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[初中] 【考前复习】七年级英语下册知识盘点(译林版)

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发表于 2018-1-14 19:16:27 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Unit One知识点

一、词形转换

wood n. – wooden adj.child n. –children pron.

quiet adj.—quietly adv.quite adv. 相当地 ≠ quiet adj. 安静的

print v. –printer n.worry v. 担心–worried adj.担心的

little—less—least many/much –more—most

own(adj./v.) → owner (n.)

Britainn. 不列颠—British adj. 不列颠的 France n. 法国–French n. 法语 adj.法国的

Japan n.日本—Japanese n. adj.日本的

Russia n. 俄罗斯—Russian n. 俄语、俄罗斯人 adj.俄罗斯的

二、单词研究

1. 国家、人民、语言

Country        People(pl.)        Language

China        Chinese        Chinese

The UK        the English/ Englishmen        English

The USA        Americans        English

Russia        Russians        Russian

France         the French/ Frenchmen        French

Australia        Australians         English

Canada        Canadians         English / French

Japan        Japanese        Japanese

2. capital

The capital of the USA is Washington D.C.

the capital of ……

e.g. Nanjing is the capital of Jiangsu Province.

The capital of China is Beijing.

3. own(adj.自己的/v.拥有) → owner (n.)主人

I have my own bedroom. = I have a bedroom of my own.

e.g. I see with my own eyes.

Who’s the owner of this pen?= Who owns this pen?

4. fun n. 乐趣,不可数名词

I always have fun with my dog there.

It’s great fun.

5. most

(1) most+名词; adj. “大多数的”: most homes

Most girl students like wearing skirts. 

(2)most of + the / (形)物主代词(his/ their) / 指示代词(these/ those) + pl./〖u〗

most of + us/you/them

Most of the students would like to stay.

I spend most of my free time playing football.

Most of them think English is very important.

(3) adv.“最” :like sth most

I like playing basketball most.

6. beside = next to

I’d like to live next to a restaurant.

There is a football field behind my house and a swimming pool beside it.

三、词组学习

1.I’d like to live next to a restaurant.

① would like sth.= want sth

would like to do sth = want to do sth

Would you like some water?= Do you want some water? Yes,please./ No, thanks.

Would you like to go with us? Yes, I’d love/ like to. Good idea. All right. / I’d like to, but …

② next to =beside

e.g. Tom’s house is next to mine.

Jack wants to sit next to me.

2. Learn about homes in different countries.

① learn about 学习有关…的知识

I want to learn more about the world.

② learn from 向…学习

We should help each other and learn from each other.

③ different → same; be different from→be the same as

in different classes in the same class

It’s really different from the flats in Beijing.

④be different from

e.g. Your pen is different from mine.

City life is very different from Country life.

⑤ different(adj.) → difference(n.)

the difference between…and…

e.g. There are many differences between English and Chinese Names.

3.We sit on the big floor cushions and look out at the beach and the sea.

look out (of…)at … =see … from …

Look out ! =Be careful! = Take care!当心/小心

e.g. Don’t look out of the window in class.

look at / look around / look for / look like / look forward to / look after / look up

4. I share a bedroom with my sister.

share sth with sb

e.g. The boy shared his toy with other children

share in sth

e.g. We should share in our sorrows as well as joys.

5.Simon wrote down the meaning of some of the words.

①write + n. +down=write down +n.write it /them down

e.g. Can you write down the words on your book ?

= Can you write the words on your book?

OK, I’ll write them down.

②meaning (n.) → mean(v.)

e.g. What’s the meaning of “quick?= What does “quick” mean?

6. ask sb to do sth 叫某人做某事

Can you ask him to call me back?

否定结构有:ask sb not to do sth

类似的结构有:tell sb to do sth

7. be full of… 充满…

Your garden is full of flowers.

The room is full of smoke.

My grandmother visited my home with a basket full of vegetables.

8. have an area of… = … in area(size)

Red Square in Moscow is about 91,000 square metres in size.

France has an area of over 260,000 square miles. = France is 260,000 square miles in area.

四、语法归纳

(一) Cardinal numbers

A.基数词的写法:

⑴“几十几”十位和个位之间用“—”。e.g. 32 thirty-two

⑵101—999 百位和十位间加“and”.e.g. 928 nine hundred and twenty-eight

⑶1000以上的数,从后往前每三位一段,倒数第一个数读thousand,倒数第二个数读million,依次类推。e.g. 8,542,601 eight million, five hundred and forty-three thousand, six hundred and one

B .基数词的运用:

1. hundred, thousand, million, billion等前有数字修饰表示“精确数”一般用单数,但表示不定数目用复数:hundreds of; thousands of; millions of

注意区别:three hundred students;

hundreds of students;

three hundred of the students

2. 表示“几十”的数词,其复数形式可以表示年龄或年代。

e.g. in his twenties in the thirtiesthe 1990s

3. 表示房间号、公共汽车号、电话号码、页数、年龄等用基数词,如:

Room 801; No. 1 Bus; Page 44; two o’clock; a twelve-year-old girl

4. 一些计算或分数、百分数等,如:

Two plus two is four.

Five times six is thirty.

a half; a third; a quarter; three quarters; one-eighth; seven-eighths;

thirty percent

5. 年月日中,年用基数词;日用序数词

January 18, 2014; 18th January 2014

6. 基数词表

0        zero        10        ten        20        twenty        100

1        one        11        eleven        30        thirty        one hundred

2        two        12        twelve        40        forty        1,000

3        three        13        thirteen        50        fifty        one thousand

4        four        14        fourteen        60        sixty        10,000

5        five        15        fifteen        70        seventy        ten thousand

6        six        16        sixteen        80        eighty        100,000

7        seven        17        seventeen        90        ninety        one hundred thousand

8        eight        18        eighteen                          1,000,000

9        nine        19        nineteen                          one million

(二) Ordinal numbers

序数词的运用:

1. 表示日期:e.g. 6月1日on the first of June/ on June (the) first

2. 表示编号:e.g. Lesson 5=the fifth lesson

3. 表示名次,起副词作用,前无“the” e.g. Simon came first in the English exam.

4. 序数词前有限定词修饰时,不加“the”. e.g. This is my first lesson.

5. 表示次序或楼层,如:

He is always the first to come to school in our class.

Wilson lives on the twelfth floor.

6. a/an+序数词 ,表示“又一、再一”;

I’d like a second try.

7.序数词表

Ordinal numbers        Ordinal numbers

1st=first        10th=tenth

2nd=second        11th=eleventh

3rd=third        12th=twelfth

4th=fourth        13th=thirteenth

5th=fifth        20th=twentieth

6th=sixth        21st=twenty-first

7th=seventh        22nd=twenty-second

8th=eighth        23rd=twenty-third

9th=ninth        30th=thirtieth

五、拓展提升

1. I’ll arrive in Beijing on Sunday.

arrive (vi.)arrive in(大地点)/at (小地点)= get to = reach(及物动词)

e.g. The train arrived an hour ago.

