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【VOA英语】兔耳袋狸一个多世纪后首次重返野外

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发表于 2019-1-4 15:53:44 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式


Threatened Australian Animal Back in the Wild for the First Time in a Century

兔耳袋狸一个多世纪后首次重返野外

For the first time in more than a century, bilbies are running wild in Southeastern Australia.

一个多世纪以来,兔耳袋狸首次在澳大利亚的东南部地区狂奔。

The small animals were once widespread across much of Australia, but were last observed in the wild in New South Wales state in 1912.

这种小动物曾经遍布澳大利亚的大部分地区,但是它最后一次现身是在1912年的新南威尔士州。

Every year bilby populations continue to decrease. Wildlife experts are afraid that the bilby, a small marsupial, could eventually disappear forever, either because of land clearing or fires. Another reason is a threat from cats and foxes, which hunt down and kill bilbies.

兔耳袋狸的数量每年都在缩减。野生动物专家担心这种小型有袋动物可能会因土地开垦或火灾灭绝。另一个原因是来自猫和狐狸的威胁,它们会猎杀兔耳袋狸。

In northern New South Wales state, environmentalists are celebrating what they are calling a historic moment.

在新南威尔士州北部,环保主义者正在庆祝他们所谓的“历史性时刻”。

Thirty bilbies from a captive breeding program have been released into a large predator-free enclosed area north of Sydney.

来自圈养繁殖计划的30只兔耳袋狸已被放生到悉尼北部一处大型无捕食动物的封闭区域。

Without the protection of a 32-kilometer fence, experts say the animals probably would not survive.

专家们称,如果没有这32公里围栏的保护,这些动物可能无法生存。

Tim Allard heads the Australian Wildlife Conservancy, which is involved in the project.

蒂姆·阿拉德(Tim Allard)是参与该项目的澳大利亚野生动物保护协会负责人。

He says the release of these beloved animals is a big deal.

他说,放生这些可爱的动物是一件大事。

"Bilbies only really survive behind fenced areas. There are some remaining wild bilby populations, but they get predated upon heavily by feral cats and foxes."

他说:“兔耳袋狸只能在围栏的保护下才能存活。还有一些现存的野生兔耳袋狸,但是它们遭到了夜猫和狐狸的残酷围猎。”

Allard said the point of doing this project is to return the countryside to what it used to be before Europeans arrived.

阿拉德表示,该项目旨在让郊外恢复到欧洲人抵达之前的样子。

"So in the not-too-distant future, you will be able to go inside the fenced area and it will be like stepping back before Europeans turned up," he said.

他说:“因此,在不久的将来,你能够进入围栏区域,就像回到欧洲人出现之前的场景。”

Bilbies are known for their long ears and large back legs. They usually sleep during the day, and are awake at night. They look a lot like rabbits and grow to about 2.5 kilograms.

兔耳袋狸以长耳朵和硕大的后腿闻名。它们通常在昼伏夜出。他们形似兔子,体重能长到2.5公斤左右。

Australia has one of the world's worst rates of mammal extinctions. The bilby project is seen as an important part in protecting the nation's wildlife.

澳大利亚是世界上哺乳动物灭绝率最高的国家之一。兔耳袋狸项目被视为保护该国野生动物的重要组成部分。

I'm Susan Shand.

苏珊·尚德为您播报。



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