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【BBC】Degrees to make you rich 英国:学历和收入之间的关系

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发表于 2018-1-17 13:26:12 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
BBC Learning English 英语教学

Degrees to make you rich 英国:学历和收入之间的关系

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上大学获取一个学位可不是件容易的事。大多数人相信,获得大学文凭对一名毕业生的未来职业发展必有帮助。但这一纸文凭究竟有那么管用吗?学生所学习的专业会影响其未来的就业和收入吗?本集《随身英语》讨论在英国,学历和收入之间的关系。

课文内容

Vocabulary: Education 词汇: 教育

What's the point of studying?! It's something you might ask yourself if you're studying for a degree and you're struggling to complete an assignment or sweating it out in an exam, especially if your friends seem to be out having a good time, or are working and earning lots of money.

Many of us choose to go to university as a first step towards a good career but sometimes that career is hard to achieve and graduates end up doing something they are overqualified for. The Chartered Institute for Personnel and Development says that with the spiralling costs of university, students need to ask themselves whether a degree path is the best route into a career. It says there is a need for much better career advice and guidance, alongside high-quality alternative vocational routes into employment other than university education.

But other new research commissioned for the BBC, says that a degree will, in the long run, earn you more. However there are differences in your earning potential. Dr Jack Britton from the Institute for Fiscal Studies says that "Graduates of the 24 Russell Group universities earn an average of £33,500 after five years - about 40% more than those who studied at other universities."

However, it found it's not just the location but other factors than can play a part in what you can earn, such as the subject a student chooses to study. It discovered that five years after graduation, the income gap between students who studied the subjects that attract the highest and lowest salaries can be considerable. Graduates in subjects such as law, medicine and dentistry tend to do well. And as they progress, the pay gap between these careers and others, such as the creative arts, widens. There are other factors too that influence what you might earn: Five years after graduation, men earn on average, 14% more than women. Also, a student's social background can have an effect, with those from better-off households much more likely to go to university and particularly a good one.

But if you still feel university delivers the best opportunities then there are encouraging words from Alistair Jarvis, head of Universities UK, who told BBC News that "Employers are demanding more graduates... and graduates are half as likely to be unemployed as non-graduates. There are many many good graduate outcomes coming from universities." So maybe all that studying is worth it – after all 'no pain, no gain'!

词汇表

assignment 作业
sweat it out 如坐针毡地等待(考试)结束
career 职业,事业
graduate 毕业生
overqualified 资历过高的
spiralling costs 急剧上升的费用
vocational 职业的
in the long run 从长远看
Russell Group 罗素大学集团
income gap 收入差
law 法律
medicine 医学
dentistry 牙科
creative arts 创意艺术
social background 社会家庭背景
outcome 结果
no pain, no gain 一份耕耘,一份收获

测验与练习

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. According to the article, why might you question whether to go to university or not?

2. Where has research found you should study to earn more money in your career?

3. True or false? Studying creative arts at university tends to lead to a lower-earning career than from studying dentistry.

4. Which word used in the article, means 'have an effect on (something)'?

5. According to Alistair Jarvis, head of Universities UK, is there less or more chance of being unemployed if you have a degree?

2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

1. Mandeep felt ______ when she graduated from Oxford and got a job stacking shelves in a supermarket.

underqualified qualified over-qualification overqualified

2. Buying a pair of boots is ______ in my long career in football.

a first step in the long run no pain, no gain vocational

3. The government has come up with a plan to tackle the widening ______ between rich and poor.

outcomes income gap spiralling costs medicine

4. If you want to win the marathon, you're going to have to train hard but it's a case of ______.

no gain, no pain no gain or pain no pain, no gain not pain, not pain

5. Because of the ______, we can no longer afford to finish the building project.

social background spiralling costs income gap law

答案

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. According to the article, why might you question whether to go to university or not?
The spiralling costs: The Chartered Institute for Personnel and Development says that with the spiralling costs of university, students need to ask themselves whether a degree path is the best route into a career.

2. Where has research found you should study to earn more money in your career?
At Russell Group universities. Dr Jack Britton from the Institute for Fiscal Studies says that "Graduates of the 24 Russell Group universities earn an average of £33,500 after five years - about 40% more than those who studied at other universities."

3. True or false? Studying creative arts at university tends to lead to a lower-earning career than from studying dentistry.
True. Graduates in subjects such as law, medicine and dentistry tend to do well. And as they progress, the pay gap between these careers and others, such as the creative arts, widens.

4. Which word used in the article, means 'have an effect on (something)'?
Influence.

5. According to Alistair Jarvis, head of Universities UK, is there less or more chance of being unemployed if you have a degree?
Less chance. He says "graduates are half as likely to be unemployed as non-graduates."

2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

1. Mandeep felt overqualified when she graduated from Oxford and got a job stacking shelves in a supermarket.

2. Buying a pair of boots is a first step in my long career in football.

3. The government has come up with a plan to tackle the widening income gap between rich and poor.

4. If you want to win the marathon, you're going to have to train hard but it's a case of no pain, no gain.

5. Because of the spiralling costs, we can no longer afford to finish the building project.

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