He arrives at school on time every day.=He gets to school on time every day.= He reaches school on time every day.

arrive there/ here/home =get there/ here/ home

误:reach there/ here/ home

2. Who’s calling/speaking/that? (打电话用语)请问你是谁?

“我是…”用This is…e.g. This is Jack speaking.

May I speak to…? 可以找…接电话吗?

Yes, speaking. 是的,请讲。

Just a minute/ moment. 请稍等。

What’s your telephone number?

Sorry, wrong number.

Hold on, please. 别挂断。

call sb back给某人回电话;answer the call 接电话

3. It rains a lot.

表示下雨、下雪、冷热等自然状况等用It作为主语

It often rains a lot in summer in Haimen.

It doesn’t rain here in winter.

It never snows here in summer.

Does it often rain here in spring in Shanghai?

4. The CN Tower is 1,815 feet tall.

表示物体的长宽高厚深等的句型为:

某物 is 数量 long/ wide/ tall / high/ thick/ deep.

The Yangtze is 6,300 kilometres long.

I’m 1.72 metres tall.

5. 表示方位的in, on, to

Shanghai is in the east of China.

Russia is on the north of China.

Japan is to the east of China.

Unit2 Neighbours

1.a community centre社区中心2.social worker社会福利工作者3.all kinds of各种各样的different kinds of不同种类的be kind to…对……好4.begin with=start with以……开始5.at the weekend在周末6.do some shopping购物

7.plan out安排,筹划 plan to do sth.计划做某事8.the day after tomorrow后天9.make a fire生火

10.far( away) from离……远11.in the future将来 in future 以后,今后12.need to do需要做某事 need doing 需要被做

13.feel well感觉舒服14. be sure+(that)从句 确信be sure of对……有根据be sure to do sth.一定做某事

15. have a meeting开会16.ask sb.to do sth.让/要求某人做某事17.be ready to do sth.准备做某be ready to help 乐于助人be/get ready for为……做准备18.wait for sb.to do sth.等候某人做某事19.how about+n./pron./v.-ing(做)……怎么样

20.by+“交通工具(train/bus/ship/bike)” 乘坐……21. have to do sth.不得不做某事22.practise doing sth.练习做某事

23.“what/how+to do (sth.)”“疑问词+不定式”作宾语24.police station警局 post office邮局

25be going to do sth.计划、打算做某事26.There’s something wrong with…某物坏(失灵)了

27. be good at=do well in 擅长做某事be good for 对……有益be good to sb.对某人和善

28. worry about =be worried about为某人/某事担心29.I’ll =I will/shall30.in the neighbourhood of 大约,左右

31. most of………中的大多数(后面加可数名词和不可数名词都可以 )32.be helpful to sb.对某人很有帮助

33.be of some/no/much help to sb.对某人有些/没有/很有帮助34.help oneself(to)自用(事物等)

35.help sb.out帮助某人克服困难、解决问题、渡过难关、完成工作等36.with the help of 在……的帮助下

37. .help sb.(to) do sth.帮助某人做某事 help sb. with sth.帮助某人某事38.help to do sth.有助于做某事

39.be lucky to do sth.幸运做某事40.You’re welcome./That’s OK./That’s all right./Not at all. 不用谢。

welcome to the unit

1.- Where are you going? 你去哪儿? - I'm going to visit our new neighbours.我去拜访我们的新邻居。

探究点:be going to后接动词_______。我打算在放学后踢足球。 I_______ _______ _______ play football after school.

2. I'm afraid they won't welcome visitors like you. 恐怕他们不欢迎像你这样的拜访者。

探究点一:be afraid的意思是“______________”

(1) be afraid of (doing) sth.意为“害怕(做)某事”。.我害怕那条狗。______________

你害怕一个人呆在这儿吗?______________

(2) be afraid to do sth.意为“不敢做某事”。我害怕在夜间出去。___________________________

(3)“be afraid + that从句”意为“担心……”。我担心他没有通过考试。____________________________.

①我担心他将会知道这个不好的消息。 I_______ _______ that he_______ know the bad news.

探究点二:welcome在此用作_______(词性)。[指点迷津]welcome在此用作动词,意为“欢迎”。

(1)用作形容词,意为“受欢迎的”。.在会议上,你们都是受欢迎的。____________________________

(2)用作动词,意为“欢迎”。欢迎来到我们学校!____________________________

(3)用作名词,意为“欢迎”。他热烈欢迎我的到来。__________________________________________

探究点三:like在此用作_______(词性)。 [指点迷津]like在此用作介词,意为“像……一样”。like的具体用法如下:

(1)用作介词,意为“像……一样”。他能像他的父亲一样讲英语。__________________________________________

(2)用作动词,意为“喜欢”。我不喜欢玩这个游戏。__________________________________________

③我需要一辆和你一样的自行车。I need a bike_______ _______.

3. Most of them have 14 floors. 它们中大多数有14层。

探究点:most在此用作_______(词性)。[指点迷津]most在此用作代词,意为“大部分,大多数”。most的具体用法如下:

(1)用作代词,意为“大部分,大多数”。 我们中大多数人喜欢这首歌。____________________________

(2)用作限定词,意为“大多数的,大部分的;最多的”。大多数学生喜欢英语。__________________________________________

(3)用作副词,意为“最;非常,极其”。我最喜欢音乐。__________________________________________

[辨析]most与most of

most与most of的区别在许多情况下与所修饰的名词是否带有限定词(如冠词、指示代词、物主代词、名词所有格等)有关,具体说来,应注意以下几点:

(1)若所修饰的名词前没有限定词,通常要用most,而不用most of。Most people agree with me.大多数人同意我的意见。

但是,在习惯上不带冠词的专有名词(如人名和地名等)或抽象名词(如学科名词等)前,要用most of,而不用most。

Most of Wales is without water.威尔士大多数地区都断水了。

(2)若所修饰的名词前带有限定词,则用most of,而不用most。Most of the people here know each other.这里的大多数人互相认识。

[注意]对于可数名词来说,如果是单数形式,不能直接在其前用most,而应使用“most of+限定词+单数可数名词”的形式。

It is wet and windy for most of the week. -周大多时间都是既刮风又潮湿的。

(3)若直接用在人称代词之前,要用most of,而不用most。

Most of us think he is wrong.我们大多数人认为他错了。Most songs here are new. 同义句转换。______ ________the songs here are new.

reading

1.        They help us with all kinds of problems.他们帮助我们解决各种问题。

探究点一:help sb. with sth.的同义短语是什么?我姐姐经常帮助我学习语文____________________________

探究点二:all kinds of意为“______________”。

这家书店里有各种各样的书籍。____________________________

②这家商店里有各种各样的电脑。There are_______ _______ _______ computers in this shop.

