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Lesson 40 Food and talk 进餐与交谈

发布者: 雪狼 | 发布时间: 2006-4-24 16:36| 查看数: 23404| 评论数: 18|

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Lesson 40 Food and talk 进餐与交谈

First listen and then answer the question.

听录音,然后回答以下问题。

Was Mrs. Rumbold a good companion at dinner?

Last week at a dinner party, the hostess asked me to sit next to Mrs. Rumbold. Mrs. Rumbold was a large, unsmiling lady in a tight black dress. She did not even look up when I took my seat beside her. Her eyes were fixed on her plate and in a short time, she was busy eating. I tried to make conversation.

'A new play is coming to "The Globe" soon,' I said. 'Will you be seeing it?'

'No,' she answered.

'Will you be spending your holidays abroad this year?' I asked.

'No,' she answered.

'Will you be staying in England?' I asked.

'No,' she answered.

In despair, I asked her whether she was enjoying her dinner.

'Young man,' she answered, 'if you ate more and talked less, we would both enjoy our dinner!"

hostess  [ˈhəustis]  n. 女主人

unsmiling  [ʌnˈsmailiŋ]  adj. 不笑的,严肃的

tight  [tait]  adj. 紧身的

fix   [fiks]   v. 凝视

globe  [ɡləub]  n. 地球

despair  [disˈpɛə]  n. 绝望

在上星期的一次宴会上,女主人安排我坐在兰伯尔德夫人的身旁。兰伯尔德夫人是一位身材高大、表情严肃的女人,穿一件紧身的黑衣服。当我在她身旁坐下来的时候,她甚至连头都没有抬一下。她的眼睛盯着自己的盘子,不一会儿就忙着吃起来了。我试图找个话题和她聊聊。

“一出新剧要来‘环球剧场’上演了,”我说,“您去看吗?”

“不,”她回答。

“您今年去国外度假吗?”我又问。

“不,”她回答。

“您就呆在英国吗?”我问。

“不,”她回答。

失望之中我问她饭是否吃得满意。

“年轻人,”她回答说,“如果你多吃点,少说点,我们两个都会吃得好的!”

课堂笔记:

课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.next to, 挨着。

它既可以表示座位挨着也可以表示地理位置上挨着:

Who was the man sitting next to you during the meeting?

开会时坐在你旁边的那人是谁?

There's a field/shop next to our house.

我们家房子边上有一片田野/一个商店。

2.Mrs. Rumbold was a large, unsmiling lady in a tight black dress.兰伯尔德夫人是一位身材高大、表情严肃的女人,穿一件紧身的黑衣服。

(1)unsmiling的反义词为smiling(微笑的,喜气洋洋的)。有些形容词前面可以加上前缀un-来表示相反的意义:comfortable (舒服的)/uncomfortable(不舒服的),true(真实的)/untrue(不真实的), interesting(有趣的)/uninteresting(无趣味的,乏味的)。

(2)in在这里表示“穿着”、“戴着”:

A young man in a blue dress is inquiring for you.

有位穿蓝衣服的小伙子在找您。

3.take one's seat, 在指定的位置上就座。

take a seat表示“坐下”,比sit要正式:

Please take a seat.

请坐。

take one's seat则表示位置事先已安排好:

After everyone had taken his seat, the meeting/dinner party began.

大家各自就座后,会议/宴会便开始了。

4.Her eyes were fixed on her plate and in a short time, she was busy eating. 她的眼睛盯着自己的盘子,不一会儿就忙着吃起来了。

(1)fix最常用的意思为“使……固定”、“安装”:

she fixed a handle on the door.

她在门上安了个把手。

fix on的含义之一为“使(目光、注意力等)集中于”、“盯着”:

He fixed his eyes on the book, but he couldn't understand a word.

他的眼睛盯着那本书,但他一个字儿也没看懂。

(2)busy+ doing sth.表示“忙着做某事”, doing前可以加 in,也可以不加:

They are busy (in) repairing the car.

他们正忙着修车。

We're all busy getting ready for the performance.

我们都在忙着为演出进行准备。

5.If you ate more and talked less…如果你多吃点,少说点……

在并列句中,相同的句子成分(如主语、谓语、状语等)通常由同一词性的单词/词组表示,并且它们的长度也差不多,以保持句子的平衡性。在课文中的这句话中ate与talked对应,more与less对应。再如:

You can either go out or stay here.

你出去也行,呆在这里也行。

He wants to buy a lot of things, but he has little money.

他想买的东西很多,但他的钱很少。

语法 Grammar in use

第2类条件句

在第16课的语法中,我们学习了第1类条件句,它谈论将有可能发生的事情,并且考虑其将来的真实结果。它的一般形式如下所示:

You'll miss the train if you don't hurry.

你如果不抓紧时间会误了火车的。(主句用一般将来时,从句用一般现在时或其他形式的现在时)

第2类条件句的形式与第一类不同,if从句中用一般过去时,谈论想像的情况,主句用would +动词原形,推测想像的结果:

If it rained tomorrow, we'd stay at home.

