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第一轮复习资料:七年级上册

发布者: dongluonan | 发布时间: 2009-5-16 15:45| 查看数: 11898| 评论数: 49|


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dongluonan 发表于 2009-5-16 18:45:15
Topic 3 Let’s be greener people.

一、重点词汇

(一)词形变换

1. organization(动词) organize 2.recycle(动名词) recycling

3. follow(形容词) following4.electricity(形容词) electric

5. move(名词) movement6. quick(副词) quickly

7. environment(形容词) environmental 8. protect(名词) protection

(二)重点词组

1. environmental protection环境的保护

2. work for…为……工作

3. spread message about…宣传有关……

4. reduce the waste/ air pollution 减少浪费/ 空气污染

5. both sides of … ……的两面

6. rather than(是)……而不是….

7. not only…but also…不仅…….而且……

8. save money/ energy/ electricity 省钱/ 能源/ 电

9. be supposed to do sth. 应当做某事

10. travel a short distance 短途旅行

11. put…into…把……放入……

12. take up a lot of space占据许多空间

13. produce power from… 从……获得能量

14. run the car发动汽车

15. push…forward /up /down推…….向前/向上/向下

16. power machines 发动机器

17. produce electricity by doing sth. 通过做某事发电

18. the movement of water 水的流动

19. be used for doing sth被用作做某事

20. take a quick shower快速淋浴

21. make a short journey短途旅行

22. pick the litter up 捡起垃圾

23. try harder 再努力

24. produce a short oral report作一个简短的口头报告

二、重点句型

1.Let’s be greener people. 让我们做环保使者吧。

2.…my main job is to help spread message about protecting the environment.

我主要的工作是帮助做有关保护环境的宣传。

3.It’s kind of you to do that.你那样做真是太好了。

4.Would you like to be a greener person?你想成为一名绿色使者吗?

5.Easier said than done. 说得容易,做得难。

6.Actions speak louder than words. 百说不如一干;事实胜于雄辩。

7.Of all the rubbish, about 35 percent can be recycled while the rest can’t.

在所有的垃圾里,大约35%能被回收,但剩余的则不能。

8. They work well, but they are slow and can’t run for long.

他们行驶得很好,但他们行驶很慢并且不能远距离行驶。

三、重点语言点

1. We all know that you’re working for some organizations that protect the environment.我们都知道你在为环保组织工作。

work for… 表“为……工作”

He works for a foreign company in Shanghai. 他在上海为一家外资公司工作。

2. We should use both sides of paper, and reuse plastic bags rather than throw them away. 我们应该把纸的两面都使用,将塑料袋再次使用而不是轻易扔掉。

a) both 修饰复数名词;而 either 修饰单数名词; 如:

There are a lot of trees on both sides of the road.

= There are a lot of trees on either side of the road.在路的两边有许多树。

b) rather than 表“(是)……而不是”;连词, 连接对等结构, 相当于instead of如:

I like coffee rather than tea. = I like coffee instead of tea. 我喜欢咖啡而不是茶.

He likes listening to music rather than/ instead of singing. 他喜欢听音乐而不是唱歌.

He wants to go today rather than/ instead of tomorrow. 他想今天走而不明天.

I did my homework rather than watched TV.

= I did my homework instead of watching TV. 昨晚我做作业了而不是看电视.

但rather than位于句首时, 后跟动词原形,它不受句中谓语动词的时态影响。如:

Rather than do it by myself, I didn’t ask for help. 宁可自己干, 我没请人帮忙。

3. Everyone is supposed to do it. 每个人都应该那样做。

be supposed to do sth.指(按规定、习惯、安排等)应当做某事;必须做某事;相当于should; 用于否定句时,表“允许”; 如:

Teachers are supposed to/ should know a lot. 老师应该知道很多。

You are not supposed to smoke here. 这里不允许抽烟。

4.First, you ought to turn off the lights when you leave a room.

首先,当你离开房间的时候,应该随手关灯。

ought to 情态动词, 表 “应该; 应当”; 语气比 should 强;指道义上应该做的事,有时含有责备或督促的语气。should 指主观上感到有责任或义务去做。如:

You ought to help your mother do some housework.你应该帮你妈妈做些家务。

We should study hard.我们应该努力学习。

其否定式和疑问式:

You oughtn’t to get up so late in the morning.你早晨不应该起这么晚。

Ought I to tell her the bad news? 我该告诉她坏消息吗?

Yes, you ought. No, you oughtn’t.

四、重点语法

并列句:是由并列连词把两个或两个以上的简单句连在一起构成的句子,连词前可用逗号,也可不用逗号。

1.表示并列关系,常用连接词有and, not only…but also…等。如:

His father is a teacher and his mother is a doctor.

他的父亲是一位老师,母亲是一位医生。

Mr. Green can not only drive a car but also repair it.

格林先生不但会开车而且还能修车。

2.表示转折,常用连词有but, while等。如:

I bought my sister a present, but she didn’t like it.

我给妹妹买了一件礼物,但是她并不喜欢。

Tom does housework every day while his sister does nothing.

汤姆每天都做家务活,而他的妹妹什么也不做。

3.表示选择关系,常用连词有or, either…or…等。如:

He speaks French, or perhaps he understands it. 他会讲法语,或者懂法语。

Either he could not come or he did not want to. 他要么是不能来要么是不想来。

4. 表示因果关系,常用连词有so, for等。如:

Her mother is ill, so she has to stay at home and look after her mother.

她母亲病了,所以她不得不呆在家里照看她。

The ground is very wet, for it rained last night. 地面很湿,因为昨晚下雨了。

Unit 3 English around the world

Topic1English is widely spoken around the world.

一.重点词语

1.be able to=can 能够,会

2.can’t wait to do sth.迫不急待地做某事

3.have a (good) chance to do sth.有(好)机会做某事

4.practice doing sth.练习做某事

5.be made by…被……制做;

be made of/from…由……制成;be made in…在某地制造

6.on business出差

7.be similar to…和……相似

8.translate…into…把……翻译成……

9.have no/some trouble (in) doing sth.做某事没有/有些困难

10.once in a while=sometimes/at times偶尔,间或

11.whenever=no matter when无论何时

12.as well as以及

13.mother tongue 母语

14.take the leading position处于领先地位

15.encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人做某事

16.call for号召

17.later on

18.a Spanish –English dictionary

19.An English – Chinese dictionary

20.as the offical language

21.ask sb for help

22.make meanings

23.have long conversations with…

24.a business man

25.travel all over the world

26.travel to…

27.the numer of…

28. a number of…

29.I want another three copies.

