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Lesson 31 Where's Sally? 萨莉在哪里?

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发表于 2006-6-25 17:59:55 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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Lesson 31Where's Sally?萨莉在哪里?

Listen to the tape then answer this question. Is the cat climbing the tree?

听录音,然后回答问题。猫正在爬树吗?

JEAN:Where's Sally, Jack?

JACK:She's in the garden, Jean.

JEAN:What's she doing?

JACK:She's sitting under the tree.

JEAN:Is Tim in the garden, too?

JACK:Yes, he is. He's climbing the tree.

JEAN:I beg your pardon?Who's climbing the tree?

JACK:Tim is.

JEAN:What about the dog?

JACK:The dog's in the garden, too.It's running across the grass. It's running after a cat.

New words and expressions 生词和短语

garden   [ˈɡɑ:dn]  n. 花园

under   [ˈʌndə]  prep. 在……之下

tree   [tri:]   n. 树

climb   [klaim]  v. 爬,攀登

who   [hu:, hu]  pron. 谁

run   [rʌn]   v. 跑

grass    [ɡrɑ:s]  n. 草,草地

after   [ˈɑ:ftə]   prep. 在……之后

across   [əˈkrɔs]   prep. 横过,穿过

cat    [kæt]  n. 猫

Notes on the text课文注释

1 在英文中表示说话时正在进行的动作或事件,要用动词的现在进行时。现在进行时由be的现在时加上现在分词组成,如课文中的“She's sitting under the tree.”和“He's climbing the tree.”等句子均为现在进行时。对大多数动词来说,在动词后面直接加-ing即可组成现在分词,如doing, climbing。对以-e结尾的动词,要去掉-e,再加-ing,如making。如果动词只有一个元音字母,而其后跟了一个辅音字母时,则需将辅音字母双写,再加-ing,如running, sitting。

2 What about the dog? 那么狗呢?这句话的意思是What is the dog doing in the garden? 为了避免重复原句中的主语和谓语动词,可以用What about这个结构,用来询问情况。

3 run after, 追逐。

例:Look, Sally is running after her Mum. 瞧,萨莉正在追赶她的母亲。

参考译文

琼:杰克,萨莉在哪儿?

杰克:她在花园里,琼。

琼:她在干什么?

杰克:她正在树荫下坐着。

琼:蒂姆也在花园里吗?

杰克:是的,他也在花园里。他正在爬树。

琼:你说什么?谁在爬树?

杰克:蒂姆在爬树。

琼:那么狗呢?

杰克:狗也在花园里。它正在草地上跑,在追一只猫。

01.gif

【笔记】

gardenn. 花园

in the garden garden → gardeningbank → bankinghouse → housinghousekeeping & garding家居与园艺

underprep. 在……之下 (正下方)

treen. 树 under the tree / wall / chairbelow 低于over 悬空的正上方on 有表面的接触

climb [klaim] . v. 爬,攀登 .climb the tree m是鼻音,而b是爆破音,爆破音失去爆破。

whopron. 谁 .who is talking?

runv. 跑 . .running shoes 跑鞋

vt. 经营,管理(跑生意,跑买卖)

run the business. 经营生意。

He runs a school. 他经营着一所学校。

He is running a business in China. 他在中国做生意。

grass [grɑ:s] .n. 草,草地

afterprep. 在……之后 keep off the grass勿践踏草地after you = you first,please.

acrossprep. 横过,穿过 实义动词 + across(介词)

cross n. 十字架,十字路口v. 穿越 Red Cross 红十字会

Tim is crossing the street.Tim正在穿越马路。run across the street 跑过马路

I cross my hart.我保证,我发誓。

I just crossed my fingers.我只不过是运气好。

catn. 猫 care kills cat. 忧虑伤身。

It’s raining cats & dogs. 倾盆大雨。

★climbv. 爬,攀登

① v. 攀登,攀爬(树、山等)

② v. 逐步上升(增长)

The temperature is climbing steadily. 温度正在慢慢地平稳上升。

The price of gold climbed back.金价逐渐回升了。

③ v. (在社会地位等方面)往上爬

He is trying hard to climb to the top of the social ladder. 他正努力爬到社会的最顶层。

He has climbed to a very high position in his field. 他已在自己的领域中爬到了一个很高的位置。

★runv. 跑

① v. 跑,奔跑

run across the grass:跑过草地

② v. 流动;流出

The current is running strong.水流湍急。

Her eyes ran with tears.她落泪了。

③ v. 追赶;追逐;追求

run after:追逐

Many young men are running after that girl. 许多年轻人在追求那个姑娘。

语法知识】

时态:共16种时态,时态是通过动词变化来实现的。

现在进行时:

1、概念

① 此时引刻 → 表示现在正在进行或者发生的动作或事情

I am reading an english book.

