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【BBC】考古人员在埃及发现3700年前的金字塔

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发表于 2017-4-14 23:53:36 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
BBC Learning English 英语教学

Egypt finds remains of 3,700-year-old pyramid 考古人员在埃及发现3700年前的金字塔

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文字稿

考古人员在埃及发现了一座建于约 3700 年前的金字塔遗迹。代赫舒尔帝王墓古迹位于开罗南部,考古人员在这里发现了一件刻有十列古埃及象形文字的石块,并已挖开金字塔内部的一条通道。埃及国家古物部称,从该遗址出土的文物保存完好,为了考证这座金字塔的实际体积及相关信息,发掘工作仍在进行中。请听 Sebastian Usher 的报道。

What's left of this latest pyramid to be uncovered is in good condition. For archaeologists, it's a significant find, potentially giving them further insight into the more than 120 pyramids already discovered.

The excavation is still at an early stage, the part of the inner structures being revealed including a corridor and a room. A little alabaster block holds intriguing hieroglyphic inscriptions. The remains of this little pyramid from the 13th dynasty are dwarfed by the Red Pyramid and the Bent Pyramid nearby, which narrowly predate the Great Pyramids at Giza further up the road to Cairo and clearly contributed vital expertise to their construction.

Egypt launched an ambitious project a year and a half ago dubbed ‘Scan Pyramids’ to try to discover secret chambers in these extraordinary structures that have defined the country's image for millennia, and so shed light on the mysteries that still surround how they were built.

词汇

find 被发现的文物
excavation 挖掘(古迹)
at an early stage 在初期阶段
alabaster 雪花石膏,一种矿物材料
hieroglyphic (古埃及)象形文字的
inscriptions 铭文,刻字
remains 遗址,遗迹
narrowly 差一点地,仅仅地
predate 在…前存在,早于…
expertise 专业知识
chambers (正式)房间
millennia 几千年,单数是 millennium
shed light on 为…提供线索

测验

请听报道并回答下列问题。

1. How many pyramids have archaeologists discovered up to now?

2. What is engraved on the recently discovered alabaster block?

3. True or false? The Great Pyramids at Giza were built earlier than the Red Pyramid and the Bent Pyramid.

4. Which word in the text means 'to be seen smaller'?

答案

1. How many pyramids have archaeologists discovered up to now?
More than 120 pyramids have been discovered by archaeologists.

2. What is engraved on the recently discovered alabaster block?
The alabaster block is engraved with intriguing hieroglyphic inscriptions.

3. True or false? The Great Pyramids at Giza were built earlier than the Red Pyramid and the Bent Pyramid.
False. The Red Pyramid and the Bent Pyramid narrowly predate the Great Pyramids at Giza.

4. Which word in the text means 'to be seen smaller'?
Dwarfed.

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