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【BBC】我们离半机械人时代又近了一步

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发表于 2017-12-7 11:48:36 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
BBC Learning English 英语教学

One step closer to cyborgs 我们离半机械人时代又近了一步

64006a47a40a1b91ca2929.jpg

多年来,科幻小说一直在不断地为我们描绘各种体能超强的半机械人类生活在未来的场景。随着生物科技的迅速发展,半机械人类的时代离我们又近了一步。最新的一项生物科技突破是否证明集成技术的发展前景无限光明?本集《随身英语》带你走进生物科技。

课文内容

Vocabulary: biotechnology 词汇: 生物技术

I am a massive science fiction geek. Ever since I was young, I’ve been captivated by tales of interstellar adventure, aliens, robots, and cutting-edge technology. I always loved the concept of cyborgs. That’s a human-robot hybrid. They are ordinary humans who have been enhanced in some way by technology; more intelligence, faster speed or better resilience to disease and damage. Great ideas, but I never thought I’d see them in my lifetime.

Well, I stand corrected. Integrated biology and technology is already here and people have wasted no time utilising it to re-engineer their bodies. Take, for example, Neil Harbisson, who has an antenna protruding from his head that allows him to hear colour, or Moon Ribas, who has an implant that allows her to sense seismic activity. Now, neither are abilities that I particularly covet, but it's a start.

And it doesn’t end there. As technology increases so too will our ability to enhance ourselves through it. One of the latest developments is the graphene tattoo. Not an actual tattoo at all, but more like a patch, the graphene tattoo could revolutionise biomedical monitoring.

It looks much like a transparent plaster, but with a gold coloured circuit board contained within it. This circuit is the graphene. Graphene is a form of carbon, but it’s 200 times stronger than steel and conducts electricity better than gold, which is the component typically used in electronics.

The human body is basically an electrical machine. When in contact with the skin, the graphene in the plaster is able to read and conduct the electricity – allowing it to easily be used as a medical monitor for heart-rate and pulse, among other things. And even more, graphene tattoos can be used as bioelectronic controllers, as demonstrated by one engineer who attached them to his eyelids in order to direct which way a drone flew, just by looking with his eyes!

I know that biotechnology is a long way from allowing humans to be able to lift a car or run half-way around the world in a single day, like I wanted to be able to do when I was a child. But, it’s improving all the time and once the price of graphene falls, who knows what else we’ll be able to do? I’ll see you in the future!

词汇表

geek 呆子,极客
interstellar 星际的
cutting-edge 前沿的
cyborg 半机械人
hybrid 混合体
enhanced 强化的,增强的
integrated 合成一体的
re-engineer 重建,重新组合
antenna 触角
protrude 伸出
implant 植入
seismic 地震的,造成严重破坏的
covet 渴望,贪求
graphene 石墨烯
patch 贴布,贴片
transparent 透明的
circuit board 电路版
carbon 碳
conduct 传导(电)
component 零部件,组成部分
bioelectronic 生物电子的

测验与练习

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. According to the article, what is a cyborg?

2. Which enhancements do the two cyborgs mentioned in the article have?

3. Why is graphene such a useful material?

4. Apart from biomedical applications, what other use can graphene have?

5. True or false: The human body is exactly the same as a battery.

2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

1. Ask John anything you want about music in the 1960s. When it comes to that stuff, he’s such a ______.

cyborg geek hybrid integrated

2. Don’t have any electronics in the bathroom. Water ______ electricity and you could get hurt.

re-engineers implats transparent conducts

3. I love their latest album. They’re always at the ______ of what anyone is doing in the music industry.

cutting-edge implant patch biotechnology

4. One day technology will advance so far that ______ travel will be a daily occurrence. We’ll be able to go to other solar systems!

cutting-edge cyborg integrated interstellar

5. This species of tomato is actually a ______ of the American and European varieties.

cyborg hybrid seismic patch

答案

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. According to the article, what is a cyborg?
A cyborg is a human-robot hybrid. They are ordinary humans who have been enhanced in some way by technology. 

2. Which enhancements do the two cyborgs mentioned in the article have?
One has an antenna protruding from his head which allows him to hear colours. The other has an implant that allows her to sense seismic activity. 

3. Why is graphene such a useful material?
It’s 200 times stronger than steel and conducts electricity better than gold.

4. Apart from biomedical applications, what other use can graphene have?
Apart from biomedical applications, graphene tattoos can also be used as controllers for electronics.

5. True or false: The human body is exactly the same as a battery.
False. The human body is basically an electrical machine.

2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

1. Ask John anything you want about music in the 1960’s. When it comes to that stuff, he’s such a geek.

2. Don’t have any electronics in the bathroom. Water conducts electricity and you could get hurt.

3. I love their latest album. They’re always at the cutting-edge of what anyone is doing in the music industry

4. One day technology will advance so far that interstellar travel will be a daily occurrence. We’ll be able to go to other solar systems!

5. This species of tomato is actually a hybrid of the American and European varieties.

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