30.in the years to come

31.take a swimming course

32.fashion clothes

33.be regarded as..

34.at the school gate

二.重点句型

1.Disneyland is enjoyed by millions of people from all over the world.世界上数以百万的人们都喜欢迪斯尼乐园。

2.I hope I can go there one day. 希望有一天我能去那儿。

3.English is widely spoken around the world.英语在世界上被广泛使用。

4.It is also spoken as a second language in many countries.

在许多国家它也被用作第二语言。

5.It is possible that you will have some trouble.你可能会遇到一些麻烦。

6.It’s used as the first language by most people in America, Canada, Australia ,Great Britain and New Zealand.

它被美国、加拿大、澳大利亚、英国和新西兰的大多数人用作第一语言。

7.And two thirds of the world’s scientists read English.

并且世界上三分之二的科学家用英语阅读。

三.语法学习

一般现在时的被动语态

英语语态有主动语态和被动语态两种。主语是动作的执行者,叫主动语态。

如:We clean the classroom.我们打扫教室。

主语是动作的承受者,叫被动语态。

如:The classroom is cleaned (by us).教室被(我们)打扫。

1. 被动语态的构成:助动词be+及物动词的过去分词+(by+宾语)

其中by意为“被……;由……”,表动作的执行者。

如:The glass is broken by that boy.玻璃杯是那个男孩打破的。

be有人称、数和时态的变化,其肯定式、否定式、疑问式的变化规则与be作为连系动词时完全一样。

如:English is widely spoken around the world. (肯定式)

English is not widely spoken around the world. (否定式)

Is English widely spoken around the world? (疑问式)

Yes, it is./No, it isn’t.

2. 被动语态的用法:(1)在没有指明动作的执行者或者不知道动作执行者的情况下,可用被动语态。如:This coat is made of cotton.这件大衣是棉制的。(2)要强调动作的承受者而不是执行者时,用被动语态。如:Her bike is stolen.她的自行车被偷了。

3. 主、被动语态的转换:

主动语态:主语+及物动词谓语动词+宾语(+其它)

被动语态:主语+be+及物动词的过去分词+by+宾语(+其它)

注意:(1)主动、被动互转时,时态不变。(2)主动句的主语是代词的主格形式,变成被动态by的宾语时,要用宾格形式。如:

(1) People grow rice in the south.Rice is grown (by people) in the south.

(2) She takes care of the baby.The baby is taken care of (by her).

四.交际用语:谈论英语的广泛使用

1.---You’ll have a good chance to practice speaking English there.

---You’re right.

2.---But I’m not good at English. I’m a little afraid.

---Don’t worry.

3.---Is Spanish similar to English?

---Not really.
dongluonan 发表于 2009-5-16 18:46:28
Topic 2 English is spoken differently in different countries.

一. 重点词语

1.by the way 顺便说一下

2.depend on取决于……;依靠……

3.be different from与……不同

4.succeed in doing成功,达成

5.make yourself understood表达你自己的意思

6.on one’s way to 在某人去……的路上

7.see sb. Off给……送行

8.leave for…前往某地/leave…for…离开……去……

9.in twenty minutes二十分钟之后

10.written English笔头英语/oral English英语口语

11.generally speaking一般说来,大致上说

12.as for sb./sth.至于某人/某物

13.be close to…靠近……

14.in person身体上,外貌上;亲自

15.be fond of…爱好……

16.be forced to do sth.被迫做……/force sb.to do强迫某人做某事

17.even worse 更糟的是

18.instead of..

19.English-speaking countries

20.Spoken English

21.ask for a ride

22.What’s up?

23.It’s quite all right.

24.Have a victory

25.I’m just kidding.

26.I’m puzzled

27.quite different

28.be spelt as…

29.on the computer/screen/ line

30.take the subway/ take the underground

31.first floor/ ground floor

32.spend one’s holidays

33.Just as I thought.

34. come about

二.重点句型

1. Is Australia English the same as British English?

澳式英语和英式英语一样吗?

2.English is spoken differently in different English-speaking countries.

不同的国家使用不同的英语。

3. For example, there are differences between British English and American English.例如,在英式英语和美式英语之间有些不同点。

4 I can’t believe that I’m flying to Disneyland.我简直不敢相信我就要飞往迪斯尼乐园了。

5.I hope I won’t have any difficulty.我希望不会遇到什么困难。

6.Whenever you need help, send me an-mail or telephone me.

无论何时你需要帮忙,给我发电子邮件或打电话。

7.Not only children but also adults enjoy spending their holidays in Disneyland.不但青少年而且成年人也喜欢到迪斯尼乐园度假。

三、 语法学习

用现在进行时表示将来

现在进行时表示将来时,常有“意图”、“安排”(但不是固定不变的)或“打算”含义。它表示最近或较近的将来,所用的动词多是位移动词。

如:come, go, arrive, leave, fly, start, begin, return, open, die

例:I’m going.我要走了。

When are you starting?你什么时候动身?

Don’t worry. The train is arriving here soon.别着急,火车马上就到了。

表示将来的现在进行时除了用于位移动词外,亦可用于某些非位移动词。

如:My uncle is meeting us tomorrow.我叔叔明天会见我们。

She is buying a new bike soon.她不久将买一辆新自行车。

四.交际用语:谈论不同国家英语的不同点并了解交际中的身体语言

1.I can’t follow you. Can you speak more slowly, please?

2.Oh, it sounds interesting.

3.If you want to succeed in making yourself understood, you need to know some of these differences

4.---What’s up? ---The foreigner is asking for a ride.

5.Generally speaking, American English is different from British English in pronunciation and spelling.

Topic 3 It’s important to learn English well.

一、 重点词语

1.in public在公共场所

2.at times=sometimes有时

3.feel like doing=would like to do想要做……

4..give up sth./doing sth.放弃

5..turn to sb. for help求助于某人

6..give sb. some advice on/about…给某人一些有关……的建议

7..be weak in在……方面很差/be good at在……方面很好

8..be afraid of doing sth.害怕做某事

9.make mistakes犯错误

10.take a deep breath深呼吸

11.the best time to do做某事最好的时间

12.do some listening practice做些听力训练

13.reply to=answer回答

14.advise sb. to do建议某人做某事(名词advice)

15.have a good journey

16.places of interest

17.have a conversation with/ have a talk with..

18. be in trouble

19.the final test

20.make yourself understood

21.work hard (at)….

22.make progress (with)……

23.turn to sb for help/ ask sb for help

24.be afraid of/ to /that….

