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牛津年度词汇“Goblin mode”是什么意思?媒体的解释扎心了……

发布者: 五毒 | 发布时间: 2022-12-8 21:19| 查看数: 76| 评论数: 1|

12月5日,牛津词典 (Oxford Dictionary) 公布了2022年度词汇“Goblin mode”

这个词是什么意思?跟着双语君一起来学习下。

Goblin通常翻译为“地精”,指欧洲民间传说中的一种身体矮小、爱找麻烦、很难对付的精灵妖怪;mode的释义为模式、状态。



有着绿色皮肤、尖耳和鹰钩鼻的西方妖怪

据牛津词典定义,“Goblin mode”指的是一种毫无悔意的自我放纵、懒惰、邋遢或贪婪的状态,并且通常表现为拒绝遵守社会规范或不合常规。

Oxford Dictionaries said Monday that “goblin mode” has been selected by online vote as its word of the year. It defines the term as “a type of behavior which is unapologetically self-indulgent, lazy, slovenly, or greedy, typically in a way that rejects social norms or expectations.”



图源:卫报

人们用“Goblin mode”这个词比喻一种像“goblin”一样的生活状态。

尽管“goblin”的直接翻译是妖怪,但抽象意思主要是找麻烦、捣乱、不遵守社会常规、由着自己的性子任意行事。在生活方式上可以体现为:不顾及其他人对自己的期望和要求,衣着打扮不修边幅,怎么舒服就怎么来。

具体来说,美国国家公共广播电台 (NPR) 是这样描述这一状态的:

It's mindlessly binge-watching television without worrying about the time. It's eating snacks in bed without a care about leftover crumbs. And it's wearing the same pair of pajamas all week while working from home. Welcome to "goblin mode."

不顾时间早晚、一下子连续刷很多集电视剧,躺在床上吃零食、弄得床单上都是食物渣子,居家上班期间连续几天穿着同一件睡衣。这就是“goblin”模式。

《卫报》(The Guardian) 是这么形容的:

Goblin mode is like when you wake up at 2 am and shuffle into the kitchen wearing nothing but a long t-shirt to make a weird snack, like melted cheese on saltines.

它就像你在凌晨两点醒来,只穿着一件长T恤,拖着脚步走进厨房,去做一种奇怪的点心,比如在盐饼上融化奶酪。



图源:Getty Images

牛津年度词汇 (The Oxford Word of the Year) 每年选出一个能反映过去12个月情绪或关注点的词汇,今年的获胜词是首次由公众网络投票选出的。



图源:OxfordLanguages

牛津语言 (Oxford Languages)指出,随着疫情阴霾散去人们逐渐走出家门,“Goblin mode”这个词似乎捕捉到了拒绝回归“正常生活”的人的普遍情绪,或者是对社交媒体上出现的越来越高的审美标准和不可持续生活方式的反叛。

The term then rose in popularity over the months following as COVID lockdown restrictions eased in many countries and people ventured out of their homes more regularly. Seemingly, it captured the prevailing mood of individuals who rejected the idea of returning to ‘normal life’, or rebelled against the increasingly unattainable aesthetic standards and unsustainable lifestyles exhibited on social media.



图源:BBC

牛津语言主席Casper Grathwohl表示,该词让经历了这一年并感到无所适从的人产生了共鸣,承认我们并不总是像社交平台上理想化的自己一样,这是一种解脱。

“Given the year we’ve just experienced, ‘Goblin mode’ resonates with all of us who are feeling a little overwhelmed at this point. It’s a relief to acknowledge that we’re not always the idealized, curated selves that we’re encouraged to present on our Instagram and TikTok feeds,” said Oxford Languages President Casper Grathwohl.

“Goblin mode”这个词你会怎么翻译呢?


最新评论

cdzhaoliang 发表于 2022-12-9 07:26:31
这个词的意思大概和中文躺平相似吧。
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