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Mission和Assignment的区别

发布者: 五毒 | 发布时间: 2022-6-23 06:00| 查看数: 43| 评论数: 0|



Hello!大家好!

This week on Ask a Teacher, we will answer a question from Aiping about the difference between mission and assignment in one of our stories.在本周的《名师答疑》节目中,我们将回答艾萍提出的一个问题,这个问题是,在我们一篇文章中,mission和assignment有什么区别。

Dear teacher,亲爱的老师,

I read an article by VOA Learning English titled "After Helping Fight COVID-19 US military plans for Next Pandemic".我读了美国之音英语教学的一篇文章,标题为“在帮助抗击新冠肺炎后,美国军方为下一次大流行定计划”。

There are two words: "mission" and "assignment".那篇文章里有两个词:“mission”和“assignment”。

Can you tell me the difference between these two words?你能告诉我这两个词的区别吗?

Thanks!谢谢!

Aiping艾萍

Dear Aiping,亲爱的爱萍,

Thank you for your question!谢谢你的问题!

Let us look at these two words within the story.让我们看看该文章中的这两个词。

We will start with the word "mission" and then move onto "assignment".我们将从“mission”开始,然后再谈“assignment”。

Firstly, we have the word "mission".首先,我们了解一下“mission”这个词。

Let us look at how the word "mission" is used in the story:让我们看看“mission”这个词在这篇文章中是如何使用的:

"The United States military deployed about 24,000 troops to help state and local governments across the country fight COVID-19.“美国军方部署了约2.4万名士兵来帮助全美的州政府和地方政府抗击新冠肺炎。

That mission has ended, at least for now."这项任务已经结束了,至少目前是这样。”

"And, officials are seeking to learn from the experiences of service members who took part in the COVID-19 mission."“官员们正在设法学习参加了新冠肺炎抗击任务的服役人员的经验。”

"(The patient) is going to get the treatment he needs.“(患者)将得到他需要的治疗。

That was the mission."这就是我们的任务。”

The word mission in these three sentences from the story refer to the US military's deployment of troops to help local governments fight COVID-19.该文章里这三句话中的“mission”一词是指美军部署军队帮助地方政府抗击新冠肺炎。

In this way, we can think of "mission" as an important operation, effort, or task.按照这种方式,我们可以将“mission”理解为一项重要的操作、努力或任务。

The US military defines "mission" as "a task together with a purpose".美国军方将“mission”定义为“带有目的的任务”。

This may be an overall mission or larger goal, like to defend the United States,它可能是一项总体任务或更大的目标,比如保卫美国,

or it might be a specific task, like helping local governments to fight COVID-19.或者它可能是一项特定的任务,比如帮助地方政府抗击新冠肺炎。

So we can think of "mission" as a larger goal or objective.所以我们可以把“mission”看作一个更大的目标或目的。

Many organizations and even individual people use the word "mission".许多组织甚至个人都可以使用“mission”这个词。

For example,例如,

The charity's mission is to provide shelter and food to young people without homes.该慈善机构的任务是为无家可归的年轻人提供住所和食物。

My mission for the summer is to take an hour-long walk every day.我夏天的任务就是每天散步一小时。

Next, we have the word "assignment".接下来,我们了解一下“assignment”这个词。

Let us look at how we use it in the story:让我们看看我们在该文章中是如何使用它的:

"The last military medical team deployed for the pandemic finished its assignment last week at the University of Utah hospital."“为应对新冠肺炎大流行而部署的最后一支军事医疗队上周在犹他大学医院完成了任务。”

In this sentence, "assignment" refers to a specific place where the task or mission is carried out, like the University of Utah hospital.在这句话中,“assignment”涉及执行工作或任务的特定地点,比如犹他大学医院。

Military units and other employees might have different assignments or jobs in different places.军事单位和其他职员可能在不同地点做着不同的任务或工作。

This is how we can think of the word "assignment", like a specific job in a specific place.这就是我们对“assignment”这个词的理解,就像在一个特定地点执行的特定工作。

To summarize, we use the word "mission" to talk about the overall goal or purpose for an organization or an individual.总而言之,我们用“mission”这个词来谈论一个组织或个人的整体目标或目的。

We use the word assignment when talking about individual jobs in a specific place.当我们谈论在特定地点执行的个人工作时,我们使用“assignment”这个词。

The two words can overlap when a person's assignment (individual job) is helping carry out the mission or larger, overall goal.当一个人的任务(个人工作)是帮助执行任务或更大的整体目标时,这两个词的用法就有所重合。

Please let us know if these explanations and examples have helped you, Aiping!如果这些解释和例子对你有帮助,请告诉我们,艾萍!

What question do you have about American English?关于美式英语你有什么问题?

Send us an email at learningenglish@voanews.com.如果有的话,那给我们发邮件到learningenglish@voanews.com

And that's Ask a teacher.以上就是本期《名师答疑》的全部内容。

I'm Faith Pirlo.菲斯·皮尔洛为您播报。


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