25.dare to do sth

26. dare notdo sth

27.Dare he do it?

28.the main idea of…

29.on a piece of paper.

30.Don’t be shy.

31.improve my reading

32.Through the Internet

33. how to send e-mails

34.have/ hold a class meeting (on/about)..

35.the results of…

36.share…with..

37.before/ after class

38.in one’s opinion

39. insist on sth/doing sth

40.look up the new words in the dictionary

41.believe in yourself/ sb

42. English study method

43.make great progress

44.join the English club/ Corner

45.forget to doremember to do

二、 重点句型

1.Could you make yourself understood in the U.S.A?

在美国,别人能懂得你的话吗?

2.I don’t know what to do.我不知道该怎么办?

3.At times I feel like giving up.有时我想要放弃。

4.Try to guess the meanings of the new words, and get the main idea of the article.尽量猜测生词的意思,理解文章的大意。

5.I dare not answer questions in class, because I’m afraid of making mistakes.我不敢在课堂上回答问题,困为我害怕犯错误。

6.It’s an honor to talk with all of you.与在座的各位交谈是我的荣幸。

7.But remember to choose the ones that fit you best.

但是记住要选择最适合你的一种。

8.I insist that you practice English every day.

我坚持认为你们每天都应该练习英语。

9.Believing in yourself is the first step on the road to success.

自信是通往成功的第一步。

三、 语法学习

wh- +to do

wh-是指when, where, which, who(m)及how等连接词,它们和动词不定式连用,即为wh- +to do结构。这种结构在句中常作主语、表语和宾语,作宾语时可以转换为宾语从句。(对于谓语动词来说,wh- +to do这个不定式动词的动作是个尚未发生的动作,所以在转换成宾语从句时,通常须加情态动词或用将来时表示未来。)

如:I don’t know what to do.=I don’t know what I should do.

She can’t decide which to buy.=she can’t decide which she will buy.

反之,如果主句中的主语与宾语从句中的主语一致时,宾语从句(由疑问词引导)通常可以与“疑问词+不定式”互相转换。

如:I don’t know what I should do.=I don’t know what to do.

如果不一致就不能转换。I want to know what Mary will do.(不能说:I want to know what to do.)

四、交际用语:谈论如何学习英语

1.---…, but I hate to speak English in public.

---You’d better not.

2.---I know it’s very important to learn English well. But it’s difficult for me.

---Me, too.

3.Have you ever had any difficulties in studying English?

4.---…, could you give us some advice on how to learn English well?

---You’d better follow the tape and do some listening practice.

I think the best time to remember new words is in the morning.

Unit 3Topic 1单词表

1米老鼠

2 唐老鸭

3 v.粘住,钉;坚持n. 木棒(棍);

4 n. 动画片,卡通;漫画

5.n.(书,剧本,电影等中)人物,角色;(汉)字,字体;品格

6.n.语言

7. n. 交际,交往;通讯

8. v. 交际,传达(感情,信息等)

  9出差

10adj. 相似的,类似的

11与......相似 ,与.......相象

12n. 谈话

13n. 西班牙语adj. 西班牙人的,西班牙的,西班牙语的

14 v.翻译

15adv. 准确地,确切地

16n.体系,系统

17 n. 意思,意义; 含义

18 偶尔,有时

19conj.每当;无论何时

20 n.语言,口语;舌,舌头

21母语

22 n. 讲某种语言的人;,演说家

23 n. (正式的)会议;商谈

24中国中央电视台

25n. 产业,工业

26 n. 地位;位置 v. 把(某物)放在(某个位置), 安置

27v. 鼓励

Unit 3Topic 2单词表

1 v.听懂,领会

2adj.英国的;;英国人的

3 n. 伦敦

4 n.(旅行用的)小提箱, 衣箱

5n.(汽车后部的)行李箱

6加勒比海盗

7 魔积山

8为某人送行

9n. (手的)拇指

10n. 航班

11n. 旅行指南

12adj.迷惑的,困惑的

13 n. 胜利

14v. 发音

15书面英语

16 口头英语

17 n. 发音

18 n. 空闲,闲暇,业余时间

19…至于,就……而言

20n.对话

21n. 秋天,秋季

22 v. 强迫,迫使

23 v. 顺从;巴结;帷命是从

24 n. 美分

25 n. 德语,德国人adj.德国的, 德国人的,德语的

26n. 口音,音调

27adj. (bad的比较级)更坏的
dongluonan 发表于 2009-5-16 18:47:38
九年级英语(仁爱版)上册语言点归纳

编写教师:鹤上中学罗青

Unit 4 Fantastic Science Topic 1 The spaceship is so magical!

一、 重点词汇:

(一)词形转换:

1. successful(副词) 2. proper(副词)

3. completely(动词) 4. leader(动词)

5. succeed(名词)6. hero(复数)

7. physics(形容词) 8. fix(同义词)

9. introduce(名词) 10. far(比较级)

(二)重点词组:

1. go around 环绕

2. send…into…

=send up…into… 把……送入

3. congratulations on sth祝贺某事

4. be proud of 为……而自豪

5. be moved by为……而感动

6. Thanks/Thank you for +n./ving sth 感谢某人做的某事

7. have physical examinations 做体检

8. in good/bad health 处于好(不好)的身体状态

9. can’t help doing情不自禁做……

10. take turn to (do sth)轮流(做某事)

11. no doubt无疑地

12. as well as除……的之外,也

13. for instance/example例如

14. work on做……(方面)的工作

15. depend on/upon依靠,依赖

16. turn on打开

17. turn off关掉

18. turn up开大

19. turn down关小

20. click on用鼠标点击

21. look forward to doing sth期待做某事

二、重点句型:

1. Now big plans are being made to send up more satellites and even build a space station.

现在中国正在计划发射更多的卫星,甚至建造一个空间站。

(1) 句子“are being made”是现在进行时的被动语态,结构“be being+过去分词”。

(2) 主动句中的宾补如果是不带to的不定式时,变成被动句后,成为主补的不定式必须带to,常见跟不带to的复合宾语的动词有see、feel、hear、make等。

2. I’m moved by what Yang Liwei did.

我被杨利伟所做的事感动了。

(1) What Yang Liwei did

是介词by的宾语从句,意为“杨利伟所做的事”

(2) be moved by 为……而感动 如:

The students are moved by the old man’s story.

同学们为那位老人的故事而感动。

3. Generally speaking, we are in good health now.

一般来说,我们现在的健康状况良好。

(1) generally speaking“一般来说、大体上、大概”

(2) in good/bad health 处于好(不好)的身体状况。如:

He has a cold, he is always in bad health.

