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今天是腊八节!Laba Festival (Rice Porridge Festival)

发布者: 五毒 | 发布时间: 2022-1-11 00:30| 查看数: 98| 评论数: 0|


                               
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过了腊八就是年!

腊八”直接用拼音“laba”来表示,农历十二月初八(the eighth day of the 12th lunar month)。

腊八粥(Laba rice porridge)

腊八蒜”(Laba garlic)。

The custom first originated in the Song Dynasty (960 - 1279) and became popular in the Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911). Now it has been over one thousand years that the Chinese people eat Laba Congee on Laba Festival day. As is known to all, since ancient times Chinese people have attached great importance to growing crops, so when the land bears a good harvest after years of hard work, the farmers will show great appreciation by sacrificing to the ancestors, and heaven and earth. Boiling Laba Congee is one way people celebrate their harvest.

这种习俗最早起源于宋朝(960-1279),在清朝(1644-1911)开始流行。现在中国人在腊八节吃腊八粥已经有一千多年的历史了。众所周知,自古以来,中国人就非常重视农作物的种植,因此,经过多年的辛勤劳动,当土地获得丰收时,农民们会通过祭祖、祭天、祭地来表达他们的感激之情。煮腊八粥是人们庆祝丰收的一种方式。

The ingredients of Laba Porridge are various items that are full of nutrition. It is made of diversified rice (glutinous rice, oats, corns etc.), beans (soy beans, mung beans, kidney beans, cowpeas etc.), dried nuts (chestnuts, almonds, peanuts, etc.), bean curd and meat. Melon seeds, lotus seeds, pine nuts, sugar, and other preserved fruits are added to give more flavors. After 10 centuries of development, there are now over one hundred different cooking methods.

腊八粥的成分多种多样,营养丰富。它由多种大米(糯米、燕麦、玉米等)、豆类(大豆、绿豆、芸豆、豇豆等)、干果(栗子、杏仁、花生等)、豆腐和肉制成。添加瓜子、莲子、松子、糖和其他果脯,以增加风味。经过10个世纪的发展,现在有超过100种不同的烹饪方法。

After hours of boiling, the porridge is offered as a sacrifice to the ancestors and is presented to friends before noon. Family members eat Laba Porridge together and leave some, symbolizing a good harvest next year. Some kind people hand out the porridge to the poor to show their pity. And in some regions people believe that pasting porridge on the flowers and fruit trees indicates the blossom of flowers and good fruition.

煮沸几个小时后,人们会将粥作为祭品献给祖先,并在中午前将粥献给朋友。一家人一起吃腊八粥,留下一些,象征着明年有个好收成。一些善良的人把粥分发给穷人以表示他们的同情。在一些地区,人们认为在花果树上贴粥象征着鲜花盛开,果实丰硕。

Laba Porridge is now regarded as a very nutritious food in winter that has the function of strengthening the spleen, stimulating the appetite, and soothing the nerves. It is welcomed by all people of different ages.

腊八粥在冬天被认为是一种营养丰富的食物,具有健脾、开胃、安神的作用。它受到所有不同年龄的人的欢迎。


                               
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