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[高中] 【词汇】高考英语必背短语与高中英语基础知识考点大汇总


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发表于 2017-12-22 16:09:47 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
1. 一周两次 twice a week

2. 两倍那么多:twice as many as ,twice bigger than ,twice the size/length/width of

3. 一、两天 a day or two ,one or two days

4. 再两周时间 anther two weeks ,two more weeks

5. many a student has a book

6. 总而言之 in a word

7. 有能力做某事情 be able to do sth.,be capable of doing

8. 怎么样 what about doing…/how about doing

9. 当…即将要做某事情 be about to do sth…when…

10. 尤其是,最重要的是 above all

11. 缺席,不在 be absent from

12. 全神贯注于某事情 be absorbed in doing sth.

13. 主观接受:accept 客观接受(接受有形,有实物的东西) receive

14. 有权利做某事情 have access to sth.

15. 意外的 by accident=by chance

16. 交通事故 the traffic accident

17. 根据 according to

18. 考虑 take sth. into account

19. 因为,由于 on account of=because of 后面跟名词,不跟句子

20. 指责某人某事情 accuse sb of sth

指控某人某事情 charge sb with sth

钦佩某人某事情admire sb for sth

责备某人某事情 scold sb for sth ,blame sb for sth , sb be to blame for sth

21. be used to do sth. 被用来做某事情

used to do 过去常常做某事情

be/get used to doing sth 习惯于做某事情

22. 达到目标 achieve the goal

23. across 穿过,和on 有关,指从上面,上方穿过, through 穿过和in有关,从里面,内部穿过

walk across the street/bridge , walk through the forests

24. 担当,充当 act as , 执行 act on

25. 采取行动 take action /take measures to do sth

26. 在某方面积极 be active in… 积极参加 take an active part in=join in

27. adapt… to…适应, adopt sth/sb 领养某人,采纳某事情

28. 总计达 add up to=in all=come to , 增加,增添美景/难度add to the beauty/difficulty


29. 除了…以外(还有…) in addition to=apart from=besides (看见also,else,other 选besides)

