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【词汇】argue, quarrel, debate, dispute, discuss, reason用法

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发表于 2018-1-9 16:43:06 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
argue, quarrel, debate, dispute, discuss, reason

上面这几个动词均含“辩论,争论,说理”之意。

argue:指提出理由或证据为自己或自己一方的看法或立场辩护,着重说理、论证和企图说服。

One could argue that smoking, by its very nature, is addictive.

有人可能认为抽烟从本质上说就具有成瘾性。

They argue that only private capitalists can remake Poland's economy.

他们认为,只有私人资本家才能重振波兰经济。

There are those who argue that true independent advice is unattainable.

有一些人认为真正独立的意见是不存在的。

quarrel:指两人之间或两个团体之间不友好的、吵吵嚷嚷地大声争论某事,尤指“吵嘴、吵架”。

They could quarrel quite legitimately with some of my choices.

他们大有理由不同意我的一些选择。

The monarchists are a small fringe group who quarrel fiercely among themselves. 君主主义者是一个内部争吵激烈的非主流的小团体。

It could have happened during a quarrel between them over Naomi.

这件事可能是在他们为娜奥米争吵的过程中发生的。

debate:侧重指意见等对立的双方之间正式或公开的争辩。

His comments are bound to add fuel to the debate.

他的话必将为争论推波助澜。

A full-scale debate is under way on what ails the industry.

关于工业为何陷入困境正在展开一场全面的讨论。

There is a debate about his fitness for the highest office.

针对他是否能胜任最高职务展开了争论。

dispute:侧重对分歧进行激烈或热烈的争论或争辩,带一定感情色彩,常隐含“各持已见”或“争论不休”意味。

The council recently drew fire for its intervention in the dispute.

委员会最近因为介入该起争端而遭到批评。

There are few goodies and baddies in this industrial dispute.

在这次劳资纠纷中几乎没有绝对的好人与坏人。

They agreed to try to settle their dispute by negotiation.

他们同意通过谈判来努力解决纠纷。

discuss:最常用词,指就某一或某些问题表明观点、看法等,以便统一认识,解决问题。

The Politburo has been meeting in Peking to discuss the situation.

政治局已在北京召开会议讨论形势。

Senior politicians met today to discuss the future of European economic unity.

高级政要今天会晤,探讨欧洲经济一体化的未来。

The magazine's aim is to discuss topical issues within a Christian framework.

该杂志的宗旨是在基督教框架下讨论时下的热门话题。

reason:指据理力争以说服对方或求得对问题作更深入的研究。

The reason women are drinking is just because they like it.

女人喝酒只是因为她们喜欢喝。

The boss retains enormous influence by reason of his position.

老板由于自身的地位而一直有极大的影响力。

I'vebeen dragged back from Australia for no sufficient reason.

没有充分的理由,我就从澳大利亚被硬叫了回来。

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发表于 6 天前 来自英语家园公众微信 | 显示全部楼层
Reason有两个意思,1逻辑推理 2理由
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