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L 55 From the earth :Greetings

发布者: 淡淡的才好 | 发布时间: 2010-10-20 19:54| 查看数: 1306| 评论数: 5|



Lesson 55 From the earth:Greetings


Recent developments in astronomy have made it possible to detect planets in our own Milky Wayand inother(in other )galaxies .This is a major achievement because ,in relative terms,planets are very small and do not emit light .Finding planets is proving hard enough ,but finding life on them will prove infinitely more difficult .The first question to answer is where (whether) a planet can actually support life .In our own solar system,for example ,Venus is far too hot and Mars is far too cold to support life .Only the earth provides ideal conditions ,and even here it has taken more than four billion years for plant and animal life to evolve. (Oct.20th,201019.51PM)
Whethera planet can support life depends on the size and brightness of its star,that is its 'sun'. Imagine a star up to twenty times larger,brighter and hotter than our own sun.A planet would have to be a very long way from it to be capable of supporting life. Alternatively,if the star were small, the life -supporting planet would have to have a close orbit round it and also provide the perfect conditions for life forms to develop. But how would we find such a planet? At present ,there is no telescope in existence that is capable of detecting the presence of life. The development of such a telescope will be one of great astronomical projects of the twenty-first century.(Oct.29th,201013.34PM)
It is impossible to look for life on another planet using earth-based telescopes.Our own (warm)atmosphere and the heat generated by the telescope would make it impossible to detect objects as small as planets.Even a telescope in orbit round the earth,like the very successful Hubble telescope ,wouldnot be suitable because of the dust particles in our solar aystem(system).A telescope would have to be as far as the planet Jupiter to look for life in outer space,because the dust becomes thinner the further we travel towards the outer edges of our own solar system.Once we detected a planet,we would have to find a way of blotting out the light from its star,so that we would be able to "see" the planet properly and analyse its atmosphere.In the first instance,we would be looking for plant life,rather than 'little green men' .The life forms most likely to develop on a planet would be bacteria .It is bacteria that have generated the oxygen we breathe on earth.For most of the earth's history they have been the only form of life on our planet. As Earth-dwellers, we always cherish the hope that we will be visited by little green men and that we will be able to communicate with them. But this hope is always in the realms of science fiction.If we were able to discover lowly forms of life like bacteria on another planet,it would completely change our view of ourselves .As Daniel Goldin of NASA observed ,'Finding life elsewhere would change everything.No human endeavour or thought would be unchanged by it.' .(Oct.31st,201020.53PM)

最新评论

淡淡的才好 发表于 2010-10-20 19:58:21
Oct.20th,201019.51PM
...
Today is a new start for L55,it talks about the earth.The whole text seems not easy to recite. I am sure I can master it by my harder working.
Short para beginning butthe first step.
shunitang 发表于 2010-10-20 22:44:06
dear,u did a good job.
but inother before galaxies,i guess,should be in other...
淡淡的才好 发表于 2010-10-21 08:36:42
shunitang: dear,u did a good job.
but inother before galaxies,i guess,should be in other...
ah,yes~ thank u my baby,i did not checked it out,hhah.
TKS,I will correct it soon.
Nice day,baby~

淡淡的才好 发表于 2010-10-29 13:56:45
A little long time no refreshing~ today I am quite free .this noon I tried reciting the second para.then wrote down.
淡淡的才好 发表于 2010-10-31 21:04:06
Oct.31st,201020.53PM
....
At last,finished L55.
have to say that this article is quite difficult,but fortunately for me ,I can recite it and write down.Cogratsmyself: how marvelous I am!
..
That is "nothing is impossible~" great!
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