30. 足够的,适当的 adequate

31. 承认做某事情 admit doing sth , 否认做某事情 deny doing sth

32. 允许入内,被录取进入学校 be admitted into/to school

33. 预先,提前 in advance , ahead of time

34. 利用 take advantage of , make use of, by means of

35. advice, news , information 为不可数名词

36. 给某人忠告 give sb advice on sth , 听取某人的忠告 take one`s advice

37. affect 动词,影响 effect 名词,影响 对…有重大影响have a big effect on …

afford 动词,买得起,常跟在can,could,be able to后面

有足够的金钱做某事情 can afford sth/to do sth

38. be afraid of doing sth 害怕做某事情 ; be afraid to do sth 不敢做某事情

39. after all 毕竟,终究

40. in the morning ; on Sunday mornings

41. 以某人的年龄来说 for one`s age

42. 答应做某事情agree to do sth , 同意某人的观点agree with sb/what sb said

(气候,食物)的适合agree with the climate 对…意见一致agree on sth

43. alive 形容词,活着的,做表语,sb be alive 某人是活着的, a man alive 活着的人

catch sb alive 活捉某人

living 形容词,活着的,做定语,the living people 活着的人,

live 形容词,现场的 broadcast live 现场直播

lively 形容的,充满活力的,灵敏的

44. for all 尽管 , first of all 首先, above all 尤其重要的是, in all 总共, after all 毕竟,终究

all over the world 世界各地区, not …at all 一点也不

45. 允许某人做某事情 allow/permit doing sth , allow/permit sb doing sth ,

sb be allowed/permitted to do sth

46. 几乎不almost not=not nearly=hardly=scarcely

47. The man lives alone , but he doesn`t feel lonely.

48. 和…相处很好,进展很好 get along/on well with sb/sth

49. 颂读课文read aloud the text , 说出声音来 speak aloud


50. 除…以外别无选择have no choice but to do sth

51. 老是做某事情be always doing sth

52. 对…惊讶 be amazed at , be surprised at, be astonished at

对…满意 be pleased with , be happy with , be satisfied with

对…愤怒 be angry about/at sth, be angry with sb for sth

对…严厉 be strict with sb in sth , be hard on sb

对…担心 be worried about , be anxious about

对…感到惭愧 be shamed of sth, be shy of sth

渴望做某事情 be eager to do sth , be anxious to do sth

渴望得到某物 long for sth , hope for sth , be dying for sth , be anxious for sth

53. 修饰不可数名词: a large amount of , a great deal of , a large sum of , a little , little

修饰可数名词: a great number of , few , a few , several

两者皆可修饰:a lot of , lots of , plenty of ,the number of (…的数量)

54. 每年的,年刊annual

55. 一个接一个one after another

56. 接电话answer the call , 回信 answer the letter/reply to the letter/write to sb

对…负责answer for =be responsible for

57. 任何的一家书店 any bookstore

58. anyway 无论怎么样 anyhow 不管怎么说

59. 为某事情向某人道歉 apologize to sb for sth

60. 吸引appeal to sb = attract sb =sth catch one`s eye

61. appear to do sth , appear to be doing sth , appear to have done sth

It seems/seemed that… There seems/seemed to be…

62. 从外表判断judge from /by one’s appearance

63. 向某人申请… apply to sb for sth , 把…应用于/涂在…上apply…to…

64. 欣赏/感激做某事情appreciate doing sth , 如果…我会不胜感激 I would appreciate it if…

65. 和某人就某事情争吵 argue with sb about sth

66. look around 环顾, show sb around 带领某人参观

67. 安排某人做某事情 arrange for sb to do sth

68. arrive at +小地点(airport) , arrive in +大地点(Shanghai), arrive home, arrive late

69. 一件工艺品a work of art

70. 假花artificial flower , 假牙false teeth

71. as he is a teacher =teacher as he is, as he is young=young as he is (as解释为虽然=though)

as he grows up 随着年龄的长大 , as we all know 众所周知

as+形容词+as 和…一样 ,not so+形容词+as 和…不一样

as far as I know 就我所知 ,as long as 只要

as well as 也

72. ask after sb 问候某人 , ask for sb 请求某人 , ask for help 请求帮忙

73. fall asleep 入睡 , go to bed 上床睡觉 , go to sleep 入眠 , feel sleepy 感觉瞌睡的

74. 把…和…联想在一起be associated with sth

75. 我向你保证…I assure you that … , assure sb of sth 向某人保证…

76. 心脏病heart attack

77. 企图做某事情 make an attempt to do sth

78. 出席典礼attend the ceremony ,上学attend school

79. 注意… pay attention to sth/doing sth

80. a large/small audience 一大/小批听/观众 , 500个观众 an audience of five hundred

81. 可取得的,可采用的sth is available to sb

82. average 平均的n average normal 正常的,通常指精神,体温正常:normal temperature

ordinary 普通的,指地位普通 ordinary people , ordinary medicine

usual 惯例的,通常的 as usual, the usual time ,at the usual place

regular有规律的 regular customer

common普遍的,大家所共同拥有的 common sense , common illness

83. 试图避免做某事情try to avoid doing sth

84. 意识到be aware of = realize

85. award 动词:授予,给予报酬, 名词:奖品 award sb sth=award sth to sb

reward n./v.报答,奖赏 reward sb with sth for sth

86. 凡是指婴儿和电话用语中都用it

87. 回顾历史look back into history

88. 对…是有害的 be bad for…/be harmful to…/do harm to

89. 非常需要… need/want/require sth badly

90. 保持生态平衡keep the balance of nature

91. 禁止某人做某事情 ban sb from doing sth=forbid sb to do sth

92. 以…为基础base…on, 忙于做某事情 be busy in doing sth , 被…覆盖be covered with

93. 在海滩上on the beach , 在农场里in the farm , 在操场at the playground

在田野里in the fields ,

94. 不能忍受某人做某事情can`t bear/stand doing sth ,

不能理解某事情can`t understand doing sth

95. 牢记…bear/keep sth in mind 动动脑筋use one`s brains

96. beat sb by 3:1以3:1击败某人, the heart beat 心脏跳动 , beat times打拍子

97. not…but… 不是…而是… not because…but because不是因为…而是因为…

98. 还要很长时间…It will be a long time before +句子(用一般现在时)