2.There's something wrong with my computer.我的电脑出了问题。

探究点:There's something wrong with…的意思是“______________”可与 “Something is wrong with…”“Something doesn't work.”“Something is broken.”进行句型转换。

我的收音机出了故障。There is something wrong with my radio. =________________________= _________________________= _________________________

[注意]“……没有出故障”周“There isn't anything wrong with .../There is nothing wrong with…/Nothing is wrong with…”。

There isn't anything wrong with my MP3.=There is nothing wrong with my MP3. =Nothing is wrong with my MP3.我的MP3没有出故障。

My pen is broken. 同义句转换There's _______ ______________ my pen.

3.Some college students are ready to help. -些大学生乐于助人。

探究点:be ready to do sth.的意思是“______________”那个女孩乐于说英语。______________________

[拓展]get ready for意为“为……做准备”。 我们都在为考试做准备。______________________

()He is ready _______speak at the meeting. A. to                B.for                C.with                 D.of

4. Simon wants to ask someone to fix his bicycle. 西蒙想请人修他的自行车。

探究点一:want后接动词的_______形式作宾语。我想和你谈一谈。______________________

[知识拓展]want还可构成want sb. to do sth.结构。他想给你一个惊喜。____________________________________________.

()①They want_______ at six in the afternoon.A. meetB. to meet        C. meeting         D. to meeting

探究点二:ask sb. to do sth.的意思是“_______”老师叫我们去办公室。____________________________________________

[注意]ask sb. to do sth.的否定形式为:ask sb. not to do sth.。

那个人叫他不要坐在这儿。____________________________________________.

②他经常叫他的儿子早点回家。 He often_______ his son_______ _______ home early.

探究点三:fix的意思是“______________”。

我认为这台电视机需要修理了。____________________________________________

你能把它安装到墙上吗?____________________________________________

③你能帮我修理我坏了的课桌吗?Can you help me _______my_______ desk?

grammar

1. She is going to watch the film next Friday. 她打算下周五看这部电影。

探究点一:一般将来时的构成形式有哪几种,其区别又是什么? [指点迷津](1) be going to的用法

①be going to是一种固定结构,后面要接动词原形,用来表示按计划或安排要发生的动作,有时也可以表示推测将要或肯定会发生的动作,有“准备;打算”的意思。含有be going to结构的句子中往往有表示将来的时间状语。

今天下午我们打算开班会。(安排)____________________________________________

看那些乌云,快要下雨了。(推测)____________________________________________

②be going to的肯定句

be going to结构中的be动词很少用原形,它一般有三种形式,即:am,is,are。当主语是I时用am;当主语是第三人称单数时用is;当主语是其他人称时用are。

明天早上我打算去买些东西。I am going to buy something tomorrow morning.

她打算今天下午去看望王先生。She is going to see Mr Wang this afternoon.

③be going to的否定句和一般疑问句

由于句子中有be动词,因此be going to的否定句和一般疑问句的构成很容易,即在be(am,is,are)的后面加上not就构成了否定句;把be (am,is,are)放到句首,在句末加问号就构成了一般疑问句,其答语为:Yes,主语+am/is/are./No,主语+isn't/aren't./No,I'm not.另外,I am…在改为一般疑问句时常常改为“Are you…?”。

他们不打算下周去看这部电影。They are not going to watch the film next week.

他们打算下周去看这部电影吗?-Are they going to watch the film next week?是的。/不。- Yes,they are. /No,they aren't.

④使用be going to时的注意点

A. There be句型的be going to结构为:There is/are going to be… (注意句型中going to后面的be不能改为have),常用来表示将有某事发生。

下周末我们学校将有一场足球比赛。____________________________________________

B.come,go,leave,arrive等表示位置移动的动词常用现在进行时表示将要发生的动作,它们很少与be going to结构连用。

(2)一般将来时也可用“shall/will+动词原形”表示。shall只用于主语为第一人称(I/we)的句子中,will可用于所有人称。其否定句在shall或will后面加not,也可缩写成shan't或won't;一般疑问句把shall或will放到句首,在句末加问号,其答语为:Yes,主语+shall/will. /No,主语+shan't/won't..

我将买一辆新自行车。______________________

他们不会在这儿呆太久。______________________

我将再也不迟到了。______________________

你将帮助我学英语吗?______________________好的,我将帮助你学英语。______________________

2. My parents and I are planning a day out with my uncle's family the day after tomorrow.我和我的父母计划后天和我的叔叔一家一起出去郊游。

探究点:plan的意思是“_______”。

他们计划再买一台电脑。______________________你的新计划是什么?______________________

我们在计划参观长城 We_______ _______ _______ _______ the Great Wall.

3.How about your uncle? 你叔叔呢?

探究点:How about后接动词时用什么形式?

休息一下怎么样?______________________ 看足球比赛怎么样?______________________

Integrated skills

1. Her elder brother works in a_______.她的哥哥在……工作。

探究点:elder的意思是“______________”:

他的姐姐上8年级。______________________

2. She works for a_______ far away from her home, so she goes to work by train. 她在远离家的……工作,因此她乘火车去上班。

探究点:far away from的意思是“______________”。

我家远离学校。My home is far away from school.

[知识拓展](1) far away用作表语或状语,away可以省去,因此,far away=far; far away from=far from。

(2) far.( away)后不接宾语;far (away) from后一定要接宾语。They do not live far away.他们住得并不远。

(3) far是表示较笼统、模糊概念的“远”,而away是表示具体的“远”。如:very far很远;quite far相当远;how far多远;500 metres away 500米远;2 kilometres away 2公里远。

试比较:

我家离医院很远。 My home is very far from the hospital.

我家离医院20公里远。My home is 20 kilometres away from the hospital.

()My home is very _______.It is about 30 kilometres_______ school.A. away; farB. far; awayC. far; away from D. away; from

3.I'm good at drawing.我擅长画画。

探究点:be good at的同义短语是_______。

He is good at playing football.=He does well in playing football.他擅长踢足球。

The boy is good at reading. 同义句转换。The boy_______ _______ _______ reading.

4. That sounds like a good idea. 那听起来像是个好主意。 探究点:sound like的意思是“______________”

那听起来像是一个真实的故事。______________________

[辨析]sound与sound like

sound意为“听起来”,后接形容词作表语;sound like意为“听起来像”,后接名词作宾语。

那音乐听起来很美。______________________那声音听起来像鸟叫声。______________________

()The song _______very sad. A. like                B. likes        C. sounds like        D. sounds

5. I want to help sick people.我想帮助病人。

探究点:sick与ill有何区别?

她的叔叔生病了。______________________

她因忧虑而生病了。______________________.

