Lesson47 Too high a price? 代价太高?

发布者: 雪狼 | 发布时间: 2006-6-6 18:22| 查看数: 15987| 评论数: 2|



Pollution is the price we pay for an overpopulated, overindustrialized planet. When you come to think about it, there are only four ways you can deal with rubbish: dump it, burn it, turn it into something you can use again, attempt to produce less of it. We keep trying all four methods, but the sheer volume of rubbish we produce worldwide threatens to overwhelm us. Rubbish, however, is only part of the problem of polluting our planet. The need to produce everincreasing quantities of cheap food leads to a different kind of pollution. Industrialized farming methods produce cheap meat products: beef, pork and chicken. The use of pesticides and fertilizers produces cheap grain and vegetables. The price we pay for cheap food may be already too high: Mad Cow Disease (BSE) in cattle, salmonella in chicken and eggs, and listeria in dairy products. And if you think you'll abandon meat and become a vegetarian, you have the choice of very expensive organically-grown vegetables or a steady diet of pesticides every time you think you're eating fresh salads and vegetables, or just having an innocent glass of water! However, there is an even more insidious kind of pollution that particularly affects urban areas and invades our daily lives, and that is noise. Burglar alarms going off at any time of the day or night serve only to annoy passers-by and actually assist burglars to burgle. Car alarms constantly scream at us in the street and are a source of profound irritation. A recent survey of the effects of noise revealed (surprisingly? ) that dogs barking incessantly in the night rated the highest form of noise pollution on a scale ranging from 1to 7. The surveyrevealed a large number of sources of noise that we really dislike. Lawn mowers whining on a summer's day, late-night parties in apartment blocks, noisy neighbours, vehicles of all kinds, especially large container trucks thundering through quiet villages, planes and helicopters flying overhead, large radios carried round in public places and played at maximum volume. New technology has also made its own contribution to noise. A lot of people object to mobile phones, especially when they are used in public places like restaurants or on public transport. Loud conversations on mobile phones invade our thoughts or interrupt the pleasure of meeting friends for a quiet chat. The noise pollution survey revealed a rather surprising and possibly amusing oldfashioned source of noise. It turned out to be snoring! Men were found to be the worst offenders. It was revealed that 20% of men in their mid-thirties snore. This figure rises to a staggering 60% of men in their sixties. Against these figures, it was found that only 5% of women snore regularly, while the rest are constantly woken or kept awake by their trumpeting partners. Whatever the source of noise, one thing is certain: silence, it seems, has become a golden memory.

pollution [pəˈluʃən] n.污染




sheer [ʃiə] adj.纯粹的,不掺杂的


pesticide [ˈpestisaid] n.杀虫剂









lvsuoguo 发表于 2012-10-16 11:27:52
What does the writer describe as an 'amusing old-fashioned source of noise'?


--It refers to snoring.

Why was it described as old-fashioned source of noise?

--Well,the other sources are all caused by new technology,so in comparison snoring is old-fashioned.{:soso_e100:}
lvsuoguo 发表于 2012-10-18 19:42:29
The topic of this text, enviromental pollution, has already become a very serious problem nowadays, not only in China but all over the world. We have heard about different kinds of pollution, e.g. air pollution,water pollution,soil pollution,or pollution resulted from traffic, or factory, manufactory, different kinds. And we have heard about such term as smog which is smoke and fog, or the greenhouse effect(温室效应).The reason is we have a growing population but the natural resources are not inexhaustible and not renewable.自然资源并不是取之不尽用之不竭的。

What should we do in face of such a problem? Some ppl suggest that we should use alternative natural resources or altenative energies, such as energies generated from the sun, or the heat of the earth, or from the sea. Is there anything that we can do as individuals? In the western countries, some ppl suggest that we should stop driving our own cars,instead we should use public transport. And at least there is one thing we can do,which is,to recycle garbage.一件小事我们都可以做,就是把垃圾分类,这样可以再利用有些资源。 Alright,so much on the topic of enviromental pollution(环境污染)and enviromental protection(环保). I'll see u next time.

注:alternative energies替代能源/非传统能源/可替代能源。所谓替代能源,往往是指替代石油、天然气和煤炭等石化燃料的能源,它包括风能、太阳能、生物质能、海洋能、水能等可再生能源,也包括核能等不可再生能源。

Smog, which is a combination of smoke and fog, is generated from industry emissions, motor vehicle combustion, incinerators, open burning, and other sources.
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