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学校想要缓解教师的紧张和倦怠

发布者: 五毒 | 发布时间: 2022-10-7 21:00| 查看数: 48| 评论数: 0|



More school systems are making an effort to deal with some of the problems teachers face, including taking care of their mental health.越来越多的学校体系正在努力解决教师面临的一些问题,包括照顾他们的心理健康。

Many schools do not have enough teachers.许多学校没有足够的教师。

Current problems facing teachers include behavioral problems and fears of shootings.目前教师面临的问题包括行为问题和对枪击的恐惧。

Some school districts have provided increased mental health training for workers and support in the classroom.一些学区为工作人员提供了更多的心理健康培训,并在课堂上提供支持。

They have also provided resources aimed at identifying burned out teachers and getting them connected to help.他们还提供了一些资源,旨在找出精疲力竭的教师,并让他们得到帮助。

Being burned out means a person has become very physically and emotionally tired after doing a difficult job for a long time.精疲力竭是指一个人在长时间从事一项困难的工作后,在身体和精神上都非常疲惫。

A recent opinion study by the Rand Corporation found that twice as many principals and teachers reported frequent job-related stress as other working adults.兰德公司最近的一项民意调查发现,与其他在职成年人相比,校长和教师经常面临与工作相关的压力的人数是别的行业的两倍。

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) noted a similar study that came from a coalition of mental health organizations in New Orleans.美国疾病控制与预防中心注意到一项来自新奥尔良精神卫生组织联盟的类似研究。

It found educators working during the COVID-19 pandemic reported rates of emotional difficulties similar to those of health care workers.研究发现,在新冠肺炎疫情期间工作的教育工作者报告的情绪困难比例与医护人员相似。

It found 36 percent showed signs of anxiety, 35 percent had depression, and 19 percent showed signs of post-traumatic stress disorder.研究发现,36%的人表现出焦虑的迹象,35%的人表现出抑郁,19%的人表现出创伤后应激障碍的迹象。

Leigh Mclean is the main investigator at the Teacher Emotions, Characteristics, and Health Lab at the University of Delaware School of Education.利·麦克莱恩是特拉华大学教育学院教师情绪、特征和健康实验室的主要研究员。

She said, "It's all pretty bad."她说:“这一切都很糟糕。”

She found levels of depression, anxiety, and emotional tiredness among elementary school teachers that are 100 to 400 percent higher than before the pandemic.她发现,小学教师的抑郁、焦虑和情绪疲劳水平比疫情前高出了100%到400%。

She said those problems are increasing the most among less experienced teachers.她说,这些问题在缺乏经验的教师中最为严重。

She said she recognized similarities between teachers and the general population "with underrepresented groups being hit the hardest…"她说,她认识到教师和普通民众之间的相似之处,“代表性不足的群体受到的打击最大……”

Some districts have or are planning to spend federal COVID-19 aid money on teacher mental health.一些学区已经或正在计划将联邦新冠肺炎助学金用于教师心理健康。

They hope it might improve the classroom environment, keep teachers on the job and help students.他们希望这能改善课堂环境,让教师继续工作,并帮助学生。

Nebraska and Pennsylvania are among the states choosing teacher mental health as a top goal.内布拉斯加州和宾夕法尼亚州等州将教师心理健康作为首要目标。

A Delaware school district hired two social and emotional learning experts who deal with problems teachers are having in the classroom.特拉华州的一个学区聘请了两名社会和情感学习专家,负责处理教师在课堂上遇到的问题。

And an elementary school in Indiana starts the week with Mindful Mondays, where teachers guide their classes in deep breathing.印第安纳州的一所小学以“觉醒的星期一”开始了这一周,老师们指导学生们进行深呼吸。

There are also Thoughtful Thursdays, where a student is called on to write a letter to someone working at the school to show that they are thankful.还有“贴心星期四”,学生们被要求给学校的工作人员写一封信,表达他们的感激之情。

And on Friday Focus students and teachers talk about self-care.在“专注的周五”学生和老师会讨论自我照顾。

A growing number of groups offer training to improve mental health.越来越多的团体提供改善心理健康的培训。

Methods include breathing exercises, yoga, gentle movements and meditation.方法包括呼吸练习、瑜伽、轻柔的动作和冥想。

One program aimed at improving mental health is Cultivating Awareness and Resilience in Education, or CARE.一个旨在改善心理健康的项目是培养教育意识和韧性,简称CARE。

Researchers found improvements, including reductions in mental health problems, in studies of its use among 224 New York City teachers.研究人员在对纽约市224名教师使用该软件的研究中发现了改善,包括心理健康问题的减少。

The studies also found reductions in stress and improvements in quality classroom interactions.研究还发现,压力减少了,课堂互动质量提高了。

Researchers found it helped students show increased engagement.研究人员发现,这有助于提高学生的参与度。

I'm Gregory Stachel.格雷戈里·斯塔切尔报道。


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