(2) sick与ill用来修饰名词时,它们的意义则不相同。sick作定语时,表示“有病的;患病的;(身体)不适的”;ill则表示“坏的;邪恶的;不吉祥的”。

她得照顾她生病的爷爷。______________________

他很善良,但脾气很坏。______________________.

()He is a_______ man.He can't help you carry heavy things. A. ill        B. sick C. goodD. helpful

Task

1.Please look at the information below.请看下面的信息。

探究点一:.look at的意思是“______________”.

[辨析]look,look at,see与watchlook,look at,see,watch都有“看”的意思,但用法不同。

(1) look为不及物动词,后面不能接宾语,常单独使用,以引起对方注意。 Look! That's an English car.看!那是一辆英国的小汽车。

(2) look at是由动词look与介词at构成的短语,相当于及物动词,后面可以接宾语,侧重“看”的动作。Please look at this picture.

(3) see为及物动词,意思是“看见”,侧重“看”的结果。Can I see your new pen? 我可以看看你的新钢笔吗?

(4) watch是及物动词,意思是“观看;注视”,用来指注视移动着的物体,如看电视、看球赛、看戏等。

They are watching TV.他们正在看电视。

用look,look at,see或watch填空。

①_______! I can _______some birds in the tree.②He _______me and smiles.③They are_______ the boys playing football.

探究点二:information是_______(可数/不可数)名词。

我正在网上查找一些关于科学方面的信息。____________________________________________

[辨析]information与message

(1) information是不可数名词,意为“通知;消息;情报”。他把所有的消息都给我了。_____________________________

(2) message是名词,意为“信息,口信”。 你能给我捎个口信吗?_____________________________

④在那里你可以查到所有的信息。You can get_______ _______ _______there.

探究点三:below在此用作_______词。

(1)用作介词,意为“在……下面”。 在瀑布下面有一座桥。 There is a bridge below the waterfall.

(2)用作副词,意为“在下面,在较低处”。你可以采纳下面的建议。You can take the advice below.

⑤请看下面的画。Please_______ _______ the picture_______.

2. Are you worrying about what to wear to a party or how to design your home?你担心穿什么去参加聚会或者怎样设计你的家吗?

探究点一:worry about的意思是“______________”。

别担心他,他能照顾好自己。_____________________________

他担心上学迟到。_____________________________

①他经常为考试而担心。He often_______ _______ exams.

探究点二:or的意思

(1)表示选择,意为“或;还是”。收音机是关上了的还是开着的?_____________________________

你喜欢茶还是咖啡?_____________________________

(2)表示一种否定的条件,意为“否则”。.关上电视,否则婴儿无法睡觉。_____________________________

②你去美国是打算坐船还是坐飞机?_______ you going to America by boat_______ by air?

③赶快,否则你就赶不上早班车了。Hurry up, _______ you_______ catch the early bus.

3.Some neighbours are there ready to help.一些邻居乐于在那儿帮助。

探究点:there在此是什么用法? [指点迷津]there在此是副词,意为“在那儿”,在句中作状语。

他在那儿等他的姐姐。_____________________________.

他在那儿帮助照看婴儿。He is_______ _______ look after the babies.

7B Unit3 Welcome to Sunshine Town!

一.重点单词

1.mine我的 2.nothing没有什么

3.quiet安静的;寂静的 4.air空气,大气

5.fresh新鲜的 6.local当地的

7.underground地铁 8.famous出名的,著名的

9.western西方的10.theatre<英>戏院,剧场=<美>theater

11.teach教 12.soon很快,不久

13.postcard明信片14.key钥匙

15.ring环,圈;戒指16.key ring钥匙圈

17.yours你的;你们的 18.ours我们的

19.theirs他(或她、它)们的20.hers她的

21.miss错过,失去22.work作品,著作

23.museum博物馆 24.row划(船)

25.hotel旅馆26.hometown家乡

27.friendly友好的28.raise饲养

29.corn玉米 30.smell嗅;闻到

31.yard院子;码 32.drive驾车送(人);驾驶,开(车)

二.重点短语

1.an old friend of mine我的一位老朋友

2.wait a minute等一会儿

3.exchange student交流学生

4.not far from靠近……,离……不远

5.by underground.乘地铁

6.1ook forward to盼望,期待

7.all over 到处,遍及

8.under Sandy’s chair 在桑迪的椅子下

9.pencil case笔盒,笔袋

10.work of art艺术品

11.Chinese paintings中国油画

12.at the museum在博物馆

13.1earn all about全面了解

14.row a boat划船

15.how far多远

16.each other互相

17.go shopping去购物

18.on a farm在农场

19.hear the birds sing听到鸟儿歌唱

20.raise cows养牛

21.show sb.Around带领某人参观

22.a wonderful place to live一个居住的好地方

三.重点句子及点拨

1.An old friend of mine is coming to see me,Hobo.霍波,我的一位老朋友要来看我。

an old friend of mine意为“我的一位老朋友"。

在英语中冠词与物主代词不能同时放在同一个修饰词前,要表示“我的一个……"“他的两个……"则须用“冠词/数词+名词+of+名词性物主代词”结构。如:a pen of Jim’s(吉姆的 一支钢笔),a book of hers(她的一本书)。

2.Is it enough for a can of dog foo d?这钱够买一听狗粮吗?

此处的for相当于to buy a can of dog food意为“一听狗粮"。

3.Shopping is fun.购物真有趣。

句中shopping是动名词作主语。此结构可以 转换成:It is fun to shop.

动名词在句中作主语看作单数,但如果是两个动名词作主语时要看作复数。如:Running

and swimming are good for US.跑步和游泳对我们有好处。

4.Shall we invite them to have dinner with us?

我们为什么不邀请他们来与我们一起吃晚饭呢?

invite sb.to do sth.意为“邀请某人去做某事"。

5.Welcome to Sunshine Town.欢迎到阳光镇!

welcome是及物动词,意为“欢迎";它还可以作形容词,意为“受欢迎的"。如:

Maybe they don’t welcome visitors like you.也许他们不欢迎像你们这样的游客。

You’re welcome! 不用谢!

6.There are lots of things to do in Sunshine Town.在阳光镇有许多事情可以做。

句中动词不定式to do作后置定语,修饰things。如:

I have something to tell you.我有事情告诉你。

7.It takes only 40 minutes by underground.乘地铁只需花40分钟。

(1)by underground意为“乘地铁”,表示交通方式。by后直接接交通工具,且用单数,相当于“in/on+the/a+交通工具”。如:I go to work by bus.=I go to work on a bus.

