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【语法】英语语法之丨“冠词”精讲

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发表于 2017-11-8 11:40:48 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
1. 不定冠词

  1) 成对的名词(此类名词间常有一种自然的联系)

  a knife and fork

  2) a most + n. “非常“

  This is a most beautiful country.

  3) a (an) 与 one 之区别

A. 数字对比用one

  It was one coffee we ordered, not two.

  B. 对比

  A knife is no good. (刀子不行)

  One knife is no good. (一把刀子不行)

  C. 通用

  a (one) million,

a (one) quarter

  4) a (an) 与every 之比较:

  three times a year;

  twice every three years

  5) 惯用法

  A.What a surprise!

What a lovely dress !

  quite a nice day

rather a good idea

  such a funny expression

  B. too cold a day

How lovely a dress!

  so strange a person

as good a map as

2. 定冠词

  1)普通名词组成的专有名词

the GreatWall

the SummerPalace

  2)江河、海洋、山脉、群岛、海峡、海湾

the Pacific (Ocean)

  3)the + adj. (-ing; -ed)

  A. 指一类人,谓语用复数

  The old are being taken good care of.

  B. 指一类事,谓语用单数

  The beautiful is not always the same as the good.

 4)用在radio, piano, telephone, 方位、次序、自然现象(rain)、身体部位前 He hates the telephone.

  5)被定语从句、介词短语、副词短语、不定式短语等修饰的名词前

  The boy who you are looking for (in blue, there, standing there,

  dressed in blue ) is a student.

3、零冠词

  1)街道、广场、节假日、季节、月份、星期、棋类、球类等

  National Day

  Nanjing Road

  2)职位充当补语、同位语时

  He was elected headmaster of the school.

  3)成对出现的成语

arm in arm (手挽手),

hand in hand (手牵手),

face to face,

side by side(肩并肩),

day and night,

young and old,

from door to door,

from morning till night,

from beginning to end

4、冠词比较

  1)go to school (hospital, church); in prison (强调用途)

go to the school, visit the prison(强调建筑物本身)

  2) I’ll go there next Friday.(以说话时间为准)

  In 1989, he was 28, and the next year, he was 29. (以所给时间为准)

  3) by air (plane, boat...)

   in a spaceship ( on the bike, on the bus)

  4) Open the window to let in fresh air. (泛指)

The air in the room is not fresh. (特指)

  5) be at table

  be at the table

  6) a cup of coffee

  Two coffees, please.

I like white coffee.

This is a very good coffee.

The coffee on the table is Tom’s.

  7) Mr.White is waiting to see you.

  A Mr. White is waiting to see you.

  The Mr. White you are looking for is waiting to see you.

  8) A horse is a usefulanimal.

The horse is a useful animal.

  Horses are useful animals.

  9) the best season of the year

the best time of year

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