We are having english class now.

② 现阶段 → 表示现阶段正在进行或发生,但说话的此刻动作不一定进行

I am writing a book. 我最近正在写一本书。

He is waiting for rhw visa. 他最近正在等签证。

③ 接近的未来 → 表示即将发生的动作(多用于移动性动词即点动词,也叫瞬间动词,并且后面要加将来的时间)。

瞬间动词:go、come、return、move、die、leave …

He is dying. 他奄奄一息,快要不行了。

I am leaving. 我要走了。

Coming. = I’m coming.有人敲门时,屋内的人常回应I’m coming,意思是马上去开门,请稍等,口语中省去了I’m。

come in.come on in. 请进。

2、结构:

肯定句:S. + be + v.-ing

否定句:S. + be + not + v.-ing

一般疑问句:Be + S. + v.-ing ?

回答:Yes, S. + be/ No, S. + be + not

特殊疑问句:What + be + S. + v.-ing?

3、动词变化:

① 直接在动词后 + ing. read → reading

② 以“e”结尾的动词去“e”+ ing.

③ 以一个元音字母和一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词,双写该辅音字母 + ing.shut → shuttingrun → running

观察plan(制定计划)和plane(刨)这两个单词,如果plan直接加ing的话,则与去“e”+ ing的plane的变化完全一样了,为了避免这种情况发生,对于这种以一个元音字母和一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词都双写该辅音字母 + ing。

sharpen有两个音节,重读在第一个音节上,所以虽然也是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母结尾的,但不是重读闭音节 sharpening。

begin [bi'gin] 重读音节在后,beginning。

4、时间:now

【裕兴笔记】

[语法知识]

现在进行时

构成:be+ doing (do表示实义动词)

用途:

1)此时此刻正在进行或发生的动作,时间状语一般用now, at the moment.

--Jane is reading a book now. 简正在读一本书。

--My father is watching TV at the moment. 我的爸爸正在看电视。

2)现阶段的一段时间正在进行或发生的动作,但说话的此刻,动作不一定正在进行着,时间状语通常是recently, these days.

--What are you doing recently? 你最近忙些什么?

--I am studying English at a school.我目前在学校学英语。

--He is making the plan these days. 这段时间他一直忙着他的计划书。

3)现在进行时后面加一个表示将来的时间状语,比如,tomorrom, soon 等等,就可以表示将来的一种打算。

--I am seeing my friend this afternoon. 今天下午我要去见我的朋友。

结构: be + v.+ing

--be 随人称变化(am, is, are)

1) She is reading a newspaper now. 她正在读报纸。

2)His brother is climbing the tree. 他弟弟正在爬树。

3)They are watching TV. 他们正在看电视。

4) I am putting on my coat. 我正在穿外套。

5)We are looking at the cat. 我们在看那只猫。

疑问句把系动词提前

1)—Is she reading a newspaper?

--Yes, She is.

--No, she isn’t.

2)--Is his brother climbing the tree?

-- Yes, he is.

-- No, he isn’t.

3)—Are they watching TV?

--Yes, they are.

--No, they aren’t

4)—Are you putting on your coat?

--Yes, I am.

--No, I’m not.

否定句在系动词后面加not

1)—She is not reading a newspaper.

2)—His brother isn’t climbing the tree.

3)—They aren’t watching TV.[课文讲解]

Is Tim in the garden, too?

否定句:Tim isn’t in the garden, either.

--who引导特殊疑问句

--who is running? 谁在跑?

--Who is sitting under the tree? 谁坐在树下。

Tim is. = Tim is (climbing the tree).