一I take a bus to work.我乘公共汽车去上班。

(2)此句是缩略句。完整的句子应是:It takes only 40 minutes by underground to go from

Sunshine Town to the centre to Beijing.此句型中,it是形式主语,真正的主语是动词不定

式。It takes(sb.)some time to do sth.表示“(某人)花费时间去做某事”。如:

It takes him an hour to do the homework every day.他每天花一小时做家庭作业。

8.Why not visit our local theatre and enjoy Beijing opera?为什么不去我们本地的剧院欣赏京剧呢?

“Why not+秒.v.+…”相当于“Why don’t you +..."是用来提建议的句型。用于提建议的句型还有:What/How about…?Shall we...?Would you like…?Let’s…等。

9.We are looking forward to meeting you soon.我们盼望不久就能见到你们。

look forward to意为“盼望,期待”,to是介词,后接名词、代词或动名词作宾语。如:

We lookforward toa holiday without homework.我们期待着一个没有作业的假期。

10.They’re all over the place.它们到处都是。all over意为“到处,遍及",相当于around。如:I want to travel around/all over the world.我想周游世界。

11.How far is it from the hotel?它离宾馆有多远?

how far意为“多远”,对距离提问。

12.I’m going to show you around my hometown.我打算带你们参观我的家乡。

show sb.around意为“带领某人参观”。

13.I can smell the.flowers and hear the birds sing.我能闻到花香还能听到鸟儿在歌唱。

(1)smell意为“闻,嗅”,后接名词作宾语,或 接形容词作表语。如:

The dish smells good.这道菜闻起来很香。

(2)hear意为“听到”,强调听的结果。后面可 接动词原形作宾语补足语。用法与see一样。如:

I often hear them sing English songs.我经常听到他们唱英文歌。

14。Usually my mother drives us there to do the shopping.通常我的母亲开车送我们去购物。

drive意为“驾驶,开(车)",drive sb.to someplace意为“开车送某人去某地"。

15.People here know each other.这儿的人们相互认识。

each other意为“相互,互相,彼此”。如:

They put presents into each other’s bags.他们把礼物放进各自的包里。

16.I think it is a wonderful place to live.我认为这是一个居住的好地方。

句中to live是动词不定式作后置定语,修饰名词place:如:

I have lots of homework to do today.今天我有许多作业要做。

四.重点语法

1.名词所有格:

英语名词的所有格表示所属关系,它分三种形式:(1)’s所有格.主要用于有生命的东西,但有时也可用于无生命的东西:(2)of所有格;(3)既有’s又有of的双重所有格。如:

Tom’s best friend is Mary.玛丽是汤姆最好的朋友。(Tom’s是所有格.)

The title of th,e book is interesting.这本书的

标题十分有趣.of the book为所有格)’s所有格的构成方法:

(1)一般情况(包括单数名词和不带词尾s的复数名词)加’s 如:

children's books儿童图书

today’s newspaper今天的报纸

(2)带词尾s的复数名词只加“”。如:

girls’school 女子学校

the Smith s’叫史密斯家的小汽车

注意:带词尾s的单数名词,通常仍加’s:

the boss’s plan老板的计划

(3)带词尾s的人名,可加’s或只加“”,。如:

Dickens’ novels狄更斯的小说

Charles’s job查理斯的工作

不带词尾s却以咝音结尾者,一律加’s。如:

Marx’s works 马克思的著作

(4)用and连接的并列连词的所有格要分两种情况.即表示各自的所有关系时,要分别在并列连词后加’s;表示共同的所有关系时,只在最后一个名词后加’s。如:

Tom’s and Jim’s rooms汤姆和吉姆(各自)的房间

Tom and Jim’s rooms 汤姆和吉姆(共同)的房间

of所有格用法:

凡不能加’s的名词,都可以与of构成短语来表示所有关系。如:

There is a tall maple tree at the end of the road.在这条路的尽头有一棵高高的枫树。

双重所有格:

所谓“双重所有格(double genitive)",是指名词所有格或名词性物主代词与of构成的所有

格,即"of+名词所有格”。如:

a friend of my wife’s我妻子的一个朋友

a friend of Jim’s吉姆的一个朋友

2.形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词

物主代词可分为形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词。

(1)形容词性物主代词(my,your,his,her,its,our,your,their)在句中只用作定语,修饰名词;它们不能与其他限定词(the,this,those等)同时修饰一个名词,要表达类似的概念,则需用此结构:其他限定词+名词。+of+名词性物主代词。如:

a pen of mine我的一支钢笔

(2)名词性物主代词(mine,yours,his,hers,its,ours,yours,theirs)则不能用作定语,但

可以用作主语、宾语、表语;它们在意义上相当于“形容词性物主代词+名词”。

如:my books=mine

7B Unit 4 Finding your way

重点笔记:

跟着我follow me

上去/下来 go up/down

确定/确信 be sure

害怕 be afraid

必须,不得不 have to=must

指一个地方在另一个地方范围外的相对位置be +方向+of = to the+方向+of

指一个地方在另一个地方范围内的相对位置in the+方向+of

远离 ,离……远 far away from

去旅行

1)go for a trip"for"往往指“为了”,该词组侧重讲为了旅游去的,往往指“去旅行”状态一般是没去,打算去

2)go on a trip侧重于讲状态,“在旅游”这个词组一般是说已经去旅行了

三千米three kilometres

径直走go straight on

整天躺着lie down all day long

来这儿看他们come here to see them

沿着这条路走walk along the road

动物世界的国王kings of the animal world

发出动听的声音make beautiful sounds

猴子的森林Monkeys’ Forest

四处窜jump around

使人大笑make people laugh

make 的用法:

1)使某人做 make sb. do

2)使某人或某物怎么样 make sb./sth. adj(形容词)

吃来自树上的树叶 eat the leaves from trees

穿过桥 cross the bridge= walk across the bridge

旅行愉快 have a nice trip

在树上in the tree (外来物)

on the tree (长在树上)

在两棵树之间 between the two trees

找到宝藏 find treasure

在第二个路口朝右转

take the second turning on the right=turn right at the sencond turning

一个英语角 an English corner

你愿意来吗?是的,我很乐意。Would you like to come? Yes , I’d love to.

我怎么到那? How do I get there?

在……的角落 at the corner of …

在第一个十子路口朝左转turn left at the first crossing

一份邀请信an invitation letter

邀请……去invite…to

为……做准备prepare …for

大量的食物和饮料plenty of food and drinks

这是去我家的路. This is the way to my home

在出口A出来 get out at Exit A

我期待在宴会上见到你!I am looking forward to seeing you at the party.

穿过

cross(v.动词)

across(prep.介词,不能单独使用要和动词一起用)

eg: Walk _________ the bridge , you will see a big tree on your left.

Go ________ the road .

