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[初中] 人教版(新目标)(2012教材)初中七上期末知识梳理

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发表于 2014-1-11 19:44:01 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Starter Unit 1 Good morning!

重点词汇

good 好的,morning早晨,CD光盘,afternoon下午,evening晚上,how如何,are是,you你,I我,am是,fine好的,thanks谢谢,OK好的,行,

重点句型

1.Good morning! 早上好!

2.How are you ? 你好?

3.I’m fine, thanks. 我很好,谢谢。

交际用语

1.Good morning! 早上好!

2.How are you ? 你好?

3.I’m fine, thanks. 我很好,谢谢。

4.Hello! / Hi!

重要语法

1.学会如何与别人打招乎,互相问候。

2.字母读音分类

【课文讲解】

1.Good morning 早晨好!

【用法透视】一般用于熟人、朋友或家人之间,比Hello和Hi要正式一些。Good morning. 后可以带称呼语(如某人、某先生、某女士等)。对方应答是Good morning或Morning。其中morning指早上或上午(中午12点之前)。如果了12点钟则用Good afternoon。大约在下午5点种之后,晚上9点种之前使用Good evening。约在9点种之后要说Good night。例如:

A:Good morning,class!同学们,你们好!

B:Good morning,teacher!老师,早上好!

Morning, Mum! 早上好,妈妈!

Morning, Kate! 早上好,凯特!

Good morning, Jim! 早上好,吉姆!

Good morning, Han Mei! 早上好,韩梅!

【拓展】问候语:

东方人与西方人、中国人和外国人都有着不同的文化传统和风俗习惯,因此学习英语要注意英语语言的表达习惯,在不同的时间不同的场合使用不同的问候语。

(1)        初次见面相互问候How do you do?

(2)        Hello! 在口语中应用较广泛,多用于熟人、朋友、同学之间的相互问好,相当于汉语的

“你好”。这是一种非正式的、比较随便的问候语,使用时不受时间限制;此外打电话或路遇熟人也可用。意为“喂;你好”;在表示问候唤起注意时,美国人常用Hi来代替Hello,显得更为随便,更亲切,例如 :

A: Hello / Hi, Han Mei! 你好,韩梅。

B: Hello / Hi, Jim! 你好,吉姆。

2.Hello,Frank!你好,弗兰克!

【用法透析】Hello!是英语中使用频率最高的日常用语之一,尤其美国人和澳大利人更为常用。可以来表示问候,打招呼或引起对方注意,可以用于熟人、朋友之间,也可以用于陌生人之间,可以单独使用,也可以加称呼语。在两人见面相互问候时,意为“你好”,在打招呼或打电话时,相当中文里的“喂”。在外国,有时陌生人相遇也常说Hello,表示礼貌、友好。回答语为Hello.Hi在现代英语中可以用来代替Hello。Hi比Hello 用的更多,显的更随和。例如:

①Hello/Hi, Kate. 你好,凯特。

②Hello/Hi, Jim. 你好,吉姆。

Hi 可用于表示问候、打招呼后引起对方注意,既可用于熟人、朋友之间,也可用于陌生人之间,既可单独使用,也可以加称呼语。 Hello 在问候时表示“你好”在打招呼或打电话时表示“喂”。

3.How are you? 你好吗?

【用法透析】这是一个问候身体情况的句型,常用Fine, thank you.“很好,谢谢。”来回答。如果第二人接着再问第一个人的身体状况,可以说Fine, thank you. And you ? “很好,谢谢。你怎么样?”。第一个人可以回答“I’m fine, too.” Fine是I’m fine.的简答形式。例如:

—How are you, Mr. Wang ? 你(的身体)好吗?,王先生?

—Fine, thank you. And you ? 很好,谢谢。你也好吗?

—I’m fine, too.我也很好。

【发散思维】How do you do?How are you?

这两个句子都表示“你好”之意,但二者用法不同。主要表现在以下三个方面:

一、意义不同:How are you? 为疑问句,意为“你好吗?”而How do you do?形式上是问句,实际上并不是疑问,意为“你好!”二、使用场合不同:How are you? 用以询问对方的身体健康状况,它多用于朋友或熟人之间。How do you do?则用于初次见面的两个人之间相互问好的问候语。三、回答方式不同:回答How are you?应用I’m fine, thanks. And(How are) you?对方再答I’m OK.或I’m fine, too.;而回答How do you do?应用How do you do?本身回答。例如:

①.—Han Meimei, this is Kate.韩梅,这是凯特。

—How do you do? 你好?

—How do you do?你好?

②.—Hi! Li Lei, how are you? 喂!李蕾,你好吗?

—I’m fine. And you? 我很好,谢谢,你怎么样?

—I’m fine, too. 我也很好。

4.I’m fine, thanks .I’m=I am I’m 是 I am 的缩写形式。英语中经常出现缩写的现象,它的形式一般是在第一个单词后加“ ’ ”,再加上第二个单词的一个辅音字母,这是应按照缩写的形式读音。

【语法详解】

学会如何与别人打招乎,互相问候

1.Hello Hi 可用于表示问候、打招呼后引起对方注意,既可用于熟人、朋友之间,也可用于陌生人之间,既可单独使用,也可以加称呼语。 Hello 在问候时表示“你好”在打招呼或打电话时表示“喂”。

2.Good morning 非正式场合可以省略 Good ,只用 morning 进行问候。其他时段的问候语: Good afternoon! Good evening!

Good night!

3.How are you ? I’m fine, thanks .I’m=I am I'm 是 I am 的缩写形式。英语中经常出现缩写的现象,它的形式一般是在第一个单词后加“’”,再加上第二个单词的一个辅音字母,这是应按照缩写的形式读音。

字母读音分类

在所有的Aa—Hh8个字母中,Aa,Ee,是元音字母,其余的是辅音字母。其中Hh,字母中含有元音字母Aa的读音。Bb,Cc,Dd,Gg四个字母中含有元音字母Ee的读音。Ff字母中含有一个[e]的读音.

【中考连线】

1.My English teacher is _______.

A.Gao TeacherB. Teacher Gao C. Miss GaoD. Miss Gao Hui

解析:C在汉语中,人们称呼老师为“王老师”、“李老师”等;但英语中没有“Teacher Wang ”“Teacher Li ”等称呼说法,因为在英语中“teacher”一词只表示职业,不用作称呼,因此,我们仍用“Mr. / Mrs. / Miss / Ms…”来称呼老师。另外,在这些词后一般只跟姓氏,而非全名或只跟名。因此正确答案为选项C。

2.---It’s nearly twelve o’clock. It’s time for you to go to bed, Jane.

---OK. ______, Mum.

A. Good night B. Goodbye C. Good evening D. See you

解析:A本题考查交际用语。依据题意::到睡觉的时候了。表示“晚安”。

3.---Jane, your dress is beautiful.

---______________.

A. No, it isn’tB. Really?C. Thank you

解析:C 本题考查交际用语。当别人赞美你时,应先说“谢谢”。故应选C。

同步测试题

I.按字母顺序补上所缺的字母

A a _______ C c ______________ F f _______H h

II.写出下列字母相应的大小写形式

G________E _______ h _________D ________b_______a_________

III.写出下列单词中所缺的字母

1. th__s2. f__ne3. wh__t4. g__ ___d5. H___w

6. m__rn__ng7.pl__ __ se        8. b__ __k 9. n__me 10. n___ce

IV.根据汉语或英语意思见下列词语译成英语或汉语

1.请坐________________ 2.早上好!__________________3.谢谢_________________

4. Nice to meet you.___________________ 5. How are you?________________________?

V.选择填空。

1.——Good morning.

——______________.

A. Thank youB. Good morning C. How are you?

2. ——How are you?

——________,thank you.

A. HelloB. GoodC. Fine

3.——_________________

——I’m fine.

A.Hello! B.What’s your nameC. How are you?

4. ——What’s your name?

——My name is ________.

A. Tan XiaofengB. Tan Xiao Feng C. Class

5. SOS代表什么?

A. 中央电视台B.紧急求救C.世贸组织

VI.英汉互译

1.我的名字叫格林。____________________________________________________

2.这是什么?__________________________________________________________

3.王先生,早上好?____________________________________________________

4. What’s your name?____________________________________________________

5. I’m fine, thank you. And you? ___________________________________________

VII. 找出句中划线部分错误的一项

1. Good morning, teacher Zhao.

ABC D

2. Whatareyourname?

A B CD

3. ——What’sthis? — Thisis “A”.

ABCD

4. Fine, thanks you. How are you ?

AB C D

5. IamChenJingJing.

AB CD

VIII.将下列各题中所给的单词组成句子。(注意大小写)

1. Lin Feng, my, is, name

________________________________________________________.

2. am, I, too, fine

________________________________________________________.

3. Li Lei, you, how, are

________________________________________________________.

4. to,meet, nice, you, too

_______________________________________________________.

5. is, this, what

_______________________________________________________.

IX.完成对话

A:Good morning , (1)____________.

B: Good morning , teacher.

A: What’s (2) _______________name?

B: (3) ___________name (4) ___________Chen Liang.

A: (5) ________down, please.

B: Thank you.

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 楼主| 发表于 2014-1-11 19:45:55 | 显示全部楼层
Starter Unit 2 What's this in English期末知识梳理

重点词汇

what,is,this,in,English,an,a,it,map,orange,jacket,key,pen,ruler,spell,please

重点句型

What's this in English? It's a/an…

交际用语

What's this in English?

It's a/an…

Spell it, please.

重要语法

what 引导的特殊疑问句及其回答。

【课文讲解】

1. What’s this ?这是什么?这一句型同我们学过的What’s your name ?属同一类句型。前者是询问某物是什么?后者是询问某人叫什么名字,但都用What表示问“什么”放在句首来提问,这种疑问句叫特殊疑问名。对于特殊疑问句的回答要直接陈述事实,句子结尾用降调。

What’s this句型中 this是指代所问的这个东西,要指代那个东西则用 that(那),回答时用 it代替 this或 that。如:

①What’s this ?这是什么?

It’s E.它是E。

②What’s that ?那是什么?

It’s B.那是B。

2. What’s this in English .这用英语怎么说?

in,介词,表示“使用某种语言”。如:

in English 用英语

in Chinese 用汉语

in Japanese 用日语

English ,Chinese ,Japanese 书写时应将第一个字母大写。另外,in 还可表示“在……里。”如: in Class One 在一班。

3. Englishadj.英国的,英国人的n.英语

【考点】in English 用英语:Can you write in English ?你能用英语写吗?①表示“英国人”可说He is English .还可说He is an Englishman.不能说,He is an English .②the English 指英国人总称,谓语动词用复数。(√)The English are a hard-working people.(×)The English is a hard-working people. ③English 如果是指语言时,前边没有冠词;如果它指代的是英语中某个具体词汇或作形容词修饰后面名词时,应用the.(√)What’s the English (word )for“衣服”?(×)What’s English for “衣服”?(√)He explained it to us in English .(×)He explained it to us in English language .

【引申】English breakfast英国式早餐;the English channel 英吉利海峡;the English Revolution英国革命(光荣革命)。

【语法详解】

what 引导的特殊疑问句及其回答。

以what引导的特殊疑问句是英语中常见的一种疑问句,现在我们来看看它的一些简单用法。

what一词的意思为“什么”,单独使用用来询问某物是什么。例如“What’s this in English?”句式就是这类问句,回答用 “It’s + a / an + 名词单数”。如:

—What’s this in English? 这个用英语怎么说?

—It’s an orange. 这是一个橘子。

—What’s that in English? 那个用英语怎么说?

—It’s a map. 那是一张地图。

若要询问某些物体是什么,可用“What are these / those in English? 这(那)些东西用英语怎么说?”句式提问。回答用 “They’re +名词复数”。如:

—What are these in English?这些东西用英语怎么说?

—They are rulers. 它们是尺子。

—What are those in English?那些东西用英语怎么说?

—They are pens. 它们是钢笔。

what和一些名词搭配可用来对多种情形提问。例如:what color 用来问颜色;what time用来问时间;what size用来问尺寸;what kind用来问种类等等。如:

1.—What color is the key? 这把钥匙是什么颜色?

—It’s yellow. 它是黄色的。

2. —What time is it now? 现在是什么时间?

—It’s 6:00 in the morning. 是早晨6点。

3. —What size shoes do you wear? 你穿多大号码的鞋?

—Size 41. 41号。

4. —What kind of ruler do you want? 你想要哪种尺子?

—I want the small one. 我想要小的。

【中考连线】

1.---What ‘s this ?

---____________

A. This is a book. B. That’s a book . C It’s a book.. D.I’m a book.

精析:问句中用this或that指代某一物体时,答语中应用it代替this或that,以避免重复,故选C。答案C

2.按英语字母表的顺序,指出下列字母中所缺少的字母。

a b c e f h i j k

A.d;fB.c;gC.e;g D.d;g

精析:此题意在考查学生背英语字母表的准确性,c和e, f和h之间,少了d和g。答案D

3. ---What’s this ?

---_________”A”.

A. It’sB. It’s anC. This’sD. It’s a

精析:询问某个东西时,英语中常用this 或that来指代所问事物。回答时用it 来代替this 或that,故排除C项。因“A”在句中作“字母A”讲,是专有名词,前面无需加冠词,B、D项不正确。答案A

4.---Thank you !

---__________!

