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【语法】动名词语法

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发表于 2018-9-15 14:28:58 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
一、动名词作主语、宾语和表语

  1)作主语

  Fighting broke out between the South and the North.

  南方与北方开战了。

  2)作宾语

  a. 动词后加动名词doing作宾语 V. + doing sth

admit 承认appreciate 感激,赞赏  avoid 避免

complete 完成  consider 认为  delay 耽误   deny 否认 detest 讨厌   endure 忍受 enjoy 喜欢escape 逃脱   prevent阻止fancy 想象finish 完成   imagine 想象  mind 介意 miss 想念  postpone 推迟  practise 训练  recall 回忆   resent 讨厌  resist 抵抗   resume 继续   risk 冒险suggest 建议  face 面对 include 包括 stand 忍受understand 理解 forgive 宽恕   keep 继续

  举例:

  (1) Would you mind turning down your radio a little, please?

  (2) The squirrel was lucky that it just missed being caught.

  b. 词组后接doing

  admit to   prefer…to  be used to lead todevote oneself to  object tostick to   busy look forward to(to为介词)

  no good, no use, It’s worth…,  as well as,

  can’t help, It’s no use /good  be tired of

  be fond of  be capable of  be afraid of

  be proud of  think of / about  hold off

  put off  keep on  insist on  count on / upon

  set about  be successful in  good at  take up

  give up  burst out  prevent … from…

  3)作表语Her job is washing,cleaning and taking care of the children.

二、worth 的用法

  worth,worthy,worth-while都为adj. 意为"值得"。

  1. worth: be worth + n.  当名词为金钱时,表示"…… 值得……"

  be worth doing sth. "……某事值得被做"

  The question is not worth discussing again and again.

  2. worthy:be worthy of +n. 当名词为抽象名词时表示"……值得……"

  be worthy to be done "某事值得被做"

The question is not worthy to be discussed againand again.

  3. worth-while: be worth-while to do sth  "值得做某事"

  worth while: It is worth while doing sth

  It is worth while sb to do sth.

  典型例题

  It is not ____ to discuss the question again and again.

  A.worth B.worthy C.worth-while D.worth while

  答案C. 由worth的用法可知,此句只适合词组be worth-while to do sth.。因此选C。

三、普通名词的定义

普通名词是一类人、物或一个抽象概念的名称。

普通名词又可分为个体名词、集体名词、物质名词、抽象名词。

四、个体名词

个体名词是一类可以单个独立存在的人、动植物、和团体的名称。个体名词通常是可数名词。例如:

student 学生 tree 树

banana 香蕉 factory 工厂

个体名词的前面可以加不定冠词"a"和数词,其后可以加复数后缀"-s"。如:

I'm a student. 我是学生。

I'd like an apple. 我要一个苹果。

She has three bananas. 她有三条香蕉。

I love apples. 我喜欢苹果。

五、集体名词

集体名词是同一类许多个体的集合的总称。

集体名词中有的是可数名词,如:

family 家庭 group 小组

team 队 police 警察

有的是不可数名词,如:

clothing 衣服 furniture 家具

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