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【同义词辨析】 2018-03-07 幽默wit-humor

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汇报天数: 197 天

连续汇报: 1 天

[LV.7]常住居民III

积分排名 121

初中二年级

Rank: 9

今日之星最佳新人奖青蛙王子坚持不懈初中二年级勋章

发表于 2018-3-12 01:01:25 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

wit
: suggests the power to evoke laughter by remarks showing verbal felicity or ingenuity and swift perception especially of the incongruous: appreciated the ~ of Wilde and Shaw.


humor: implies the ability to perceive the ludicrous, the comical and the absurd in human life  and to express these with keen insight and sympathetic understanding and without bitterness: a man with a finely honed sense of ~. (hone磨刀石==>磨练培养)


irony: applies to a manner of expression in which the intended meaning is the opposite of the expressed meaning:  with wry ~, he said:'Thank God, I'm atheist'.


sarcasm: applies to savagely humorous expression usually in the form of irony that is intended to cut or wound: a cynic much given to heartless ~.


satire: applies to writing that exposes or ridicules the conduct, the institution or doctions either by direct criticism, OR more often through irony, parody or caricature: the play is a ~ on contemporary living arrangements.


repartee: the power or art of answering quickly, pointedly, and wittily, or an interchange of such responses: a partygoer known for razor-sharp ~.


wit幽默:   能引人发笑,语言得体巧妙(ingenuity原指善于发现)善于发现问题(如不适宜言行incongruous), humor也是幽默: 善于在生活中发现可笑事情,但表达方式不刻薄, irony反讽: 将要表达的意思故意说成与之相反的一种说话方式, sarcasm讽刺: 用近乎野蛮的幽默去伤害, satire也是讽刺: 通过直接批评反讽模仿揭露批评 repartee: 回话快速机智


记忆方法: 1) WH IS SR想成White House IS Servants' Residence白宫是勤务员官邸==>幽默说法。

               
                 2)  humor强烈褒义,相比wit更生活化,而且不刻薄。
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