A. All rightB. That’s all rightC. That’s rightD.OK.

精析:all right“好”、“健康状况良好”;That’s all right .=Not at all.“没关系”、“不用谢”“不客气”;That’s right .“不错”、“对了”。答案B

同步测试题

一、判断下列各组单词中划线部分的读音是否相同。相同打“S”,不同打“D”

()1.name;Grace ()2.quilt;nice () 3.hello;OK

()4.not;what()5.do;too ()6. nice;fine

()7.my;Cindy()8.cap;Kate()9. nice;Linda

()10.meet;bee

二、英汉词组互译

1.用汉语 2.一床被子 3.一个橙子

4.一件上衣5.一幅地图 6.你的钢笔

7.in English 8.that key9.this ruler10.thank you

三、从B栏中找出与A栏中相应的答语,将其代号写在括号内

AB

()1.Good morning,class!a.My name is Jim.

()2.Hello!b.Fine.thank you.

()3.What’s your name? c.Dale is.

()4.How are you,Jim? d.Hello!

()5.What’s this? e.Thank you.

()6.Sit down,please. f.Good morning.

g.It’s “M”.

四、选择填空

()1.This is ______ nice jacket.

A.anB.a C.one D./

()2.What’s that _______in Chinese?

A. inB.to C.on D.at

()3._______ your book?

A.This is B.Is its C.It’sD. Is this

()4.---Colin,what’s this in English?---__________.

A.This is a penB.It’s a pen C.It’s pen D. This is pen

()5.Is this ______ English book?

A.a B.an C.one D. /

五、翻译句子

1.这是南希。

2.瞧,这是什么?

3.这个用英语怎么说?

4.这是一床漂亮的被子。

5.请拼写一下。

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 楼主| 发表于 2014-1-11 19:47:24 | 显示全部楼层
Starter Unit 3 What color is it期末知识梳理

重点词汇

color颜色, red红的,红色 yellow黄的,黄色, green绿色的,绿色 ,blue 蓝的,蓝色的,black黑的,黑色的, white白的,白色的

重点句型

1、What color is it? It’s red. 它是什么颜色的?它是红色的。

2、What’s this? It's Z. 这是什么?它是Z。

交际用语

1、What color is it? It's red. 它是什么颜色的?它是红色的。

重要语法

What 引导的特殊疑问句

【课文讲解】

1.“What is this?”这是什么?

【用法透析】用英语询问某东西是什么时,常用该句型。句中this指代“这个东西”。回答时用it代替this,以避免重复。What is …?,What引出人、物的特殊疑问句,常用于以下情况中:不知某物为何物时;对某物分辨不清时;让别人猜测某物为何物时。回答时不用Yes和No,应用It is…和It’s…直接答出事实。例如:

—What’s this? 这是什么?

—It’s a ruler.它是一把尺子。

—What’s this? 这是什么?

—It’s a map. 这是一幅地图。

2. What colour is it? 它是什么颜色的?

【用法透析】该句型结构为“What colour +be +名词(代词)+?”用来问“某物是什么颜色”。

这是对颜色进行提问的特殊疑问句。what是疑问代词可放在名词前修饰说明名词(colour),该句的主语是it,所以动词用单数is,若主语是复数的动词用are。该句答语应视颜色具体回答。回答语为It's或They're+颜色。例如:

—What colour is your bike? 你的自行车是什么颜色的?

—It’s black.是黑色的。

3.It’s black and white.它是黑白色的。

【用法透析】it指代词,指代前面所提到的东西或人。

【误区警示】注意:its易与it’s混淆。It’s是It is的缩略式,意思是“它是”,用时要注意以下:

1、在句首时It’s 和It is 两者可以通用。例如:

It’s(It is) a pen.它是一只钢笔。

That is a car. It’s an English car.那是一辆车,它是一辆英国车。

2、作肯定回答时,在Yes之后只能用it is,而不能用it’s。如:

Is this a pen? 这是只钢笔吗?Yes, it is. 是的,它是。

【语法详解】

What 引导的特殊疑问句。

What引导的特殊疑问句基本结构有两种情况

(一)What + 一般疑问句?

(二)What+名词+一般疑问句?(what后面跟上名词时,what起形容词作用)

具体地说:

系动词做谓语:What + 系动词 + sb / sth?

What + 名词 + 系动词 + sb / sth?

情态动词做谓语:What + 情态动词 + sb / sth + 实义动词?

What + 名词 + 情态动词 + sb / sth + 实义动词?

行为动词做谓语:What + 助动词 + sb / sth + 实义动词?

What + 名词 + 助动词 + sb / sth + 实义动词?

助动词不能单独做谓语。

一、系动词做谓语:

(一)What + 系动词 + sb / sth?

询问“是什么”

What is it / this / that?It is an eraser.

What are they (物)/ these / those?They are foxes.

What is between the buildings?There are some trees.

What’s this in English?It’s an orange.

询问姓名

What is your name?My name is Amy.

询问某人的职业

What are you?I’m a teacher.

What is he?He’s a doctor.

What are they(人)? They are students.

(句型:疑问词+be动词+主语+…… 注意理解下面的句型变化。)

陈述句:He’s a doctor.

转变为一般疑问句: Is he a doctor?

特殊疑问句,对doctor 提问: What is he?

询问爱好之最

What is your favorite fruit?

I like watermelon. (My favorite fruit is watermelon.) (Watermelon.)

(相当于:Which fruit is your like best? I like watermelon best.)

类似的还有:

What is your favorite color?I like pink and blue.

What is your favorite sport?I like play basketball.

询问电话号码

What is Amy’s telephone number? 83162548.

询问日期

What is (What’s) the date today?It is January 1st today.

询问天气情况

What is the weather like (in winter) (in Beijing)?It is cold and windy.

询问某人的外貌特征

What is she like? She is tall and thin.(She is like her mother. )

注释:这里的like是介词,表示“像”“如….一样”。用于要求别人描述某人/某物或者给出他们的意见。

询问运算结果

What is ten plus seven?It is seventeen。

(二)What + 名词 + 系动词 + sb / sth?

询问星期几

What day is today / tomorrow?(What day is it today / tomorrow?)

It’s Monday / Tuesday / Wednesday / Thursday / Friday / Saturday / Sunday.

询问钟点

What time is it? 几点了? It is 8:00. (eight.)(8:00.)(8 o’clock.)

询问颜色

What color is your shirt?It is pink.

询问存在范围

What class / grade are you in? We are in class two / grade three.

二、情态动词做谓语:

询问能力

What can you do at home? I can sweep the floor. (I can wash the clothes.)

What can you see on the desk? I can see some erasers.

询问意愿

What would you like to do?I would like to have a picnic.

What would you like for lunch?I would like some green beans.

注释:would like to do = want to do

这里的like是行为动词,意思是“喜欢”。

三、行为动词做谓语:

(一)What + 助动词 + sb / sth + 实义动词?

询问正在干什么

What are you doing? I am making a birthday card.

What are you doing? We are studying hard.

What are the elephants doing?They are sleeping.

注释:这里的are是助动词,而不是系动词。它跟doing一起构成现在时时态。

询问将要干什么

What are you going to do next weekend?

We are going to our grandparents.

What are you going to be?

I am going to be a teacher.

注释:这里的are是助动词,而不是系动词。它跟going to一起构成将来时时态。

询问某人的职业

What do you do? I am a policeman.

What do you do? We are teachers.

询问生活习惯

What do you (usually) do on the weekend?I often go hiking.

询问一日三餐

What do you have for dinner?I have beef and rice.

询问课程

What (classes) do you have on Wednesday? We have English and Art.

(二)What + 名词 + 助动词 + sb / sth + 实义动词?

What classes do you have on Wednesday? We have English and Art.

What sports do you like?(对宾语提问)I like basketball.

四、常用的特殊句型:

What about you?

询问情况或打听消息。当对方谈的事情不明确,需要询问清楚时,也可用这一句型。如:

I’d like a cup of tea. What about you? 我想喝杯茶,你呢?

寒暄时用作承接上下文的转折语。如:

I’m a student. What about you? 我是学生,你呢?

【中考连线】

1、-Your dress is very beautiful, Mary.

 -________.

A. Not at all                         B. Just so-so                 C. No, it isn’tD. Thank you

解析:D。根据英美人的习惯,得到别人的帮助、赞赏和夸奖时要感谢,就连家人之间也不例外。表示“不用谢”为:You’re welcome./That’s all right./It’s my pleasure.等。

 2、-I’m sorry, I’m late.

   -________.

A. It doesn’t matter                B. Don’t say that                C. It’s my pleasure                D. All right

解析: A。英美人口中说得最多的话语之一就是“Sorry.”。回答时常用:That’s all right. / It doesn’t matter. / That’s OK.等表示“没关系”或“不要紧”。

3、-_______?

-Orange, I think.

A. What is it                                                 B. How is the food

C. What colour do you think it is                 D. Is there any fruit around here

解析:C。本题考查交际习惯用法。由答语Orange, I think.可知是对颜色的提问。故应选C。

同步测试题

一、按字母顺序写出26个大小写字母。

二、根据字母的读音填空。

1        Aa        ________ Kk ________

2        Ee        Bb_______Dd_______Pp_______________

3        Ii        _______

4        Oo       

5        Uu        Qq_______

6                Ff _______Mm_______Ss_______

三、从A、B、C、D中选出含有相同音素的选项。

( )1.A.a f B.b p C.d j D.i r

( )2.A.b i B.d rC.g pD.j p

( )3.A.h l B.e u C.h m D.n x

( )4.A.m w B.s rC.c f D.f l

( )5.A.h z B.s vC.v h D.f s

四、将下列方框中的缩略词添在与其对应的中文后面的横线上。

1.联合国____________2. (美国)全国篮球协会____________

3. 激光唱片____________4.硬黑____________

5. 不明飞行物____________ 6. 千克____________

7. 中国中央电视台____________ 8. 英国广播公司____________

9. 停车____________

五、按括号内所给要求写出适当形式。

1.white (反义词)____________2.I’m(完整形式)_________

3.what is(所略形式)___________4.it’s(完整形式)_________

5. Uu( 同音词) ___________

六、从括号中选出一个填空。

1.How ________ you?(am, is ,are)

2.What ________ this in English? (am, is ,are)

3.What color is the pen? It ________ red. (am, is ,are)

4.What’s this? It’s ________ orange. (a, an )

5. What’s this? It’s ________jacket. (a, an )

6. It’s ________ apple. (a, an )

七、单项选择。

( )1.早晨在校门口遇到同学时,应该怎么样打招呼?

A. How are you?B. Good morning!C. Good evening!

( )2.当别人向你问好时说:How are you? 你应该怎么回应呢?

A. Fine, thank youB. Hello!C. How are you?

( )3. 一Good evening, Eric.一_________, Cindy.

A. Good morning B. Good afternoonC. Good evening

( )4.一Good morning!一_________

A.Thank youB.Good morning! C.Hello!

( )5.一Hello! 一_________

A.Hello! B.Thank youC.I’m fine

( )6.一Sit down,P1ease.一_________.

A.I’m fine B.OKC.Thank you

( )7.---Colin,what’s this in English?---__________.

A.This is a penB.It’s a penC.It’s pen

( )8.It’s ___________ black.It’s ________ black ruler.

A.a;/ B./;aC.a;a

( )9. ---________ is that quilt?—It’s black.

A..How colorB.What colorC.What’s color

( )10. 一What’s this in English?一It’s ________ orange.

A. an B. aC./

八、句子配对

( )1.What’s this in English? A.Good morning!

( )2.Good morning! B.It’s green.

( )3.What color is that orange? C.Fine,thank you.

( )4.How are you?D.It’s an orange.

( )5.Hello! Frank.E.Hello! Eric.

九、连词成句

1.English, in, this, what’s

2.you, how,are

3.fine,thanks, I’m

4.it, spell, please.

5.color, is, it, what

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 楼主| 发表于 2014-1-11 19:49:29 | 显示全部楼层
Unit 1 My name is Gina期末知识梳理

重点词汇

数词:0—9,(zero, one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine)

代词:你,我,它,(I, you, it) 我的,你的,他的,她的 (my, your, his, her)

be 动词:am (与I连用), is(与单数主语连用), are(与you以及复数主语连用)

名词:男孩 boy, 女孩girl, 名字name, 时钟clock, 电话telephone, phone, 问题question,

家庭family, 卡片card

动词:看look, 问ask, 遇见meet

短语:问问题:ask questions 靠前的名字: first name 靠后的名字: last name

电话号码:telephone number/ phone number 姓氏:family name身份证:ID card

重点句型

Hello! My name is Jenny.

I’ am Gina. Nice to meet you!

What’s your name?

Hi, Mary! I’ am Jim.

What’s your telephone number?

It’s 284-2942

交际用语

1.--What ’ s your name? 你叫什么名字?--My name is .../ I am ...我叫......

2.– What ’ s his/her name? 他/她叫什么名字? --His/ Her name is... 他/她叫......

3.– What ’ s your/ his/ her first name? 你/他/她的名是什么?

--My/ His/ Her first name is... 我/他/她的名是......

4.– What ’ s your/ his/ her last name? ?你’ s your/ his/ her family name? 你/他/她姓什么?

--My/ His/ Her family name is ...我/他/她姓......

6.– What ’ s your/ his/ hertelephone / phone number? 你/他/她的电话号码是什么?

--My/ His/ Her telephone/ phone number is... 我/他/她的电话号码是... (也可以用It ’ s...)