他感冒了,他的身体状况总是不好。

4. We couldn’t help looking at the earth again and again.

我们忍不住再三地看着地球。

(1) can’t/couldn’t help doing sth.

忍不住做某事,不能停止做某事。如:

I can’t help crying.我忍不住哭了。

(2) again and again一再,屡次,如:

The teacher has told him again and again.老师已屡次和他讲过了。

5. I was able to fall asleep as soon as I got into the sleeping bag.

We took turns to have a rest.

一进入睡袋我就睡着了。我们轮流休息。

take turns to (do sth.)轮流(做某事)。

The Browns take turns to look after the baby.

布朗一家轮流照看这个婴儿。

6. It has proved that China has made great progress in developing its space industry.这证明了中国航天业的发展已取得了巨大的进步。

It has proved that…

这证明了……

7.There is no doubt that computers are widely used by workers in business and technology.

毫无疑问,电脑被商业,科技工作者广泛地应用.

There is no doubt that…译为 “毫无疑问” 如:

There is no doubt that we should protect the environment.

毫无疑问我们应该保护环境。

8. Computers have made the world smaller, like a “village”.

电脑使得世界变小了,就像一个“村庄”。

make+宾语+形容词 “使……怎样” 如:

We’ll try our best to make our country more and more beautiful.

我们将尽全力使我产的国家越来越美丽.

三、日常交际用语:

Congratulations!

Thanks for your introduction.

Pleased to meet you.

=Nice to meet you.

It’s an honor to interview you now.

What do you think of ShenZhou VI?

=What are your thoughts about ShenZhou VI?

四、重点语法:

宾语补足语: 宾语补足语用来补充说明宾语,与宾语一起构成复合宾语。可作宾语补足语的有名词、形容词、副词、介词和动词不定式等。

(一)、名词、形容词、副词、介词短语作宾语补足语。如:

1.We call him Jim.(名词)

我们叫他吉姆。

2.We must keep our school clean every day.(形容词)

我们必须每天保持校园清洁。

3.Call him in, please.(副词)

请叫他进来。

4.Leave it on the desk.(介词短语)

把它留在课桌上。

(二)、动词不定式作宾语补足语可分为三种情况:

1.跟带to的不定式作宾语补足语。常见的这类动词有:ask, tell, get, teach, want, invite, like, allow, wish, encourage等。如:

Tell Jane to sing us a song.

叫简给我们唱支歌。

2.跟不带to的不定式作宾语补足语。常见的这类动词有“一感(feel)、二听(listen to, hear),三让(make, let, have),四看(look at, see, watch, notice)如:Let’s have a rest.让我们休息一会儿。

但这种结构变成被动语态时,to必须加上。如:

He was seen to leave the room with a book in his hand.

有人见他手拿着一本书离开这个房间。

3.跟带to或不带to的动词不定式作宾语补足语。 这类动词只有help。如:

Can you help me (to) wash my clothes ?

你能帮我洗衣服吗?

(三)、分词作宾语补足语可分为两种情况。

1.现在分词作宾语补足语,经常表示正在发生的动作。可跟这类补足语的动词有:see, watch, hear等。如:

I hear somebody singing in the next room.

我听见有人在隔壁唱歌。

2.过去介词作宾语补足语,经常表示被动。如:

You need to have your hair cut.

你需要理发了。
dongluonan 发表于 2009-5-16 18:48:50
Topic 2When was it invented?

一、 重点词汇:

1. be used for +ving被用做……

2. come true 实现

3. It’s said that据说

4. during/in one’s life某人一生

5. be known as以……(身份)而著名

6. know/say for certain 确切知道/肯定地说

7. all the time一直、总是

8. no longer=not…any longer不再

(no more, not…any more)

9. as long as 只要

10. as far as 就……,尽……

11. make a great contribution对……作出巨大贡献

12. the rest of the time 在其余地时间里

13. at any time在任何时候

二、 重点句型:

1. Because I’m not allowed to play computer games.

因为我不可以玩电脑游戏。

allow “允许、准许”的意思。常用于以下几种形式:

(1) allow +n./prep如:

We can’t allow such a thing.

我们不容许这种事情发生。

(2) allow sb. to do sth 允许某人做某事如:

She allowed me to go fishing.

她允许我去钓鱼。

(3) allow +doing sth 允许做某事 如:

We don’t allow smoking in the reading-room.

我们不允许在阅览室吸烟。

(4) be allowed to do sth如:

被允许做某事

The students are allowed to play games on the play ground after school.

放学后学生们被准许在操场上做游戏。

2. How do you say this in English?

这用英语怎么说?

其意思与What’s this in English相同。

3. It’s made from wood.

它用木材做的。

(1) be made in 在……地方制造,后接表示地点的名词。

(2) be made of 用……制造的,表示原材料未经化学变化,仍可看得出原材料。

(3) be made from用……制造的,表示原材料经过化学变化,已看不出其原样。

(4) be made by 由(被)……(人)制作,后接表示人的名词或代词。

(5) be made into(某物)被制成……

(6) be made up of由……组成如:

The TV set is made in Japan.

这台电视机是日本生产的。

These houses are made of stones.

这些房子是由石头建造的。

Paper is made from wood.

纸是木头造的。

Was this cake made by your mother?

这蛋糕是你妈妈做的吗?

Metal can be made into all kinds of things.

金属可以制成各种各样的物品。

The medical team is made up of ten doctors.

这支医疗队由10位大夫组成。

4. It’s used for helping us to improve our English.

它用来帮助我们提高英语水平。

(1) be used for+ving

be used to do(被)用来做……

强调用途或作用

(2)be used as(被)作为……而用,强调被当作工具或手段来用。

(3)be used by被……使用,by后跟人/物,强调使用者。如:

Pens are used for writing.

钢笔被用来写字。

Wood is used to make paper.

木材被用来造纸。

English is used as a foreign language in China.

英语在中国被当作外语使用。

Recorders are often used by English teachers.

英语老师经常使用录音机。

5. People are surprised at the rapid development of robots.

人们为机器人的飞速发展感到惊讶。

句子中be surprised at…是一个系表结构,

表示“对……感到惊讶”。而be surprised by…是一个被动语态形式,表示“被……所惊讶”。如:

I am surprised at you.

我对你的举动感到诧异。

The manager was surprised by what he saw on the computer.

那位经理被眼前出现在电脑屏幕上的东西所惊讶。

6. They will no longer want to be our servants, but our masters.

它们将不再愿意做我们的人,而要做我们的主人。

no longer(通常在动词前),not…any longer; not…any more(用于非正式文体中)都可表示“(过去曾……)现在不再……” 如:

She no longer lives here.

