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八分之一英国应届大学毕业生失业

发布者: 顾含爱学习 | 发布时间: 2021-10-18 11:11| 查看数: 93| 评论数: 3|

根据官方数据,近八分之一应届毕业生在2020年第三季度处于失业状态,突显新冠疫情沉重打击英国劳动力市场的新进入者。

全文共471个词,By Delphine Strauss in London

Almost one in eight recent graduates was unemployed in the third quarter of 2020, according to official data showing the toll the pandemic has taken on new entrants to the UK labour market.
根据官方数据,近八分之一的应届毕业生在2020年第三季度处于失业状态。这些数据显示了新冠疫情给英国劳动力市场的新进入者造成的沉重打击。

The Office for National Statistics said 12 per cent of recent graduates were unemployed in the third quarter of 2020, almost double the average rate for this group over the past three years, before adjustment for seasonal effects. This compared with an unemployment rate of 4.6 per cent for the wider graduate workforce of 14m and 5.1 per cent for the working age population overall.
英国国家统计署(ONS)表示,2020年第三季度有12%的应届毕业生失业,是这一人群之前三年平均失业率的近两倍(在不考虑季节性因素影响的情况下)。与之形成对照的是,1400万大学毕业生劳动人口的整体失业率为4.6%,全部劳动年龄人口的失业率为5.1%。

The figures show the divide that is opening up between people who were already established in jobs before Covid-19 hit — many of whom have been shielded from unemployment by the government’s furlough scheme — and those struggling to begin their careers while hiring remains depressed and large swaths of the economy closed.
数据显示,在两个人群之间出现了一道鸿沟:一边是在新冠疫情爆发前已经在职场站稳脚跟的人们(他们中的许多人因政府的强制休假计划而免于失业),另一边是在招聘活动仍然低迷、很大一部分经济仍然停摆的背景下,难以开始职业生涯的人们。

The data will reinforce calls for the government to do more to boost hiring rather than relying on the extension of the furlough scheme — announced by the chancellor in last week’s Budget — to limit the rise in unemployment. Existing plans to increase subsidies for hiring apprentices, expand traineeships for disadvantaged young people and create work placements through the Kickstart scheme are unlikely to match the scale of need.
这些数据将会支持要求政府采取更多行动提振招聘,而不是依靠延长强制休假计划(就像财政大臣上周在《预算案》(Budget)中宣布的那样)来限制失业率上升。现有的各项计划——包括增加对雇用学徒的补贴,扩大面向弱势群体年轻人的实习机会,以及通过Kickstart计划创建新岗位——不太可能满足当前规模的需求。

“Much of the current hiring is for more senior roles as companies seek experienced leaders to guide them through the crisis . . . The government must do more to encourage businesses to create entry-level opportunities,” Andrew Hunter, co-founder of the job search engine Adzuna, said after last week’s Budget, adding: “Competition for entry-level roles will become even fiercer when the class of 2021 graduates this summer.”
“目前招聘的大多是比较资深的职位,因为企业正在物色经验丰富的领导者来指引它们度过危机……政府必须采取更多措施鼓励企业创建入门级就业机会。”职位搜索引擎Adzuna的联合创始人安德鲁•亨特(Andrew Hunter)在上周财相公布《预算案》后表示。他还说:“今年夏天2021届毕业生毕业后,对入门级职位的竞争还将变得更加激烈。”

However, recent graduates are still faring better than young people with lower level qualifications: the overall unemployment rate for 16 to 24-year-olds now stands close to 14 per cent.
然而,应届毕业生的境况仍比学历较低的年轻人要好一些:16至24岁年龄段年轻人的总体失业率目前接近14%。

This pattern holds for all ages. The ONS said that as well as having a lower unemployment rate, graduates of all ages appeared to have been better able than non-graduates to switch occupations in the first few months of the crisis last spring, although they had become less likely than the wider workforce to switch occupations as the pandemic wore on.
这种规律适用于所有年龄段。国家统计署表示,除了失业率较低外,各个年龄段的大学毕业生在去年春季疫情危机的最初几个月,似乎都比非大学毕业生更能改行,尽管随着疫情持续,他们改换职业的可能性,变得比整体劳动年龄人口的这种可能性更低。

The proportion of graduates who were overqualified for their job had also fallen sharply over the past year, the ONS said — a surprising finding since skills mismatches would usually increase in a recession when workers are forced to take any job available.
国家统计署表示,过去一年里,学历超出职位要求的毕业生比例也急剧下降,这是一个让人意外的发现,因为通常在经济衰退期间,劳动者被迫从事任何找得到的工作,技能不匹配应该会加剧。

The ONS said this could reflect the closure of sectors such as hospitality and recreation, which have a higher proportion of overqualified graduates. More positively, it could also reflect the success of remote working, with graduates better able to find a job that matched their qualifications.
国家统计署称,这可能反映了酒店餐饮和休闲等行业停摆,这些行业学历超出职位要求的毕业生比例通常较高。更为积极的是,这也可能反映了远程工作的成功,大学毕业生更能找到与其学历相称的工作。

本文3月9日发布于FT中文网,英文原题为One in eight recent UK graduates hit by unemployment


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顾含爱学习 发表于 2021-10-18 12:51:40
专业英国dissertation写作平台:www.dissertation-master.com
夸桑一下 发表于 2021-10-18 15:14:52
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