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外国人问:为什么中国年轻人这么爱国?

发布者: 五毒 | 发布时间: 2022-10-1 18:25| 查看数: 100| 评论数: 0|

总是向世界安利中餐,爱穿汉服上街,热心地向外国人科普中国立场……

不少西方人对中国年轻人的这些举动感到好奇,甚至被这波热情搞得不知所措(overwhelmed):为什么中国年轻人这么爱国?

回答这一问题,你需要明白Z世代中国人在成长过程中经历了什么。



经济快速发展和社会长期稳定“两大奇迹”

中国创造了世所罕见的经济快速发展和社会长期稳定“两大奇迹”,2010年,一跃成为世界第二大经济体;2021年,9899万农村贫困人口全部脱贫,超过2500万贫困青年彻底摆脱贫困。

China has achieved unprecedented, rapid economic development as well as long-term social stability. In 2010, China assumed the position of the second largest economy in the world. A total of 98.99 million of China's rural population have been lifted from poverty, and over 25 million impoverished youth have escaped poverty.



中国日报 金鼎 绘

年轻人获得了高质量的发展条件,向往更具品质的美好生活。

The youth now have a high-quality environment for their development and they continue to strive for a better life.



年轻人受到更好的教育

年轻人受到更好的教育。2021年,中国义务教育巩固率达95.4%;高中阶段毛入学率达91.4%;高等教育毛入学率达57.8%,在学总规模达4430万人,居世界第一。更多贫困地区青年通过国家政策,享受到更好的教育,有效阻断贫困的代际传递。

The youth have also received better and more widespread education. By 2021, the completion rate of compulsory education in China reached 95.4%, with a gross high school admission rate of 91.4%, a gross higher education admission rate of 57.8%, and 44.3 million students on campus, ranking first in the world.

Through national policies, more and more youth in impoverished areas have access to better education, effectively blocking the intergenerational transmission of poverty.



中国日报 李旻 绘



年轻人更加开放自信地融入世界

年轻人更加开放自信地融入世界。1978年,中国选派出国留学人员仅800余名;2019年,超过70万人出国深造;回国留学人员也从1978年的248人增长到2019年的超58万人。

The youth are embracing the world with greater openness and confidence. In 1978, China only sent around 800 students abroad. In 2019, more than 700,000 Chinese students went abroad to undertake education courses. The number of Chinese overseas returnees grew from 248 in 1978 to more than 580,000 in 2019.



哥伦比亚大学毕业典礼上的中国留学生

新华社 王迎 摄

与此同时,大批中国青年通过旅游、工作等方式走出国门、感知世界,越来越多的中国年轻人在世界舞台崭露头角。Z世代在参与世界的过程中,学会平视世界,辩证思考,理性爱国。

In addition, a large number of Chinese youth go abroad for travel and work, which has enabled them to better understand the world and provided them a platform to receive worldwide recognition. Generation Z has learned much from their travels and can see the world as equal, think critically, and be sensible patriots.



2022北京冬奥会男子单板滑雪大跳台冠军苏翊鸣

中国日报 王雨曦 摄



中国人经历过国土沦丧之痛

中国近代经历的百年屈辱史也使得年轻人更加爱国。

1840年,英国用鸦片战争打开了中国国门。随后,中国变成了西方列强眼中的一块肥肉,领土被瓜分、宝藏被掠夺,著名的“万园之园”圆明园被焚毁殆尽。软弱的清政府被迫签订了一系列不平等条约,中国主权尽失,政治、经济、军事等大事都不由自己做主。

The century-old history of humiliation experienced by China has also made young people more patriotic.

In 1840, Britain made China vulnerable to the world with the Opium War. After that, China was reduced to a buffet for all the imperialist powers. The country’s land was divided, treasures plundered, and Yuanming Yuan, the “Garden of all Gardens”, was burnt to the ground. Unable to put up a meaningful fight, the Qing government was forced into a series of unequal treaties. China’s sovereignty was lost, and its politics, economy, and military matters were placed into the hands of the others.



圆明园遗址公园 图源:IC

1931年,“九一八事变”爆发,中国又开始了长达14年的抗日战争。南京大屠杀震惊中外,6周之内30万冤魂丧于日军有组织有计划的血腥暴行中;臭名昭著的侵华日军731部队发动了国际法上禁止的细菌战,还使用活体中国人进行生化武器实验。中国几近亡国灭种。

In 1931, the “September 18 Incident” started the Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression, which led to the Nanjing Massacre, wherein a coordinated, ruthless attack by the Japanese army killed over 300,000 unjust souls, in just 6 weeks. The notorious “Unit 731” started germ warfare, prohibited by International Law, using their biochemical weapons to experiment on live Chinese people. China truly faced its extinction.



参观者在中国人民抗日战争纪念馆内参观

中国日报 魏晓昊 摄

因为经历过国土沦丧之痛,所以中国人更热爱如今独立自主、日渐强大的祖国。

With the humiliation and pain of having lost their country in the past, the Chinese people are now more in love with the independent, strong China than ever before.



年轻人对中华文明有很高的认同感

中国代表了一个源源不断的文明。各朝历史都有文字记载,文化传承绵延至今,因此中国年轻人对中华文化历史有很高的认同感。

China is an everlasting civilization. Each dynasty has its own detailed written records, passing on its culture to the modern day. Due to this, young people in China have a strong sense of identification with Chinese culture.



16岁的武亦姝在央视《中国诗词大会》上

而在这绵延不绝的文明当中,“爱国思想”非常重要,它贯穿了始终。

In this everlasting culture, the idea of patriotism is of paramount importance, as it has run consistently throughout all of Chinese history.

天下兴亡,匹夫有责。

Everyone should be responsible for the prosperity of the country.

—— 明末清初·顾炎武

先天下之忧而忧,后天下之乐而乐。

To be the first in the country to worry about the affairs of the state and the last in the country to enjoy oneself.

—— 宋·范仲淹

苟利国家生死以,岂因祸福避趋之。

I shall dedicate myself to the interests of the country in life and death irrespective of personal weal and woe.

—— 清·林则徐

一代代中国年轻人以这些警句为座右铭,鞭策自己关心国家命运,承担社会责任。

Generations of young Chinese people have made these historical quotes their mottos, reminding them of the fate of their nation as well as the social responsibility on their shoulders.



Z世代的中国年轻人,见证了国家日新月异的发展:加入世贸组织、载人飞船从无到有、北京奥运会大放异彩、港珠澳大桥正式开通、“中国天眼”落成启用……

Generation Z in China has witnessed a country developing rapidly with each passing day: joining the WTO, creating manned spaceships from scratch, the Beijing Olympic Games that awed the world, the inauguration of the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge, and the completion of the China's Tianyan (FAST)...

中国年轻人在成长过程中见证了一个个振奋人心的瞬间,他们发自内心地为祖国感到自豪。所以中国年轻人会如此爱国,就一点也不奇怪了。如果你还有外国朋友对这个问题感到奇怪,就把今天的视频转给他们看看吧。



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