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Lesson 94 Future champions 未来的冠军

发布者: 雪狼 | 发布时间: 2006-4-24 17:01| 查看数: 19040| 评论数: 2|

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美音版录音



Lesson 94 Future champions 未来的冠军

First listen and then answer the question.

听录音,然后回答以下问题。

What kind of race do the children compete in?

Experiments have proved that children can be instructed in swimming at a very early age. At a special swimming pool in Los Angeles, children become expert at holding their breath under water even before they can walk. Babies of two months old do not appear to be reluctant to enter the water. It is not long before they are so accustomed to swimming that they can pick up weights from the floor of the pool. A game that is very popular with these young swimmers is the underwater tricycle race. Tricycles are lined up on the floor of the pool seven feet under water. The children compete against each other to reach the other end of the pool. Many pedal their tricycles, but most of them prefer to push or drag them. Some children can cover the whole length of the pool without coming up for breath even once. Whether they will ever become future Olympic champions, only time will tell. Meanwhile, they should encourage those among us who cannot swim five yards before they are gasping for air.

instruct  [inˈstrʌkt]  v. 指导,传授

Los Angeles  [lɔsˈændʒələs]  洛杉矶

reluctant  [riˈlʌktənt]  adj. 勉强的,不愿意的

weight  [weit]  n. 重物

underwater  [ˌʌndəˈwɔ:tə]  adj. 水下的

tricycle  [ˈtraisikl]  n. 三轮车

compete  [kəmˈpi:t]  v. 比赛,对抗

yard   [jɑ:d]  n. 码

gasp   [ɡɑ:sp]  v. 喘气

实验证明,儿童在很小的时候就可以开始学习游泳。在洛杉矶的一个特设的游泳池里,孩子们甚至在还没有学会走路时就已经能熟练地在水下屏住呼吸了。两个月的婴儿并未显得不愿意入水。他们很快便适应了游泳,以致能捡起池底的物品。这些幼小的游泳运动员非常喜爱的一种游戏是水下三轮车比赛。三轮车并排放在7英尺深的游泳池底上。孩子们比赛看谁先到达游泳池的另一端。很多孩子用脚蹬车,但多数孩子更愿意推或是拉着三轮车。有些孩子能够跑完游泳池的全长而不用露出水面换气。他们将来是否能成为奥林匹克的冠军,这只能由时间来作出回答。与此同时,他们对我们中的那些游不了5码就已喘不过气来的人应该是种鼓舞。

课堂笔记:

instruct [in’strʌkt]v. 指导,传授, 通知 n. instruction教授,指导,说明书

teach最普通,最广泛,可以用来指任何传授知识或技巧的行为

instruct比teach 正式,更强调系统,详细,精心的传播知识

educate主要指正式的系统学院教育

tutor ['tju:tə] 侧重进行个别性的教学或课外辅导

instruct vt.

(1)指导,教,传授:

Children can be instructed in swimming at a very early age.

儿童在很小的时候就可以开始学习游泳。

Dan instructs chemistry at a nearby college.

丹在附近的一所学院教化学。

(2)指示,命令,吩咐:

instruct sb.to do sth 命令某人做某事

The doctor instructed Jimmy to stay in bed for a week.

医生嘱咐吉米卧床一星期。

I've been instructed to give you this parcel.

我奉命将这个包裹交给您。

Los Angeles [lɔs‘ændʒələs]洛杉矶

reluctant[ri’lʌktənt]adj. 勉强的,不愿意的adv. Reluctantly 不情愿地

unwilling不愿意的

weight[weit]n. 重物

lose weight减肥

gain weight发胖

carry great (no) weight极(不)重要

give weight to重视,加强….

Attach weight to sth. 重视

give short weight克扣分量

underwater [‘ʌndə’wɔ:tə]adj. 水下的

an underwater boat潜水艇

underwater performance水下作业

subsurfaceadj. 表面下的

tricycle [‘traisikl]n. 三轮车

bicycle自行车

electro-tricycle电动三轮车

motor tricycle机动三轮车

compete [kəm’pi:t]v. 比赛,对抗

compete for 为…竞争

compete in a race参加赛跑

ability to compete竞争能力

compete on an equal footing / basis 平等竞争

compete against / with sb. for sth. 与某人竞争得到某物

(1)比赛,对抗(通常与 with或 against连用):

The children compete against each other to reach the other end of the pool.

孩子们比赛看谁先到达游泳池的另一端。

How many people will compete in the race?

有多少人参加这个比赛?

During the singing contest, Mary competed with Helen for the first prize.

在歌咏比赛中,玛丽与海伦争夺一等奖。

(2)匹敌,比得上,媲美(通常与with连用,多用于否定句):

Hugh's house can't compete with yours.

