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Lesson 59 In or out? 进来还是出去?

发布者: 雪狼 | 发布时间: 2006-4-24 16:44| 查看数: 19070| 评论数: 16|

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Lesson 59 In or out? 进来还是出去?

First listen and then answer the question.

听录音,然后回答以下问题。

Why did Rex run away?

Our dog, Rex, used to sit outside our front gate and bark. Every time he wanted to come into the garden he would bark until someone opened the gate. As the neighbours complained of the noise, my husband spent weeks training him to press his paw on the latch to let himself in. Rex soon became an expert at opening the gate. However, when I was going out shopping last week, I noticed him in the garden near the gate. This time he was barking so that someone would let him out! Since then, he has developed another bad habit. As soon as he opens the gate from the outside, he comes into the garden and waits until the gate shuts. Then he sits and barks until someone lets him out. After this he immediately lets himself in and begins barking again. Yesterday my husband removed the gate and Rex got so annoyed we have not seen him since.

bark  [bɑ:k]   v. 狗叫

press   [pres]  v. 按,压

paw   [pɔ:]   n. 脚爪

latch  [lætʃ]  n. 门闩

expert  [ˈekspə:t]  n. 专家

develop  [diˈveləp]  v. 养成

habit   [ˈhæbit]   n. 习惯

remove   [riˈmu:v]   v. 拆掉,取下

我家的狗雷克斯,过去常坐在大门外面叫。每当它想到花园里来时,便汪汪叫个不停,直到有人把门打开。由于邻居们对狗叫很有意见,所以我丈夫花了几个星期的时间训练它用脚爪按住门闩把自己放进来。雷克斯很快成了开门的专家。然而上星期我正要出去买东西时,发现它正呆在花园里边靠门的地方。这次它叫着让人把它放出去!从那以后,它养成了另外一种坏习惯。它从外面把门一打开,就走进花园,等着门自动关上。这之后他就坐下汪汪叫起来,直到有人来把它放出去。出去之后,它又马上把自己放进来,接着再开始叫。昨天,我丈夫把门卸了下来,雷克斯很生气,此后我们便再也没有见到它。

课堂笔记:

课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.Every time he wanted to come into the garden he would bark until someone opened the gate.每当它想到花园里来时,便汪汪叫个不停,直到有人把门打开。

every time在这里为连词引导一个时间状语从句,表示“每次”、“每当”,主句中的would表示过去的习惯性动作。用一般过去时的句子中它们经常连用:

Every time we met, we would talk for a while.

我们每次见面都要聊一会儿。

Every time he came to the restaurant, he would first ask for a cup of tea.

他每次到这个饭馆来,都是先要一杯茶。

2.…my husband spent weeks training him to press his paw on the latch to let himself in.……我丈夫花了几个星期的时间训练它用脚爪按住门闩把自己放进来。

(1)spend表示“在……上花时间”时,后面如果跟名词则用介词on;如果跟动名词则用介词in(在口语中in往往省略):

Why don't you spend more time on studies?

你为什么不在学习上再多花点时间呢?

I spent two weeks(in) reading this book.

我花了两星期的时间读这本书。

(2)train的宾语是him, to press…是宾语补足语,to let…为目的状语。

3.Rex soon became an expert at opening the gate.雷克斯很快成了开门的专家。

expert表示“做/干……的专家/高手”时后面通常用 at doing sth.;表示在某一领域是“专家”、“权威”时可用介词in或on:

John is an expert at driving a car.

约翰是开车高手。

She is an expert in flowers.

她是花卉方面的专家。

Sam is an expert on that problem.

萨姆是研究那个问题的权威。

4.This time he was barking so that someone would let him out!这次它叫着让人把它放出去!

连词so that引导的是目的状语从句。(cf.本课语法

语法 Grammar in use

1.复习第50~58课语法

2.表示目的的几种方式:to, in order to, so as to, so that, in order that

(1)带to的不定式及其变体in order to和so as to 可以用来表示目的:

I went to live in France to/in order to/so as to learn French.

我去法国居住,以便学习法语。

not to可以用于表示取舍:

I went to France not to study French, but to study chemics.

我去法国不是为了学法语,而是为了学化学。

so as not to/in order not to可以用于表示“以防”:

I shut the door quietly, so as not to/in order not to wake the baby.

为了不惊醒婴儿,我轻轻地关上门。

在bring, buy, need, take, use, want等动词后经常用宾语+不定式(而不用宾语+in order to/so as to),不定式表示用宾语的目的:

I want something to drink.

我想要一点喝的东西。

I need a spoon to eat this ice cream with.

我需要一把汤匙来吃这冰淇淋。

Bring me a chair to sit on.

给我拿一把椅子来坐。

(2)连词 so that, in order that可以引导目的状语从句。当主句用一般现在时、现在完成时或一般将来时的时候,so that和 in order that后面可以跟may, can或will。so that比in order that更为普遍:

I've arrived early so that/in order that I may/can/will get the tickets.

