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Lesson 29 Come in, Amy. 进来,艾米。

发布者: 雪狼 | 发布时间: 2006-6-25 17:56| 查看数: 44668| 评论数: 52|

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Lesson 29Come in, Amy.进来,艾米。

Listen to the tape then answer this question. How must Amy clean the floor?

听录音,然后回答问题。艾米需要如何来清扫地面?

MRS.JONES:Come in, Amy.

MRS.JONES:Shut the door, please.

MRS.JONES:This bedroom's very untidy.

AMY:What must I do, Mrs.Jones?

MRS.JONES:Open the window and air the room.

MRS.JONES:Then put these clothes in the wardrobe.

MRS.JONES:Then make the bed.

MRS.JONES:Dust the dressing table.

MRS.JONES:Then sweep the floor.

New words and expressions 生词和短语

shut   [ʃʌt]  v. 关门

bedroom   [ˈbedru:m]   n. 卧室

untidy   [ʌnˈtaidi]   adj. 乱,不整齐

must   [mʌst, məst]   modal verb 必须,应该

open    [ˈəupən]  v. 打开

air   [ɛə]  v. 使……通风,换换空气

put   [put]    v. 放置

clothes   [kləuðz]   n. 衣服

wardrobe  [ˈwɔ:drəub]  n. 大衣柜

dust   [dʌst]   v. 掸掉灰尘

sweep    [swi:p]   v. 扫

Notes on the text 课文注释

1 英文中需用祈使语气来表示直接的命令、建议、告诫、邀请等多种意图。祈使句一般省略主语you, 动词采用动词的原形。如本课对话中的Come in, shut the door, open the window…等均为祈使句。

2 What must I do? 我应该做些什么呢?其中的must是情态动词,表示不可逃避的义务或不可推卸的责任。

3 make the bed, 铺床。

参考译文

琼斯夫人:进来,艾米。

琼斯夫人:请把门关上。

琼斯夫人:这卧室太不整洁了。

艾 米:我应该做些什么呢,琼斯夫人?

琼斯夫人:打开窗子,给房间通通风。

琼斯夫人:然后把这些衣服放进衣橱里去。

琼斯夫人:再把床整理一下。

琼斯夫人:掸掉梳妆台上的灰尘。

琼斯夫人:然后扫扫地。

【笔记】

★untidyadj. 乱,不整齐

un- 前缀,表示否定;tidyadj. 整齐的,干净的

happy → unhappy不幸福的

lucky → unlucky不幸的

known → unknown未知的

★airv. 使 … 通风,换换空气

① n. 空气,新鲜空气

Let’s go out and breathe some fresh air.

② n. 空中,空间

He likes to stay in the open air.他喜欢在户外呆着。

③ v. 晾(衣服、被褥等);使通风

Leave the trousers on the washing-line to air. 把裤子挂到晾衣绳上去晾干。

★dustv. 掸掉灰尘土

★sweepv. 用笤帚扫地

dust v. 掸掉……上的灰尘; n. 灰尘

clearadj. 清晰的v. 清除

cleanadj. 清洁的,干净的v. 使……干净(不管用什么方法)

cleansev. 用水彻底把……弄干净

wipev. 用抹布去擦

语法知识】

一、情态动词:

1 情态动词表示人的情感、状态或情绪变化的一种助动词,它本身具有实际意义。

2 情态动词不能单独做谓语,只能和后面的原形动词一起构成谓语。

3 情态动词没有人称和数格的变化。

4 含有情态动词的句子,否定句在它后面加not,一般疑问句把它提前。

二、情态动词must的用法:

must是情态动词,表示“必须”、“应当”,与have to相似,表示不可逃避的义务。在说话人看来,没有选择的余地。但must带有个人色彩,表示说话人的主观意图。表示个人感情时通常用must。

You must…(你必须……)表示说话人说/认为……是必要的。

You must open the window.

You mustn't open the window?

Must I open the window?

Yes, you must.

No, you needn't.

【裕兴笔记】

1. Come in , Amy.

这是一句祈使句,祈使句一般省略主语“you”,动词要用原形。祈使句用来表示直接的命令,建议,告戒或邀请等多种意图。

--Go and buy some new clothes. 去买些新衣服。

祈使句的否定句就是在祈使句前面加个“don’t”.

--Don’t open the door!

--Don’t give me this magazine. 不要给我这本杂志。

--Don’t put your dress on the bed. 不要把你的连衣裙放在床上。

2. What must I do, Mrs. Jones? 我必须做些什么呢?

这句话即有情态动词must又有实意动词do.实义动词是指有实在意义的动词,如:eat (吃),drink( 喝)。

含有系动词be的特殊疑问句的结构(系动词+be+主语)

含有实义动词的特殊疑问句的结构:特殊疑问词+助动词或情态动词+主语+谓语

--What must I do?