She doesn’t live here any longer(或 any more).

她不在这儿住了。(过去她曾住这儿)

7. This method worked well at night as long as the weather was good and the stars could be seen.

在夜间只要天气晴朗,能看见星星,这种方法就能很好地发挥作用。

work well有效 as long as只要

三、日常交际用语:

What’s it made of from?

When/where was it made?

It was invented in 1879.

What will our future be like?

I hope your dream will come true.

四、重点语法:

1、 一般过去时的被动语态

谓语部分的基本形式是be的过去式was/were+及物动词的过去分词。如:

When was it made?它是什么时候制造的?

It was made in 1980.它是1980年制造的。

When was the digital camera invented?

数码像机是什么时候发明的?

It was invented in 1975.

它是1975年发明的。

2、时间前所用介词的速记歌

年月周前要用in,日子前面却不行。

遇到几号要用on,上午下午又是in。

要说某日上下午,用on换in才能行。

午夜黄昏须用at,黎明用它也不错。

at也用在时分前,说“差”可要用上to。

说“过”只可使用past,多说多练牢牢记,莫让岁月成蹉跎。
dongluonan 发表于 2009-5-16 18:50:12
Topic 3 Perhaps people will fly to Mars.

一、重点词汇:

1.travel by spaceship乘宇宙飞船旅行

2.in the future将来

3.in order to 为了

4.on the radio 通过收音机

5.take part in 参加

6.grow up成长、长大

7.prefer…to喜欢……胜过……

8.What’s worse 更为糟糕的是

9.be worth it 有好处,值得一干

10.at a distance of 相隔

11.send sb a message 给某人发送信息

二、重点句型:

1. I don’t think aliens can be found in space.

我认为外星人不可能出现在太空里。

(1)当think, believe, suppose, imagine, expect等动词后的宾语从句含有not的否定词时,该否定应移至主句,即否定主句的谓语动词。如:

I don’t think it will rain tomorrow.

我认为明天不会下雨。

如果主句的主语是第二、三人称,否定式一般不转移。如:

He supposes they won’t win the game.

他猜想他们赢不了比赛。

(2)can +be +过去分词,是情态动词构成的被动语态。如:

This can’t be done in a short time.

这不是短期内能完成的。

2. It has been two days since we landed on Mars.

自从我们登上火星以来已经两天了。

it用作主语谈论时间,常与since连用。

如:It is(或has been) three years since we left school.

自从我们离开学校以来已经三年了。

3. What’s worse, our water supplies were very low.

更糟糕的是,我们的水供给是非常有限的。

What’s worse 更糟糕的是。类似结构还有:What’s more 更有甚者;更为重要的是。

4. It’s a quarter as big as the earth.

它是地球的四分之一大。

倍数表示法:倍数+as+形容词/副词+as

如:This box is three times as heavy as that one.

这只箱子是那只箱子的三倍重。

5. Mars goes around the sun at a distance of about 228 million kilometers.

恒星在相隔大约228000000千米的地方绕着太阳转动。

(1)at a distance of相隔

(2)at a distance在远处。如:

The moon goes around the earth at a distance of 380000km.

月球在距地球38万千米的地方绕地球旋转。

The police followed him at a distance.

警察远远地跟着他。

三、 日常交际用语:

Sound great! What is it about?

What fun! I can’t wait.

You think man can live in space one day?

I Think so. I hope I can live there one day.

四、重点语法:

1、情态动词的被动语态:是由“情态动词+be+及物动词的过去分词”构成。如:Aliens can not be seen on the earth.

在地球上不可能见到外星人。

Other planets may be visited soon in the future.

将来其他的星球也会有人登陆。

Scientific research should be done carefully.

应该认真地进行科学研究。

These trees must be watered in time.

这些树应该及时浇水。

2、书面表达技巧

善于衔接。一篇好作文不仅是词汇、句子的简单罗列,语句间如缺乏必要的连接过渡和照应,作文就会结构简单,句式单调,缺少灵气,而看似不显眼的衔接过渡可大大增强作文的连贯性,逻辑性和可读性。常见的语篇衔接成分见下表:

逻辑关系 语篇衔接成分

时间关系 first(ly),second(ly),then, finally, suddenly, immediately,

after, until, the moment, while

空间关系 in front of, across, above, nearby, at the back of, next to, on one side…on the other side

对称关系 on one hand…on the other hand, for one thing…for another

转折关系 but, however, yet, while, though, otherwise, rather than, no matter what ,on the other hand

因果关系 because of, thanks to, because, since, as, for this/that reason, as a result, so, therefore.

条件关系 as long as, if, unless, if necessary

增补关系 besides, in addition, not only…but also, as well, what’s more,

what’s worse

举例 for example/instance, such as, like, namely, in other words

评价 as far as I know, there is no doubt that, I’m not sure that,

It’s certain that, as we know, It’s known to all that…,

总结 in a word, next to, in short, in general, in all, to sum up

Generally speaking, therefore
dongluonan 发表于 2009-5-16 18:51:54
九下

Unit 5 Learning about China

Topic 1

a number of许多,一些lie in 位于have fun 玩得开心be (well) worth doing 值得做 come true 实现 so…that 如此……以至于是lose oneself in 沉浸于,全神贯注于not only…but also不仅……而且 be known as 作为……而著称 break down 停止运转 take away达 拿走,带走

Topic 2

search for 寻找spend…(in) doing花费……做…… be proud of为……而自豪die of 死于

in total 共计as soon as一……就in one’s thirties在某人三十几岁时take an active part in 积极参与

become popular with受到……的欢迎 bring down 推翻break down 变得恶劣pass away 去世wipe out 彻底消灭succeed in doing sth. 成功地做某事wait for 等待

Topic 3

play an important part in在……(方面)志了重要的作用the year of the dragon 龙年set up 建立encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事 promise to do sth出有因答应/允许某人做某事either…or 或者

as…as 与……一样neither…nor 既不……也不in order to do sth 为了做某事 fight against 与……作战in memory of 为了纪念along with 与……一起not only…but also不仅……而且depend on取决于,决定于