--Who is your teacher? Wendy is (our teacher)

--what about + n. / (v. +ing) ?那…怎么样?

--What about = How about

--about 是介词,后面必须加词或具有名词性的词。

--Would you like some coffee? 想喝点咖啡吗?

--No, thank you.

--What about some milk? / What about drinking some milk?那么牛奶怎么样?

--across 在表面上横着穿过

--They are running across the street. 他们横着跑过街道。

--She is swimming across the river. 她正在横着游过江。 0.gif

Lesson 32What's he/she/it doing?他/她/它正在做什么?

Listen to the tape and answer the questions.

听录音并回答问题。

New words and expressions生词和短语

type   [taip]   v. 打字

letter   [ˈletə]   n. 信

basket   [ˈbɑ:skit]   n. 篮子

eat    [i:t]  v. 吃

bone   [bəun]   n. 骨头

clean    [kli:n]  v. 清洗

tooth    [tu:θ]  (复数teeth [ti:θ]) n. 牙齿

cook    [kuk]  v. 做(饭菜)

milk    [milk]  n. 牛奶

meal    n. 饭,一顿饭

drink   [driŋk]   v. 喝

tap    [tæp]  n. (水)龙头

Written exercises书面练习

A Complete these sentences.

模仿例句把祈使句改写成现在进行时。

Example:

Sweep the floor! She is sweeping it.

1 Open the window! He ______.

2 Sharpen this pencil! She ______.

3 Dust the cupboard! She ______.

4 Empty the basket! She ______.

5 Look at the picture! He ______.

B Write questions and answers.

模仿例句提问并回答。

Example:

Nicola/emptying the basket/typing a letter

What is Nicola doing?

Is she emptying the basket?

No, she isn't emptying the basket.

She's typing a letter.

1 Mr. Richards/cleaning his teeth/opening the window.

2 My mother/shutting the door/making the bed

3 The dog/drinking its milk/eating a bone

4 My sister/reading a magazine/looking at a picture

5 Emma/dusting the dressing table/cooking a meal

6 Amy/making the bed/sweeping the floor

7 Tim/reading a magazine/sharpening a pencil

8 The girl/turning on the light/turning off the tap

9 The boy/cleaning his teeth/putting on his shirt

10 Miss Jones/putting on her coat/taking off her coat


上一篇:Lesson 29 Come in, Amy. 进来,艾米。
下一篇:Lesson 33 A fine day 晴天

该用户从未汇报

发表于 2007-5-28 23:39:07 | 显示全部楼层

怎么没有前30课呢

这正式我所需要的好东东,可是为什么没有前面的30课呢?

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发表于 2007-9-12 20:41:58 | 显示全部楼层
be doing

What is Miss Jones doing?

Is she putting on her coat?

No,she isn't putting on her coat.

She is taking off her shirt.

该用户从未汇报

发表于 2007-10-20 07:25:38 | 显示全部楼层

Lesson thirty-one

JEAN:Where's Sally, Jack?

JACK:She's in the garden, Jean.

JEAN:What's she doing?

JACK:She's sitting under the tree.

JEAN:Is Tim in the garden, too?

JACK:Yes, he is. He's climbing the tree.

JEAN:I beg your pardon?Who's climbing the tree?

JACK:Tim is.

JEAN:What about the dog?

JACK:The dog's is the garden, too.It's running across the grass. It's running after a cat

该用户从未汇报

发表于 2008-4-10 18:39:05 | 显示全部楼层
又搞定一课

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发表于 2008-7-11 19:29:00 | 显示全部楼层
我又学习了.3Q!

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发表于 2008-11-19 21:41:49 | 显示全部楼层
学习时态了...GOOD

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发表于 2008-11-20 11:15:39 | 显示全部楼层
谢谢!楼主

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发表于 2008-12-8 12:31:11 | 显示全部楼层
where is sally

she is setting under the tree i beg upardon?what about the dog it is running across the grass ?ihe is clam in the tree ?it is running across the catshe is setting the gardan,he is climing the tree,th

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发表于 2008-12-11 00:20:30 | 显示全部楼层
The dog's is the garden, too

是不是应该是: Thedogisinthegarden .too
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