我到得早,以便能买到票。

当主句中的动词为一般过去时、过去进行时或过去完成时的时候, so that和in order that后面跟should, could, might或would:

I arrived early so that/in order that I should/could/might/would get the tickets.

(译文同上)

so that和in order that后面的否定形式如下:

I arrived early so that/in order that I might not miss anything.

我到得很早,以免错过什么。(否定句中不可用could,可用should, would等)

(3)相比之下,带to, so as to和 in order to的结构比带that的结构要简单、自然,所以多为人使用:

I arrived early so as not to/in order not to miss anything.(译文同上)

当前后主语不一致时,不定式前面加for+名词/代词比that结构更简洁


最新评论

183811191 发表于 2008-3-25 11:30:49
Why did Rex run away?

Because my husband removed the gate and he got so annoyed thatrun away.
wenjing821124 发表于 2009-4-10 08:35:13
好好学英语呀 发表于 2009-7-7 11:28:06
[1_23]
好好学英语呀 发表于 2009-7-7 11:28:27
英语[1_27]
好好学英语呀 发表于 2009-7-7 11:28:35
啊[1_63]
loveto 发表于 2010-6-13 10:55:35
1.Because the dog would sit outside the gate and bark until someone opened the gate and the neighbours complained of the noice.

2.While, as soon as he lets himself into the garden he begins barking until someone lets him out, and then he will do the same thing again.

3.The dog go so annoyed that he run away and never came back.
Judyy 发表于 2011-1-16 13:08:09
Lesson 59 In or out? 进来还是出去?

First listen and then answer the question.

听录音,然后回答以下问题。

Why did Rex run away?

Our dog, Rex, used to sit outside our front gate and bark. Every time he wanted to come into the garden he would bark until someone opened the gate. As the neighbours complained of the noise, my husband spent weeks training him to press his paw on the latch to let himself in. Rex soon became an expert at opening the gate. However, when I was going out shopping last week, I noticed him in the garden near the gate. This time he was barking so that someone would let him out! Since then, he has developed another bad habit. As soon as he opens the gate from the outside, he comes into the garden and waits until the gate shuts. Then he sits and barks until someone lets him out. After this he immediately lets himself in and begins barking again. Yesterday my husband removed the gate and Rex got so annoyed we have not seen him since.
Judyy 发表于 2011-1-16 13:09:26
bark[bɑ:k] v. 狗叫

press [pres]v. 按,压

paw [pɔ:] n. 脚爪

latch[lætʃ]n. 门闩

expert[ˈekspə:t]n. 专家

develop[diˈveləp]v. 养成

habit [ˈhæbit] n. 习惯

remove [riˈmu:v] v. 拆掉,取下
Judyy 发表于 2011-1-16 13:36:32
Because my husband removed the gate and he got so annoyed thatrun away.
Judyy 发表于 2011-1-16 13:38:37
becasue my husband removed the gate yeaterday and it made Rex so annoyed we have not seen him since then.
Judyy 发表于 2011-1-16 13:48:54
everytime i went to my hometown i was surprise at the changes.
Judyy 发表于 2011-1-16 13:49:44
he brought a present everytime he came to visit us.
Judyy 发表于 2011-1-16 14:04:22
please speak up so that the people sitting at the back can hear you.

can you hurry up a little so that we won't be late again?
lvsuoguo 发表于 2011-10-22 19:51:16
Do u keep any pets? Have u seen any pets that have strange habits?
tlsd001 发表于 2011-12-1 20:31:41
Lesson 59 In or out? 进来还是出去?

First listen and then answer the question.

听录音,然后回答以下问题。

Why did Rex run away?

Our dog, Rex, used to sit outside our front gate and bark. Every time he wanted to come into the garden he would bark until someone opened the gate. As the neighbours complained of the noise, my husband spent weeks training him to press his paw on the latch to let himself in. Rex soon became an expert at opening the gate. However, when I was going out shopping last week, I noticed him in the garden near the gate. This time he was barking so that someone would let him out! Since then, he has developed another bad habit. As soon as he opens the gate from the outside, he comes into the garden and waits until the gate shuts. Then he sits and barks until someone lets him out. After this he immediately lets himself in and begins barking again. Yesterday my husband removed the gate and Rex got so annoyed we have not seen him since.

bark[bɑ:k] v. 狗叫

press [pres]v. 按,压

paw [pɔ:] n. 脚爪

latch[lætʃ]n. 门闩

expert[ˈekspə:t]n. 专家

develop[diˈveləp]v. 养成

habit [ˈhæbit] n. 习惯

remove [riˈmu:v] v. 拆掉,取下
David007 发表于 2012-2-28 20:24:44
neighbours explained

until someone let him out

he got so annoyed and ran away
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