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【BBC】Bugs for lunch? 昆虫大餐

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发表于 2017-4-6 23:04:03 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
BBC Learning English 英语教学

随身英语

Bugs for lunch? 昆虫大餐

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昆虫汉堡、蟋蟀比萨——听到这些“新鲜”菜式的名字,你是垂涎欲滴还是脑袋发懵?不论你接受与否,虫子这种不同寻常的食材已在世界各地流行起来。随着人口增长,人们已经开始寻找含蛋白质等营养物质的可替代食品资源,有越来越多的企业也借此潮流探索全新的商业机会。本集《随身英语》介绍这种食材的特色,带你拓展“味蕾”。

课文内容

Vocabulary: Food 词汇:食物

Feeling hungry? How about some worms with your spaghetti? Perhaps some ground cricket to sprinkle on your pizza? Or maybe just a good old bug burger?

While the idea of eating insects disgusts many, don’t be surprised if you find creepy-crawlies on your own plate before long.

Why? Because insects could hold the key to the challenge of feeding the world’s growing population. With the number of humans on the planet expected to reach 9 billion by 2050, the search is on for alternative sources of protein beyond the traditional meat and fish.

Insects are not only high in protein, but also minerals and amino acids, according to Shami Radia, co-founder of Grub, a company which sells edible bugs. “Insects are the original superfood,” says Radia.

Environmentally, insects produce less greenhouse gas, use less water and take up less farmland than conventional livestock farming, meaning they have a smaller impact on the planet.

So if they’re good for the environment and good for you, why aren’t we eating insects? In fact, in many places we already are. It’s estimated that two billion people around the world eat insects as part of their diet. But most Western nations have not yet adopted the practice.

It’s the “yuck factor” that stops them from eating bugs, according to the Waste and Resources Action Programme. People in the West generally view insects as unclean and carriers of disease. They’re seen as pests: they damage crops, destroy furniture and live in dirty places.

But perhaps attitudes are slowly shifting. Certain types of insects are becoming more palatable to consumers, such as locusts and grasshoppers. Nick Cooper sells insects as food through his UK company Crunchy Critters, and has seen a sales growth rate of 25% year on year. He believes young people are more open to eating insects.

Shami Radia believes that munching bugs will one day become as popular as eating sushi. "Behaviour can be changed," he says. "Prawns are ugly and taste delicious and there's no reason why eating insects can't be normalised."

词汇

ground 研磨成粉末的
sprinkle 撒、洒(食物)
bug 小虫子
creepy-crawly 令人生厌的爬虫
to hold the key to 是……的关键、掌控
the search is on 已经开始寻找
protein 蛋白质
mineral (人体必需的)矿物质
edible 可食用的
superfood (对健康十分有益的)“超级食品”
livestock 牲畜(包括牛、羊、鸡等)
yuck (尤表示食物恶心的感叹词)呸
pest (毁坏农作物的)害虫或动物
palatable 可口的,合胃口的
locust 蝗虫
crunchy 酥脆的
critter 生灵,生物
year on year 与上一年同比
to munch 大口地吃,津津有味地吃
to normalise 使……正常化

测验与练习

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. Why might we all be eating more insects in the future? 

2. What nutritional advantages do insects offer?

3. What stops many people in the West from eating bugs?

4. Which word means ‘plants grown for food’?

5. What does Shami Radia believe is the key to selling more insects as food?

2. 请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处

1. I just can’t imagine ever eating __________. They’re disgusting.

creepy crawly        bugs        insect        superfood 

2. The idea of eating insects is more __________ if I can’t see their eyes, wings or legs. I just hate the thought of eating insect wings.

edible        palatable        yuck        disgusting

3. This strategy __________ our success. We all have to work hard to make it happen.

hold the key        holds key        holds the key        holds the keys

4. I like my food to be __________. I don’t like anything with a completely soft texture.

smooth        crunchy        ground        edible

5. This bread isn’t __________ any more. It’s hard and covered in mould.

crunchy        yuck        good old        edible

答案

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. Why might we all be eating more insects in the future?  
The author says that as the world population increases, we’ll need to find new sources of food. This will include new sources of protein such as insects.

2. What nutritional advantages do insects offer?
Insects are high in protein, minerals and amino acids.

3. What stops many people in the West from eating bugs?
People in the West think insects are unclean, carry disease and are pests which destroy useful things. They have a “yuck factor”.

4.Which word means ‘plants grown for food’?
Crops.

5. What does Shami Radia believe is the key to selling more insects as food?
Shami Radia believes we need to make the idea of eating insects become normal so that people’s behaviour will change.

2. 请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处

1. I just can’t imagine ever eating bugs. They’re disgusting.

2. The idea of eating insects is more palatable if I can’t see their eyes, wings or legs. I just hate the thought of eating insect wings.

3. This strategy holds the key to our success. We all have to work hard to make it happen.

4. I like my food to be crunchy. I don’t like anything with a completely soft texture.

5. This bread isn’t edible any more. It’s hard and covered in mould.

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