________ the bridge, turn right and walk straight on .

41. 经过

pass(v.动词)

past 经过(prep.介词,不能单独使用要和动词一起用)

语法:

冠词:

不定冠词a /an 的用法:a用于辅音音音素之前。

an 用于元音音素之前。

2、定冠词:the的用法:

用于上文提到过的人或事物。

用于谈话双方都知道的人或事物,表示“这/那个”。

用于世界上独一无二的事物。

用于乐器名词前。

用于用于姓氏复数前,表示“…夫妇/一家人”。

某些adj.前表示一类人或事物。

用于序数词、adj.最高级前。

用于一些固定短语中。

二、方位介词:

注意介词在句子中,不能单独使用,介词前面一定要有动词

1 、在……处

in(大地点)at(小地点)

在….上面在……下面

on (平面上)

over (正上方)under(正下方)

above (高于某物) below(低于某物)

3、在……之间

between(两者之间) among(三者或三者以上之间)

4、在……前面

in front of(物体外部)in the front of (物体内部)

5、在……旁边next to =beside=near

7B Unit5Amazing things

重点短语与句型

1.amazing things 令人惊奇的事情/东西

2.come on得了吧、快点、 加油

3.look at the bright lights on the plane

看看飞机上的亮灯

4.sleep with the eyes open/closed

睁着\闭着眼睛睡觉

5.the same size from birth跟出生时一样大小

6.never stop growing 从未停止生长

stop talking 停止讲话(不讲) stop to talk停下来去讲话(讲)

7.…times larger than… 比……大……倍

8.in the back of elephants’feet 在大象脚背上

9. know fun facts about the world知道有关世界的有趣事实

10. the ghost in the park公园里的鬼

11. one Sunday morning星期天早上/上午

12. as usual和往常一样

13. sit under a big tree坐在大树下

14. hear a whisper from the bushes

听到来自灌木丛的小小声音

listen carefully仔细的听

15.turn around 转身.see nothing 啥也看不见

16.nobody replied 没人回答

17.leave the park quickly迅速离开公园

run away 逃跑

18.on their way home回家路上

on the way to +名词 在去……的路上

19.tell sb everything告诉某人一切

20.stand beside the tree and listen carefully站在树旁仔细听

21.search the bushes搜查灌木丛

search sth/sb for为…而搜查某物/某人如: search him for money

22.say to himself他自言自语

23.find a little cat in the bushes

在灌木丛中发现一只小猫

24.sound like 听起来像

25.pick up 捡起、拾起pick it/ them up

26.later that day 那天晚些时候

27take the cat to the animal centre 把这只猫送到动物中心

28.talk about谈论

29.look carefully for sth 仔细寻找某物

30.run away quickly迅速逃跑

31.something strange奇怪的某物/ 某事

32.go back to the park with Andy

和Andy一起回公园

33.a month ago /two /three…months ago

一/两 /三月前

34.get to the museum 到达博物馆

35.spend three hours in the museum

在博物馆度过三小时

36.take a lot of photos拍许多照片

37.come back to school 回到学校来

38.have a great time 玩得愉快

=have great fun=enjoy oneself

39.the day before yesterday 前天

40.what else=what other things

其他的什么事/东西

41.learn about学到有关…获悉到

42.live on the ground 生活在陆地上

43.a long time ago很久以前

44.eat little/nothing吃得极少/ 不吃东西

45.in cold winter在寒冷的冬天

46.live in dry places生活在干燥地方

47.live without water for a long time没水生活很久

48.smell things well嗅觉灵敏

49.Thank you for your help 谢谢你的帮助

50.know more about animals更多地了解动物

51.be surprised to do 惊讶地做某事

52.need to keep our house clean

需要保持屋子清洁

53.be afraid of…/ to do sth 害怕/ 不敢做..

be afraid of snakes害怕蛇

be afraid of going out\to go out alone

54.not …any more =no more 不再

I am not afraid of animals any more.

= I am no more afraid of animals.

55.would like to learn more about

想对……更多了解

56.hear of听说

57.travel around the world by bicycle

骑自行车环游世界

58.the other day 前几天

the day before yesterday前天

59.write with one hand and draw with the other at the same time

同时一只手写字另一只手画画

60.draw 3-D pictures with chalk

用粉笔画3D图画

write with a pen用笔写字

61. live in a wonderful world with a lot of amazing things

生活在有许多令人惊奇的事情的精彩世界

62.this kind of food这种食物

63.a man called一个名叫……的人

64.stop for meals停下来吃饭

65.put meat between two pieces of bread

把肉放在两片面包之间

66.ask for 要求ask for help

67.become popular all over the world

在全世界变得很受欢迎

68. at least至少69. as large as和…一样大

Most families have at least one TV.

70. The Sun is about 1,300,000 times larger than the Earth.太阳大约是地球130万倍大。

71. I was surprised to know that there are only seven bones in its long neck just like ours.

我很吃惊的了解到它的长脖子只有7块骨头,就像我们人类的。(that 引导宾从)

72. It is also amazing that a snake eats little or nothing for months in cold winter.

蛇在寒冷冬天长达几个月几乎不吃东西真神奇。(that 引导主语从句)

73.I am interested in this interesting game.

我对这个有趣的游戏感兴趣。

背诵默写不规则动词的过去式.

7B Unit 6 Outdoor fun

重点短语与句型

Comic strip & Welcome to the unit

1. 户外乐趣                                 outdoor fun户外活动 outdoor activities

2. 你真会抱怨。         You complain too much.

3. 骑马 /野营go riding/ camping

4. 你觉得野营怎么样?         What do you like about camping?

5. 给我拿着         carry it for me

6. 快点,赶快         hurry up

7. 包不是那么重。         The bag isn’t that heavy.

8. 我太累了。I’m tired.

9. 你想尝试什么户外活动?What outdoor activity would you like to try?

Reading

1. 掉进兔子洞         down the rabbit hole

2. 阳光明媚的一天         one sunny day

3. 抬头看,向上看         look up

4. 她看到穿着衣服的兔子经过        She saw a white rabbit in a coat passing by

5. 把…拿出来         took … out of

6. 多么令人惊奇呀!         How amazing!

7. 跟着兔子跑到了田野上         run across the field after the rabbit

8. 跳进了一个大大的洞里         jump down a big hole

9. 不想让兔子跑掉         did not want to let the rabbit get away

10. 她发现独自一人在又长又低矮的大厅里

She found herself alone in a long, low hall

11. 但它打不开任何一扇门                But it did not fit any of the doors.

12. 在另一边                on the other side

13. 尝试穿过门                 go through the door

14. 花了她很长时间才撞到洞的地面上

It took her a long time to hit the ground in the hole.

15. 在洞里和兔子谈话                 talked to the rabbit in the hole

16. 这只奇怪的兔子使Alice很吃惊。 The strange rabbit surprised Alice.

17. Alice用钥匙打开了那扇门 Alice opened a small door with the key.

18. 发现大厅里空无一人see no one in the hall

19. 接下来发生了什么?What happened next?

