个。

8. 他还是孩子时就开始喜欢诗歌。

误:He became to like poetry when he was a boy.

正:He began to like poetry when he was a boy.

析:表示开始做某事,英语可用begin [start] to do sth。become 后习惯上不接不定式。

9. 为什么不给她送些花呢?

误:Why not give her any flowers?

正:Why not give her some flowers? (www.yygrammar.com)

析:在表示请求或邀请的疑问句中,一般要用some,而不用any。又如:Would you like some bananas? 吃香蕉吗?

10. 他十分关心他的汽车。

误:He gives all his attentions to his car.

正:He gives all his attention to his car.

析:attention(注意)是不可数名词,不能用复数形式,也不能与不定冠词连用。



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