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Paper写作怎么去掉多余的单词?

发布者: hotessay | 发布时间: 2022-11-28 14:10| 查看数: 39| 评论数: 0|

  对于英文Paper的简洁性,很多留学生会有疑问。因为很多Paper作业都是有字数要求的,如果把Paper写得精简,那是否就会影响到Paper的字数呢?其实会有这样的疑问是因为大家对Paper作业的理解不够深刻。下面就用实例来为大家分析下在英文Paper写作中如何去掉多余的单词实现简洁。

  Write concisely so that your writing is vigorous.

  上面这句话表达得不够简洁,原作者是这样说的:Vigorous writing is concise.

  一句话里不要有多余的词,一段话里不要有多余的句子,

  A sentence should contain no unnecessary words,a paragraph no unnecessary sentences,(第二个动词都省了,够简洁!)

  就像一幅画里不能有多余的线条,一台机器不能有多余的零件。

  for the same reason that a drawing should have no unnecessary lines and a machine no unnecessary parts.(第二个动词都省了,够简洁!)

  这倒不是说作者要把句子写得很短,或者只写大概内容,不描述细节,而是说每个单词都要有用。(就像一个单位,不能养吃闲饭的!)

  This requires not that the writer make all sentences short,or avoid all detail and treat subjects only in outline,but that every word tell.

  也许有人要问,make、avoid、treat和tell后面怎么不加s,主语不是单数第三人称writer吗?

  如果提出了这个问题说明语法学得不错,但是。。。没学到家。这里实际上是requires sb(should)do的形式,这个should可以省略,类似的动词有:suggest,order,require,propose,demand,request,insist。相关内容可以到ocscf.org了解分析哦!

  很多常见的表达都违反了这个原则:

  the question as to whether可以精简为whether(the question whether)

  there is no doubt but that可以精简为no doubt(doubtless)

  used for fuel purposes可以精简为used for fuel

  this is a subject that可以精简为this subject

  Her story is a strange one.可以精简为Her story is strange.

  the reason why is that可以精简为because

  call your attention to the fact that可以精简为remind you(notify you)

  I was unaware of the fact that可以精简为I was unaware that(did not know)

  the fact that he had not succeeded可以精简为his failure

  the fact that I had arrived可以精简为my arrival

  Case,character,nature,who is,which was等表达也常常是多余的:

  In many cases,the rooms lacked air conditioning.可以精简为Many of the rooms lacked air conditioning.

  It has rarely been the case that any mistake has been made.可以精简为Few mistakes have been made.

  acts of a hostile character可以精简为hostile acts

  acts of a hostile nature可以精简为hostile acts

  His cousin,who is a member of the same firm可以精简为His cousin,a member of the same firm

  Trafalgar,which was Nelson's last battle可以精简为Trafalgar,Nelson's last battle

  主动语态比被动语态更简洁,肯定句式比否定句式更简洁。

  The active voice is more concise than the passive,and a positive statement more concise than a negative one.

  逐句堆砌来表达一个复杂的意思也常常会显得啰嗦,这时可以考虑进行句子合并。

  A common way to fall into wordiness is to present a single complex idea,step by step,in a series of sentences that might to advantage be combined into one.

  比如:

  Macbeth was very ambitious.This led him to wish to become king of Scotland.The witches told him that this wish of his would come true.The king of Scotland at this time was Duncan.Encouraged by his wife,Macbeth murdered Duncan.He was thus enabled to succeed Duncan as king.(51 words)

  可以精简为

  Encouraged by his wife,Macbeth achieved his ambition and realized the prediction of the witches by murdering Duncan and becoming king of Scotland in his place.(26 words)

  以上就是关于英文Paper写作精简性的讲解,希望大家以后再进行英文Paper写作的时候要注意去掉一些多余的词以此来实现精简达到优化文章质量的效果。更多内容可以联系我们的客服(WeChat:hotessay6)来帮忙。


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