7.Nice to meet you. 见到你很高兴。

重要语法

代词

【课文讲解】

1.—My name’s Jenny. 我叫詹妮。

—I’m Gina. Nice to meet you. 我是吉娜,很高兴见到你。

1) My name is…意为“我的名字是……”,是介绍自己名字的正规用语。My name’s是My name is的缩写形式。注意:初次见面时,自我介绍是社交礼貌,一般先介绍自己的名字。如:

—My name is Tony. 我的名字叫托尼。

—My name is Linda. Nice to meet you. 见到你我很 高兴。

My name is…也可以说I am…,可缩写成I’m…,要显得随意,非正式些。

2) 当两个人在某地初次见面时,常用Nice to meet you. 来表示问候,此句型等于It’s nice to meet you. 其答语应为:Nice to meet you, too. 如:

—Hello, Nick. Nice to meet you!你好,尼克。见到你很高兴!

—Hello, Jack. Nice to meet you too! 你好,杰克。见到你我也很高兴1

类似的说法还有:

Nice to see you!

Glad to meet (see) you!

I’m glad to meet (see) you

Good to see you here.

2.—What’s your name? 你叫什么名字?

—Alan. 艾伦。

What’s your name? 是用来询问对方叫什么名字的特殊疑问句,一般是上级对下级,长者对年轻人、同学同事或平辈之间才这样说。回答用My name is.. ,也可以简单地说出名字。如:

—What’s your name? 你叫什么名字?

—My name is Li Lei. 我叫李雷。

询问对方姓名时还可用以下较客气的说法:

May I know your name, please?

Could I have your name, please?

Your name, please? 如:

3.What’s her family name? 她姓什么?

family name=last name,意为“姓氏”,first name意为“名字”。英美人的姓和名的顺序正好与中国人的姓与名相反,英美人姓在后,名在前,并且姓常与Mr, Mrss, Ms连用。如:

My full name is James Green. Green is my family name. 我的全名是詹姆士•格林。格林是我的姓。

4.—What’s your telephone number, Li Xin? 李新,你的电话号码是多少?

—It’s 281-9176.是281-9176。

What…number? 是用来对自行车牌号、房间号、电话号码、身份证号码等进行提问,what在此句中是“多少”的意思,其答语是“It’s +号码”。此外还有另一种形式:What’s the number of…? 如:

—What’s the number of your car? 你的车牌号码是多少?

—It’s 621238. 是621238。

【语法详解】

代词

代词是代替名词的词。在英语中代词分为八类:人称代词、物主代词、反身代词、指示代词、不定代词、疑问代词、连接代词和关系代词。

这里我们着重小结一下人称代词、物主代词的用法。

(一)人称代词

人称代词有人称、数和格的变化。

1.主格的用法

(1)作主语

e.g. I am a worker. You are a student. 我是工人。你是学生。

You, she and I all enjoy music. 你、我、她都喜欢音乐。

(2)作表语

e.g. Who is it?谁呀?

It’s me!我。

It is she who helps me with German. 是她帮助我学德语。

2.宾格的用法

(1)作及物动词的宾语

e.g. Mr Li teaches us English. 李老师教我们英语。

Please tell him not to talk in class. 请告诉他不要在课堂上讲话。

(2)作介词的宾语

e.g. She likes English and she is good at it. 她喜欢并擅长英语。

Come and sit between her and me.来坐在她和我当中。

※①人称代词it除可代替事物之外,还可指时间、天气、距离等:

e.g. It’s ten o’clock.现在十点了。

It’s going to rain soon.天快下雨了。

It’s three miles to the school.到学校有三英里远。

②关于人称代词的排列规律

英语人称代词的排列是一个比较复杂的问题,有时可能根据不同的语境或说话的强调点等的不同而有所变化。但是作为一般的原则,以下几点排列习惯要注意:

(A)单数人称代词的排列,通常是“二三一”。

e.g.You, he and I are all middle school students.你、他和我都是中学生。

They will come to see you, Jim and me off.他们要来为你、吉姆和我送行。

(B)复数人称代词的排列,通常是“一二三”。

e.g.We, you and they are all good citizens.我们、你们和他们都是好公民。

We, you and they can go together.我们、你们和他们可以一起去。

(C)第三人称单数男女并排时,通常是男先女后。

e.g.He and she both wanted to get it.他和她两人都想得到它。

Nobody wanted to go except him and her.除了他和她外,没有一个人想去。

(D)当要承担责任或涉及不好事件时,通常是“一三二”。

e.g.I, he and you will be punished for doing that.我、他和你都要因做这事而受惩罚。

I, he and you made the mistakes.这些错误是我、他和你犯下的。

(二)物主代词

物主代词有形容词物主代词和名词性物主代词两种,其形式如下:

1.形容词性物主代词用作定语,修饰后面的名词。

e.g. my childhood我的童年our school我们学校his friend他的朋友her students她的学生

their classmates他们的同学

2.名词性物主代词用作主语、表语和宾语

e.g. His brother is a driver; mine is a soldier and hers is a teacher.

他的哥哥是个司机;我的哥哥是个军人;她的哥哥是个教师。(主语)

These bags are not ours. They are theirs.

这些书包不是我们的,是他们的。(表语)

You may use my bike and I may use hers.

你可以用我的自行车,我用她的。(宾语)

※名词性的物主代词用作名词,因此,其后不能再跟名词,名词性的物主代词可与of构成短语作定语。

e.g. He is friend of mine. 他是我的一个朋友。

This is an old photo of his.这是他的一张老照片。

【中考连线】

1.—Hi,Jenny!Nice to meet you.

—______.

A.HiB.Nice to meet you,too C.Good morning

解析:当一方用“Nice to meet you.”时,对方用“Nice to meet you,too.”来应答。答案:B

2.Hi!This is ______ new friend.______ name is Lucy.

A.your;MyB.his;YourC.your;Her

解析:把三个选项代入短文,意思分别为:A:这是你的新朋友,我的名字叫Lucy。B:这是他的新朋友,你的名字叫Lucy。C:这是你的新朋友,她的名字叫Lucy。A、B两项不符合语言习惯,故选C。答案:C

3.Is this your sister?What’s ______ name?

A.his B.herC.your

解析:从上一句“这是你妹妹吗?”可看出,是询问她(你妹妹)的名字。答案:B

4.—What’s his name?

—______.

A.Jenny B.TonyC.Mary

解析:Mary 和 Jenny都是女孩名,问句中问“他的”,故用his。答案:B

同步测试题

一、根据句意和首字母提示填空。

1.Your family name is Moore, and what’s your fname?

2.Can you fill in your own ID c?

3.Tony wants to ask you three q.

4.L ! That’s an English book.

5.This is a boy. Hname is Bruce.

6.Your telephone n is 422-2785.

7.There are s days in a week.

8.You can know the time by your watch or c.

9.Eleven gstudents are in the classroom. There are no boys.

10.What’s your a ?

二、根据句意用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空。

1.I’m a singer and _________(I) name’s Dale.

2.Is _________(she) book new?

3.It’s nice __________(meet) you.

4.Let _________(we)learn and read English.

5.What’s the __________(boy) name?

6.His __________(one) name is Jones.

7.Six and eight ___________(be) fourteen.

8.In the small village(村子), there are only nine __________(family) now.

9.How are ____________(your)?

10.Can you ____________(answer) the question.

三、单项选择。

( )1.-What’s your telephone number?

-___________ 278-106.

A.I’mB.ItC.It’sD.Is it

( )2.-Is that a ruler?

-No, ______________.

A.it isB.it isn’tC.that isD.that isn’t

( )3.All the ________ have __________ own meanings.

A.name, itsB.names, itsC.name, theirD.names, their

( )4.The girl’s name is Maria Schuartz, so her ___________ name’s Maria.

A.lastB.familyC.firstD.mother

( )5.Each of the students under 15 years old doesn’t have _________ ID card.

A.anB.theC.anyD.a

( )6.Please listen and _______________ the nice pictures.

A.numbersB.meets        C.lookD.number

( )7.That’s a girl. Her name is ___________.

A.Wang Xiaoling B.Wang Xiao LingC.Wang xiaolingD.Wang xiao ling

( )8.__________ a list of the boys’ names and the girls’ names.

A.Take        B.Make        C.WritesD.Do

( )9.Let’s __________ the name game.

A.singB.workC.playD.dance

( )10.-Thank you very much.

-_______________________.

A.No thanksB.Thank you.C.Not at allD.That’s right

四、按要求完成下列句子,每空一词。

(A)句型转换。

1.His name is Tom.(对划线部分提问)

_________ _________ his name?

2.James is fine.(对划线部分提问)

_________ _________ James?

3.I’m Jenny.(改为同义句)

_________ _________ is Jenny.

4.Linda’s telephone number is 605-4279.(改为一般疑问句)

________ her _________ _________ 605-4279?

5.name, is, family, Lucy’s, Read.(连词成句)

_________ _________ _________ _________ __________.

(B)根据汉语意思完成下列句子。

6.你能回答他的问题吗?

Can you_________ _________ __________?

7.让我们结对问和答。

Let’s _________ and _________ in ___________.

8.我的姓氏是史密斯。

My _________ _________ Smith.

9.她的电话号码是多少?

_________ her _________ _________?

10.这用英语怎么说?

_________ this _________ _________?

五、补全对话。

Jim: Hello. (1) ?

Li Lei: Hello. My name is Li Lei. And what’s your name?

Jim: (2) . Nice to meet you.

Li Lei: (3).

Jim: (4)?

Li Lei: It’s 37916542. (5) ?

Jim: It is 37246510.

六、完形填空。(10分)

My(1)is Lucy. I’m a(2). I’m(3). I’m(4)now. My teacher is a(5) . Her name is Wang Pei. She is an(6)teacher. David is my friend. He is English. He is fourteen. David and I(7)in Class 3, Grade1. I am(8)Number I in Row 2. He is in the same row. His English is(9). He has(有) a parrot.(10)name is Polly.

( )1.A.nameB.numberC.classD.row

( )2.A.manB.womanC.girlD.boy

( )3.A.JapanB.ChinaC.AmericanD.America

( )4.A.at the schoolB.at schoolC.in the schoolD.good

( )5.A.boyB.manC.EnglishD.woman

( )6.A.JapaneseB.EnglishC.ChineseD.good

( )7.A.areB.amC.isD.be

( )8.A.inB.at C.×D.on

( )9.A.wellB.OKC.goodD.fine

( )10.A.It’sB.ItsC.It isD.its

七、阅读理解

(A)

Julia’s Chinese name is Liu Min, she is in Class 6 and her telephone number is 756-4321. She has a brother, his name is Adam. He is a tall boy, he has(有) some good friends at school. Julia and her brother like apples very much. Julia’s favourite colour is white, but Adam likes black. Black is his favourite colour. They are in China(中国) now, their Chinese teacher is Miss Wang. She is a good teacher.

根据短文内容,判断下列句子正(T)误(F)。

( )1.Adam has a Chinese name.

( )2.Miss Li is an English teacher.

( )3.Adam is Julia’s brother.

( )4.Julia is tall.

( )5.Julia likes white and Adam likes black.

( )6.They’re in China now.

( )7.Julia’s telephone number is 765-4321.

( )8.Julia and Adam like apples.

( )9.Julia has some good friends.

( )10.Their Chinese teacher is good.

(B)

下面是一个学生的自述,读后请填写身份证上的内容,并回答问题。

Hello! I’m Li Lei. My English name is Paul Grace. I am a Chinese student. I have a teacher of

English. Her name is Mary Brown. Her telephone number is 181-9176. My telephone number is

766-3725. I live(居住) at No. 123, Zhongshan Road Chongqing.

7.Is Paul Grace Chinese or English?

8.Where(何处) does Li Lei live?

9.Is Mary a name for a woman?

10.Is Lei the family name?

八、书面表达。

请你至少用五句话介绍一下自己。

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 楼主| 发表于 2014-1-11 19:50:56 | 显示全部楼层
Unit 2 This is my sister期末知识梳理

重点词汇

grandfather称祖父,grandmother叫祖母,father父mother母,brother兄弟来称呼,sister姐或妹,

parent父或母,uncle伯、舅、叔,aunt姨、婶、姑,daughter女儿son儿子,friend朋友、友人

picture不仅指照片,也可指画,画像,图片等

单元生词“秀”

尊敬长辈是美德,儿(son)女(daughter)共唱幸福歌,parents包括mother and father,grandparent只指grandfather 或grandmother一个。

兄弟(brother)姐妹(sister)很快乐,堂兄们(cousin)也不错,

拍张照片(picture,photo)在这里(here),叔叔(uncle)、婶子(aunt)笑呵呵。

he(他)的本领确实大,前加 “s” 变成“她(she)”。

这些(these)那些(those)一字差,亲爱的(dear)朋友(friend)是(are)一家。

重点句型

This is /That is…….

Are those your ... ?

This/That is…

These/Those are…

交际用语

Who is he/she?

He/she is…

Nice to meet you.

Nice to meet you,too.

Thanks.

Bye!

This/That is my…

Who is she/he?

Who are they?