不久就…It won`t be a long time before+句子(用一般现在时)

自从…以来…It is/has been 5 years since+句子(用过去时)

99. 由…开始begin with , 在…一开始at the beginning of

100. behaviour n.行为,举止 , habit n.个人习惯 , manners n.礼貌 , customs n.风俗习惯

101. 落后,落伍 fall behind , 落后于时代behind the times

102. the news , the truth , the fact , the idea后用that引导同位语从句

103. 信不信由你believe it or not , 坦率地说frankly speaking=to be frank

104. 属于 belong to (无进行时,无被动) The book belongs to me.

105. 受益,获益于benefit from / benefit sb a lot

106. 最好做某事情 had better do sth / had better not do sth

It is better to do sth / It is better not to do sth

107. not a bit=not at all 一点也不 , not a little=very非常

108. 一只眼失明be blind in one eye

109. 对…厌烦be bored with=be tired of =be fed up with

110. borrow sth from sb 从某人那里借进某物 , lend sth to sb向某人借出某物

buy sth from sb 向某人买某物, buy sth for sb为某人买了某物

111. bread and butter, when and where , knife and fork , law and order,

each man and (each) woman , every boy and (every)girl 以上词组做主语,谓语动词用单数

112. 违反法律break the law , 闯入break into , (战争,火灾的)爆发 break out

机器坏了,精神垮了break down

113. 屏住呼吸catch /hold one`s breath , 上气不接下气out of breath

114. 河上的桥the bridge over the river , 桌上的书the book on the desk

115. bring sb up 抚养某人=raise sb, sb grow up某人长大成人

116. 突然大笑burst into laughter=burst out laughing , 突然大哭burst into tears=burst out crying