--what: 特殊疑问词

--must: 情态动词

--I:主语

--do:谓语

--What must he do ?

--Then put these clothes in the wardrobe. 然后把这些衣服放进衣柜里。

--then 表示“然后”

--Eat some bread, then drink some water. 吃些面包,然后喝些水。

--put sth + 介词短语

--put the trousers one the bed.

Lesson 30What must I do?我应该做什么?

Listen to the tape and answer the questions.

听录音并回答问题。

New words and expressions 生词和短语

empty   [ˈempti]  v. 倒空,使……变空

read   [ri:d]   v. 读

sharpen   [ˈʃɑ:pən]   v. 削尖,使锋利

put on   [put][ɔn]   穿上

take off    [teik][ɔf]  脱掉

turn on    [tə:n] [ɔn]  开(电灯)

turn off    关[tə:n][ɔf]  (电灯)

Written exercises书面练习

A Rewrite these sentences.

模仿例句写出相应的祈使句。

Example:

The cup isn't empty. Empty it!

1 The window isn't clean.

2 The door isn't shut.

3 The wardrobe isn't open.

B Look at this table:

注意下表:

Now write eleven sentences.

模仿下面的例句写出11句表示命令的句子。

Example:

Shut the door!

最新评论

cleo 发表于 2007-2-1 21:36:08
学习完毕~~~~~~~
艾米 发表于 2007-2-1 21:56:45
This is lesson soundsinteresting.I am Amy .Now i am come in here.
莫莫 发表于 2007-9-12 19:59:02
open the wardrobe

clean the window

put on you coat

turn on the stereo

sweep the floor

empty the bottle

dust the dressing table

give me a cup of tea

make the bed

read the magazine

sharpen the pencil
sxy81811 发表于 2008-7-10 11:26:23
学习完毕
akita_817 发表于 2008-11-18 21:55:45
学习完毕!!![1_53]
妮儿 发表于 2008-12-10 23:50:40
先温习上一课
catherineR 发表于 2009-4-3 13:16:04
catherine is here .
bestzhang 发表于 2009-4-13 08:53:30
1. Open the window.

2. Shut the wardrobe.

3. Sharpen these pencils.

4. Put on the shirt.

5. Take off the shoes.

6. Turn on the television.

7. Turn off the electric cooker.

8. Clean the bedroon.

9. Empty the box.

10.Full the cup.

11.Mop the floor.

12.Dust the dressing table.
赵金龙 发表于 2009-6-5 10:29:13
I must do many work in the morning.

Wash my face, clean the teeth, eat breakfirst.

Make the bea, dust the living-room sweep the floor,wash the plates...

then go to work.
seafoods 发表于 2009-6-16 20:43:20
I like here
hgh1239740 发表于 2009-6-16 21:14:17
empty the glassempty the cup empty the bottle empty the box

turn on your coat turn on your shirtturn on your blouse

take off your shoestake off your watchtake off your tie

sweep the floormop the floor

Dust the tabledust the desk dust the shelves

clean the windowclean the table

turn on your stereoturn on your light

sharpen these pencilssharpen these knives

1\clean the window please

2\shut the door please

3\open the window please
hgh1239740 发表于 2009-6-16 21:19:39
my kitchen is very untidy

i must clean the cooker

then empty the cup

then wash the bowl

then sweep the floor
hgh1239740 发表于 2009-6-16 21:24:56
xia:come in MS.wanglu,please

wang lu:what mush i do ,Ms.xia

xia:this living room's very untidy

open your window and air the room

then clean the armchairl and clean the table

then empty the cup

then sweep the floor
hgh1239740 发表于 2009-6-16 21:32:22
my son's bedroom's very untidy

i mustopen the window and air the room

then make the bed

then put his clothes in the wardrobe

then clean the desk

then sweep the floor
hgh1239740 发表于 2009-6-16 21:38:27
my son's bedroom's very untidy

i must oen the window and air the room

then make the bed

then put these clothes in the wardrobe

Dust the desk and the chairl

then sweep the floor
hgh1239740 发表于 2009-6-16 21:58:04
take off your dirty coat,please
seafoods 发表于 2009-6-18 21:09:39
shut the door ,open the window , air the room , make the bed ,dust the dressing table ,sweep the floor , turn on the light ,turn off the tap ,put on the jacket , take off the pajamas , cook the meal , go home , watchTV,wash the bowl
seafoods 发表于 2009-6-19 11:10:56
Lesson Twenty-nine .Coming Amy .

Listen to the tap then answer this question. What must Amy clean the floor ?

Coming Amy .Shut the door ,please . This bedroom's very untidy . What must I do ,Mrs. Jones.

Open the window and air the room . Then put these clothes in the wardrobe . Then make the bed .

Dust the dressing table ,Then sweep the floor .
hgh1239740 发表于 2009-6-24 09:12:01
turn on the television please

give me a cup of tea please

give some apples please
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