Grammar

1.听到了声音                 hear a sound

2.在家                be at home

3.我度过了一段美好的时光I had a good time.

4. 他和他的朋友们练习打排球        He practiced playing volleyball with his friends

5. 待在家里读书         stay at home and read some books

5. 在湖边支起了帐篷         put up a tent near a lake

6. 你们整晚都待在外面吗?         Did you stay outside all night?

7. 它有趣吗?         Was it interesting?

8. 我们还在湖上划船了。 We also rowed a boat on the lake.

Integrated skills &study skills

1. 让西方人了解风筝        let people in the west know about the kites

2. 发现了一种造纸的心方法        find a new way to make paper

3. 用竹子制作风筝        use bamboo to make kites

4. 用木材制作鸟        make a bird out of wood

5. 风筝在中国有着悠久的历史        Kites has a long history in China

6. 放风筝成为非常流行的户外活动

Kite flying became a very popular outdoor activity

7. 从那时起         from then on

8. 因为…而出名         be famous for…

9. 去野餐         have a picnic

10. 我是如此的兴奋        I’m so excited

11. 恐怕不能        I’m afraid not

12. 记得带着你的移动电话        remember to take your mobile phone

13. 现在一切准备就绪        Now everything is ready.

14. 在湖里游泳很危险。It’s dangerous to swim in the lake.

Task:

1. 对…感兴趣        be interested in

2. Alice不知道做什么 Alice did not know what to do

3. 回到桌子那        went back to the table

4. 瓶子上的字条        a note on the bottle

5. 它尝起来像果汁。        It tastes like fruit juice.

6. 向下看        look down

7. 变得越来越小        became smaller and smaller

8. 过了一会        after a while

9. 决定去做某事        decide to do something

10. 她忘记钥匙了         She forgot about the key.

11. 她太小了够不到钥匙         She was too small to reach the key.

12. 在那之后,她会发生什么?        What will happen to her after that?

Unit 7 Abilities

教学重难点:

掌握课文中的重点句型和知识点的结构、用法

1. Fire can be very dangerous. It’s important to be careful with fire.

火可能是危险的,小心火是重要的。

2. Thank you for joining us.谢谢你加入我们。[来源:学*科*网]

3. Did you do anything for yo ur own safety?你为自己的安全采取措施了吗?

4. How long did you stay in hospital after the fire? (For) two months.

火灾之后你在医院呆了多长时间?两个月。

5. Don’t leave the stove on.不要让炉子一直开着。

6. Don’t put anything hot into the rubbish bin.不要把任何热的东西放进垃圾箱里。

7. He always thinks of others first.他总是先考虑别人。

8. She often tells younger students to be careful when they play water sports.

她常常告诉小学生玩水类游戏时要小心。

9. The s w imming pool doesn’t open today. We can’t go swimming.

游泳池今天不开门,我们不能去游泳。

10. We couldn’t play football because Simon forgot to bring a football.

我们不能踢足球因为西蒙忘记带足球了。

11. Chen Dan is thoughtful and thinks carefully when he works.

陈丹工作的时候很细心,考虑问题很仔细。

12. He plans everything well and works wel l in a team.

他把每一件事都计划得很好,在队里工作做得很好。

13. We look forward to hearing from you soon. 我们盼望着尽快收到你的来信。

14. He heard his neighbour, Mr Sun, calling for help . 他听见他的邻居孙先生在呼救。

15. I s he getting better now ? 他现在好多了吗?

16. He could not get out because he hurt his leg.他伤了腿所以无法出来。

17. She put out the fire with a blanket.=She used a blanket to put out the fire.她用毯子扑灭了火。

18. Fire can be very dangerous if we are not careful.=It is possible for fire to cause danger if we are not careful. 如果我们不小心的话,火可能会导致危险的产生。

19. Do you know what happened to Wang Fang?你知道王芳发生了什么吗?

20. It’s a good idea!好主意!

21. Is she getting better now?她现在好点了吗?

22. She fell into the water and Amy saved her.她掉进水里,艾米救了她。

23. She was very grateful for her help.她对她的帮助心存感激。

24. Last year I caught a fish after waiting for many hours.去年我等了好几个小时才抓到一条鱼。

25. Maybe I’ll catch a fish with in five minutes this year. 也许今年我能在五分钟之内抓到一条鱼。

26. I’m sure that I’ll lose the game within ten minutes.我确定自己在十分钟之内就会输掉比赛。

27. It’s highly possible that I’ll go walking instead of swim ming. 很可能我将去散步而不是去游泳。

28. She must read more often and use English more often. 她必须多读多用英语。

29. She can get better results in Geography if she does her best.如果她尽她的全力,她会在地理学科上获得更好的成绩。

30. It’s difficult for me to dance.对我来说跳舞是困难的。

31. Last week, a 5-year-old boy lost his way and cried in the street. 上个星期,一个五岁的男孩迷了路在街上哭。

32. I want a person to teach the children how to dance.我想要一个人来教孩子们跳舞。

33. Sandy may not be able to come.桑迪可能来不了。

3 4. That sounds dangerous. 那听起来很危险。

35. I would like to recommend Chen Dan for the Grade 7 Most Helpful Student Award.我想推荐陈丹获得七年级的最乐于助人学生奖。

7B Unit 8 Pets

1.bring me something to eat=bring something to eat to me给我一些吃的

(bring sb sth=bring sth to sb)to 侧重朝着,向着,对着某人 ;

(get sb sth=get sth forsb ) for 侧重强调动作的受益者,为了某人,替某人。

常见此类双宾语动词:

① 可转换成 to 的 动词:take / send / lend / give/ pass / hand / show / tell / w ish / write / teachfeed

②可转换成 for的 动词:buy / get / make / cook/ build / draw / choose / prepare / spare/ sing / save / order / find

2. say “ please” / “ hello ”/ “sorry” (to sb)对某人说“请”-----

常见与说有关的词:

① say 说,强调说话内容,及物动词带宾语 或句子。也可作不及物动词,。

Eg.It’s hard to say.

say to sb (oneself) 自言自语

②speak[来源:Z_xx_k.Com]

强调单方的“说”或“讲”,一般用作不及物动词,要表示“对某人说(某事)”,可用 speak to [with] sb (about sth)。

可接语言的名词,eg: speak English

③tell tell 表示“告诉”,可接双宾语,双宾语易位时用介词 to 引出间接宾语。

④talktalk 强调双方“交谈”,一般用作不及物动词,表示“同某人谈论(某事)”,可用 talk to [with] sb (about sth)。如:

3.watch them swim around看他们游来游去

hear birds sing

watch / see / hear / listen to / notice sb do sth” 是指看见某人做过某事”是看着事情的发生全过程,

hear someone calling / shouting for help

watch / see / hear / listen to / notice sb doing doing sth是指”看见某人正在做某事”,表正在进行

4.sleep on one’s knees睡在膝盖上

5.feed sb.sth.= feed sth.to sb.给某人喂某物               

6.hold in one’s hand拿在某人手里

hold a fashion=have a fashion = give a fashion举行时装展

7.play with sb.和某人玩        

8. teach parrots to speak        教鹦鹉说话

teach sb to do sth教某人做某事

teach sb sth =teach sth to sb教某人--

teach sb how to do sth教某人如何做某事

Reading

1.the cleverest animal of all最聪明的动物

the biggest restraunt in Tifth Street五大街上最大的餐馆

2.run after a ball / a rabbit / cats and birds         追一只球(兔子 、猫和鸟 )                        

3.do wonderful tricks 耍精彩的把戏

play tricks on sb 捉弄某人

wondern. 奇迹

v.想知道

wonderfuladj 精彩的

w onderfully adv 精彩地

类似用法如:care / beauty /health / luck

4.build me camps out of sticks 用树枝造……

①常见短语:

build ----out of 用---建造---

make a bird out of wood make---out of用---制作---

take a watch out ofits pockettake…out of 从-----中取出----

helpMrs Sun out (of the fire ) help…out of 帮----从中逃离[来源:学.科.网]

get…out of

② build sb sth = build sth for sb替某人建造----

※※unt with eyes open wide 睁大眼睛寻找

do sth with eyes open wide睁大眼睛做某事

with复合结构表动作的伴随,通常为:

①with +n+adj sleep with eyes closed / open ;

②with +n+prepcome in with a big smile on one’s face

go to school with a big bag on one’s back

leave the office with lights on / off

5.look after well =take good care of照顾好某人

takecare = be careful当心

6.till the end直到最后eg look after him till the end

not ------till         直到----才        eg. do / does / did / will not do homeworktill 9.pm        

don’t have to do = don’t need to do 不必做某事[来源:学科网ZXXK]

7.need a gentle touch 需要轻轻的一触

touch sth 触摸----

8.rhymes with与—押韵

9.do amazing things 做奇妙的事情[来源:学科网]

10.do (many) other things 做(许多)其他事情

11. look around环顾四周

常见与look搭配的短语

look up/down朝上 / 下看

look after照顾

look for寻找

look out当心 / 朝外看

look ou t of sth朝------外看

look out at sth眺望---

look at朝 ------看

look adj看上去 / 看起来-----

look like (doing) sth看上去 / 看起来像-----

12.hide under the chair        躲在椅子下

hide sth / sb prep躲在-----

hide -----prep        把----藏在----

13.make trouble 惹麻烦

14.be afraid of 害怕

be afraid to do害怕做某事

be afraid that 恐怕,担心---[来源:学&科&网Z&X&X&K]

(sure 用法同afraid )

Grammar

1. make beautiful/ nice sounds 发出好听的声音

make a sound like a dog does发出像狗叫的声音

2.sleep anywhere 睡在任何地方

3.a special friend of mine 我的一个特殊的朋友

= one of my special friends

4.repeat my words=say sth again重复我的话

5.all the time= always 一直

6.feed him sth else 给他喂其他东西

sth / anything / nothin /else不定代词+else

what /who else 疑问词+else

7.give him some meat = give s ome meat to him给他一些肉

8.be easy to look after 容易照顾

9.That’s true.很正确。

10.I (don’t )agree.with you .我(不)同意你的观点。

agree to do sth同意做某事

11.There’s nothing wrong with keeping a snake if you like.如果你喜欢,养蛇并没有错。

If + 句子 ;假如,如果---

Integrated skills               

1.pick up goldfish with your hands 用手捧起金鱼

pick it / them up 把----捧起来

2.put your goldfish in the sun把金鱼放在阳光下        

read in the sun在阳光下读书

3.grow up tobe 40 centimet ers长大长达40厘米

grow wheat种植小麦

grow very big / tal l / fat

4.weigh up to 40grams 称起来达40克

5.join a pet club 加入宠物俱乐部         

6.have a talk on pets =give a talk about pets举行有关宠物的演讲

7.learn about how to look afterthem 学习如何照顾他们

8.tell me more about them告诉我更多有关他们的事情

9.need to feed them oftten需要经常喂他们

10.once/twie (three / fourtimes) a day一天一次(两 三四次)

11.eat special fish food        吃特殊的鱼食

12.How big can goldhish grow?金鱼能长多长?

12.make a noise 发出噪声

13.talk about pet care 谈论宠物照顾

14.like exercise a lot很喜欢运动

eat / sleep / rain / sweem / read / write a lotdo stha lot=do sth often

15.brush her fur梳理她的毛发

16.feed them too much给他们喂太多        

① too much=much; “太多”用作形容词,后接 不可数名词。

如:too much water, too much snow, toomuch rain。

也可用作代词。 如:Don't eat too much. 别吃太多了。

② much too=too.其中too是副词,修饰much."太”是副词。后接形容词或副词。

It is much too cold today.

He is always doing things much too carelessly.

③ too many=many“太多”用作形容词,后接可数名词复数。

把这三个词组中的第一个词都扔掉,看它们各自是什么意思,接什么词。

※※ too much=much;much too=too;too many=many

17.walk the dog=take the dog for a walk溜狗

Study skills

1.get inforamation from the Internet 从网上得到信息

2.different kinds of 不同种类的----

3.millions ofmillions 后有S,前面不能再加具体数字

hundreds / thouands of

two hundred / thousand / million hundred前有数字 (two),后不能加S

4.use ----to find the information用---找信息

information不可数, 易错词:news, work (工作) ,

5.find inforamation quickly and easily快速且容易的找到信息

6.want to find information about pets 想找有关宠物的信息

7.find information about how to look after p ets找关于如何照顾宠物的信息

8.information about keeping an e-pet有关照顾电子宠物的信息

9.what to have as a pet养什么做宠物

Task

1.have long ,grey fur and white paws长着灰色长毛和白爪子fur 不可数

2. like warm milk喜爱温热牛奶

3.be friendly and quiet / noisy / happy / lucky/ clever / kind

be+adj 构成系表结构

4.sleep in a baskket / cage / box睡在篮子(笼子 盒子)里

5. When she is hungry,she will miao.当她饥饿时就喵喵叫。

When当---时

6.enjoy it very much很享受

7.Poppy is my best fiend , but she is very lazy sometimes. Poppy是我最好的朋友,但有时很懒。

But但是, 然而

8.She never worries because we takegood care of her.她从不烦恼,因为我们照顾她很周到。

Because因为---

9.look like看起来像----

10.sit / lie on the bed / sofa坐 / 躺在床上(沙发)

11. talk about its lifestyle谈谈它的生活方式

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