117. do business做生意 , be on business在出差

118. 忙于做某事情be busy in doing sth=be busy with sth

119. 按小时得到工资get paid by the hour

120. call for 需要, call on 号召,呼吁, call off 取消 ,call on sb=call at sp拜访

121. 保持镇静remain calm , 冷静下来calm down

122. can`t help doing sth 情不自禁去做某事情, can`t help but do sth 只能去做某事情

can`t help (to) do sth 不能去做某事情 , can`t…too…太…也不过分

123. care for =take care of照顾,喜欢, care about关心,在乎

124. 职业,生涯career

125. 小心be careful= look out =watch out

126. carry on 继续做某事情, carry out 执行, carry sth with sb随身携带某物

carry the news on the paper在报纸上刊登消息,

127. in case 以防万一+句子(用should+动词原型), in case of +n . 以防万一,遇到…的时候

in that case 如果那样的话, in no case 决不

128. 抓住某人的手臂catch sb by the arm , 打在某人的脸上beat sb in the face

打在某人的鼻子上hit sb on the nose , 牵某人的手take sb by the hand

129. catch the train 赶上火车 , catch up with sb 追上,赶上某人, catch a cold 感冒

catch sb doing sth 抓住某人正在做某事情, be caught in the rain 淋雨,

be caught in the traffic jam遇到交通阻塞

130. cause and effect 因果关系, …的原因the cause of…,the reason for

使某人做某事情 cause sb sth = cause sb to do sth

131. Chances are that…很可能…

There is no possibility of doing sth…做某事情没有可能性

132. in charge of…掌管…, in the charge of sb由某人掌管

133. 骗某人东西cheat sb (out) of sth , 偷某人东西steal sth from sb

抢劫某人东西rob sb of sth

134. 考试作弊cheat at exams

135. check in 登记入住,上机 check out结帐离开,出境

136. 使某人振作精神cheer sb up

137. 儿童节children`s day 有day无the

138. 可供选择的五对five pairs to choose from/five pairs to be chosen

139. 在圣诞节 at Christmas 在圣诞前夕 on Chrismas Day’s Eve

140. 自称是,声称是 claim to be sth

141. 天气放晴,疑团解开 clear up 把..弄清楚 make sth clear=make it clear to do/that

142. 靠近 be close to sth 让门关着 with the door closed 让门开着 with the door open

143. 布料 cloth 衣服 clothes 衣物 clothing

144. 案子的线索 the clue to the case 练习的答案 the key to the exercise

问题的解决方法 the solution to the problem 门的钥匙 the key to the door

电影院的入口 the entrance to the cinema

145. 集邮 collect stamps 筹款 collect/raise money

146. 把A和B相结合 combine A with B 把A和B做比较 compare A with B

把A比作B compare A to B

147. 向某人抱怨 complain to sb about/of sth

148. How come?=Why? 苏醒 come to(oneself)

偶遇 come across=run into=meet with=meet…by chance

149. 对..作出评论 make comments on sth

150. 通过..与某人交流 communicate with sb by sth

151. 由..组成 be composed of= be made up of= consist of

152. 得出结论 arrive at/come to the conclusion

153. 只要 on condition that=as long as

154. 对..有信心 have confidence in=be confident of

155. 向某人祝贺某事 congratulate sb on sth

156. 把..看作 consider sb to be=consider sb as 考虑做某事 consider doing sth

157. 和某人接触 contact sb=make contact with sb

158. 某人方便的话 It is convenient to sb to do sth

159.生活费 the cost of living 不惜一切代价 at all costs

什么使某人付出什么代价 sht cost sb sth

某人付钱买什么 sb pay money/time to do sth

花费某人去 It takes sb some money/time to do sth

160. 在..过程中 in/during the course of

161. 书的封面 the cover of the course of 桌子的表面 the surface of the desk

162. 挤满 be crowded with

163. 做某事毫无用处 It’s no use doing sth=It’s not useful to do

164. 对…感到好奇 be curious about

165. 削减/砍伐 cut down 割去/断绝 cut off 插嘴 cut in=interrupt

166. damage(修饰sth,损坏,毁坏) wound (修饰sb 刀伤,抢伤)

destroy (修饰sth 破坏,.消灭) injured (修饰sb 指事故受伤)

hurt (修饰sb 指心灵情感受伤)

167. 看见 the other day/ago 用过去时

168. dead 形容词,死的 the dead man 已死去的人

deadly 形容词,致命的 the deadly weapon 致命武器

dying 形容词,垂死的 the dying man 快要死的人

death 名词,死亡 come to death 濒临死亡

169. deal with sb/sth (How) do with sth (What)

170. 做出决定 make a decision=make up one’s mind to do sth=decide to do sth

171. 满足需求 meet one’s needs/demands

172. 依靠 depend on

173. 冲洗底片 develop the film

174. the developed country 发达国家 the developing country 发展中国家

the excited boy兴奋的男孩 the fallen leaves落叶 the retired worker退休工人

175.随着…的发展 with the development of

176. 致力于 devote oneself/time to doing sth

177. 死于疾病 die of a disease 死于刀伤 die from wound

178. A和B在…方面不同differ A from B in /A is different from B in

有所差别 make a difference

179. 觉得做某事有困难 have difficulty/trouble in doing sth

不辞辛劳去做某事 take the trouble to do sth.

