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【BBC】Why do we love to dance? 人们为什么爱跳舞?

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发表于 2018-7-29 17:10:52 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
BBC Learning English 英语教学

Why do we love to dance? 人们为什么爱跳舞?

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跳舞是我们无法自控的一个本能反应。当好心情遇到美妙动听的旋律时,我们不由自主地挪动双脚,翩翩起舞,放飞烦恼。然而是什么驱使我们情不自禁地跟着节奏摆动身体?本集《随身英语》讨论舞蹈的益处,以及为什么专家认为它是人类培育的一种生存方式。

Vocabulary:  dancing 词汇: 跳舞

If you asked me to dance, I'd probably freeze on the spot. I lack rhythm and coordination and some people say I have two left feet! But with some persuasion and Dutch courage I can be tempted to take to the dance floor and shake some moves – and that, apparently, is only natural.

Experts have found as well as being fun, dancing might have helped us to survive as a species.

Evolutionary anthropologist Bronwyn Tarr from the University of Oxford has been telling the BBC World Service CrowdScience programme that when we dance with others, we are rewarded with feel-good endorphins that change how we feel about ourselves and those around us.

Dancing alone is one thing but it's dancing as a group that makes our brain reward us with a cocktail of feel-good hormones and is likely to lead to profound social effects. It's being in-sync with others that makes us happy. She says that "dancing fosters social closeness between people. It helps us build social connections and communities. In our past, those social connections would have been critical for surviving."

You certainly need the right kind of music to help you shimmy, boogie or even twerk, but once you get the right beat and get into the groove with others, it can be an uplifting experience. Even my cringeworthy dad dancing makes me feel good sometimes. And in Swindon in the UK, this 'style' of dancing has been taken to a new level, where babies, attached to their fathers' chests in a sling, have been dancing with the aim of increasing the bond between parent and child.

Dance is also a good way to keep fit and improve our mental health. In Wales there have been calls for doctors to prescribe dance classes to people who are unwell. The Arts Council of Wales claims there are many health benefits. And Bronwyn Tarr says "more and more we're actually discovering that your longevity – your life expectancy – is predicted by the social connections that you have… still today it's something we should do more of."

It could be part of being an uptight Englishman that makes me a reluctant dancer. Look at other nationalities such as Cubans where dancing is at the heart of their cultural identity. And in Brazil at Carnival time, people let their hair down by dancing together day and night. They seem to be having a good time – so maybe I should get on my feet and dance!

词汇表

rhythm 节奏感
coordination 协调性
two left feet “两只左脚”,跳舞时舞步笨拙
Dutch courage 借酒壮胆,酒后之勇
shake some moves 扭动几下
evolutionary anthropologist 人类进化学家
endorphin 内啡呔
hormone 荷尔蒙
in-sync 与…同步的
foster 培养,促进
social connection 社会关系
shimmy 跳希米舞(抖动肩部和臀部的舞蹈)
boogie 跟着流行乐跳舞
twerk 抖臀
get into the groove 进入理想状态
uplifting 令人精神焕发的
dad dancing “爸爸式舞姿”(较笨拙、过时的舞步)
bond 纽带
prescribe(医生)开(药)
longevity 长寿
cultural identity 文化认同
let one’s hair down 放松,尽情享受

测验与练习

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. True or false: Dancing in a group makes us feel good.

2. According to Bronwyn Tarr, what is it about dancing that once helped us survive?

3. Why does The Arts Council of Wales want dance classes to be prescribed to ill people?

4. Which word used in the article means 'embarrassing or making you ashamed'.

5. What chemical produced in our body makes us feel good when we dance?

2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

1. I'm trying to ______ a good relationship with my neighbour.

foster       bond       prescribe       boogie

2. After a day in the office, I find it ______ to take a long walk along the beach.

lift-up       uplift       uplifting       uplifted

3. My sister is a moody teenager, it must have something to do with her ______!

two left feet       shimmy       hormones        endorphins

4. The exams are over so I am having a party where we can all ______.

have a hair do       let our hair out       keep our hair on       let our hair down

5. I'm going to change to a healthier diet because I know it promotes ______.

longevity       hormones       coordination       Dutch courage

答案

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. True or false: Dancing in a group makes us feel good.
True. Dancing in a group does make us feel good, probably more than dancing alone.

2. According to Bronwyn Tarr, what is it about dancing that once helped us survive?
It helped us build social connections which meant we could survive as a group.

3. Why does The Arts Council of Wales want dance classes to be prescribed to ill people?
It claims that dancing has health benefits – it's good for us.

4. Which word used in the article means 'embarrassing or making you ashamed'.
The word is 'cringeworthy'.

5. What chemical produced in our body makes us feel good when we dance?
The chemical is a type of hormone called endorphins.

2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

1. I'm trying to foster a good relationship with my neighbour.

2. After a day in the office, I find it uplifting to take a long walk along the beach.

3. My sister is a moody teenager, it must have something to do with her hormones!

4. The exams are over so I am having a party where we can all let our hair down.

5. I'm going to change to a healthier diet because I know it promotes longevity.

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