Unit 6Entertainment and Friendship

Topic 1

take part in 参加be tired of 厌倦,厌烦would rather …than… 宁愿……也不……

fall on love 坠入爱河fall in love (with sb.) 爱上(某人) be interested in对……感兴趣

be ready to do sth.准备做某事 once upon a time 从前,很久以前 be angry at sth.因某事而生气

order sb to do sth 命令某人去做某事 try one’s best 尽(某人)最大的努力 from then on从那时起

pay attention to 注意regard… as...把……视为/认为stand for 代表spend...doing 在……花时间/金钱

keep…away from使……远离,避免……接近 be suitable for适用于,适合于

Topic 2

talk with 与……交谈 work hard at在……方面努力学/工作 make up one’s mind 下定决心

according to 根据 in the distance在远处be different from 与……不同prefer to更喜欢

make up组成,编know about 了解,得知 have an argument 争吵,争辩keep on 继续,坚持

save one’s life 挽救某人的生命 think about 认为,考虑,想到 can’t help doing sth 情不自禁……

share…with 与……分享be known for 因……而著名

Topic 3

prepare…for为……做准备 first of all 首先 give speeches发表演讲think back to 回想起,追忆 take photos照相see sb off 目送某人be ready for sth 为……做好准备dozens of 几十,许多 learn from 向……学习get on/along with 与……相处 to one’s joy 使某人高兴的是thanks to 多亏,由于make progress 取得进步keep on继续 take place 发生 come to an end 结束 bring about 引起,带来keep in touch 保持联系in time 及时,来得及

in a hurry 匆忙set off 出发,动身 look forward to 盼望,期待 go for a walk 散步

九年级下册词组Unit 5

Unit 5 Learning about China

Topic 1 Could you tell me something about the places that you visited?

大约5000年的历史

about 5000 years of history

吸引了许多游客attract many tourists

数以百万 millions of

许多 a (great) number of

第一、二、三长河the longest river/the second longest river/the third longest river

中华民族文化的发源地

the birthplaces of Chinese culture

还有一些别的吗? Anything else?

给某人取某物 fetch sth for sb=fetch sb. sth.

我能给你一本《中国指南》

I can fetch you Guide to China.

详细介绍……introduce…in detail

位于

lie in(范围内) lie to(范围外) lie on(接壤)

穿过 ,流经 run through

汇入渤海 join the Bohai Sea

淡水湖 the fresh water lake

第二大淡水湖

the second largest fresh water lake

在中国的西南部

be in the southwest of China

青藏高原the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau

很值得做某事be well worth doing sth

海拔 above sea level

多么令人惊奇啊What a surprise!

最奇妙的地方the most fantastic place

听说过 hear of

实现 come true

国内外 home and abroad

三面环山

be surrounded on three sides by mountains

陶醉于…,全神贯注于…, 沉浸于…… lose oneself in…

因为 because of sth.

…之乡 the home of

龙井茶 the Dragon Well

龙井茶之乡the home of Dragon Well Tea

寻找机会做某事

look for a chance to do sth.

与某人分享……share sth. with sb.

如此……以至so…that…

不但……而且not only…but also…

被认为是, 作为……而著名 be known as… 因……而著名be known for….

把…看作/认为regard …as …

be regarded as=be considered as …

东方明珠 the Oriental Pearl

购物天堂Shopping Heaven

想起,考虑,认为 think of

品尝各种各样鲜美的水果

enjoy various delicious fruits

来某处旅游 come to sw. for a visit

作为……服务的桥梁serve as a bridge

损坏,抛锚,变得恶劣break down

驾驶执照the driving license

拿走 take away

有不同的特点  have different feasures

与…截然不同be quite different from

南北有很大的不同 There are many differences between the north and the south.

零度以上/以下 stay below / above zero

雪下得很大 snow heavily

雨下得很大 rain heavily

风刮得很大 blow strongly

被…覆盖be covered with

做户外运动 do outdoor activities

堆雪人 make snowmen

仍雪球throw snow balls

滑冰 go skating

温暖潮湿 mild and wet

享受明媚的阳光enjoy the bright sunshine

在海滩上 on the beach

人们的生活方式 people’s way of life

习惯于吃面食

be used to eating food made with flour

面食 food made with flour

生活在北方平原live on the northern plains

通过陆路来往 come and go by land

走陆路/走水路travel by land / by water

Topic 2Confucius, a pioneer in the field of education.

在教育领域in the field of education.

一个教育领域的先驱者

a pioneer in the field of education.

一个伟大的思想家

a great ancient philosopher

真知灼见 wise ideas and thoughts

人类行为 human behavior

主要思想 main ideas

礼貌good manners

至理名言 wise sayings

从…学会 learn sth. from

在…多岁时 at the age of …

在他三十多岁时in his thirties

温故而知新

Learn the new while reviewing the old

为...感到骄傲be proud of =be the pride of

航海ocean journeys

死于疾病 die of illness

总共in total

积极参加take an active part in

受…欢迎be popular with

成立 set up

推翻bring down

因…而跨掉,出故障,坏掉

break down from…

成功做某事succeed in doing sth

去世pass away

演讲give a speech

讲学give a lecture

发明杂交水稻develop hybrid rice

获得诺贝尔物理奖

win the Nobel Prize for Physics

消灭wipe out

到安全地点 to safety=to the safe place

一份新长征计划 a new Long March

Topic 3

带某人参观某地show sb. around sw.

给某人看…show sb. to sw.

王权的象征 a symbol of imperial power

真龙天子

real dragons and the sons of heaven

中华民族的象征

a symbol of the Chinese nation

扮演一个角色

play a/an…part in…=

play a/an ……role…

在中国节日中占重要角色

play an important part in Chinese festival

龙年the year of the dragon

鼓励某人做某事 encourage sb. to do sth.

承诺做某事 promise to do sth.

承诺接受意见

promise to follow the suggestions

要么..要么either…or…

围挤在…周围crowd around…

下象棋play Chinese chess

…和…都…, 两者都…Both …and …

两者都都不…Neither …nor …

为了…in order to …

为反对…而斗争 ,与…战斗fight against

为了纪念某人/某事 in memory of

爆发break out

依靠,依赖,取决于 depend on

在某人的帮助下

with one’s help=with the help of sb.

最…之一

one of the +形容词最高级+名词复数

在三世纪 in the 3 rd century

在…末梢 at the end of….

传开, 传播,蔓延 spread to /through

九年级英语(仁爱版)下册语言点归纳

Unit 6Entertainment and Friendship

Topic 1Do you like watching TV?

