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Lesson 141 Sally's first train ride 萨莉第一次乘火车旅行

发布者: 雪狼 | 发布时间: 2006-7-13 09:02| 查看数: 32712| 评论数: 29|

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英音版录音



美音版录音



Lesson 141Sally's first train ride萨莉第一次乘火车旅行

Listen to the tape then answer this question.

Why was the mother embarrassed?

听录音,然后回答问题。为什么母亲感到很尴尬?

Last week, my four-year-old daughter, Sally, was invited to a children's party. I decided to take her by train.

Sally was very excited because she had never travelled on a train before.

She sat near the window and asked questions about everything she saw.

Suddenly, a middle-aged lady got on the train and sat opposite Sally.

‘Hello, little girl,’ she said.

Sally did not answer, but looked at her curiously.

The lady was dressed in a blue coat and a large, funny hat.

After the train had left the station, the lady opened her handbag and took out her powder compact. She then began to make up her face.

‘Why are you doing that?’Sally asked.

‘To make myself beautiful,’the lady answered.

She put away her compact and smiled kindly.

‘But you are still ugly,’Sally said.

Sally was amused, but I was very embarrassed!

New words and expressions 生词和短语

excited   [ik'saitid]   adj.兴奋的

get on  [get-oo   ['əʊ'əʊ]   登上

middle-aged   ['midl'eidʒd]  adj.中年的

opposite  ['ɔpəzit]  prep.在……对面

curiously   ['kjuəriəsli]   adv.好奇地

funny  ['fʌni]   adj.可笑的,滑稽的

powder  ['paudə]   n.香粉

compact  ['kɔmpækt]  n.带镜的化妆盒

kindly  ['kaindli]  adv.和蔼地

ugly  ['ʌgli]   adj.丑陋的

amused  [ə'mju:zd]   adj.有趣的

smile  [smail]   v.微笑

embarrassed  [im'bærəst]   adj.尴尬的,窘迫的

Notes on the text 课文注释

1 my four-year-old daughter, 我那4岁的女儿。

four-year-old是名词daughter的定语,常常用连字符连在一起,组成一个复合形容词。注意在这个复合词中仅用year,而不用复数。

2 Sally was invited to a children's party.

这是一个被动语态的例子。在英文中,如果想避免用含混不清的词(如someone等)作主语,常常可使用被动语态。被动语态由相应的be动词加上过去分词组成。

3 she had never travelled on a train before,

副词before通常用于完成时(现在完成时或过去完成时)的句子里,ago用在过去时的句子里。

4 be dressed in... , 穿戴着……。

5 make up her face, 往她的脸上施脂粉。

6 make myself beautiful, 把自己打扮漂亮。

参考译文

上周,我4岁的女儿萨莉被邀请去参加一个儿童聚会。我决定带她乘火车去。萨莉非常激动,因为她从未乘过火车。她靠车窗坐着,对她所看到的一切都要问个明白。突然,一个中年妇女上了火车,坐在萨莉的对面。“你好,小姑娘,”她说。萨莉没回答,却好奇地看着她。那位妇女穿着一件蓝色的大衣,戴着一顶大而滑稽的帽子。火车开出车站后,那位妇女打开了手提包,拿出了粉盒。然后她开始打扮起来。“你为什么要那样做呢?”萨莉问。“为了把自己打扮漂亮啊,”那位妇女答道。她放好了粉盒,慈祥地微笑着。“可是你仍然难看呀,”萨莉说。萨莉感到很有趣,而我却很尴尬。

[语法]

被动语态

英语动词有主动语态和被动语态之分。在主动句中,动词的主语是执行动作的人或物。在被动句中,主语是动作的承受者。

英语中表达感情的动词通常可用于被动式,这些动词如amuse,embarrass,worry,surprise,interest,upset等。

被动语态的构成:be+过去分词

过去分词不一定指过去,时态与be动词有关:

一般现在时:主+am/is/are+动词的过去分词

The car is repaired by my brother regularly.

一般过去时:主+was/were+动词的过去分词

She was dressed in red.

现在进行时:主+am/is/are+being+动词过去分词

The car is being repaired by them.

现在完成时:主+have/has+been+动词过去分词

The house has been built by them.

一般将来时:主+will+be+动词原形(如果是动词原形,下面例句里又不是原形,是用的动词的过去分词)

The thief will be caught by the policeman soon.

过去进行时:主+was/were+being+动词的过去分词

The house was being built by them at this time last year.

过去完成时:主+had+been+动词过去分词

They project had been finished by the end of last year.

情态动词:情态动词+be+动词过去式

The work must be finished before five o’clock.

英语中表达感情的动词通常可用于被动式,这些动词如amuse,embarras,worry,surprise,interest,upset等。

She is embarrassed.

They were worried.

Lesson 142  Someone invited Sally to a party.

有人邀请萨莉出席一个聚会。

Sally was invited to a party.

萨莉应邀出席一个聚会。

Listen to the tape and answer the questions.