180. 稍远一些 at a distance 在远处 in the distance

181. 把..分成…divide…into… 把…隔开…isolate…from… 把…分开…separate…from…

182. I don’t doubt that… I doubt when/what/whether…

183. 由于…病倒了 be down with

184. five dozen/hundred/thousand dozens/hundreds/thousands of

185. 梦想做… dream of doing …

186.穿着… be dressed in 某人自己穿衣 dress oneself/sb

187. Each of us has a book We each have books

188. 谋生 earn/make one’s living

189. effective 效的 efficient 高效的

190. 推选某人做主席 elect sb chairman (职位名词前不加冠词)

191. 使某人能够做某事 enable sb to do sth

192. 鼓励某人做某事 encourage sb to do sth

193. energy n.能量,活力,精力 full of energy force n.武力 work force

strength n.力气 have strength to do sth

194. be engaged in sth 忙着做某事 be engaged to sb 与某人订婚

195. 说英语的国家 English-speaking country 英语口语 spoken English

196. something interesting old enough to do sth

197. equip sb with sth/provide sth for sb supply sb with sth/supply sth to sb

offer sb sth /offer sth to sb

198. even though/if 即使 as though/if似乎,好像 ever since 自从…以来

199. 每隔一天 every other day 每三周 every three weeks

200. 除了…之外,只得做某事 do nothing except/but do sth

201. 原谅某人做某事 excuse one’s doing sth excuse sb for doing sth

202. 期待某人做某事 expect to do sth/expect sb to do sth

hope to do sth/hope that+句子(用will/would+V.)

want to do sth

wish to do sth/with that +句子(用过去时/had done/would+V.) wish sb sth

203. Sth is expensive/cheap The price is high/low

204. expand扩大expand the business extend延伸 extend the road

205. 某方面专家 the expert in sth

206. 解释… explain doing sth explain to sb. sth

207. 事实上 in fact=as a matter of fact

208. 不能/没有做某事 fail to do sth.

209. 相当,十分 fairly修饰褒义词 fairly well

rather too=much too=far too rathe修饰比较级

a rather cold day=rather a cold day (贬义词)

quite 修饰 il,im,in开头的单词

210. be familiar with 熟悉 be familiar to sb 为某人所熟悉的

be similar to与…相似/ the same as

211. 以…而著名be famous/know for+原因 be famous/known as+职业

212. Far 修饰比较级,by far 多用于修饰最高级

213. 以…为生 feed on …=live on …

214. only a few=few 只有几个 quict a few=many 许多

215. 充满 be filled with=with=be full of

216. 完成做某事 finish doing sth

217.the first to come,the first to do /that… the last to leave the next to do

the first time=the minute=the moment=when

218. fit:尺寸大小合适 suit颜色,式样,款式合适 match=go with 相配

219. fix one’s eyes on sth 注视

220. flight 航班 float漂浮 fly 飞 flow流动

221. focus attention/mind on 集中注意力

222. 爱好,喜欢 be fond of=be keen on

223. 释放某人 set sb free

224. in front of 在…前面 in the front of 在…前部

225. What fun what bad news/weather

226. 得到更多信息 get further information

227. gnerally speaking 一般说来

228. 上(下)公共汽车get on, get off 上(下)小汽车get into, get out of

229. 在某方面有天赋 have a gift for…

230. give away 赠送,泄漏 give in屈服 give up放弃

give out发出(热,气味)筋疲力尽,分发 give off 发出(热,气味)

231. only too =very非常 only to do sth结果却

never to do sth 从不做just to do sth 只能做

232. glance at 瞥一眼 glare on 怒目相视

stare at 盯着看 watch sth disappear 注视..消失

233.go bad变质 go over复习 go wrong发生故障

234.be good at 擅长 do good to sb/sth 对某人/某物有好处

be good for sb对某人有好处

A good many students have books/ Many a student has a book

做什么事毫无用处 It’s no good doing=It’s no good to do sth

The more work you do,the more good you will get.

