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Lesson 39 Am I all right? 我是否痊愈?

发布者: 雪狼 | 发布时间: 2006-4-24 16:36| 查看数: 24365| 评论数: 24|

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Lesson 39 Am I all right? 我是否痊愈?

First listen and then answer the question.

听录音,然后回答以下问题。

Why did Mr. Gilbert telephone Dr. Millington?

While John Gilbert was in hospital, he asked his doctor to tell him whether his operation had been successful, but the doctor refused to do so. The following day, the patient asked for a bedside telephone. When he was alone, he telephoned the hospital exchange and asked for Doctor Millington. When the doctor answered the phone, Mr. Gilbert said he was inquiring about a certain patient, a Mr. John Gilbert. He asked if Mr. Gilbert's operation had been successful and the doctor told him that it had been. He then asked when Mr. Gilbert would be allowed to go home and the doctor told him that he would have to stay in hosptial for another two weeks. Then Dr. Millington asked the caller if he was a relative of the patient. 'No,' the patient answered, 'I am Mr. John Gilbert.'

operation  [ˌɔpəˈreiʃən]  n. 手术

successful   [səkˈsesful]   adj. 成功的

following  [ˈfɔləuiŋ]  adj. 下一个

patient  [ˈpeiʃənt]  n. 病人

alone  [əˈləun]  adj. 独自的

exchange  [iksˈtʃeindʒ]  n. (电话的)交换台

inquire   [inˈkwaiə]   v. 询问,打听

certain  [ˈsə:tn]  adj. 某个

caller   [ˈkɔ:lə]   n. 打电话的人

relative   [ˈrelətiv]   n. 亲戚

当约翰.吉尔伯特住院的时候,他问医生他的手术是否成功,但医生拒绝告诉他。第二天,这位病人要了一部床头电话。当房里只剩他一个人时,他挂通了医院的交换台,要求与米灵顿医生讲话。当这位医生接过电话时,吉尔伯特先生说他想询问一个病人的情况,是一位名叫约翰.吉尔伯特的先生。他问吉尔伯特先生的手术中否成功,医生告诉他手术很成功。然后他又问吉尔伯特先生什么时候可以回家,医生说他在医院还必须再住上两个星期。之后,米灵顿医生问打电话的人是否是病人的亲属。“不是,”病人回答说,“我就是约翰.吉尔伯特先生。”

课堂笔记:

课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.Am I all right?(标题)我是否痊愈?

all right 在不同的上下文中会有不同的含义。当指人的健康状况时,它可以表示“安然无恙的”、“良好的”:

I was not very well last week, but I feel all right now.

我上星期有点不舒服,不过我现在觉得好了。

2.… he asked his doctor to tell him whether his operation had been successful, but the doctor refused to do so.……他问医生他的手术是否成功,但医生拒绝告诉他。

whether引导的从句在句中作动词 tell 的直接宾语,是一个间接一般疑问句。(cf.本课语法

so在这里为代词,代替前面的动词不定式(在 to tell himwhether…)。它一般出现 believe, do, expect, hope, say, tell, think, appear等之后:

3.The following day, the patient asked for a bedside telephone. 第2天,这位病人要了一部床头电话。

(1)following 在这里相当于next,表示“紧接着的”、“其次的”。

(2)ask for 在这句话中表示“请求”、“要求(得到某个东西)”;在下一句话(…asked for Doctor Millington)中它表示“要求(某人)来(接电话)”。

4.…Mr.Gilbert said he was inquiring about a certain patient ,a Mr.John Gilbert.……吉尔伯特先生说他想询问一个病人的情况,是一位名叫约翰·吉尔伯特的先生。

(1)certain 在这里没有“肯定的”、“确实的”等含义,而表示“某一”、“某位”,暗指说话者或说话对象可能对这人/这事不大清楚/熟悉,或所指的这个人身份不大清楚:

Many years ago a certain doctor arrived in London.

许多年以前,有某个医生来到了伦敦。

(2)在第6课的语法中,我们提到姓名前不加冠词。但是,a/an有时可以用在称呼(Mr.,Mrs.,Miss等)前面,表示“我不认识的某某人”:

A Mr.Gilbert phoned and left a message for you.

一位姓吉尔伯特的先生给您打来电话并留了言。

这种情况下,a通常与表示“某一”的 certain 连用:

A certain Mrs.Hart is waiting to see you.

有位哈特夫人正等着见您。

5.He then asked when Mr.Gilbert would be allowed to go bome…然后他又问吉尔伯特先生什么时候可以回家……

would be allowed 为被动语态用于过去将来时。 when引导的从句为间接疑问词疑问句。(cf.本课语法)

6.for another two weeks,又两个星期。

another 作为限定词表示“另一个”、“再一个”的时候,通常与可数的单数名词连用,不和复数形式连用;但是后面可以跟基数

词/few+复数名词(它们被当成一个整体):

Do you need another cup of coffee?