一、 重点词汇

(一) 词形转换

1. education (形容词) educational2. alive (同义词) living

3. Greece (语言) Greek 4.hunter(动词) hunt

5. negative (反义词) positive 6. topic (同义词) subject

(二) 重点短语

1. in one’s spare/ free time 在某人的业余时间

2. agree with sb.同意某人的意见

3. win a prize获得奖品

4. be tired of…对……感到厌烦

5. would rather…than…宁愿……而不愿

6. fall in love (with sb.)与某人相爱

7. in total总计

8. once upon a time 从前

9. be angry at sth.对某事感到生气

10. order sb. to do sth.命令某人做某事

11. from then on从那时起

12. keep secrets保守秘密

13. pay attention to… 注意

14. a homeless/ running /lucky dog 丧家犬/走狗/幸运儿

15. stand for 代表

16. have a huge /bad influence on… 在…….方面起了巨大/ 坏的影响

17. ways of doing sth.做某事的方式

18. keep…away from…使……远离…….

19. a waste of time浪费时间

20. do a debate辩论

21. do research做研究

22. support one’s view支持某人的观点

二、重点句型

1. It is hard for me to learn to play Chinese chess. 对于我来说学下中国象棋是很困难的.

2. I’m tired of watching those shows. 我对看那些节目感到厌烦.

3. Which program do you prefer, TV plays or sports shows?

你更喜欢看哪一种节目,电视剧还是运动节目?

4. ----I would rather watch sports shows. 我更喜欢看运动节目.

----So would I. 我也是.

5.The mother of the land was quite angry at what he said.

大地的母亲对他所说的相当的生气.

6. Whenever scorpions appeared, hunters would hide.

无论蝎子什么时候出现,猎人们都会躲藏起来.

7. As we know, there are differences between western culture and Chinese culture.

众所周知, 中西方文化存在着不同.

三、重点知识点

1. I would rather watch TV shows than sports shows. 我宁愿看电视剧而不愿看运动节目.

would rather…than…表 “宁愿……而不愿”, 与prefer…to…同义,但它们在结构上

不同.前者是 would rather do sth. than do sth., 后者是 prefer doing sth. to doing sth.

eg:I would rather stay at home than go out. = I prefer staying at home to going out.

我宁愿呆在家中而不愿出去.

2. Was his wife still alive? 他的妻子还活着吗?

alive表 “活着的”, 常修饰人,而不修饰物. 一般作表语或宾补.

living同义, 既可修饰人, 也可修饰物. 在句中既可作定语也可作表语.

eg: The old woman is still alive/living.(作表语) 那个老人还活着.

The king wanted to keep Gulliver alive.(作宾补) 国王想让格利佛活着.

There is no living things on Mars.(作定语) 火星上没有生物.

3. She ordered a scorpion to hide in the dark to attack him.

order sb. to do sth.命令/要求某人去做某事

order sth for sb./ sth.为某人/ 某物订购某物

eg: The doctor ordered me to stay in bed. 医生命令我好好呆在床上休息.

He often orders books for his son. 他经常为他的儿子订书.

She ordered a suit for her dog. 她为她的狗订购了一套衣服.

4. However, sometimes you do not forgive others.然而, 你有时不会原谅别人.

forgive sb. sth.原谅某人某事

forgive sb. for doing sth.请求别人原谅所做的事

eg: She could forgive him anything.她会原谅他的任何事.

Please forgive me for disturbing you.请原谅我打扰你了.

5.But in western countries, dogs are considered honest and good friends of humans

但是在西方国家, 狗被认为是诚实的, 是人类的好朋友.

honest 用作形容词, 表 “诚实的; 正直的” . 在句中可作定语, 表语或宾补.

He is an honest man. = The man is honest.

他是一个诚实的人.

固定搭配:be honest with sb.对某人坦诚相待

to be honest说实话, 老实说
dongluonan 发表于 2009-5-16 18:53:36
Topic 2The Monkey King is my favorite character

一、重点词汇

(一)词形转换

1. painter (动词) pain 2. Dutch (国家) Holland3.argue (名词) argument

4. luckily(形容词) lucky 5. erase (名词) eraser

(二)重点短语

1. work hard at…在……方面努力工作

2. works of art艺术作品

3. according to根据

4. the introduction to the painting画的介绍

5. express strong feelings 表达强烈的情感

6. in the distance 在远处

7. win every battle 赢得每一场的战役

8. express the real meaning of friendship 说明了友谊的真正含义

9. walk through the desert 穿过沙漠

10. have an argument争辩/吵

11. slap sb. in the face打了某人一计耳光

12. keep on doing sth.继续做某事

13. take a bath洗澡

14. get stuck in陷入……

15. erase…from… 从……当中抹/擦掉

16. be good at hiding善于隐身

17. play alone独自玩耍

二、重点句型

1. It is a pity that he died when he was very young. 遗憾的是, 他英年早逝.

2. What (do you think) are the most important things I need to know about paintings?

你认为,关于绘画, 我需要知道的最重要的事情是什么?

3. Well, that depends on what kind of paintings you want to learn.

4. Then you can decide whether you want to become a painter or not.(宾语从句)

那时你就能决定是否想成为一名画家.

5. It says here that Gu Kaizhi is quite good at painting figures.( 宾语从句)

这儿写着顾恺之尤其擅长画人物画.

6. The way he shows things in the distance is different from the way Gu Kaizhi does.

(定语从句)他描绘远景的方式与顾恺之不同.

7. Perhaps that is the reason why I prefer to paint landscapes.(定语从句)

也许那就是我为什么更喜欢画风景画的原因.

8. …, it was Sandy and Pigsy who helped the Monkey King win every battle.(定语从句)

沙僧和猪八戒帮助美猴王赢得每一次战役的胜利.

9. One tree can’t make a forest. 独木不成林.

10. But without saying anything, he wrote in the sand. 但什么也没说,他写在了沙子中.

三、重点知识点

1. paint 与draw 都具有 “绘画”的含义,但有很大区别

paint 表示用颜料等画带有色彩的画, 如油画、水彩画及画正式的肖像画。

draw表用蜡笔、铅笔、钢笔等各种笔画,并且通常画得比较简单。

eg:He is drawing a horse on the blackboard. 他正在黑板上画一匹马。

The artist painted in water colors. 那个画家用水彩作画。

2. I want to know if it is difficult to be an artist. 我想知道成为艺术家是否很难。

If you work hard at painting, it won’t be difficult for to succeed.

如果你努力画画,对你来说成功并不难。

前句中的if表 “是否”,引导宾语从句;

后句中的if表 “如果”,引导条件状语从句。

3. The shorter boy got stuck in the mud and started to sink…

小个子男孩陷进泥里,开始下沉……

get stuck 是系表结构, stuck是过去分词作表语, 表被动.

4. However, when someone does something good for you, you should carve it on a stone

from which the wind can never erase it.(定语从句).