休的房子比不上你的。

None of his later books can compete with his first one.

他后来的书没有一本能比得上第一本。

yard[jɑ:d]n. 码,庭院

school yard学校院子

back yard后院

gasp[ɡɑ:sp]v. 喘气

at one’s last gasp奄奄一息时,快咽气时,累得要死

breathe one’s last gasp 断气,死亡

gasp at对…大吃一惊

gasp for喘(气), 渴望,热望 = gasp after

gasp out上气不接下气地说

gasp for air 气喘

1、Experiments have proved that children can be instructed in swimming at a very early age.

be instructed in被指导

2、At a special swimming pool in Los Angeles, children become expert at holding their breath under water even before they can walk.

(1)expert表示“熟练者”、“专家”,后面通常跟 at/in+ doing sth.结构

be good at = do well in 擅长做某事

be expert at十分擅长,精通,= be proficient in…=be adept at….

Rex soon became an expert at opening the gate.

雷克斯很快成了开门的专家。

(2)hold one's breath 为固定短语,表示“屏住呼吸”:

take a deep breath深呼吸

out of breath喘不过气来,上气不接下气

When the film became very exciting, Tom and Sally would hold their breath.

电影演到激动人心处时,汤姆和萨莉就会屏住呼吸。

Last night, when I heard a strange noise coming from the bar, I held my breath and listened carefully.

昨天晚上,当我听到酒吧间有奇怪的响声后便屏住呼吸仔细听。

3、 Babies of two months old do not appear to be reluctant to enter the water.

appear to do sth. 看起来似乎 可以和 seem to do sth. 互换

appear强调外表上给某人的印象 用法:appear to do 或 it appears that….

seem暗示有一定根据的判断,往往接近事实可以和 as if 连用

It seems as if he were in a day-dream.

look着重由视觉得得出的印象

be reluctant to do sth. 说明做事情十分不情愿

be willing to do sth. 心甘情愿做某事

4、It is not long before they are so accustomed to swimming that they can pick up weights from the floor of the pool.

not long before 通常译为“不久”、“很快”。

It will not be long before用不了多久,就会……

It will be long before需要很久才会……

It was long before过了很久才....

so…that 引导的是结果状语从句。

pick up 表示“捡起”。weight 在这里指比重较大(因此能沉在水底)的物品。

be accustomed to n./doing sth. 表示“习惯的”、“适应了的”,后面通常跟名词或动名词

这里的to 是介词,后面必须跟名词或动名词

类似用法:

object to doing

My mother is accustomed to getting up early.

我母亲习惯早起。

He soon became accustomed to his new job.

他很快适应了新工作。

5、 A game that is very popular with these young swimmers is the underwater tricycle race.

popular表示“受欢迎的”、“讨人喜欢的”,常与with或among连用:

be popular with… 深受……的欢迎,为……所喜爱

Swimming is popular with these girls.

这些姑娘们喜爱游泳。

Mary is popular with / among children.

玛丽受孩子们的欢迎。

6、Tricycles are lined up on the floor of the pool seven feet under water.

line up 为短语动词,表示“(使)排成行/排队”:

Why are people lining up over there?

人们在那边排队干什么?

Line these chairs up, please.

请把这些椅子排好。

7、The children compete against each other to reach the other end of the pool.

compete against与……竞争,与……抗衡

8、 Many pedal their tricycles, but most of them prefer to push or drag them.

prefer to do sth. 更愿意做某事

9、Some children can cover the whole length of the pool without coming up for breath even once.

come up for breath升上水面换气

10、Whether they will ever become future Olympic champions, only time will tell.

这是一个倒装句,whether 引导的宾语从句做tell 的宾语。

宾语从句置于句首。通常,以疑问词引导的宾语从句会用于这种句型:

What made him do it, no one knows.

是什么使得他干了这事,没有人知道。

How they found out the truth, only George can tell.

他们是如何发现真相的,只有乔治能作出回答。

11、Meanwhile, they should encourage those among us who cannot swim five yards before they are gasping for air.

who引导的定语从句是修饰those

现在进行时常表示将要

encourage sb. to do sth.

鼓励某人(做某事)

encourage a man to work better

鼓励一个人更好地工作

be encouraged by

受...鼓励[鼓舞]


最新评论

loveto 发表于 2010-7-18 09:19:00
1.Experiments have proved that children can be instructed in swimming at a very early age.

2.They are taught tohold their breath under water.

3. They can pick up weights from the floor of the pool.

4.The popular game was the underwater tricycle race.
lvsuoguo 发表于 2011-12-7 15:21:30
结语:Do u think the sight of children doing something that adult can't do really encourages the adult? Why/why not?
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