英语家园

 找回密码
 注册

QQ登录

只需一步,快速开始

扫描二维码登录本站

快速提高英语水平本广告位招租

社区广播台

查看: 59|回复: 0
收起左侧

【双语】域外大国干扰是南海和平稳定的风险源

[复制链接]
发表于 2019-8-25 01:32:36 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
2019年8月22日,驻欧盟使团团长张明大使在《欧盟观察》网站发表署名文章《域外大国干扰是南海和平稳定的风险源》,全文如下:

On 22nd August, Ambassador Zhang Ming, Head of Chinese Mission to the EU, published a signed article entitled “Real Risks to Peace and Stability in the South China Sea Come from Power Outside the Region” on EUobserver. Here is the full text of the article:

域外大国干扰是南海和平稳定的风险源

Real Risks to Peace and Stability in the South China Sea Come from Power Outside the Region



近期,个别域外大国罔顾南海局势持续向好的事实,就所谓南海“紧张局势”无端指责中国,欧盟高官也表达了关切。为了让欧洲读者更加全面认知南海问题,我愿意向广大朋友们讲讲南海的故事。

Recently, despite the continued improvement in the situation in the South China Sea, a major power outside the region has kept making unwarranted accusations against China over the so-called “tensions” in the South China Sea. Senior EU officials have expressed similar concerns. To help European readers get a full picture of the South China Sea issue, I wish to share with you the other side of the story.

从“南中国海”的名字可以看出,南海在中国大陆的南面。中国是最早发现和命名南海诸岛的国家,也是最早开发利用南海的国家。早在公元8世纪,欧洲进入中世纪不久,中国就开始对南海进行管辖。中国和南海沿岸国交往密切,人民世代友好。直到20世纪前,中国对南海诸岛的主权从未遭遇任何挑战。

As its name suggests, the South China Sea is to the south of the Chinese mainland. China was the first country to discover, name and develop the South China Sea islands. As early as in the 8th century, shortly after Europe entered the Middle Ages, China started administering the South China Sea. China has maintained close exchanges with the littoral states of the South China Sea and has enjoyed friendship with peoples of these countries from generation to generation. Before the 20th century, China’s sovereignty over the South China Sea islands had never been challenged.

二战结束后,中国使用美国提供的军舰,收复了日本非法侵占的南海诸岛,在岛上举行接收仪式并派兵驻守。作为二战后国际秩序的组成部分,中国对南海诸岛的主权得到国际社会广泛承认。但随着南海发现油气资源,一些沿岸国开始在南沙夺岛占礁,提出海洋权益诉求,导致南海出现争端。尽管如此,中国致力于同有关国家谈判解决争议,聚焦海上务实合作,切实维护了南海的和平稳定,维护了地区国家的发展繁荣。

After the end of World War II, China used naval ships provided by the United States and recovered the South China Sea islands illegally occupied by Japan. On the islands, the takeover ceremonies were held and troops started to be stationed. As part of the post-war international order, China’s sovereignty over the South China Sea islands has been widely recognized by the international community.

However, with the discovery of oil and gas resources in the South China Sea, some littoral states have sought to seize islands and reefs in the Nansha Islands, and made claims to maritime entitlements, leading to disputes in the South China Sea. That being said, China has been committed to settling the disputes through negotiation with the countries directly concerned, and focusing on practical maritime cooperation. Such efforts have contributed to the overall peace and stability in the South China Sea as well as development and prosperity of countries in this region.

世上本无事,总有人为谋取私利而到处挑拨离间、惹事生非,南海也未能幸免。个别域外大国,唯恐南海不乱,蓄意炒作南海“紧张局势”,指责中国在南海“搞军事化”。殊不知中国在自己领土上部署必要防御设施,本就是国家的合法权利。这个大国有世界上最强大的军事力量,在全世界有数百个军事基地。其不断在南海搞军事演习,派大型军舰搞“航行自由”行动,把南海当作大国博弈的战场,才是南海局势紧张的重要根源。

We would deserve a more peaceful world, were it not for the instigation and trouble-making of some forces for their own agenda. The South China Sea is unfortunately no exception. A major power outside the region has deliberately hyped up the so-called “tensions” in the South China Sea and accused China of “militarizing” the region. The fact is that China has every legitimate right to deploy necessary defence facilities on its own territory. That major power, with the world’s most powerful military forces and hundreds of military bases across the world, has kept staging military exercises in the South China Sea and sent large warships there for the so-called “freedom of navigation” operations, trying to turn the South China Sea into an arena for major-power wrestling. This is THE source of tensions in the South China Sea.

个别域外大国总喜欢讲南海问题,但在一些多边场合,其国家代表发完言就扬长而去,不愿倾听地区国家对南海和平稳定的关切。可以说,这个大国所关心的南海问题,同中国和东盟国家所关心的南海问题,根本就不是同一个问题。这个大国的真实目的是搅浑南海,为维持地区军事存在找借口,维护亚太霸权和海洋霸主地位。

That major power enjoys raising the South China Sea issue. Yet on some multilateral occasions, its representatives would take the exit immediately after finishing what they had to say, giving little heed to the call of the littoral countries for peace and stability in the South China Sea. It is fair to say that when it comes to the South China Sea issue, that major power cares about things totally different from those of China and ASEAN countries. Its real agenda is to muddy the waters and seek excuses to justify its military presence in the region, in order to uphold its hegemony in the Asia-Pacific and maritime supremacy the world over.

个别域外大国言南海必称“航行自由”问题,然而这个问题在南海根本就不存在。中国对外贸易和能源运输的60%以上通过南海,中国比任何国家更关心南海航行自由。事实是,每年有十几万艘商船通行南海,从没有一艘遇到过航行自由问题。这些域外大国天天喊“航行自由”,想要的莫不是乱闯别国领海的“横行自由”?

That major power always questions the “freedom of navigation” in the South China Sea, but there is nothing to question at all. More than 60% of China’s foreign trade and energy supplies pass through the South China Sea, so China has a greater stake in the freedom of navigation than any other country. The reality is that more than 100,000 merchant ships pass through these waters every year and not a single vessel has ever run into any problem with the freedom of navigation. When a major power outside the region talk about the freedom of navigation, does it mean to have a license to do whatever it wants in other countries’ territorial waters? This might be the real question.

南海地区国家有维护和平稳定与推动地区合作的共同意愿。中国不会任由领土主权和地区安全受到侵害,也不会坐视域外大国搅乱南海秩序。希望域外国家尊重地区国家的意愿和选择,多发挥建设性作用,不要为一己私利,也不要人云亦云,成为威胁南海和平稳定的风险源。

Littoral states share the commitment to maintaining peace and stability and promoting cooperation in the South China Sea. China would not allow its territorial sovereignty and regional security to be undermined, nor would it allow any major power outside the region to muddy the waters. It is our hope that countries outside the region could respect the wishes and choices of countries in the region and play a more constructive role. Any attempt to impose one’s own selfish agenda or blindly follow suit from the outside would only pose real risks to peace and stability in the South China Sea.



上一篇:【双语】抖森深情朗诵10岁小盆友写的短篇小故事《时光之沙》
下一篇:【双语】早餐要吃鸡蛋的7个理由
您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 注册

本版积分规则

随便看看 精彩图片 帖子导读 联系管理
快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表