235.毕业于 graduate from

236.因..感激某人 be grateful to sb for sth/be thankful to sb for sth

237.养成..习惯 form/get into the habit of doing sth

改掉习惯 break/get rid og the habit of doing sth

238.cut sth in half=cut sth into halves

239.帮忙 lend a hand to sb 上交 hand in

240.hang 悬挂—hung—hung/hang 上吊—hanged—hanged

241.碰巧做某事 happen to do sth/碰巧… It (so) happens that…/

某事碰巧发生某人身上 Sth happen to sb

242.Hardly…when…/no sooner…than…(置于句首,前分句倒装,前句用Had done,后句过去时)

Hardly had he left When I came

243.在某方面有问题 have trouble with sth/

让某人做某事 have sb do sth=let sb do sth=make sb do sth

让某事被做 have sth done 使..处于某种状态 have sth doing

与…有关 have something to do with

244.收到某人来信 hear from sb

听见某人做某事(全过程) hear sb do 听见某人做某事(片段) hear sb doing

245.激烈的讨论 heated discussion

246.大雨/雪 heavy rain/snow

247.帮助某人摆脱困境 help sb out 帮助某人做某事 help sb with sth=help sb(to) do sth

有用的 be of help=be helpful 在..的帮助下 with the help of

248.犹豫做某事 hesitate to do sth

249.高度评价 think/speak highly of

250.举起/耽搁 hold up 别挂断 hold on 阻挡 hold back

251.为了纪念 in honour of

252.无论多困难 however difficult=whatever difficulty/

无论…however+形容词/副词 =whatever+名词

253.匆忙做某事 hurry to do sth=do sth in a hurry

254.对..有大概的了解 get a rough/general idea of sth

255.不良作用 ill effect 副作用 side effect

256.设想做某事 imagine doing sth

257.对..产生影响 have an impact/influence on 给某人留下好印象 give sb a good impression

258.在某人20几岁时 in one’s twenties

259.depend on依靠=rely on be independent of 不依赖别人的,.独立的

260.把某事通知某人 inform sb of sth 使某人得到通知 keep sb informed of sth

261.比…次等 be inferior to 比…高等 be senior to 比…低 be junior to

262.坚持做某事 insist on doing sth

坚决要求做 insist that+句子(用should+V)

坚持..观点 insist that+句子(事实情况)

263.打算做某事 plan to do=mean to do= intend to do

264.对..感兴趣 take/show interest in=be interested in

265.参军 join the army 成为一员 join sb 积极参加 join in=take part in

266.和某人开玩笑 play a joke on sb 嘲笑某人 laugh at sb=make fun of sb

267.靠左行驶 keep to the left

阻止某人做某事keep sb from doing sth=prevent sb (from)doing sth=stop sb (from)doing sth

与..保持一致 keep up with 赶上 catch up with 勿踏草坪 keep off the grass

268.拆毁 knock sth down=pull sth down 撞倒某人 knock sb down

269.认识某人 know sb 了解某人 know about/of sb

270.一门关于..的知识 a knowledge of English

271.缺少 lack sth=be lacking in sth=be short of sth 由于缺乏 for lack of=be in absence of

272.持续 last for=run for=continue for=last

273.开会迟到 be late for meeting 晚做作业 be late with hoework

晚些到arrive late lately=recently(句子用现在完成时) later on稍后

274.同一类的 of a kind

275.lie 位于/躺—lay—lain lay 放置,孵蛋—laid—laid

276.通向,导致 lead to=result in

277.从错误中吸取教训 learn from one’s mistake 给某人一个教训teach sb. a lesson

278.请假 ask for leave 让某人独自呆着 leave sb. alone

279.抽出空闲时间 spare one’s leisure/free time

280.想要做…feel like doing=would like to do sth

上一篇:初中英语100个超重要句型 (含例句)
[发帖际遇]: katy 乐于助人,奖励 5 元 家元. 幸运榜 / 衰神榜

汇报天数: 12 天

连续汇报: 6 天


发表于 2019-7-2 13:35:43 | 显示全部楼层
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