重要语法

代词

【课文讲解】

1. This is my sister. 这是我的姐妹。

1) 当我们把一个人介绍给另一个人时,常用句型This is…意为“这是……”。如果介绍距离我们较远的人时,则用That is…或That’s…意为“那是”,一般不用He is… 或she is…。一般来说,从交际习惯上来看,先把年轻人介绍给长者;在宾主之间,先介绍宾客;男女之间,先把男士介绍给女士。如:

Hi, Lisa. This is my classmate, Linda. 喂,丽沙。这是我的同学,琳达。

—Mom, this is my friend, Tom. 妈妈,这是我的朋友,汤姆。

—Tom, this is my mother. 汤姆,这是我母亲。

2) that’s是that is的缩写形式,但须注意,this is是不能缩写的。

2. These are my brothers.这些是我的兄弟们。

Those are my parents. 那些是我的父母亲。

当介绍的是两个或两个以上的人时,可用“These are…(这些是……) ”或“Those are…(那些是……)”。these和those做主语时,后面的动词be要用are,动词后面的名词也要用复数形式,以保持数的一致。如:

These are my classmates and those are my teachers. 这些是我的同学,那些是我的老师。

these 或those也可用来修饰名词时,名词要用复数形式。

These books are new. 这些书是新的。

Those newspapers are old. 那些报纸是旧的。

注意:回答主语是these 或those的一般疑问句时,通常用they来代替问句中的these或those做主语,以避免重复。肯定回答用Yes, they are.(不能缩写成they’re);否定回答用No, they aren’t. 如:

—Are those your friends? 那些是你的朋友吗?

—Yes, they are. 是的,是我的朋友。

3. This is my friend Jane. 这是我的朋友Jane。

句中my friend和Jane是同位关系,Jane是my friend的同位语,我的朋友my friend和Jane是同一个人。因此该句也可以说This is Jane, my friend. 这是Jane,我的朋友。如:

①This is my sister, Lucy. 这是我的妹妹露茜。

②That is Jane, my girl friend. 那是珍妮,我的女朋友。

4.These are my brothers

这是我的兄弟们。

These are…是This is…的复数形式。与此相应,That is…与Those are…也可作介绍语。只不过this指离说话人较近的人或物,意思是“这个”,that指离说话人较远的人或物,意思是“那个”。如:

This is my mum and that is my dad. 这是我的妈妈,那是我的爸爸。

This is a pen and that is a pencil. 这是一支钢笔,那是一支铅笔。

5. Here are two nice photos of my family.

这是由here引起的倒装句型,在“Here + is(are)+主语(名词或名词短语)”句型中,here是副词,置于句首起强调作用,应重读。动词is(are)须位于主语之前,主语如是单数,用动词is,主语是复数用动词are。如:

Here is a pencil. 这儿有支铅笔。

—Here are some apples for you. 这儿有些苹果给你。

【语法详解】

代词

1.this/these是近指代词,指时间或空间上较近的人或事物。that/those是远指代词,指时间或空间上较远的人或事物。如:

This is Mr.Smith and that is Mr.Black.这位是史密斯先生,那位是布莱克先生。

These are pears and those are apples.这些是梨,那些是苹果。

2.that和those可用来代替前面说过的名词。如:

The weather in Shanghai is not so cold as that in Beijing.上海的天气不像北京那么冷。

3.this,that,these,those和冠词(a,an,the)以及形容词性物主代词(his,her,its,my等)合不来,它们从不连用。

4.在回答一般疑问句时,不直接用this,that,these,those,而要用it,they来代替上文的指示代词以避免词汇重复。如:

—Is this your pen?这是你的钢笔吗?—Yes,it is./No,it isn’t.是的。/不,不是。

5.this,that和单数名词相处得很好,常放在名词前面,these,those则和复数名词相处得很好,常放在复数名词前。如:

I like those bananas.They look very nice.我喜欢那些香蕉,它们看起来不错。

6.this is常用于电话用语中的自我介绍。that常用于询问并指代对方,用that/it,不用you。

如:—Hello,is that Li Ming?喂,你是李明吗?

—Yes,this is Li Ming.是的,我是李明。

7.向第三者介绍旁边的熟人时,常用This is...;向第三者介绍距离较远的熟人时,常用That is...。

【中考连线】

1.You can call your father and mother p.(完成单词)

思路解析:“爸爸与妈妈”就是父母。因为父母是两个人,因此要用复数,有的同学没有用复数形式而失分。答案:parents

2.—Have you heard of the accident about Lucy and her father?

—Accident?No,I haven’t.Tell me about.

A.it B.herC.himD.them 

思路解析:这是一道考查代词用法的题。it常用来代替事物、时间等;her“她”为she的宾格,常用来代替女性;him“他”为he的宾格,常用来代替男性;them“他们”为they的宾格,可用来代替第三人称的复数。根据句意,此处是用于代替Accident,要用it。答案为A。

提示:本题由于受前句Lucy and her father的影响,学生容易误选D。实际上,如果把答语中的accident去掉,选D也可以。但在答语中有accident提示,说明告诉的重点是事故的情况,所以A项才是最佳答案。

3.A:Thanks for the lovely party and the delicious food.

B: .

A:My pleasureB.No,thanks C.Never mind D.All right 

思路解析:这是一道考查交际能力的试题,上句是一句表示感谢的语言,那么下句就应当是对表示感谢的答语。My pleasure意为“甭客气”;No,thanks意为“不,谢谢你”;Never mind意为“别介意”;All right意为“可以;好”。根据情景可以判断答案选A。

提示:本题在于:一是分不清语言情景,二是对所给情景不能作出正确的回答。

同步测试题

一、选择填空。

( )1.-Is he your friend?-Yes, ________.

A.it isB.it isn’t C.he isD.he isn’t

( )2.-Is this your father?-No, ________.

A.it isB.it isn’t C.he isD.he isn’t

( )3.Is that your ________ ?

A.a pictureB.picture C.picturesD.nice pictures

( )4.Are ________ Kate’s ________?

A.this, book B.that,book C.these,booksD.those,book

( )5.Is Zhang Fu your brother? ________.

A.Yes,it is B.No,it isn’tC.Yes, she isD.No,he isn’t

( )6.Thanks ________ your last letter.

A.of B.fromC.forD.to

( )7.Anna is not my sister. ________ my cousin.

A.HeB.He’sC.SheD.She’s

( )8.Is ________ your aunt? What’s ________ name?

A.he,hisB.she,herC.he,her D.she,his

( )9.What are those? ________.

A.They are apple treesB.They are apples trees

C.Those are apple treesD.Those are apples trees

二、将下列句子变为一般疑问句,并作简要的肯定回答和否定回答

1.This is Gina.

2.That is his brother.

3.He is my good friend.

4.These are nice pictures.

5.Those are school things.

三、用am,is,are填空

1.Excuse me! ________ this your eraser?

2.What ________ those? ________ they birds(鸟)?

3.This ________ his ruler. Where ________ my ruler?

4.I ________ in Class Three. ________ you in Class Three,too?

5.________ these her English books?

6.Those ________ their apples. Where ________ his apples?

7.She ________ eleven. How old ________ that boy?

8.He ________ my friend. ________ your friend a boy or a girl?

9.________ those maps? No,they ________ not. They ________ pictures.

10.These ________ your bananas. Here you ________.

四、连词成句,注意标点符号

l.his, here, is, photo, family, (.)

2.your, the, for, of, thanks, photo, family, (.)

3.your, is, brother, Paul, (?)

4.are, not, these, grandparents, his, (.)

5.she, aunt, his, is, (?)

五、完形填空

My name is Wang Li. My English teacher1Linda. She is from the USA.2has a son and a daughter.3is Ben.4is Maria. Her husband(丈夫) is5. Mr Black is6, too. He and his son are7New York(纽约) now. Mrs Black and Maria are in China.8are classmates(同班同学), and we are9. I teach(教) her Chinese and10teaches me English.

( )1.A.beB.isC.amD.are

( )2.A.SheB.HerC.HeD.His

( )3.A.His sonB.His daughterC.Her sonD.Her daughter

( )4.A.His sonB.His daughterC.Her sonD.Her daughter

( )5.A.Black PaulB.Paul BlackC.Black AnnaD.Anna Black

( )6.A.a studentB.an English studentC.a Chinese teacherD.an English teacher

( )7.A.at B.fromC.inD.on

( )8.A.Ben and IB.I and BenC.Maria and ID.I and Maria

( )9.A.good friendB.a good friendC.good friendsD.friend

( )10.A.heB.sheC.theyD.her

六、阅读短文,然后答题

A

Look at this. What’s this in English, do you know? Ah, it’s a photo. Who’s that in the photo? It’s Li Yan. Li Yan is my good friend. She is a beautiful (漂亮)girl. Who’s that? The boy in black? It’s Jim. He is an English boy. He is very cool(酷). He is my friend, too. We are all in the same school. I like Jim and Li Yan.

根据短文内容选择正确答案。

( )1.What is t his? It’s ________.

A.a schoolB.a friend C.a photo D.an English friend

()2.Li Yan is ________.

A.a good boyB.a cool boyC.a beautiful girl D.an English girl

()3.What color is Jim in? ________.

A.RedB.Yellow C.Orange D.Black

( )4.Who’s English? ________.

A.I B.JimC.Li Yan D.Jim and Li Yan

( )5.Who are in the same school? ________.

A.Jim and Li YanB.Jim and IC.Li Yan and I D.Jim, Li Yah and I

B

My name is Nancy. I’m a student. I’m twelve. My father is a teacher. My mother is a teacher, too. John is my brother. We are all(都) in Beijing, China. The man in a black coat is my father. The woman in a red sweater(毛衣) is my mother. The boy behind(在……后面) the tree is John. We are very happy(快乐) here. We love Beijing.

根据短文内容回答下列问题。

1.How old is Nancy?_______________________

2.Who is Nancy’s brother?________________________

3.What are Nancy’s father and mother?________________________

4.Where are they now?________________________

5.Do they like Bijing?________________________

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 楼主| 发表于 2014-1-11 19:52:46 | 显示全部楼层
Unit 3 Is this your pencil期末知识梳理

单元生词“秀”

早晨去学校school,带好书包schoolbag

钢笔pen、铅笔pencil数一数

划线拿出直尺ruler,错了再用橡皮eraser

这个this那个that要听好,点头是yes摇头不no

书book是好朋友,字典dictionary好帮手

看好手表watch记准时,棒球baseball游戏game别错过

做完功课玩电脑computer

请please说在前,感谢thank来断后

钥匙key丢了别着急,要帮忙打电话call找警察

戒指ring没了能找回,失而复得更快乐

重点句型

1.Is this your pencil?Yes, it is.

这是你的铅笔吗? 是的,它是.

2.Is that your schoolbag?No, it isn’t.It’s his.

那是你的书包吗?不,它不是。它是他的书包。

3.How do you spell it?你怎样拼写它?       

4.Call me at 685-6034.请拨打685-6034找我.

交际用语

1.Excuse me,Grace.Is this your pencil?

请问,这是你的直尺吗?

2.My phone number is 495-3539. 我的电话号码是495-3539。

重要语法

一般疑问句

【课文讲解】

1. —Is this your pencil? 这是你的铅笔吗?

—Yes, it is. 是的。

这个句子的is怎么放到了句子的开头?朗读起来有什么要注意的吗?

Is this……?这个顺序构成了一般疑问句。英语句子如果是is, am, are作谓语,那么把它们移到句子的开头,将第一个字母大写就构成了一般疑问句。回答一般疑问句时,答案是肯定的就说yes,答案是否定的就用no。

还有值得注意的是:答句中要用it代替原来的this或that。例如:

—What’s this? 这是什么?

—It’s a pencil. 这是铅笔。

看到了吧,答语没有使用this is。

一般疑问句在朗读的时候用升调,语调在最后一个单词或短语上体现。

2. —Is that your schoolbag?

那是你的书包吗?

—No, it isn’t. It’s his .

不是。是他的。

this, that和it都可以指代单数名词,它们的区别是什么?

this和that都是指示代词,this意为“这”“这个”,that意为“那”“那个”;it是人称代词,意为“它”。

(1)this一般用来指时间或空间上较近的人或物;that常用来指时间或空间上较远的人或物;it则没有远近之分。试比较:

This is a pen. 这是一枝钢笔。(近指)

That is a book. 那是一本书。(远指)

It is a ruler. 它是一把尺子。

(2)介绍某人时可以用this,也可以用that,一般不用it。如:

This is Tom. That is Li Wei.这位是汤姆,那位是李伟。

(3)放在一起的两样东西,先说this,后说that。如:

This is a pen. That is a pencil.这是一支钢笔,那是一支铅笔。

(4)向别人介绍某人时说This is …,不说That is…。如:

This is Helen. Helen, this is Tom.这是海伦。海伦,这是汤姆。

(5)This is不能缩写,而That is 可以缩写。如:

This is a bike. That’s a car.这是一辆自行车,那是一辆轿车。

(6)在回答this或that作主语的疑问句时,要用it代替this或that。如:

—Is this a notebook? 这是笔记本吗?

—Yes, it is. 是的,它的。

—What’s that? 那是什么?

—It’s a kite. 是只风筝。

(7)it可以指天气、时间、距离或人,也常用来代替前文中所提到的东西。如:

It’s a fine day today. 今天是个好天。

What’s the time? It’s six. 几点了?六点。

It’s not far from here. 离这儿不远。

—Who is it? 谁呀?

—It’s me. 是我。

This is a pen. It’s Lily’s。这是一枝钢笔。它是莉莉的。

3. How do you spell it?

它怎样拼写?

(1)how表示“怎么,如何”的意思,疑问词,引导特殊疑问句。

(2)do是助动词,无实际意义,帮助行为动词构成疑问句否定句。当主语是第三人称单数时,助动词应为does。如:

How do you know the news?你是怎样知道这个消息的呢?

对特殊疑问句的回答不能用yes或no来回答,而应该根据实际情况将需要拼写的单词按照字母顺序依次拼出,如果同一个字母连续出现两次时,则在它前面加double,意为“双写”。如果不知道怎么拼写,通常用I am sorry. I don’t know. 来回答。例如:

—How do you spell“good”?你怎么拼写“good”这个词?

—G—double O—D. G,双写O,再加D。

—How do you spell this word?你怎么拼写这个单词?

