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【同义词辨析】 2018-07-16 诽谤malign-libel

发布者: jason246 | 发布时间: 2018-7-22 17:42| 查看数: 1044| 评论数: 1|

malign: suggests a specific and often subtle misinterpretation but may not always imply deliberate lying: the most ~ monarch in British history.

traduce: stresses the resulting ignominy and distress to the victim: so ~d the governor that he was driven from office.     (ignominy身败名裂耻辱: ig表没有,nom表名字,字面意思失去名字,注意不要写成ignomity)

asperse: implies a continued attack on a reputation often by indirect or insinuated detraction: each candidate ~ the other's motives.  (detract批评: de向下,tract拉牵引,字面意思向下拉)

vilify: implies an attempting to destroy a reputation by open and direct abuse: no president was more ~ by the press.

caluminate: imputes malice to the speaker and falsity to his or her assertion: threatened with a lawsuit for publicly ~ing the company.

defame: stresses the actual loss of or injury to a good name: forced to pay a substantial sum for ~ing her reputation.

slander: stresses the suffering of the victim from oral OR written calumniation: town gossips carelessly ~ed their good name.

libel: implies the printing or writing and publication or circulation of something that defames a person or his or her reputation: sued the magazine for ~.

malign说坏话: 常表示隐晦的曲解,但未必故意欺骗traduce诋毁: 强调造成的耻辱和痛苦aspersion侧面攻击: 表示间接侧面的批评和攻击, vilify公开辱骂: 表示直接公开辱骂calumniate诽谤: 既表示说话人恶意也表示说的话虚假defame诽谤: 强调实际损坏丧失好名声,slander诽谤: 口头或书面诽谤(calumniate)libel书面诽谤: 书面诽谤,指通过印刷写作出版流通而进行的诽谤。

记忆方法:  1)首字母MTAVCDSL4个字母想成A MTV,后4个想成Chu Da Shi Le出大事了<==被控告诽谤

                2诽谤的意思是通过说坏话伤害mean to injure by speaking ill of. 首字母MTAVCDSL4个字母想成A MTV,后4个想成Chu Da Shi Le出大事了<==被控告诽谤


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