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【语法】英语时态知多少?

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发表于 2018-3-20 14:46:14 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
一般现在时:表示一种常态

He likes reading newspaper in the evening rather that in the morning.

一般过去时:发生在过去的某个时间点,有具体时间作状语

He read(read的过去式) newspaper last night.

现在进行时:正在发生的动作

He is reading newspaper.

现在完成时:对现在的某个时间点有影响,表示动作已经完成

He has finished reading newspaper just now.

一般将来时:在将来要发生或者要去做的事情

He is going to read newspaper after supper. (另,常用will)

过去将来时:在过去的某一时间点的将来要发生的事情

He said he would read newspaper after supper, but he didn’t.

过去完成时:对过去的某个时间点有影响,表示动作已经完成

He had finished reading newspaper by 9 o’clock last night.

过去进行时:在过去的某个时间正在发生的动作

He was reading newspaper when Lily came to him.

现在完成进行时:表示从过去某个时间开始到现在刚刚结束或有可能继续持续发生的动作

He has been reading newspaper for 2 hours tonight.

过去完成进行时:表示从过去某个时间开始到过去某个时间一直持续的动作,但是已经完成,并且有一定影响

He had been reading newspaper for 2 hours till Lily interrupted.

一般将来进行时:将来某个时间将会进行的动作

He will be reading newspaper from 9 pm to 10 pm in the following days.

过去将来进行时:发生在过去的将来某个正在进行的动作

He said he would be reading newspaper at 9 pm last night.

将来完成时:表示在将来某个时间以前已经完成的一直持续的动作

By the end of year, he will have read newspaper for wholly 40 years.

过去将来完成时:表示发生在过去的将来,某个时间以前已经完成的一直持续的动作

He told me that he would have read newspaper for wholly 49 years by the end of year.

将来完成进行时:表示动作从某一时间一直延续到将来某一时间,是否会继续,不确定

They will have been cooperating on business for 30 years by the end of month.

过去将来完成进行时:

He told that they would have been cooperating on business for 30 years by the end of month.

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