—I am sorry, I don’t know.对不起,我不知道。

4.Call me at 685 - 6034.

拨打685 - 6034找我。

[用法]call sb. 给某人打电话

call sb. at + telephone number

call telephone number

(1)call动词,表示“打电话”的意思。

(2)at介词,常用来表位置、地点。

如:Please call me if you wish.如果你愿意,请打电话给我。

Please call 110 if you have any trouble.如果你遇到麻烦,请拨打110。

5. A set of keys一串钥匙。

a set of表示“一串、一套、一列”等意思。如:

a set of books一套书

a set of six dining chairs六把一套的餐椅

a new set of rules一套新的规则

【语法详解】

一般疑问句

一般疑问句的概念

一般疑问句是用来询问某事物或情况是否属实,需要对方作出肯定或否定回答。简言之,能够用yes或no回答的疑问句叫一般疑问句。如:

—Is that a plane?那是一架飞机吗?

—Yes,it is./No,it isn’t.是的。/不是的。

一般疑问句的结构

一般疑问句的基本结构是:Be动词(is/am/are)/情态动词/主动词+主语+其他部分?如:

Is this a map?这是一张地图吗?

Can you spell your name?你会拼写你的名字吗?

一般疑问句的回答

一般疑问句常用 “Yes,主语+be(can).”表示肯定的回答;用“No,主语+be(can)+not.”表示否定的回答。如:

—Is this your watch?这是你的手表吗?

—No,it’s not. 不,不是我的。

注意:

1.当一般疑问句的主语不是人称代词,在回答时,应当用相应的人称代词替换。如:

—Is the boy a student?

—Yes,he is.(一般不说Yes,the boy is.)

2.在对一般疑问句作肯定回答时,主语不能与be动词等缩略在一起。如:

—Is it a clock?

—Yes,it is.(不能写成Yes,it’s.)

一般疑问句的语调

在朗读一般疑问句时,用升调读。对其简略答语用降调。如:

(1)Are you in Grade↗ One?你是在一年级吗?

(2)—Is it a↗ ruler?它是尺子吗?

—Yes,it↘ is.是的。

【中考连线】

1.Animals like tigers and bears are very dangerous.(改为一般疑问句)

animals tigers and bears very dangerous?

思路解析:首先判断出原句为主系表结构,把这样的句子变为一般疑问句,只要把be提前即可。答案:Are,like

温馨提示:有的同学往往误认为like为动词,而误把原句判为主谓结构。这里like为介词,意为“像……”。

这类题首先要判断句子里有没有be动词。如果有,一般把be动词提到句首即可。

2.WangWei’s father built a new house.house cost him a lot of money.

A.TheB.AC.theD.An 

思路解析:此题考查冠词的用法。a,an为不定冠词,用在可数名词单数前表数量“一”。a 用在以辅音(指读音)开头的名词前;an 用在以元音(指读音)开头的名词前。the为定冠词,用在名词的前面表示特指。答案选A。

温馨提示:本题的陷阱在于区分a,an,the这三个冠词的用法。字母要大写还是小写,也要注意。

3.— Is this your watch?

—.

A.No,the watch isn’t.B.No,it is C.Yes,it is D.Yes,it’s

思路解析:此题考查一般疑问句的答语。一般疑问句常用 “Yes,主语+be(can).”表示肯定的回答;用“No,主语+be(can)+not.”表示否定的回答。答案:C

温馨提示:当一般疑问句的主语不是人称代词,在回答时,应当用相应的人称代词替换。另外,在对一般疑问句作肯定回答时,主语不能与be动词等缩略在一起。

同步测试题

Ⅰ. 单项选择

从A,B,C,D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

()1. You can call your English teacher ____ 563-7853.

A. on B. inC. atD. of

()2. —Is this _____ ID card?

—No. It’s _____ school ID card.

A. an; a        B. the; a C. an; theD. the; the

()3. This is my pen, _____ that is your pencil.

A. in B. ofC. andD. but

()4. Hi, Jenny! Is this your _____?

A. redB. ruler C. what D. English

()5. You can _____ an eraser in the pencil case.

A. callB. meetC. spell D. see

()6. —Is that your computer game?

—_____.

A. Yes, I amB. No, it isn’tC. No, I’m not D. Yes, he is

()7. —How do you spell it?

—_____.

A. R-I-N-GB. RingC. OK D. Thank you

()8. Two blue notebooks _____ in the lost and found case.

A. beB. is C. areD. am

()9. ____ Jane Miller. Miller is _____ last name.

A. I; my B. My; I C. My; my D. I’m; my

()10. —_____, are you Sonia?

—No. I’m Gina.

A. Sorry B. Excuse me C. Thank youD. Goodbye

Ⅱ. 完形填空

阅读短文,从A,B,C,D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Hello! I’m Zhang Heping. Zhang is my 11 name. Heping is my 12 name. I’m a 13 boy.I’m 14. My English15 is Paul. I’m 16 Class One, Grade(年级) Seven. Oh, I find 17 eraser in my classroom. It’s 18. Now it is in the lost19 found case. You can 20 658-6535.

()11. A. first        B. familyC. one D. middle

()12. A. lastB. two C. first D. too

()13. A. ChineseB. EnglishC. America D. China

()14. A. 3 B. 25C. 60D. 11

()15. A. name B. colorC. phoneD. book

()16. A. onB. atC. forD. in

()17. A. theB. anC. a D. /

()18. A. white B. fineC. your D. my

()19. A. butB. withC. and D. of

()20. A. meet B. callC. spellD. look

Ⅲ. 阅读理解

根据短文内容,选择最佳选项。

Alan is in Class Two, Grade Seven. He is 12. His English teacher is Mr Smith. He is English. His daughter(女儿) is Helen. She is 13. Alan and Helen are good friends. They like English. This is Helen’s school ID card. Its number is A-270789. Is that Alan’s school ID card? No. He can’t find his school ID card. If you find it, please call Alan at 346-2828. Thank you!

()21. Alan and Helen are _____.

A. in Class SevenB. in Grade TwoC. teachersD. friends

()22. Alan is _____.

A. ChineseB. EnglishC. a student D. eleven

()23. Mr Smith is _____.

A. Alan’s fatherB. an English teacherC. Helen’s friendD. a Chinese teacher

()24. Alan can’t find _____.

A. Mr Smith B. HelenC. his ID cardD. his school ID card

()25. Alan’s _____ number is 346-2828.

A. phoneB. ID card C. school ID card D. book

Ⅳ. 情景交际

根据对话内容补全所缺单词,每空一词。

A: Hello, Sonia! What’s this in26 ?

B: It’s 27notebook.

A: Is it 28notebook?

B: No. My notebook is29red.

A: Oh, what30is your notebook?

B: It’s white.

Ⅴ. 词汇

根据句意和首字母提示完成句子,每空一词。

31. This is not an English d.

32. Kate Green’s b are in her backpack.

33. A green pencil is in the l and found case.

34. E me, is this your ring?

35. How do you s this word?

Ⅵ. 完成句子

A) 根据汉语意思完成英语句子。

36. 这是萨莉的铅笔刀。

This is Sally’s _______ _______.

37. 你的笔记本在失物招领橱里。

Your notebook is in the _______ _______ _______ _______.

38. 那是迈克的电子游戏。

That is Mike’s _______ _______.

39. 我的学生证号码是X-200771。

My _______ _______ _______ _______ is

X-200771.

40. 托尼的铅笔盒是蓝色的。

Tony’s _______ _______ is blue.

B) 将下列词语重新排列,组成正确的句子。

41. at, please, 567-2351, call, Mary

__________________________.

42. it, how, do, spell, you

__________________________?

43. book, my, in, the, is, backpack

__________________________.

44. pencil, your, this, is, sharpener

__________________________?

45. not, is, Kelsey’s, it, game, computer

__________________________.

Ⅶ. 写作

Tom在失物招领橱里发现了Grace丢失的红色文具盒。Tom想让Grace拨打512-4587联系Mr Green拿回她的文具盒。假如你是Tom,请给Grace写一则留言。

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 楼主| 发表于 2014-1-11 19:55:43 | 显示全部楼层
Unit 4 where's my schoolbag期末知识梳理

重点词汇解析

1.whereadv.在哪里;到哪里

【经典例句】 Where are you?你在哪?

【考点聚焦】 where是特殊疑问词,用来引导特殊疑问句。当我们不知道某东西在什么地方时,常用Where is/are...?来询问。

2.tablen. 桌子

【经典例句】 There is a dog under the table.桌子下面有一条狗。

【考点聚焦】 常用词组:at table在吃饭;at the table在桌旁

【易混辨析】table与desk

desk表示“桌子”的意思。指供读书、写字、办公用的桌子,一般带有抽屉。例如:

There are forty desksandchairs in the classroom.教室里有四十张桌子和椅子。

There are two books on the desk.桌上有两本书。

table 意思是“桌子”。侧重于指供吃饭、喝茶、游戏或其它用途的桌子,通常没有抽屉。例如:

Our football is under the table.我们的足球在桌子底下。

Where is the table?桌子在哪儿?

3.on prep.在……(紧贴着某物,有接触面)例如:

on his desk“在他的书桌上”,on the floor“在地板上”,on the bed“在床上”,on the wall“在墙上”等等。

4. underprep.在……下面,例如:

under my chair“在我的椅子下面”,under the desk“在书桌下面”,under kate’s bed“在凯特的床下面”等。

重点句型

1.Where is my pencil box?

我的铅笔盒在哪?

-It’s in your schoolbag.

在你的书包里面。

2.Where are my books?

我的书在哪?

-They are on the sofa.

它们在沙发上。

短语典句考点

1. on the sofa 在沙发上

【经典例句】 His book is on the sofa.他的书在沙发上。

【考点聚焦】 1)英语中有一些表示方位的介词,用于名词或代词前,这时名词或代词称为介词宾语。介词后的人称代词要用宾格形式。介词与后面的名词或代词构成介词短语。如:

①in表示“在……中;在……内”。如:

in the room在这个房间里;in the backpack在背包里

②on表示“在……上”。如:

on the floor在地板上;on the desk在课桌上

③under表示“在……下”。如:

under the bed在床下;under the tree在树下

2)当介词短语充当表语时,千万不要忘了be 动词(is,am,are)。

重要语法

where 引导的特殊疑问句

【课文讲解】

1.—Where’s my pencil box? 我的铅笔盒在哪儿?

—It’s in your schoolbag. 在你的书包里。

1) 询问某人或某物在哪个地方,可用句型“Where + be + 主语(人或物)?”。where是疑问副词,意为“在哪里”,be要随着后面主语人称单复数进行变化,单数用is,复数用are。where’s 是where is的缩写形式,回答时不能用yes或no,而是问什么就答什么。如果主语是人,回答时用人称代词主格做主语;如果主语是物,回答时单数为“It’s + 表示地点的词”,复数用“They are + 表示地点的词”。如:

—Where’s my baseball? 我的网球在哪儿?

—It’s under the desk. 在桌子底下。

—Where are my English books? 我的英语书在哪儿?

—They are on the chair. 在椅子上。

2) in是介词,用来表示地点,意为“在……里面”。如:

—Where’s Tom? 汤姆在哪儿?

—He is in the room. 他在房间里。

2. —Where’s my computer game? 我的电子游戏机在哪儿?

—It’s under your bed. 在你的床底下。

1) computer game在此句中意为“电子游戏机”,另外,computer game也有“电子游戏”,“电脑游戏”等意思,其复数形式为computer games。注意:由两个名词组成的短语,一般情况下复数形式是把第二个名词变成复数,第一个名词不变。如:These are banana trees. 这些是香蕉树。

2) under是介词,意为“在……下面”,表示方位,常指一个物体在另一个物体的垂直下方,二者之间往往没有接触。如:

Her shoes are under the desk. 她的鞋在桌子底下。

Let’s sit under the tree. 咱们坐在树底下。

3. —Where is the pencil? 铅笔哪儿?

—I don’t know.我不知道

1) 当别人向你询问的事情你不知道时,可用I don’t know.作答,使用时,习惯在前面加上Sorry. / I’m sorry. 这样语气上显得更客气些。如:

—Where is my pencil? 我的铅笔在哪儿?

—Sorry, I don’t know. 对不起,我不知道。

【语法详解】

where 引导的特殊疑问句

where,汉语意思是“哪里、哪儿”。与who,what等一样,也喜欢提问。不过,where是疑问副词,where的职责是用来对“地点”进行提问。问“某人在哪里”或“某物在哪里

【特点一】where常用来提问表示地点的副词或介词短语。带where的句中不能再有表示地点的副词或in,at,on,under等构成的介词短语。如:

—Where do you live?

你住在哪里?(这里不用live in)

—I live in Beijing.

我住在北京。

【特点二】where问“哪里”,如果问句中出现表示来源或方向的介词时,此时where具有代词的性质,介词就不能省掉。如:

Where are you from?你从哪里来?

Where are you driving to?你开车到哪里去?

【特点三】 当where询问的物品数量为单数时,be动词要使用is,因为该物品在问句中提到过,所以回答时用代词it代替该物品就可以了。如:

—Where is my baseball?我的棒球在哪儿?

—It’s in the backpack.在背包里。

当所询问的物品数量为复数时,be动词使用are,因为该物品在问句中提到过,所以回答时用代词they代替该物品。如:

—Where are my books?我的书在哪儿?

—They’re on the sofa.在沙发上。

【特别提醒】 Where is可以缩写成Where’s,但Where are不能缩写。

【中考连线】

句型转换。按要求改写下列句子,每空一词。

1.—Where are my books?(完成答句)

—Sorry,I ____.