你要不要再来一杯咖啡?

I need another three driving lessons before my test.

考试前我还需上3节驾驶课。

I need another few hours before I can finish my homework.

我还需几个小时才能做完作业。

语法 Grammar in use

间接引语:间接疑问句

在第15课的语法中,我们学习了间接引语的基本形式和间接陈述句的用法(包括时态变化等)。疑问句变为间接疑问句时有一些独特的规律。首先引号和问号不再使用。其次,直接疑问句中的倒装语序在转述疑问句里要还原为陈述句语序(主语+动词)。同时,如有必要,还需改变时态。

(1)间接一般疑问句

转述一般疑问句时必须使用if或 whether,不可省略。助动词do/does和did在转述疑问句里消失了:

ask, want to know, wonder 等后面的if和 whether通常可以互换,但是whether表示的怀疑程度比if稍大。

在表示两者挑一时更常用 whether:

She asked me whether I wanted tea or coffee.

她问我要茶还是要咖啡。转述疑问句中带有or not时,通常用 whether引导:

He wants to know whether or not we want dinner.

他想知道我们想不想吃饭。(不能用if or not)

(2)间接疑问词疑问句

在转述疑问词疑问句时,不加 whether或 if,通常用原来的疑问词。有时可以将一般疑问句转述为间接疑问词疑问句:

在针对主语提问的间接疑问句中,时态和情态助动词照常有变化,但语序保持不变:


最新评论

开心小屋 发表于 2007-11-22 23:07:35
这一课放不出来,是怎么回事啊?
2705 发表于 2007-12-25 15:11:52
听录音,然后回答以下问题。

Why did Mr. Gilbert telephone Dr. Millington?

Because he wanted to know if his operation had been successful.
小骞 发表于 2009-3-11 12:57:55
l have got it ,thank you very much
wenjing821124 发表于 2009-4-8 12:07:25
好好学英语呀 发表于 2009-4-17 17:37:05
[1_23]
好好学英语呀 发表于 2009-4-17 17:37:34
英语[1_21]
mandarin-duck 发表于 2009-5-30 17:33:40
学习了
nancymiao 发表于 2009-9-8 14:05:40
看完了 学习了
快乐小静 发表于 2010-1-31 23:19:51
Why did Mr.Gilbert telephone Dr. Millington?

He want to know if his operation had been successgul and when he would be allowed to go home.
li980988 发表于 2010-2-21 08:37:54
good place to learn english
语笑嫣然 发表于 2010-3-11 09:13:35
am i all right? i don't know.
Judyy 发表于 2010-3-23 12:39:58
While John Gilbert was in hospital, he asked his doctor to tell him whether his operation had been successful, but the doctor refused to do so. The following day, the patient asked for a bedside telephone. When he was alone, he telephoned the hospital exchange and asked for Doctor Millington. When the doctor answered the phone, Mr. Gilbert said he was inquiring about a certain patient, a Mr. John Gilbert. He asked if Mr. Gilbert's operation had been successful and the doctor told him that it had been. He then asked when Mr. Gilbert would be allowed to go home and the doctor told him that he would have to stay in hosptial for another two weeks. Then Dr. Millington asked the caller if he was a relative of the patient. 'No,' the patient answered, 'I am Mr. John Gilbert.
Judyy 发表于 2010-3-23 12:41:10
am i right? sure, i'm right.
lvsuoguo 发表于 2011-10-1 20:40:30
Dr. Millington didn't tell JG about his condition probably because JG is a pain in the neck.
tlsd001 发表于 2011-10-16 20:27:32

Lesson 39 Am I all right? 我是否痊愈?



First listen and then answer the question.

听录音,然后回答以下问题。

Why did Mr. Gilbert telephone Dr. Millington?

While John Gilbert was in hospital, he asked his doctor to tell him whether his operation had been successful, but the doctor refused to do so. The following day, the patient asked for a bedside telephone. When he was alone, he telephoned the hospital exchange and asked for Doctor Millington. When the doctor answered the phone, Mr. Gilbert said he was inquiring about a certain patient, a Mr. John Gilbert. He asked if Mr. Gilbert's operation had been successful and the doctor told him that it had been. He then asked when Mr. Gilbert would be allowed to go home and the doctor told him that he would have to stay in hosptial for another two weeks. Then Dr. Millington asked the caller if he was a relative of the patient. 'No,' the patient answered, 'I am Mr. John Gilbert.'
860677878 发表于 2011-10-17 21:18:42
学习中,谢谢
cici7979 发表于 2011-11-30 09:41:46
thankyou
cici7979 发表于 2011-11-30 09:43:22
thankyou
cici7979 发表于 2011-12-1 09:19:25
thank you
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