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【同义词辨析】 2017-10-30 知识knowledge-scholarship

发布者: jason246 | 发布时间: 2017-11-22 07:30| 查看数: 909| 评论数: 0|

knowledge: applies to facts or ideas acquired by study, investigation, observation, or experienence: rich in the ~ gained from life.          (如a thirst/quest for knowledge渴望/追求知识,如a knowledge of carpentry/law木工/法律,public knowledge众所周,common knowledge(一般人都知道的知识),而common sense是常识(一般人都具备的理性智慧);词组to one's knowledge据某人所知,如"did anyone arrive late?" "not to my knowlege"有人迟到么?据我所知没有,加上the best表示某人所知,如I answered their questions to the best of my knowledge尽我所知回答他们的问题)   谚语knowledge is power知识就是力量,a little knowledge is a dangerous thing浅学误人(事)


learning: applies to knowledge acquired especially through formal, often advanced, schooling and close application: a book that is evidence of the author's vast ~.     本例作者极为博学,还可以用great/considerable形容,book learning书本知识[=knowledge gained from reading books]是固定搭配     vast极大


erudition: strongly implies the acquiring or possession of profound, recondite, or bookish learning: an ~ unusual even for a classicist.      又如his erudition was apparently endless他显然有无限渊博的学问,形容词erudite:
an erudite professor/essay学识渊博的教授/散文,a mind filled with erudite and arcane lore深奥而神秘的学问,在2017-07-07 博学learned-erudite组,    recondite深奥晦涩深邃[邃=深]的not known about or understood by many people,较少使用, bookish书卷气的refers to a person who spends a lot of time reading serious books   


scholarship: implies the possession of learning characteristic of the advanced scholar in a specialized field of study or investigation: a work of first-rate literary ~.   scholarship既表示学术研究serious study,如meticulous scholarship一丝不苟的学术研究;也表示由此获得的学识knowledge,如academic/biblical/literary scholarship研究学术/圣经/文学的学识



knowledge知识: 指对事实认知,通过学习调查观察经历,learning学识: 指通过正式深入学习获得的知识,erudition学识渊博: 强调渊博深邃的知识,scholarship学者学识学术水平: 指高级学者具有的专业学术知识


记忆方法:1) 首字母SLEK舒蕾洗发水<==知识     联想记忆只是为了看到A能想到B,未必符合逻辑

                2)练习一下

                3)知识的意思是能被人知道的mean what is or can be known by an individual or mankind.首字母SLEK舒蕾洗发水<==知识 联想记忆只是为了看到A想到B,无论是否符合逻辑




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