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【语法】你还傻傻分不清to do, doing, do动词用法

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发表于 2018-2-22 13:25:20 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
一. 加to do的高频考查动词

1. afford to do负担的起做某事

We can’t afford to make any mistakes.我们承担不起任何失误。

2. agree to do同意做某事

Do you agree to have dinner today? 今天你同意一块吃饭吗?

3. choose to do选择做某事

Whydo so many choose to leave their country?

为什么有这么多人要离开祖国?

4. decide to do决定做某事

She decided to accept the offer. 她决定接受这一提议。

5. expect to do 期待做某事

The shop expects to make more money this year.

这家店铺期望今年多赚点钱。

6. hope to do希望做某事

I hope to see you again sometime next year.

我希望明年某一时候再见到你。

7. hurry to do急忙做某事

We shall have to hurry to get there in time. 我们将不得不及时赶到那。

8. manage to do设法做成某事

How do you manage to do such a thing? 你是怎么设法做这样的事?

9. plan to do打算做某事

Where do you plan to spend your holiday? 你打算去哪里度假?

10. prefer to do宁愿做某事

I prefer to travel in the front of the car. 我宁愿坐在汽车的前面。

11. refuse to do拒绝做某事

I refuse to answer that question. 我不愿回答那个问题。

12.seem to do看似做了某事

The books seem to be lost. 那些书好像不见了。

13.wish to do希望做某事

I wish to talk with you in private. 我希望能私下里同你谈话。

14.want to do想要做某事

Is that why you don't want to go home?

这就是你不想回家的原因吗?

15.would like to do想要做某事

I would like to have a word with you. 我想同你说句话。



二. 加sb. to do的高频考查动词

1. allow ab. to do允许某人做某事

Myboss doesn't allow me to use the telephone. 老板不许我使用电话。

2. cause ab. to do导致某人做某事

The beliefin god causes people to do good. 对上帝的信仰使人行善。

3. encourage sb. to do鼓励某人做某事

Peter, my English teacher, never fails to encourage us to study hard.

我的英文老师彼得总是鼓励我们要好好用功。

4. force sb. to do强迫某人做某事

No power on earth could force me to do it.

谁也不能强迫我做这事。

5. invite sb. to do邀请某人做某事

We invite her to have Thanksgiving dinner with us.

我们邀请她和我们一起吃感恩节晚餐。

6. teach sb. to do教某人做某事

It is time for somebody to teach you to behave yourself.

该是有人教你应对进退之礼仪的时候了。

7. warn sb. to do警告某人做某事

The police warn us not to go out at night.

警察告诫我们夜间不要出门。

8. …enough to do足够做某事

Would you be kind enough to take a message to him?

拜托您捎个信儿给他。

9. It’s + adj+ for sb. to do对某人来说做某事很...

Is it necessary for me to attend the meeting?

我真的必须参加这个会议吗?

10. It takes sb. some time to do花费某人多长时间做某事

How long does it take to go to the airport by taxi?

坐出租汽车去飞机场要多长时间?



三. 后加doing的高频考查动词

1. avoid doing避免做某事

Avoid crossing this street at rush hours.

避免在交通拥挤时间穿越这条街道。

2. consider doing考虑做某事

Would you consider working in New York next year?

明年你考虑到纽约工作吗?

3. enjoy doing享受做某事

I enjoy singing, much more listening to music.

我喜欢唱歌,更不用说听音乐了。

4. finish doing结束做某事

It took us a whole week to finish painting the home.

我们花了整整一星期的时间才把房子粉刷好。

5. hate doing讨厌做某事

The boys hate doing homework on Sundays.

男孩们讨厌在星期日做家庭作业。

6. imagine doing想象做某事

I can't imagine living with a drunk.

我想象不出与一个醉汉生活在一起的情形。

7. keep doing持续做某事

Foreign words keep coming into English. 外来词源源不断地进入英语。

8. mind doing介意做某事

Would you mind stepping aside to let me pass? 你介意站开让我走过去吗?

9. practice doing练习做某事

Practice throwing the ball into the net. 练习投篮。

10. regret doing后悔做某事

I believe you will regret leaving Paris.

我相信你会为离开巴黎而后悔的。

11. risk doing冒险做某事

I don’t think they will risk holding an election.

我想他们是不会冒风险举行选举的。

12. suggest doing 建议做某事

I suggested going for a walk. 我建议去散步。

13. be worth doing值得做某事

He'll probably say no, though it's worth trying.

他很可能不同意,但不妨去试探一下。

14. spend…doing花费...做某事

How much time do you spend practicing English every day?

你每天花多少时间练习英文?

15. while/when doing

I like to listen to music while running. 我喜欢一边跑步,一边听音乐。

16. have a good time/fun/problems/trouble/difficulty doing做某事有乐趣/问题/麻烦/困难: I have difficulty remembering names. 我不易记住人名。

17. prevent/stop/keep…from doing阻止...做某事

Nothing can prevent him from going. 什么都不能阻止他前往。



四. 加do的高频考查动词

1. let sb. do让某人做某事

I hope you can pardon his badness and let him start all over again.

希望您能原谅他的不好,让他从新开始。

2. make sb. do使某人做某事

He find it impossible to make her change her mind.

他发现使她改变主意是不可能的。

3. hear sb. do听见某人做某事

The shouting boy did not hear his mother call him.

大声叫嚷的孩子听不到妈妈的叫唤。

4. have sb. do要求某人做某事

Will you like to have him call you back ? 要他给你回个电话吗?

5. would rather do than do宁愿做...不愿做...

They would rather go fishing than stay at home.

他们宁愿去钓鱼,也不愿待在家里。

6. had better do 最好做某事

You had better have another think. 你最好 再想一想。



五. 加to doing的高频考查动词

1. prefer doing to doing宁愿做...不愿做...

Their teacher prefers doing to talking.

他们的老师喜欢做而不喜欢说。

2. be used to doing习惯做某事

I'm not used to doing shopping online. 我不习惯于网上购物。

3. look forward to doing期待做某事

I look forward to being alone in the house.

我盼望着能自己一人待在这所房子里。

4. pay attention to doing注意力集中在做某事上

You should pay attention to picking your words . 你应该注意措词。

5. devote … to doing奉献...去做某事

I devote myself to helping the poor. 我致力于帮助穷人。



六. 加to do= 加doing的高频考查动词

1. start to do =start doing 开始做

When did you start to learn English? 你何时开始学英语的?

2. learn to do = learn doing学着做

She is learning to play the piano. 她在学弹钢琴。

3. continue to do = continue doing继续做

Bread continues to rise in price. 面包的价格继续上涨。



七. 加to do≠加doing的高频考查动词

1. forget to do忘记要做

Don't forget to leave room for our teacher.

forget doing做了某事而把它忘记了

2. remember to do记得要做

remember doing记得做过

3. need to do需要做

need doing需要被做

4. stop to do 停下来开始做

stop doing 停止正在做的事

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