如果明天下雨,我们将呆在家里。

尽管第2类条件句使用过去时,却并非指过去的时间,所以,if之后的过去时用法常被称为“非真实的过去”。

第2类条件句有时可以代替第1类条件句来描述颇有可能发生的事情,但比第1类条件句较为“无把握”。试比较:

不过第2类条件句经常用来描写完全不可能的事情:

If I had longer legs, I'd be able to run faster.

如果我的腿再长一点儿,我就能跑得更快了。

在最后一个例句中,the weather是单数,按语法规则,在正常的陈述句中它后面应为was而不是were。但在第2类条件句中,were比was更为正式,与真实情况的差别也更大:If he were/was ready, I would go.

如果他准备好了,我就去。

if I were you这种说法经常用于提出建议:

If I were you, I'd accept their offer.

如果我是你,我就接受他们的建议。

词汇学习 Word study

1.make vt., vi.

及物动词make的原义为“制造”,但它经常用于一些固定的结构,最常见的为make +(冠词)+名词形式。因名词的不同其含义也稍有不同:

I tried to make conversation.

我试图找个话题。

If you like, I'll make the beds this morning.

如果你愿意,今天早上我来铺床。

Don't make so much noise when I'm reading.

我看书时你(们)别这么吵闹。

He made a promise that he would return the books in a week.

他保证一星期后将书还回来。

If you make trouble again, I'll send you home.

你如果再捣蛋,我就把你送回家。

He works very hard, but he's made little progrss.

他很刻苦,但他进步甚小。

He makes a lot of money and he also spends a lot.

他挣钱多,花钱也多。

Can you make a speech for our students?

您能为我们的学生演讲一次吗?

I'm sorry to tell you that you've made a big mistake.

我很遗憾地告诉你,你犯了个大错误。

在表示“下定决心”、“拿定王意”时要用词组make up one's mind:

Have you made up your mind to set off tomorrow morning?

你已下定决心要明天早上出发了吗?

2.do vt.

与make一样,完全动词do也可以用于一些固定说法,它的含义比make要更笼统一些:

I had done my best, but I still failed in the exam.

我已经尽力而为了,但我考试还是没及格。

After you've done your homework, you can watch TV.

你做完作业后可以看电视。

Would you please do me a favour?

请帮个忙好吗?

I did a few jobs about the house.

我干了点家务活。

I did a lot of work around the house.

我干了许多家务活。

Can you do any more work today?

你今天还能再干点活吗?

We are asked to do Exercises 2 and 3 of Lesson 10.

我们得做第10课的第2项和第3项练习。

That shop does very good business.

那家商店的生意很好。

do 还可以与动名词连用:

We did all our shopping yesterday.

我们昨天把东西都买了。

I do a lot of swimming.

我常常游泳。

I did some reading this afternoon.

今天下午我读了点书。


最新评论

小骞 发表于 2009-3-12 12:44:35
本课语法点:虚拟语气
wenjing821124 发表于 2009-4-8 12:15:26
好好学英语呀 发表于 2009-4-18 11:03:56
[1_23]
好好学英语呀 发表于 2009-4-18 11:04:13
我要140[1_21]
mandarin-duck 发表于 2009-5-30 17:46:48
two difference character's person
nancymiao 发表于 2009-9-8 14:44:25
学习完了 明天接着雪
Judyy 发表于 2010-3-2 10:03:12
be busy doing something.
Judyy 发表于 2010-3-2 10:05:21
if you ate more and speaked less, we wouldboth enjoy our dinner.
tlsd001 发表于 2011-10-18 20:01:43
hostess[ˈhəustis]n. 女主人

unsmiling[ʌnˈsmailiŋ]adj. 不笑的,严肃的

tight[tait]adj. 紧身的

fix [fiks] v. 凝视

globe[ɡləub]n. 地球

despair[disˈpɛə]n. 绝望
280352728 发表于 2011-10-18 22:34:15
look up

look through

plate
tlsd001 发表于 2011-10-19 21:57:45
Lesson 40 Food and talk 进餐与交谈

First listen and then answer the question.

听录音,然后回答以下问题。

Was Mrs. Rumbold a good companion at dinner?

Last week at a dinner party, the hostess asked me to sit next to Mrs. Rumbold. Mrs. Rumbold was a large, unsmiling lady in a tight black dress. She did not even look up when I took my seat beside her. Her eyes were fixed on her plate and in a short time, she was busy eating. I tried to make conversation.

'A new play is coming to "The Globe" soon,' I said. 'Will you be seeing it?'

'No,' she answered.

'Will you be spending your holidays abroad this year?' I asked.

'No,' she answered.

'Will you be staying in England?' I asked.

'No,' she answered.

In despair, I asked her whether she was enjoying her dinner.

'Young man,' she answered, 'if you ate more and talked less, we would both enjoy our dinner!"
cici7979 发表于 2011-11-30 09:45:01
thankyou
cici7979 发表于 2011-12-1 09:22:41
thank you
cici7979 发表于 2011-12-1 09:24:14
thank you
cici7979 发表于 2011-12-10 09:00:54
thankyou
cici7979 发表于 2011-12-10 09:02:35
thankyou
wx664963 发表于 2014-11-29 13:04:17
what is the answer about the question, are anybody know, please answer
zujiang 发表于 2014-12-1 23:33:38
No,she was busying eat
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