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Lesson 41 Penny's bag 彭妮的提包

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发表于 2006-6-25 18:13:47 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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Lesson 41Penny's bag彭妮的提包

Listen to the tape then answer this question. Who is the tin of tobacco for?

听录音,然后回答问题。那听烟丝是给谁买的?

SAM:Is that bag heavy, Penny?

PENNY:Not very.

SAM:Here! Put it on this chair. What's in it?

PENNY:A piece of cheese.

A loaf of bread.

A bar of soap.

A bar of chocolate.

A bottle of milk.

A pound of sugar.

Half a pound of coffee.

A quarter of a pound of tea.

And a tin of tobacco.

SAM:Is that tin of tobacco for me?

PENNY:Well, it's certainly not for me!

New words and expressions 生词和短语

cheese   [tʃi:z]   n. 乳酪,干酪


bread   [bred]   n. 面包


soap   [səup]   n. 肥皂


chocolate   [ˈtʃɔkəlit]  n. 巧克力


sugar   [ˈʃuɡə]  n. 糖


coffee   [ˈkɔfi]    [ n. 咖啡


tea   [ti:]    [ n. 茶


tobacco   [təˈbækəu]  n. 烟草,烟丝


Notes on the text 课文注释

1 Not very. 是“It is not very heavy.”的省略形式,常用于口语中。

2 a piece of, 一块,一张,一片,用在不可数名词前,表示数量,又如:a piece of bread, 一片面包。

本课表示数量的短语还有:

a loaf of, 一个;

a bar of, 一条;

a bottle of, 一瓶;

a pound of, 一磅;

half a pound of, 半磅;

a tin of, 一听。

参考译文

萨姆:那个提包重吗,彭妮?

彭妮:不太重。

萨姆:放在这儿。把它放在这把椅子上。里面是什么东西?

彭妮:一块乳酪、一块面包、一块肥皂、一块巧克力、一瓶牛奶、一磅糖、半磅咖啡、1/4 磅茶叶和一听烟丝。

萨姆:那听烟丝是给我的吗?

彭妮:噢,当然不会给我的!

01.gif

语法知识】

there is + 单数可数名词/不可数名词

--there are + 可数名词复数形式

当there be 后面跟几个并列名词时,我们要根据就近原则来确定be 的单得数形式。

--There is a pen and two books on the desk.

--There are two books and a pen on the desk.

2) some与any 都可接可数复数名词和不可数名词

--some一般用于肯定句中,any 用于否定和疑问句中

3)不可数名词没有复数形式,前面不可以加不定冠词“a” 或“an”.

4)一些量词的用法,表示复数概念要在量词本身起变化。

【裕兴笔记】

[单词讲解]

★cheese n. 乳酪,干酪(不可数名词)

--a piece of cheese 一块乳酪

--three pieces of cheese 三块乳酪

--There is some cheese on the plate. 在盘子里有一些乳酪。★bread n. 面包(不可数名词)

--a loaf of bread一块未切好的面包

--two loaves of bread 两大块面包

--a piece of bread 一片面包

--There are some pieces of bread on the plate. 在盘里有几片面包。 ★noodle 面条,一般常用复数形式noodles ★soupn. 汤(不可数名词)

soap bubble 肥皂泡★chocolate n.巧克力(不可数名词)

--a bar of chocolate 一块巧克力

--Are there four bars of chocolate in the box? 在盒子里有没有四块巧克力?

--Yes, there are.

--No, there aren’t.★sugarn. 糖(不可数名词)

--a pound of sugar 一磅白糖

--six pounds of sugar 六磅白糖

--some sugar 一些白糖

--sweets 糖果(Br.)

--candy糖果(Am.) ★coffeen. 咖啡(不可数名词)

--Is there any coffee in the cup?

--black coffee: coffee without milk 不加牛奶的咖啡

--white coffee 加牛奶的咖啡tean. 茶(不可数名词)

--There isn’t any tea in the cup. 茶杯里没有茶了.tobaccon. 烟草,烟丝(不可数名词)

--a tin of tobacco 一听烟丝★ cigaretten. 香烟(可数名词)

--a pack of cigarettes 一盒香烟[课文讲解]

1. Not very. 省略形式全句:It is not very heavy.

2. What’s in it? 里面有什么东西?在不知道里面有什么东西的情况下,我们一般用系动词单数形式is,而不用are.

--What is in your handbag? 你的手提包里是什么东西?(问的时候并不知道包里有些什么东西所以用单数)

--Three books. 三本书。3. half a pound of sth

--quarter1/4, 一刻钟,一个季度

--a quarter of… …的1/4

--a quarter of a pound 一磅的1/4(即1/4磅)

--a quarter of a pound of tea 1/4磅的茶叶

4. Is that tin of tobacco for me?

--for 给…, 为…(后面名词或代词宾格)

--This bottle of milk is for him. 这瓶牛奶是给他的。--certainly 当然

--of course

--surely (Am.)