听录音并回答问题。

New words and expressions 生词和短语

worried  ['wʌrid]  adj.担心,担忧

regularly  ['regjʊləli]  adv.经常地,定期地

Written exercises 书面练习

A Read the story in Lesson 141 again. Then answer these questions.

重读第141课的故事,然后回答以下问题。

1 How old is Sally?

2 Why did Sally's mother decide to take her by train?

3 Where did Sally sit?

4 Who got on the train?

5 How was the lady dressed?

6 What did the lady do?

7 Why did the lady make up her face?

8 Did Sally think the lady was beautiful?

B Answer these questions.

用主动语态和被动语态两种形式来回答以下问题。

Examples:

Does anyone ever open this window? Someone opens it regularly. It is opened regularly.

Does anyone ever open these windows? Someone opens them regularly. They are opened regularly.

1 Does anyone ever air this room?

2 Does anyone ever clean these rooms?

3 Does anyone ever empty this basket?

4 Does anyone ever sharpen this knife?

5 Does anyone ever turn on these taps?

6 Does anyone ever water these flowers?

7 Does anyone ever repair this car?

8 Does anyone ever dust this cupboard?

9 Does anyone ever correct these exercise books?

10 Does anyone ever shut this window?

C Answer these questions.

模仿例句回答以下问题。

Examples:

Did anyone open this window?

Someone opened it. It was opened this morning.

Did anyone open these windows?

Someone opened them. They were opened this morning.

1 Did anyone water these flowers?

2 Did anyone repair this car?

3 Did anyone dust this cupboard?

4 Did anyone correct these exercise books?5 Did anyone shut this window?

6 Did anyone buy these models?

7 Did anyone sweep this floor?

8 Did anyone take them to school?

9 Did anyone meet them at the station?

10 Did anyone tell them?


最新评论

shenghu9767 发表于 2008-2-16 10:54:19
网速好慢---
bestzhang 发表于 2009-11-27 08:22:51
Does anyone air this room?

Someone airs it regularly.It is aired regularly.

Did anyone air this room?

Someone aired it this morning.It was aired this morning.
零度水银 发表于 2010-1-23 19:59:15
现在看视频必须注册会员啦?
李晓丽 发表于 2010-2-11 09:38:10
被动语态 好难啊?
李晓丽 发表于 2010-2-11 09:38:24
被动语态 好难啊?
李晓丽 发表于 2010-2-11 09:38:40
被动语态 好难啊?
李晓丽 发表于 2010-2-11 09:39:45
To make myself happy every day .
yuxxlt 发表于 2010-4-12 11:04:57
apartment regularly

1.How old is Sally? She is four year old .

2.Why did Sally's mother decide to take her by train?

Because Sally had never travelled on a train and she wants to give her daughter a exciting

3.Where did Sally sit? She sat near the window of the train

4.Who got on the train? A middle-aged lady got on the train

5.How was the lady dressed? She was dressed in a blue coat and a large ,funny hat

6.What did the lady do? After the train had left the station.She was opened her handbag and took out her powder compact. She then began to make up her face.

7.Why did the lady make up her face? She wants to make herself beautiful

8.Did Sally think the lady was beautiful? No,Sally didn't think the lady was beautiful.She said the lady is still augly
yuxxlt 发表于 2010-4-12 11:20:21
1.Does anyone ever air this room? Someone airs it regularly. It is aired regularly

2.Does anyone ever clean these rooms? Someone cleans them regularly. They are cleaned regularly

3.Does anyone ever empty this basket? Someone empties it regularly. It is emptied regularly

4.Does anyone ever sharpen this knife?Someone sharpens it regularly.It's sharpened regularly

5.Does anyone ever turn on these taps? Someone turns on them regularly.They are turned on them regularly

6.Does anyone ever water these flowers?Someone waters them regularly.They are watered them regularly

7.Does anyone ever repair this car?Someone repairs it regularly.It is repaired regularly

8.Does anyone ever dust this cupboard?Someone dusts it regularly.It is dusted regularly'

9.Does anyone ever correct these exercise books?Someone corrects them regularly.They are corrected regularly

10.Does anyone ever shut this window?Someone shuts it regularly.It is shutted regularly
yuxxlt 发表于 2010-4-12 11:32:55
1.Did anyone water these flowers?Someone watered them regularly.They were watered regularly

2.Did anyone repair this car? Someone repaired it. It was repaired

3.Did anyone dust this cupboard?Someone dusted it. It was dusted

4.Did anyone correct these exercise books?Someone corrected them.They were corrected

5.Did anyone shut this window?Someone shutted it.It was shutted

6.Did anyone buy these models?Someone bought them.They were bought

7.Did anyone sweep this floor?Someone swept it. It was swept

8.Did anyone take them to school? Someone took them to school.They were taken to school

9.Did anyone meet them at the station? Someone met them at the station.They were met at the station

10.Did anyone tell them?Someone told them.They were told
yuxxlt 发表于 2010-4-12 11:33:13
1.Did anyone water these flowers?Someone watered them regularly.They were watered regularly

2.Did anyone repair this car? Someone repaired it. It was repaired

3.Did anyone dust this cupboard?Someone dusted it. It was dusted

4.Did anyone correct these exercise books?Someone corrected them.They were corrected

5.Did anyone shut this window?Someone shutted it.It was shutted

6.Did anyone buy these models?Someone bought them.They were bought

7.Did anyone sweep this floor?Someone swept it. It was swept

8.Did anyone take them to school? Someone took them to school.They were taken to school

9.Did anyone meet them at the station? Someone met them at the station.They were met at the station

10.Did anyone tell them?Someone told them.They were told
yuxxlt 发表于 2010-4-12 11:59:42
Why did Sally's mother feel emparrassed?Because her daughter said to the lady of the train was still augly.