2.on,sofa,the,is,the,baseball?(连词成句)

____________________

3.His baseball is under the table.(就划线部分提问)

__________his baseball?

4.Her telephone number is 8090490.

___________her telephone number?

5.Their pens are in the desk.(就划线部分提问)

____________their pens?

答案:1.don’t know2.Is the baseball on the sofa?3.Where is4.What is5.Where are

同步测试题

Ⅰ. 单项选择

()1. My baseballs are ______ the floor.

A. inB. onC. underD. at

()2. Are these your ______?

A. chairsB. plantC. boysD. pen

()3. The keys are on the desk. ______ her keys.

A. It isB. You areC. They areD. This is

()4. —______ you take the computer to her room?

—Yes, I can.

A. DoB. AreC. Is        D. Can

()5. ______ is his English book.

A. TheseB. ThoseC. HereD. They

()6. My English book is in the room. Can you ______ it to me?

A. bringB. callC. takeD. spell

()7. Where’s my watch? I ______ it.

A. lookB. takeC. thankD. need

()8. —______ my photos?

—They are on the table.

A. What’sB. How areC. Where’sD. Where are

()9. —Is the book on the desk?

—______. It’s under the desk.

A. Yes, they areB. No, it isn’tC. No, they aren’tD. Yes, it is

()10. —______?

—They are tables.

A. What are theyB. What’s thisC. How are youD. Where are they

Ⅱ. 完形填空

My name is Grace. Look! This is a11of my family. A boy is in it.12is my brother, Tommy. Tommy is13the sofa. A woman (妇女) is in the picture, too. She is my14. She is at the table. My father15in the picture. He is at16with his students. A plant and a schoolbag17on the table. The schoolbag is my brother’s. Two18are under the chair. They are also my19. You can see some20. They are on the bookcase.

()11. A. chair B. table C. bedD. picture

()12. A. She        B. HeC. ItD. They

()13. A. on B. atC. underD. of

()14. A. sisterB. cousinC. motherD. friend

()15. A. isn’tB. are C. isD. don’t

()16. A. deskB. tableC. schoolD. dresser

()17. A. isB. areC. amD. 不填

()18. A. roomsB. keyC. eraserD. baseballs

()19. A. brotherB. brother’sC. sisterD. sister’s

()20. A. ID cardB. CDsC. bedsD. plant

Ⅲ. 阅读理解

Dear Mona,

Can you bring these things to me? My math book, my jacket and my dictionaries. My math book is on the bed. The jacket and the dictionaries are on the sofa.

Thanks,

Eric

Dear Frank,

Your uncle’s tapes are on the dresser. Please take them to school. He needs them.

Thanks,

Mom

Dear sister,

I need my jacket and CDs. The jacket is on the bed. The CDs are on the table.

Thanks,

Mike

Dear Mike,

Here is your jacket. Your CDs are not on the table. I can’t bring them to you.

Yours,

Linda

()21. Where are Eric’s dictionaries?

A. On the bed.B. On the sofa.C. On the dresser.D. On the table.

()22. ______ needs tapes.

A. Eric B. Frank’s uncleC. MonaD. Frank’s mom

()23. Are Mike’s CDs on the table?

A. Yes, it is.B. Yes, they are.C. No, they aren’t.D. No, it isn’t.

()24. ______ are on the bed.

A. Eric’s math book and Mike’s jacket

B. Eric’s math book and Frank’s jacket

C. Mona’s math book and Mike’s CDs

D. Mike’s jacket and Frank’s tapes

()25. Mike is Linda’s ______.

A. father B. uncleC. grandfatherD. brother

Ⅳ. 情景交际

根据对话内容补全所缺句子。

A: 26

B: Your ruler? Is it on the table?

A: 27

B: Is it on the sofa?

A: 28 Thanks, Mom.

B: Take it to your bedroom, please.

A: OK. Mom. 29

B: Your keys? They are in the desk.

A: 30

B: No, they aren’t. They are your sister’s math books.

Ⅴ. 词汇

根据句意和首字母提示完成句子,每空一词。

31. —What’s this in English?

—Sorry, I don’t k.

32. His quilt is on the b.

33. You can see some tin Sally’s room.

34. —Is this a schoolbag?

—No. It is a b. My books are in it.

35. Alan wears (戴) a blue h.

Ⅵ. 完成句子(

A) 根据汉语意思完成英语句子,每空一词。

36. 他的电视在桌子上。

__________ __________ is on the table.

37. 这些是我的棒球。

__________ __________ my baseballs.

38. 她的录像带在哪里?

Where are her __________ __________?

39. 请把这些东西带到学校去。

Please __________ these things __________ school.

40. 你会拼写“floor”吗?

__________ you __________ “floor”?

B) 根据括号内的要求完成句子,每空一词(含缩写)。

41. My computer game is under the desk. (对划线部分提问)

__________ __________ computer game?

42. The pencil case is in the schoolbag. (改为一般疑问句并作否定回答)

—__________ the pencil case __________ the schoolbag?

—No, __________ __________.

43. Where are his keys? (用on the desk作答)

__________ __________ __________ __________.

44. On the chair is a notebook. (改为同义句)

A notebook __________ __________ the chair.

45. Are those his baseballs?(作肯定回答)

Yes, __________ __________.

Ⅶ. 写作

你的房间一定有自己的特色.有些什么呢?请带我们去看看吧.请用英文为我们简单的介绍一下.(不少于五句话)

My room

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 楼主| 发表于 2014-1-11 19:56:56 | 显示全部楼层
Unit 5 Do you have a soccer ball期末知识梳理

重点词汇解析

1.havev.有

【经典例句】 Do you have my idea now?你现在明白我的意思了?

【考点聚焦】 1)have 还可表示“有;吃;喝”(第三人称单数时用has)

2)have(has)表示“某人拥有……”,主语是人;而There be结构表示“某处(存在)某人或某物”。

2. basketballn. 篮球

【经典例句】 Yao Ming is playing basketball in NBA.姚明在NBA打球。

【考点聚焦】 play与表示球类的名词连用时,名词的前面一般不加冠词。如:打篮球,可表达为play basketball,不能说成play the basketball。

3.uspron.我们

【经典例句】 He teaches us English.他教我们英语。

【考点聚焦】 us是人称代词we(我们)的宾格。英语中的人称代词有主格与宾格之分,主格常用作主语,宾格常用作宾语。请看下列表格中人称代词的展示:

        第一人称        第二人称        第三人称

汉语        我        我们        你;你们        他        她        它        他/她/它们

主格        I        we        you        he        she        it        they

宾格        me        us        you        him        her        it        them

4.soundv. 听起来

【经典例句】 The music sounds sweet.这音乐听起来真悦耳。

【考点聚焦】 1)sound意思是“听起来”,是连系动词,后常接形容词作表语。如:

This story sounds very interesting.这个故事听起来很有趣。

2)be(am,is,are)也可作连系动词,后面要跟名词或形容词作表语。如:

She is a student.她是个学生。

5.sportn .运动;游戏

【经典例句】 My favorite sport is high jump.我最喜欢的运动是跳高。

【考点聚焦】 1)sports为复数形式,表示各项运动项目的总称。

2)近义词:game

6.interestingadj. 有趣的;令人感兴趣的

【经典例句】 These are interesting books for children.这些是有趣的儿童读物。

【考点聚焦】 1)派生词:interest n.&v. 有趣;interested adj. 有趣的

2)interesting不但可以用作表语,还可作定语,用来修饰一个名词。而interested一般只作表语,即be interested in “对……感兴趣”。

7. difficultadj. 困难的;难相处的

【经典例句】 He is a difficult man to get along with.他是一个很难相处的人。

【考点聚焦】 1)派生词:difficulty n. 困难 

2)同义词:hard

3)反义词:easy

8.watchv. 观看;注视

【经典例句】 Tom is watching TV.汤姆正在看电视。

【考点聚焦】 1)watch还可作名词,意为“手表”。

2)同义词辨析:watch,see,look

watch意为“观看;注视”,指以较大的注意力观看。

see意为“看到”,表示视觉器官有意识或无意识地看到物体,强调“看到”的结果。

look意为“看”,表示有意识地观看,强调“看”的动作。

重点句型

Do you have a TV?Yes, I do. /No. I don’t.

Do they have a computer?Yes, they do. /No, I don’t.

Does he/she have a soccer ball? Yes, he/she does. /No, he/she doesn’t

Let’s play soccer. I don’t have a soccer ball. /That sounds good.

新词讲坛

have

have作动词,意为“有”,强调“所属关系”,其第三人称单数形式是has。如:

I have a new computer. 我有一台新电脑。

He has a blue bike. 他有一辆蓝色的自行车。

[拓展] have的其他用法:

1. 意为“吃;喝”,与表示一日三餐、食品、饮料等的名词或代词连用。如:

I want to have a cup of juice. 我想喝一杯果汁。

2. 意为“从事;进行”。如:

have a look看一看;have a walk散步;have a swimming游泳

3. 意为“借用”。如:

May I have your pen? 我可以借用一下你的钢笔吗?

4. 意为“买”。如:

Let’s go and have some tea. 咱们去买些茶吧。

5. 意为“邀请”。如:

Thanks for having me to your party. 谢谢你邀请我参加你的聚会。

play

作动词。

1. 意为“玩;玩耍”。如:

play games 玩游戏

2. 意为“打(踢)球”。play后接球类或游戏类名词时,名词前一般不加任何冠词。如:

play basketball打篮球

play computer games 玩电脑游戏

3. 意为“演(弹、吹)奏”。play后接各种乐器类名词时,名词前要加定冠词the。如:

play the piano弹钢琴

作名词,意为“戏剧;游戏”。如:

an interesting TV play一部有趣的电视剧

watch

作动词,意为“观看;注视”。如:

watch TV 看电视

watch a football match观看一场足球赛

作名词,意为“手表”。如:

Do you have a watch like this? 你有一块这样的手表吗?

sound

作系动词,意为“听起来……”,后常接形容词,表示某种情况或状况。如:

The music sounds beautiful. 这音乐听起来很美。

—Let’s play basketball. 让我们打篮球吧!

—It sounds good. 听起来不错。

作名词,意为“声音”。如:

the sound of running water 流水声

[拓展]

sound还经常与介词like构成短语sound like“听起来像……”。如:

The music sounds like the singing of birds. 那乐曲听起来像鸟儿在唱歌。

interesting

作形容词,意为“有趣的;令人感兴趣的”,在句中可作定语(放在名词前)或表语(放在系动词be / sound等后)。如:

This is an interesting storybook. 这是一本有趣的故事书。

This storybook is very interesting. 这本故事书很有趣。

[链接] interested

两者都是形容词。

interesting可作表语或定语,修饰的中心词常是能引起人们兴趣的名词或代词,常用来修饰物。

interested作表语,强调“某人对……感兴趣”。

【课文讲解】

1.Do you have a ping-pong ball?你有乒乓球吗?

【剖析】 本句为实义动词一般现在时的一般疑问句,其结构为:Do(Does)+主语+have+其他?意为“某人有……吗”。若你想问对方有没有某物,那就可以用该句型。

【拓展】1)一般疑问句的肯定答语为:Yes,主语+do(does);否定答语为:No,主+don’t(doesn’t)。

2)实义动词一般现在时的否定句的结构为:主语+don’t/doesn’t+实义动词+其他。

2.Let’s play basketball.让我们一起打篮球吧。

【剖析】 Let’s...,是祈使句的一种,意思是“让我们……”。它的结构是:Let+人称代词的宾格+动词原形+其他成分。即:let sb. do 意为“让某人做某事”。常用于征求别人的意见。

【拓展】1)let引导的祈使句,其否定形式多用don’t构成,也可用Let’s not这一形式。

2)Let’s...常用于征求别人的意见,回答时,如同意,可说OK或All right等;如不同意,则说Sorry,I...或No,let’s...。

3.That sounds good.那太好了。

【剖析】 句型“That sounds+形容词”,为“主语+系动词+表语”结构。意思为“这事/那事怎么样”。口语中,当你的朋友提出一些尚未实施的建议,你作出针对该建议的个人观点时,常用到该句型。这里sound为连系动词,后面的形容词作表语。

【拓展】1)这里形容词的选用可根据个人观点。褒义的评价可选用 interesting,fun,relaxing,good,wonderful等。贬义的评价可选用 boring,terrible,bad等。

2)可作连系动词的词还有 be(am,is,are)是;look看起来;smell闻起来;feel摸起来等。

4. I only watches them on TV. 我只是在电视上看它们。

(1) only 作副词,意为“只;仅仅”。它在修饰动词时,一般放在实义动词之前,系动词之后。

(2) them为人称代词they的宾格形式。作主语时,就用代词的主格形式;位于动词之后,就用代词的宾格形式。如:

I like them. 我喜欢他们。

【语法详解】

一般现在时

一般现在时表示经常发生的动作或存在的状态。它有两种形式,一种是系动词be的一般现在时,在实际应用中,be有am,is,are三种形式。如:

I am a boy. 我是一个男孩。

Is he English? 他是英国人吗?

They aren’t at home now. 他们现在不在家。

另一种形式是行为动词的一般现在时。如:

I often play football. 我经常踢足球。

今天我们主要了解第二种形式。

下面我们来认识行为动词的一般现在时的肯定句、否定句和一般疑问句的构成。

(一) 当主语是第一(I, we)、第二(you, you)人称单、复数和第三人称复数(they)时:

肯定句:主语 + 动词原形。如:

I like English very much. 我非常喜欢英语。

否定句:主语 + 助动词do + not + 动词原形。如:

They don’t go out on Sundays. 星期天他们不出去。

一般疑问句:助动词Do + 主语 + 动词原形?其肯定回答是:Yes, 主语 + do. / 否定回答是:No, 主语 + don’t.。如:

—Do you like apples? 你喜欢苹果吗?