5. It’s certainly not for me.

It’s of course not for me.

0.gif

Lesson 42  Is there a …in/on that…?

在那个……中/上有一个……吗?

Listen to the tape and answer the questions.

听录音并回答问题。

New words and expressions 生词和短语

bird  [bə:d]  n. 鸟


any   [ˈeni]    [det. 一些


some  [sʌm, səm]  det. 一些


Note on the text课文注释

some和any是英文中表示数量的限定词,它们一般不能精确地说明数量究竟有多大,在汉语中往往译为“一些”。some一般用于肯定句中,any一般用于不能确定答案是肯定还是否定的疑问句和含有not 或-n't的否定句中。

Written exercises书面练习

A Complete these sentences using a, any or some.

完成以下句子,用a, any或some填空。

Examples:

There's a photograph on the desk.

Is there any milk in the bottle?

There isn't any milk in the bottle.

There's some milk in that cup.

1 Is there ______bread in the kitchen?

2 There's ______loaf on the table.

3 There's ______coffee on the table, too.

4 There isn't ______chocolate on the table.

5 There's ______spoon on that dish.

6 Is there ______soap on the dressing table?

B Write questions and answers using these words.

模仿例句提问并回答。

Examples:

passport/on the table

Is there a passport here?

Yes, there is. There's are on the table.

bread/on the table

Is there any bread here?

Yes, there is. There's some on the table.

1 spoon/on the plate

2 tie/on the chair

3 milk/on the table

4 hammer/on the bookcase

5 tea/on the table

6 vase/on the radio

7 suit/in the wardrobe

8 tobacco/in the tin

9 Chocolate/on the desk

10 cheese/on the plate

上一篇:Lesson 39 Don't drop it! 别摔了!
下一篇:Lesson 43 Hurry up! 快点!

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发表于 2007-9-22 14:02:08 | 显示全部楼层
They are uncountable nouns.

An uncountable noun is marked in the dictionary.

In front of an uncountable noun,there should be "some"in stead of"a" or "an".

a loaf of bread,two loafs of bread

a pound of tea,a quarter of a pound of coffee

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发表于 2007-11-23 16:36:52 | 显示全部楼层
uncountable noun:

cheese/bread/soap/chocolate/milk/sugar/coffee/tea/tobacco.

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发表于 2008-4-18 23:47:02 | 显示全部楼层
学习 完毕!

uncountable noun:

cheese,bread,milk,soap,sugar,coffee,chocolater,tea,tobacco

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小学二年级

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发表于 2008-8-5 11:49:26 | 显示全部楼层

有点难了

a plece of cheese aloaf of breada bar of soapa bar of chocolatea bottle of milk

a pound of sugar half a pound of coffeea quarter of a pound of tea

a tin of tobacco

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发表于 2008-8-5 22:29:19 | 显示全部楼层

Penny's bag

Is that bag very heavy ,Penny?

No,not very.

Here.Put it on the chair.What't in it?

A piece of cheese,a loaf of bread, a bar of soap, a bar of chocolate,a pount of sugar,

half a pound of coffee,a quarter of pound of tea,a tin of tobacco.

Is that tin of tobacco for me?

Well,it's cirtainly not for me.

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小学二年级

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发表于 2008-11-24 16:06:04 | 显示全部楼层
a quarter of a pound of tea; a quarter of a pound of tea.

over.

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小学二年级

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发表于 2008-11-24 16:08:03 | 显示全部楼层
SAM:Is that tin of tobacco for me?

PENNY:Well, it's certainly not for me!

Is that tin of tabacco for me? Well,it's certainly not for me!

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发表于 2009-4-22 09:44:07 | 显示全部楼层
Lesson 41 Penny's bag.

Is that bag heavy,Penny?

Not very.

Here,put it on this chair.What's in it?

A piece of cheese.

A loaf of bread.

A bar of soap.

A bar of chocolate.

A bottle of milk.

A pound of sugar.

Halp a pound of coffee.

A quarter of a pound of tea.

And a tin of tobacco.

Is that tin of tobacco for me?

Well,it's certainlly not for me.

Over ,thanks.

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发表于 2009-6-5 15:06:17 | 显示全部楼层
What did you eat this morning?

I ete a piece of bread and drand some milk.
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