然而, 当有人做了对你有益的事情, 你应当把它刻在石头上, 这样决不会被风抹掉.

erase…from….. “把……从……清除/ 抹掉”

此句中的定语从句的关系代词在介词之后,只能用which不能用 that.

eg: What can we learn about by reading books in which heroes fight against their enemies?

通过看那些书中;英雄人物对抗敌人的书本,我们能了解到什么呢?
dongluonan 发表于 2009-5-16 18:55:12
Topic 3I will never forget our friendship

一、重点词汇

(一)词形转换

1. graduate (名词) graduation2. cheap (反义词) expensive3. penny (复数) pennies

4. unpleasant(反义词) pleasant 5. enjoy (形容词) enjoyable

6. congratulate (名词) congratulation7. possible (名词) possibility

8. safe (副词) safely9. awake (反义词) asleep

(二)重点短语

1. graduate from…从…….毕业

2. a graduation ceremony 毕业典礼

3. prepare for为……做准备

4. first of all首先

5. pass the final examination通过毕业考

6. think back on/ to…回想起;追忆

7. have a class get-together 开同学聚会

8. send photos to each other互赠相片

9. dozens of…几十……

10. as the saying goes常言道

11. a large package of…一大袋子……

12. beg your pardon 请求你的原谅

13. go camping去野营

14. last forever永远持续

15. have many unforgettable memories of…拥有许多…….的难忘的记忆

16. get along well with…与……相处融洽

17. to one’s joy令某人高兴的是

18. realize one’s dream实现某人的梦想

19. chat with sb.与某人聊天

20. take photos with sb.与某人合影

21. come to an end 结束

22. keep in touch by…通过…….保持联系

23. continue to do sth.继续做某事

24. hurry up 赶快

25. any time now随时;马上

26. head back home 动身回家;朝回家的路走

27. have a great future拥有美好的未来

28. give a big hugs to sb.与某人紧紧地拥抱

29. have a safe flight 旅途平安

30. keep our dreams alive让我们的梦想常在

二、重点句型

1. How time flies! 光阴似箭!

2. It’s a piece of cake. 小菜一碟。(这是很容易做的事)

3. We have worked so hard that we will be able to pass it easily.

我们如此努力地学习,以致于我们能轻易地通过。

4. I will say I have learned not only how to study, but also how to be a man.

我要说的是我不仅学会了如何学习,而且学会了如何做人。

5. Where there is a will , there is a way. 有志者事竟成。

6. Although they are cheap, they are valuable to remember our friendship.

尽管它们很便宜,但它们具有记住我们友谊的价值。

7. As the saying goes, It’s the thought that counts. 常言道,礼轻情义重。

8. I just want to beg your pardon. 我只想请求你的原谅。

9. You don’t need to say sorry for anything.你不需要为一些事说抱歉。

10. Here she comes! 她来了。

三、重点知识点

1. This weekend we’ll graduate from Ren’ai International School!

本周末我们将从仁爱国际学校毕业。

1) graduate 作动词是,表 “毕业”,相当于leave school,其名词形式为graduation

eg: He graduated in 1999. = He left school in 1999.

2) graduate from + 学校 表 “从某个学校毕业”

graduate in + 专业表 “毕业于某专业”

eg: He graduated from Peking University last year. 去年他从北京大学毕业。

He graduated in English at a famous University.他毕业于一所名牌大学的外语专业。

3) 作名词时,表“毕业生”

eg: He is a history gradute. 他是历史系的毕业生。

Each graduate will receive a piece of paper called a diploma.

每个毕业生将会收到一张毕业证书。

2. Thinking back on these three years, I learned if I want to succeed, I must study hard first.

回想起过去的三年,我领悟到要想取得成功,首先必须努力学习。

think back on/ to “回想起,追忆” 如:

When I think back on/to those things, I miss my friends a lot.

当我回想起那些事情时,我就非常想念我的朋友。

3. …and write some words on the blackboard with color chalks.

用彩色粉笔在黑板上写几句话。

1)chalk “粉笔”,不可数名词,若表示“一支粉笔”时,则用a piece of chalk;

而不用a chalk.

2)当表示各种颜色的粉笔时,则可数。

4. I’ve got dozens of cards. 我准备了许多贺卡。

1) dozen作可数名词,意为“(一)打;十二;几十;许多”

Give me a dozen, please. 请给我一打。

2) 当和数词连用后面跟名词时,dozen不加s,其后也不跟of 。

eg:two dozen eggs 两打鸡蛋

three dozen apples三打苹果

3) dozen后加s时,常与of连用,意为“几十;许多”,表不明确的数目。

dozens of… 几十

hundreds of…几百;成百上千

thousands of…几千;成千上万

5. What I will remember are all the good times we’ve spent together.

我所记得的只是我们共同度过的美好时光。

time 表示 “(好/倒霉/艰难的)时光;时日;岁月”或“次数”时,可数。

表时间时,不可数。如:

We had a good time yesterday. 昨天我们玩得很愉快。

It’s best to forget the bad times and just remember the good ones.

最好忘掉不愉快的岁月,只记住美好的日子。

You should make good use of your time.

你们要好好利用时间。

6. to one’s joy 使某人高兴的是

to one’s surprised 使某人惊讶的是

eg: To my joy, I became the owner of an MP3 last week.

使我高兴的是,上周我拥有了自己的MP3。

To our surprised, Jim didn’t pass the exam.

令我们惊讶的是,吉姆没通过考试。

7. take photos of sb. 为某人拍照

take photos with sb. 与某人合影

8. It means change, and leaving behind unforgettable faces and places.

它意味着变化,意味着把那些不能忘却的面容和地方留在记忆深处。

leave…behind“忘了带;遗忘;把……抛在后面”

I think I left my glasses (behind) at home. 我想我把我的眼镜忘在家里了。

She knew that she had left childhood behind. 她知道童年已一去不复返了。

9. I’m sad to be here watching you all head back home.

在这里看着你们动身回家,我真有点伤心。

head 作动词,表 “朝(某方向)行进”

head back home “朝回家的路行进”

head for…“朝……行进”

eg: She headed for the door.她朝着门口走去.

 本单元的语法主要是:

1. 复习各类从句(宾语从句; 状语从句和定语从句).

2. 复习现在完成时态和其他各种时态的综合运用.

3. 复习被动语态.
米拉拉 发表于 2009-7-26 15:12:44
感谢楼主,可不可以把这个打包给我啊!ningdansu@live.cn这是我的邮箱
aah 发表于 2009-10-8 16:19:38
good things, thanks for sharing~
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