—Yes, I do. 是的,我喜欢。/ No, I don’t. 不,我不喜欢。

(二) 当主语是第三人称单数时:

肯定句:主语 + 动词的第三人称单数形式。如:

He often plays computer games at home. 他经常在家里玩电脑游戏。

否定句:主语 + 助动词does + not + 动词原形。如:

My sister doesn’t have a ping-pong ball. 我的姐姐没有乒乓球。

一般疑问句:助动词Does + 主语 + 动词原形?如:

Does your brother have a soccer ball? 你的弟弟有足球吗?

【中考连线】

1.— to give the letter to Mr. Wang. It’s very important.

—No,I won’t.

A. RememberB. Be sureC. Don’t forgetD. Make sure

思路解析:本题题眼是No,I won’t.因为如果用remember to do sth.,即“记得把信交给王先生,它很重要”,那么答语应当是“好的”,即OK,good等。所以这里应用“别忘了……”答句才能是“好的,我不会忘的。”选C。

温馨提示:祈使句表示命令、请求,往往省略主语you。它的否定句是在句前加don’t。

2.your fathera new computer?

A. Is;haveB. Do;haveC. Does;haveD. Does;has

思路解析:动词have的一般疑问句要借助于do或does构成,主语your father是第三人称单数,要用助动词does,其后的动词要用原形,故正确答案为C。

温馨提示:正确区分该句是主系表结构,还是主谓结构,是解决问题的关键。通过句意“你爸爸有一台新电脑吗”可判断,句子为主谓结构,排除A项。have(有)的一般疑问句结构为:Do/Does+主语+have+其他?当主语为第三人称单数时用Does,否则用Do。

3.—What does your father do?

—He isart teacher.

A. aB. anC. theD./

思路解析:art 是以元音音素开头的单词,表示“一个/位……”用不定冠词an。答案为B。

温馨提示:对考查冠词的题目,一定要分清楚是用定冠词或不定冠词,如果是不定冠词,要注意是用a或an。

同步测试题

一.语音知识 选出划线部分读音不同的选项。

1. A. play B. eraser C. baseball D. have

2. A. does B. those C. brotherD. come

3. A. sevenB. letC. wellD. relaxing

4. A. phoneB. more C. boringD. soccer

5. A. ruler B. number C. usD. but

二.词汇积累

按要求写出下列单词的相应形式

6.no _____________________ (同音异形词)7. boring _______________________ (反义词)

8. do not _____________________(缩写形式) 9. number_____________________(缩写形式)

10. have __________________(第三人称单数) 11. us ______________________(代词主格)

12. do ___________________(第三人称单数) 13. her ________________________(代词主格)

14. watch ________________(第三人称单数) 15. we _______________________(代词宾格)

三.单项选择:从下列各题所给A、B、C、D四个选项中选择一个可以填入空白处的最佳答案。

16. – What’s Alan Smith’s first name?

-- His first name is _____.

A. AlanB. Smith C. Alan SmithD. Mr Smith

17. – Do you have a TV?

-- Yes, I _____.

A. am        B. haveC. do D. like

18. – Where is Kate?

-- Sorry, I _____.

A. not know         B. am not KateC. don’t knowD. doesn’t know

19. – _____! Is this your pencil case?

-- No, it isn’t.

A. Sorry B. I’m sorryC. Excuse meD. Hello

20. – Emily _____ TV every day.

– That is not good.

A. takesB. looksC. watches D. plays

21. – Dad, this is my friend, Jack.

-- ______.

A. Thank you B. That sounds great C. How are you D. Nice to meet you

22. – Let’s play ping-pong.

-- ______! I don’t have a ball.

A. GoodB. OKC. SorryD. Fun

23. – Your English is very good!

-- _______.

A. You’re right B. Thank you C. You are good D. No, no.

24. – Are these your books?

-- _______.

A. Yes, it is B. Yes, they areC. Yes, we are D. Not

25. -- _____ are his brothers.

– I know.

A. This B. It C. That D. These

26. ¬-- _____ is in the bag?

-- Some apples.

A. WhereB. What C. HowD. What color

27. – Can Mary play _____ baseball?

--Yes, she can.

A. herB. some C. the D. /

28. –What’s your _____ ?

--It’s 0717—6467923.

A. family nameB. school ID cardC. phone numberD. class

29. – I have a room. It is small(小), _____ it is nice.

–Oh, let me have a look.

A. butB. alsoC. andD. well

30. –-I have four.

-- But I don’t have any.

A. tennis racketsB. tennis racketC. tennises racketsD. tennises racket

四. 完形填空:先通读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从每小题所给A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。

Look at the girl. She is31good friend. She is32English girl.33name is Jenny.34twelve. My35is Meimei.36a Chinese girl. I'm eleven.

Jenny37a small sports collection. She has38tennis racket, two basketballs, and three baseballs, but I only39 a soccer ball. Jenny and I both(都)40sports every day. We are in the same class. We help each other with our lessons.

31. A. I B. meC. myD. your

32. A. a B. anC. theD. \

33. A. She's B. She C. HisD. Her

34. A. SheB. She'sC. HerD. He's

35. A. friendB. brother C. name D. bag

36. A. I B. I'mC. SheD. She's

37. A. have B. isC. doesn't have D. has

38. A. oneB. two C. three D. four

39. A. has B. have C. doesn't have D. don't have

40. A. play B. playsC. is playingD. to play

五.阅读理解:本大题有三篇短文,读A、B两篇短文,根据短文内容选择最佳答案;读C篇短文,回答问题。

A篇

My name is Han Mei. I’m in Class Three, Grade One. Look at this. It’s a photo. They are my friends, Liu Ying and Diana. Liu Ying is a Chinese(中国的)girl. Her English name is Eve. This is her pen. It’s black. And her pencil is red. Diana is English. This is her eraser. It’s white. Her pencil is blue. I like my friends.

41. Liu Ying and Diana.

A. is Han Mei’s friend B. are Eve’s friendsC. are Han Mei’s friends

42. Diana is.

A. a Chinese girlB. an English girlC. an English boy

43. Liu Ying’s pen is.

A. black B. redC. blue

44. What color is Diana’s pen?.

A. WhiteB. RedC.I don’t know

45. Liu Ying’s English name is.

A. DianaB. EveC. Han Mei

B篇

This is Joy’s room, It’s a big room. There are(有) some pictures on the wall. There’s(有) a desk and a chair in her room, The desk is near the window. Her bag and her pencil case are on the desk .There are some pencils, a pen, a ruler in the pencil case. Joy’s bed is near the desk, Her shoes (鞋子) and a ball are under the bed. Joy and her friend, Kate are often in the room. They like the room very much.

46. Joy’s room is.

A. smallB. big C. old

47.are in her room.

A.A desk and some chairsB. Some desks and chairs

C.A desk and a chair

48. Joy’s pencil case is.

A. on the desk B. near the windowC. under the bed

49. Her bed is.

A. near the deskB. on the desk C. under the desk

50.shoes are under the bed.

A. Kate’sB. Joy’sC. Joy and Kate’s

C篇

Found:

A set of keys.

My name is Rick Miller. And my telephone number is 678-8934.        .        Lost:

My school ID card.

Please call Eric King. Phone #

298-5671.

51. Who found a set of keys?

52. Does Eric lose(丢失)his school ID card?

53. What is Eric’s phone number?

54. If(如果)you lose a set of keys, what phone number can you call?

55. Where can you go(去)if you lose your things?

六.根据首字母写单词。

56.L play tennis.

57.We have many sclubs: basketball, ping-pong and so on.

58.I do not want to watch TV. It’s b.

59.Michael Jordan plays b well.

60.That sinteresting.

61.DDock have a bat?

62.Tom,this is my f , Kartrina.

63.--Wto your school.

--Thank you.

64.I want to play wthem.

65.Iher teacher Miss Gao?

七.补全对话。

A:Let’s play computer games.

B: 66.But I don’t have a computer.

A: Well, do you have a soccer ball?

B:67.

A: Then let’s play 68 .

B: But soccer is difficult.

A: OK. Let’s watch TV.

B:69 .Hmmm. Let’s play volleyball.

Do you have a volleyball?

A:70.

B: OK. Let’s go.

八.写作

以 “My favourite sport ” 为题,简单介绍你体育活动的情况,根据提示:

Have a --- collection , like --- best, soccer, baseball, often , play 等.

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 楼主| 发表于 2014-1-11 19:59:56 | 显示全部楼层
Unit 6 Do you like bananas期末知识梳理

重点词汇解析

1. tomaton.西红柿

【经典例句】 They call tomato “love apple”.他们把西红柿称为“爱情果”。

【考点聚焦】 复数形式是在后面加es。

2. foodn.食物

【经典例句】 He is hungry,please give him some food.他饿了,给他点食物吃。

【考点聚焦】 注意下列表示食物的名词:rice大米;porridge麦片粥;noodles面条;dumplings 饺子;pizza比萨;bread面包;biscuit饼干;soup汤;fruit juice果汁;pork猪肉;mutton 羊肉;beef牛肉

3. breakfastn. 早餐

【经典例句】 What do you have for breakfast?早餐你吃了什么?

【考点聚焦】 1)英语中,在表示三餐(breakfast,lunch,supper)的名词前,习惯上不用冠词,但当特指某一顿饭时,也可用定冠词。如:

Now the supper is ready.现在晚餐准备好了。

2)“早/午/晚餐吃什么”常用 “have...for breakfast/lunch/dinner”来表示。

4. fruit n. 水果

【经典例句】Apples,bananas and strawberries are my favorite fruits.苹果、香蕉和草莓是我最爱吃的水果。

【考点聚焦】 fruit指同种类时,不加s,指不同种类的水果时,要加s。

5. vegetable n.蔬菜;植物

【经典例句】 Farmers plant vegetables in their fields.农民在田地里种植蔬菜。

【考点聚焦】 1)vegetable指同种类时,不加s,指不同种类的蔬菜时,要加s。

2)熟悉下列蔬菜的名称:carrot胡萝卜,celery芹菜,cucumber黄瓜,potato土豆

6. star n.星星;明星

【经典例句】 Stars are twinkling in the sky.群星在天空中闪烁。

【考点聚焦】 star可以指天空中的“星;恒星”,也常指“名人;明星”。

7. healthyadj. 健康的;强健的

【经典例句】 Although my grandma is 80 years old,she is still very healthy.虽然我奶奶80岁了,但还很健康。

【考点聚焦】 1)派生词:health n. 健康;healthily adv.健康地

2)同义词:well adj.身体好的

8. dinner名词,意思是“正餐,晚餐”。

dinner指一天中主要的一餐,有在中午用的,有在晚上用的。

We have a big dinner on Christmas Day.我们在圣诞节那一天都会吃一顿大餐。

拓展:dinner 宴会

设宴款待他give him a dinner

请某人吃饭ask ab. for dinner

重点句型

1. Do you like bananas? 你喜欢香蕉吗?

Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. 我喜欢。/我不喜欢。

2. I like oranges. 我喜欢桔子。

3. I don’t like bananas. 我不喜欢香蕉。

4. Does she like tomatoes? 他喜欢西红柿吗?

5. He likes ice cream. 他喜欢冰淇淋。

6. I like chicken for dinner.正餐我喜欢吃鸡肉。

交际用语

Do you like… ?Yes, I do./No, I don’t.

I /They like …. I/They don’t like ….

She/He likes ….She/He doesn’t like ….

【课文讲解】

1.Do you like bananas?你喜欢香蕉吗?

【剖析】 本句为一般疑问句,表示询问对方是否喜欢某事物。其中do为助动词。若主语是第三人称单数形式,则要用does。

【拓展】 1)表示“喜欢某人或某物”,常用“like+名词/代词”。在句尾还可以用a little/very much/a lot等来表示喜欢的程度。

2)表示“不喜欢某人或某物”,常用I don’t like...或 I dislike...,如果在句末加上at all,则表示“根本不喜欢……;一点也不喜欢……”。

2.What do you like for breakfast?你早餐喜欢吃什么。

【剖析】 for breakfast在此处作介词短语,表示“对于/就早餐而言”。用来修饰整个句子。也可把for breakfast放在句子的后面。即:She likes eggs,bananas,and apples for breakfast.

【拓展】 1)have sth.for breakfast/lunch/dinner 早餐/午餐/晚餐吃……

2)at breakfast/lunch/supper(dinner)意为“在吃早餐/午餐/晚餐的时候”。吃饭通常说have breakfast/lunch/supper(dinner)

3. I don’t like bananas.But I like oranges and apples.我不喜欢香蕉。但是我喜欢橘子和苹果

(1)orange 有很多意思,在这句话里意思是“桔子”。注意它是以元音开头,因为不定冠词用an。

Please give me an orange. I want to make salad.请给我一个桔子,我想做沙拉。

orange 当“桔子汁;橙汁”讲时是不可数名词。

Give me a bottle of orange please.给我一瓶橙汁。

orange 还可以当作形容词,“桔色的,橙色的”。

I have an orange schoolbag.我有一个橙色的背包。

(2)like是“喜欢,喜爱”,是实义动词。Like有多种用法。

like+名词,“喜欢某物”。

I like bananas. But she likes apples.我喜欢香蕉,但她喜欢苹果。

Do you like pandas? 你喜欢熊猫吗?

like+ to do ,like + doing都表示“喜欢做某事”

I like reading books at home.我喜欢呆在家里看书。

My brother likes to play football.我的弟弟喜欢踢足球。

4. Do they like pears? Yes, they do./ No, they don’t.他们喜欢梨吗?是的,喜欢/不。不喜欢。

like在句型中的应用。

(1)肯定句形式

I like soccer.我喜欢足球。

当主语是单数第三人称的时候,like后要加s.