Last week,my four-year-old daughter was invited to a children's party.I decideed to take her by train.She was very excited but she had never travelled on a brain before. She sat the near the window and asked questions about everythind she saw. Suddenly.A middle -aged lady got on the train and sat opposite Sally. Hello,little girl.she said. Sally didn't answer.but looked her curiously. The lady was dressed in a blue coat and a large,funnyhat.After the train had left the station. She opened her handbag and took out her powder compact.She then began to make up her face. 'Why are you doing that'?she asked .To make myself beautiful'she answered. She put away her compact and smiled kindly. But you are still augly. Sally was amused.but I was very emparrassed.
yuxxlt 发表于 2010-4-12 12:01:23
感觉和一般过去时会混合。还有就是过去分词的用法有点招架不住
lyan6666 发表于 2010-9-21 09:15:26
跳到最后
yuxxlt 发表于 2010-11-9 16:41:14
Sally's first travel

Last week,My four year old duaghter,Sally.was invited to a children's party. I decieded to take her by train. Sally was very excited because she was had never travelled on a train before. Sally sat near the window and asked questions about everything she saw. Suddenly, a middle aged lady got on the train and sat oppsite Sally. Hello,little girl.she said. Sally did not answer,but looked at her curiously. When the train had left the station. The lady took out her handbag and took out her powder compact . She then began to make up her face. Why are you doing that? Sally asked. To make myself beautiful. the lady answered. She put away her compact and smiled kindly. But you are still ugly.Sally said. Sally was amused,but I was very embarresed.
yuxxlt 发表于 2010-11-9 16:41:30
Sally's first travel

Last week,My four year old duaghter,Sally.was invited to a children's party. I decieded to take her by train. Sally was very excited because she was had never travelled on a train before. Sally sat near the window and asked questions about everything she saw. Suddenly, a middle aged lady got on the train and sat oppsite Sally. Hello,little girl.she said. Sally did not answer,but looked at her curiously. When the train had left the station. The lady took out her handbag and took out her powder compact . She then began to make up her face. Why are you doing that? Sally asked. To make myself beautiful. the lady answered. She put away her compact and smiled kindly. But you are still ugly.Sally said. Sally was amused,but I was very embarresed.
快乐小静 发表于 2011-1-17 08:17:07
Why was the mother embarrassed?

Because her daughter said that woman was ugly.
快乐小静 发表于 2011-1-17 08:24:14
A Read the story in Lesson 141 again. Then answer these questions.

重读第141课的故事,然后回答以下问题。

1 How old is Sally?

She is four years old.

2 Why did Sally's mother decide to take her by train?

Because she had never travelled on a train before.

3 Where did Sally sit?

She sat near a window.

4 Who got on the train?

A middle-aged lady got on the train.

5 How was the lady dressed?

She was dressed in a blue coat,and a large ,funny hat.

6 What did the lady do?

She opened her handbag and took out her powder campact.

7 Why did the lady make up her face?

She wanted to make up herself beautiful.

8 Did Sally think the lady was beautiful?

No,she didn't.
快乐小静 发表于 2011-1-17 08:37:48
本帖最后由 快乐小静 于 2011-1-17 08:41 编辑

用主动语态和被动语态两种形式来回答以下问题。

Examples:

Does anyone ever open this window? Someone opens it regularly. It is opened regularly.

Does anyone ever open these windows? Someone opens them regularly. They are opened regularly.

1 Does anyone ever air this room?

Someone airs this room regularly.It is aired regularly.

2 Does anyone ever clean these rooms?

Someone cleans these rooms reguarly.They are cleaned regularly.

3 Does anyone ever empty this basket?

Someone empties this basket regularly.It is emptied regularly.

4 Does anyone ever sharpen this knife?

Someone sharpens this knife regularly.It is sharpened regularly.

5 Does anyone ever turn on these taps?

Someone turns on these taps regularly.They are turned on regularly.

6 Does anyone ever water these flowers?

Someone waters these flowers regularly.They are watered regularly.

7 Does anyone ever repair this car?

Someone repairs this car regularly.It is repaired regularly.

8 Does anyone ever dust this cupboard?

Someone dusts this cupboard regularly.It is dusted regularly.

9 Does anyone ever correct these exercise books?

Someone corrects these exercise books regularly.

They are corrected regularly.


10 Does anyone ever shut this window?

Someone shuts this window regularly.It is shut regularly.
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