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BBC新闻讲解附字幕:大雪导致英国交通混乱(2009-12-26)

发布者: NCE1-Mary | 发布时间: 2009-12-27 08:16| 查看数: 1904| 评论数: 2|



Don’t Leave Home 最好别出门

If you are thinking about coming to Britain for Christmas, it might be a good idea to think again.

That’s because thousands of Christmas travellers have been stranded in the UK as adverse weather conditions caused massive disruption to the transport infrastructure.

Roads, railway lines and airports have been closed as blizzard conditions have swept across the UK, leaving people stuck in their homes or even their cars.

Some of the worst affected travellers are those who had hoped to take the Channel Tunnel rail service to France and Belgium.

Eurostar, the company that operates the service was forced to cancel all trains for three days after extreme weather in France caused trains to break down, leaving some passengers trapped under the English Channel for up to 16 hours.

In parts of England hundreds of motorists were forced to abandon their vehicles, as black ice and drifting snow turned the roads into slippery toboggan runs.

Police and transport agencies have warned travellers to avoid making any non-essential journeys to reduce the "mayhem" that has been seen on British roads.

Gritters and snow ploughs are working overtime to keep the roads clear but for many people around the country the Christmas holidays have come early this year.

And for every frustrated traveller who just wants to get home, there is probably a delighted child, whose school has been closed early.

So with more bad weather forecast, if you are absolutely determined to come to the UK over the Christmas then you ought to wrap up warm, pack your snowshoes and even bring a sledge.

如果你在考虑到英国度过圣诞节,最好再考虑一下。

因为英国出现极端恶劣的天气,对当地交通设施造成巨大破坏,已有数千名圣诞游客被困英国。

由于英国各地冰天雪地,道路,铁路和机场均已关闭,人们被困家中,甚至被困车上。

受影响最严重的是希望通过英吉利海峡隧道前往法国和比利时的人。

法国的极端天气导致火车损坏,该高速铁路运营者欧洲之星(Eurostar)被迫取消三天之内所有车次,乘客被困在英吉利海峡隧道下长达16小时。

在英格兰的部分地区,厚厚的冰冻和飘飞的雪花使道路成为滑雪跑道,数百名驾车者被迫弃车步行。

警方和交通部门提醒游人避免非必要的旅行,减少英国道路上发生的尴尬状况。

铺砂机和除雪车都超时工作,确保道路畅通,但是对于英国的许多人来说,今年的圣诞季节提早到来。

对于那些急切地想要回家的人来说,他们家中可能有一个非常高兴的孩子,因为学校已经关闭。

天气预报接下来天气状况依然恶劣,如果你真的下定决心一定要在圣诞期间来英国,那你一定要注意保暖,穿上雪鞋,甚至带上雪橇。

1.adverse a.不利的,敌对的,相反的,逆的

例句:The expedition encountered adverse weather conditions.

探险队遇到了不利的气候条件。

The plane's onward movement was slowed by adverse winds.

飞机前进的速度因逆风而减慢。

2.disruption n.分裂,崩溃,瓦解

3.abandon vt.抛弃,离弃,遗弃;放弃

例句:She abandoned herself to despair.

她陷入绝望之中。

He abandoned his wife and child.

他遗弃了他的妻子和孩子。

4.slippery a.滑的,光滑的,靠不住的,圆滑的,不稳固的,含糊的

例句:The accident was caused by slippery roads.

意外因路滑而引起。

5.overtime a.超时的,加班的

例句:He worked overtime to make up for his lateness for work.

他加班以补偿上班迟到。

6.absolutely ad.完全地,绝对地,正是如此

例句:I’m absolutely iron-bound determined to be famous.

我已经横下一条心要名扬天下。

1.If you are thinking about coming to Britain for Christmas, it might be a good idea to think again.

it might be a good idea to,做……是个好主意,实际上是表示建议,相当于you'd better,你最好……

2.Roads, railway lines and airports have been closed as blizzard conditions have swept across the UK, leaving people stuck in their homes or even their cars.

leaving+宾语,宾语补足语

在英语中有些及物动词,接了宾语意义仍不完整,还需要有一个其他的句子成分,来补充说明宾语的意义、状态等,称为宾语补足语,简称宾补。

比如说:

I heard Jean singing this morning.

句子中的Jean显然是宾语。但是主语I听到的并不是Jean,而是Jean singing。singing 是句子中的宾语补足语。它和宾语之间是逻辑上的主谓关系,也就是说从逻辑上来讲,是Jean执行了singing的动作。

句子中的singing是现在分词做宾语补足语。能够充当宾补的还有宾语补足语的大致有:不定式,现在分词,过去分词,形容词,副词,介宾短语等。一般情况下,宾补通常紧跟在宾语之后。

比如:

I find learning English difficult.(difficult是形容词做宾补)

I saw the kite up and down. (up and down是副词做宾补)

Tom made the girl cry. (cry是省略不定式符号to的动词不定式)

*常跟复合宾语的动词有:call,name,make,think,find,leave,keep,nominate(任命),choose,elect(选举),define(定义),regard, see, recognize,treat, take,consider, look up, refer to, accept, acknowledge,describe,depict(描述),represent(表现出),declare(宣称),denounce, employ(雇佣), use, show, organize, express

当感官动词和使役动词,如:

see hear notice watch hear feel observe(感官动词)

make have let(使役动词)

接宾补时,不定式的符号to必须省略。

在help后,不定式可以带to,也可不带。

3.Eurostar, the company that operates the service was forced to cancel all trains for three days after extreme weather in France caused trains to break down, leaving some passengers trapped under the English Channel for up to 16 hours.

break down损坏, 发生故障

例句:Our car broke down and we had to draw it to a garage.

我们的车坏了, 不得不把它拖到修车厂去。

Her telephone had broken down.

她的电话故障了。

4.So with more bad weather forecast, if you are absolutely determined to come to the UK over the Christmas then you ought to wrap up warm, pack your snowshoes and even bring a sledge.

be determined to决心,决定

例句:We are determined to fulfill the task.

我们决定完成这项任务。

They are determined to smite the invaders hip and thigh.

他们决心狠狠打击侵略者。

ought to应该

例句:We ought to send people to help on our own initiative.

我们应主动派人去支援。

He said such a thing ought not to be allowed to happen.

他说这件事不应当允许发生。

wrap up掩饰,伪装,使全神贯注,围好围巾,包起来

例句:You'd better wrap yourself up well before you go out.

你在外出前最好穿暖和些。

最新评论

zykenglish 发表于 2009-12-27 15:46:10
结合当前大雪天的阅读材料,可学到不少相关词语。
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