He likes English very much.他很喜欢英语。

(2)否定句形式,like 变为否定句时,要借助助动词do或does.

I don’t like soccer.我不喜欢足球。

He doesn’t like English.他不喜欢英语。

(3)一般疑问句形式,也需要借助助动词do或does来完成。需要注意的是加上助动词does后,likes要还原为like原形。肯定回答用Yes, 主语+do/does;否定回答用No, 主语+don’t / doesn’t。

Do you like soccer?Yes, I do.你喜欢足球吗?是的,我很喜欢。

Does he like English?No, he doesn’t.他喜欢英语吗?不,他不喜欢。

5. Let’s have strawberries and apples then.我们吃点草莓和苹果吧。

have的含义较多,一般根据后面的名词或整个句子的意思来翻译。在本句中,后面跟的是食物或水,故表示“吃,喝(东西)”的意思。其第三人称单数是has。

例如:我通常在家吃早饭。

I usually have breakfast at home.

我渴了,我想喝些水。

I’m thirsty. I want to have some water.

特别提示:have, eat, drink与 take的用法:

(1)eat主要指“吃,吃具体的食物”。

I eat an apple every day.我每天吃一个苹果。

He often eats hamburgers for breakfast.他早饭经常吃汉堡。

(2)drink主要指“喝”。

It is good for your health to drink milk.喝牛奶对你的健康有好处。

You should drink lots of water every day.你每天应该多喝点水。

(3)have既可以指“吃”,也可以指“喝”。尤其是句中既有食物,又有饮料时。

I often have two eggs and a glass of milk for breakfast. 我早饭通常吃两个鸡蛋,喝一杯牛奶。

(4)take作为“吃,喝”讲时不正式,但我们吃药时常用take the medicine。

Take this medicine three times a day.这种药每天吃三次。

【语法详解】

1.一般现在时

一般现在时表示经常性、习惯性的动作,或表示现在的特征、状态。当主语是非第三人称单数时,行为动词的一般现在时变化形式。如:

肯定句 主语+行为动词原形+其他 We speak Chinese.

否定句 主语+don’t+行为动词原形+其他 We don't speak Chinese.

一般疑问句 Do+主语+行为动词原形+其他? Do you speak Chinese?

肯定回答Yes,主语+do

否定回答 No,主语+don’t

如:

We have classes from Monday to Friday.我们从周一到周五上课。

—Do you often write to your friends?你经常给你的朋友们写信吗?

—Yes,I do./No,I don’t.是的,我经常写。/不,我不经常写。

当主语是第三人称单数时,行为动词一般现在时的句型变化如下:

(1)肯定句在行为动词原形后+s/es

(2)否定句用助动词doesn’t+动词原形。

(3)一般疑问句则是把助动词does放在句首,后面动词用原形,回答时,肯定用“Yes,主语+does”;否定用“No,主语+doesn’t”。

以work为例:

She works hard.她工作努力。

She doesn’t work hard.她工作不努力。

Does she work hard?她工作努力吗?

Yes, she does.是的,她工作努力。

No,she doesn’t.不,她工作不努力。

2.可数名词与不可数名词

(1)英语中的名词可分为可数名词与不可数名词。凡是可以计数的名词叫可数名词。物质名词和抽象名词一般无法用数目来衡量,称为不可数名词。可数名词有复数形式,可与不定冠词或数词连用;不可数名词没有复数形式,它不能与不定冠词a或an连用来表示量。如food,meat,bread,tea,water,milk,ink,orange(橘汁),drink(饮料),rice,fish等。

①常用的可数名词如下:

a.人、动物或植物等,如friend,cat,rose。

b.有形状的具体事物,如ball,car,book。

c.度量单位,如hour,kilo,meter。

d.不可数名词的各个部分,如part,piece。

e.一些抽象名词,如idea。

②常用的不可数名词包括以下名词。

a.固体的物质或原料,如bread,rice。

b.液体、气体等,如water,tea,air。

c.语言,如English,Chinese。

d.一些抽象事物,如money,peace。

(2)有些名词既能做可数名词,又能做不可数名词。但它们在意义上有很大的不同。如:

(3)有许多名词在汉语中是可数名词,在英语中却是不可数名词。如:chalk粉笔;bread面包;rice米;paper纸

(4)不可数名词表示“一个”概念时,要用短语,如:

a cup of tea ,a glass of milk, a bottle of orange, a piece of bread

(5)不可数名词表达复数意义时应用下列方式:

two cups of tea, three bottles of drink, four pieces of meat

(6)many,much只可以分别修饰可数与不可数名词。How many主要用于对可数名词的数量提问,how much主要用于对不可数名词的数量提问。如:

How many bottles of orange do you want?你想要多少瓶橘子汁?

How much tea do you want?你想要多少茶?

(7)a lot of,lots of,some,any既可以修饰可数名词,也可以修饰不可数名词。

a lot of,lots of,much,some,any修饰不可数名词,后面的名词不变。

a lot of,lots of,many,some,any修饰可数名词,后面的名词是复数。

【中考连线】

1. Let’s ________ now.

A.to go to home B.to go home C.go to home D.go home

2. What ________ she have ________ dinner?

A.do, inB.does, forC.is, at D.can, to

3. There is some ________ on the table.

A.tomato B.egg C.chicken D.banana

4. There ________ lots of apples on the tree.

A.beB.amC.isD.are

5.We need lots of ________ every day.

A.healthy foodB.saladsC.milksD.vegetable

参考答案:

1.DLet’s后接动词原形

2.Bhave是行为动词,表示“吃”的意思

3.Cchicken作“鸡肉”的意思,不可数名

4.Dapples是复数名词

5.Alots of后既可接可数名词复数,又可接不可数名词

同步测试题

一、单项选择

()1. ________ you like ice cream?

A. AreB. Am C. DoesD. Do

()2. ________ play table tennis.

A. LetB. Lets C. Let’sD. It’s

()3. ________ does your father have ______ lunch?Chicken and tomatoes.

A. What; for B. What; /C. How; forD. How; /

()4. Oranges are a kind of ________.

A. vegetablesB. vegetable C. fruitsD. fruit

()5. What ______ Tom like _______ for breakfast?

A. does; eatB. is; eat C. does; to eat D. is; to eat

()6. –Do you like ice cream for ______ dessert?

A. aB. the C. /D. an

()7. –Does your friend like salad?

-- _________.

A. Yes, she like. B. No, she does. C. Yes, she doesn’tD. No, she doesn’t.

()8. I have a cat. It likes fish. It eats _______ every day.

A. a lotB. manyC. Lots ofD. much

()9. –Does your English teacher sing very _____ ?

--Yes, She does.

A. good B. niceC. greatD. well

()10. –Let’s _______ baseball.

--OK. Let’s _______.

A. play; goB. plays; goC. play; to goD. play; goes

二、英汉互译

1、吃晚饭 _____________ 2、每天 ______________

3、volleyball star ____________4、think about ___________

5、healthy food ____________

三、根据句意和首字母完成单词

1.I have hamburgers for b___________.

2. Here are some tomatoes. Do you like t _________?

3. I like French f _________.

4. I have an ice c_________.

5. Children should (应当) eat lots of v___________.

6. What do you have for d__________?

7. Zhou Jielun is a singing s________.

8. She eats h________ food every day.

9. How m________ apples do you have?

10. I’m going on a picnic with a group of f_________.

四、完形填空

Mrs. Jones: Which meal do we need most, breakfast, lunch or __1____?

Tony: Dinner.

Mrs. Jones: Dinner is the big meal of the day. But I don’t ___2___ we need it most.

Tony: Is lunch the meal we want most?

Mrs. Jones: No, ____3___ is the meal we need most. But why?

Kate: It is a long time from night to morning. We have no ____4___.

Mrs. Jones: Right! If we don’t have breakfast, we don’t feel ____5____. But what makes a good breakfast?

James: I think we can ____6____ milk, bread, noodles or porridge. ___7____ are good for breakfast.

Mrs. Jones: That’s right. We can eat some vegetables and fruits ___8____ the morning, too. They make us healthy.

David: I ____9___ coca cola a lot. Can I have that in the morning?

Mrs. Jones: You’d better not. Water is good for you.

Danny: Mum says we can not eat too much things after ____10____.

Mrs. Jones: Great, Danny. It may make you sick. After sports you need water and a rest first, not lots of food.

() 1. A. fruits B. foodC. dinner

() 2. A. likeB. knowC. think

() 3. A. breakfast B. lunchC. dinner

() 4. A. water B. food C. vegetables

() 5. A. goodB. greatC. well

() 6. A. takeB. makeC. have

() 7. A. YouB. TheyC. We

() 8. A. for B. inC. on

() 9. A. eat B. bringC. like

() 10. A. schoolB. lunchC. sports

五、用所给词的正确形式填空

1.–Do you like bananas?

--No, I don’t like __________ (it) at all.

2.Peter likes ________ (play) basketball.

3.His mother ________ (not) like carrots.

4.I like strawberry ice cream, but I don’t like ________. (strawberry)

5.They like _________ (eat) hamburgers and carrots for lunch.

六、按要求改写句子

1.Linda and Tom like bananas. (改成否定句)

They ___________ bananas.

2.Does Tom like eggs for breakfast? (否定回答)

______, ______ _______.

3.She doesn’t have lunch. (变肯定句)

She _______ lunch.

4.My teacher plays basketball. (改一般疑问句)

______ your teacher ________ basketball?

5.We play volleyball. (变成由Let开头的祈使句)

______ _______ volleyball.

七、阅读理解

Tom: Good evening, Mum.

Mum: Good evening, Tom.

Tom: Do we eat chicken for dinner, Mum?

Mum: No, we eat fish and carrots, dear.

Tom: Mum, I don’t like carrots. I like chicken.

Mum: But we need more vegetables, not only meat. It’s not healthy to eat chicken every day.

Tom: OK. But dad likes chicken, too.

Mum: Well, let’s eat chicken and carrots tomorrow. (明天)

Tom: That sounds great!

() 1. What do they eat for dinner?

A. chicken B. Carrots C. Carrots and fish

() 2. what does Tom want to eat for dinner?

A. fish B. chicken C. carrots

() 3. What do they need to eat more?

A. chicken B. meatC. vegetables

() 4. Does Tom’s father like chicken?

A. No, he doesn’tB. Yes, he does.C. We don’t know.

() 5. what will they eat tomorrow?

A. fish and carrotsB. chicken and fish C. carrots and chicken

八、任务型阅读

根据材料,请找出Jim Green为家人准备的晚餐,并填写表格。

Today is my birthday. I want to thank my family for their love. So I cook the dinner for them. I know my mother likes hamburgers and chicken. But my father likes chicken and tomato soup. I have a brother. He likes hamburgers, too. But he doesn’t like chicken. He likes carrots. I have a sister, too. She likes fish and pears. I like chicken and strawberries. I will buy these things for the birthday party.

Mrs Green        Mr. Green        brother        sister        Jim

Hamburger and(1)________        (2)_________

_________        (3)_________

_________        (4)_________

_________        (5)_________

_________

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 楼主| 发表于 2014-1-11 20:02:03 | 显示全部楼层
Unit 7 How much are these socks期末知识梳理

重点词汇解析

1. dollarn.元(美国、加拿大等国的货币单位,符号位$)

【经典例句】 One dollar is a hundred cents.1美元等于100美分。

【考点聚焦】 dollar是美国、加拿大、墨西哥和某些国家的货币单位,相当于我国汉语中货币单位yuan,但汉语中的货币单位没有复数形式。

2.thirteennum.十三

【经典例句】 He has thirteen apples.他有十三个苹果。

【考点聚焦】 切记thirteen为基数词,它的序数词为thirteenth。

3.twentynum.二十

【经典例句】 Ten and ten is twenty.十加十等于二十。

【考点聚焦】 切记twenty为基数词,它的序数词为twentieth。

4.clothesn. (pl)衣服;服装

【经典例句】 She buys a suit of clothes in the store.她在这个商店里买了一套衣服。

【考点聚焦】 切记clothes统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数。

5.pricen.价格

【经典例句】 What’s the price of this blue shirt?这件蓝色衬衫的价格是多少?

【考点聚焦】 注意price为名词。说“……的价格”,要用结构the price of...。

6. 2. how much “多少”

【经典例句】How much is the schoolbag ? 这个书包多少钱?

【考点聚焦】

(1)how much 用来询问物品价格。

How much is it ? 那东西多少钱?

(2)how much 还可用来询问数量多少,但后面多跟不可数名词。

a. How much milk do you have every day ? 每天你喝多少牛奶?

b. How much chocolate do you want to buy ? 你想要多少巧克力?

(3)how much 还可用来询问程度的深浅。

How much do you love your school ? 你多么热爱你的学校?

重点句型

1. -How much is the blue shirt ?

-It’s eighteen dollars .

2. -How much is this / that white cap ?

-It’s 2 dollars .

3. -How much are these / those pants ?

-They’re 12 dollars .

4. Let me see .

交际用语

1. -Can I help you ?

-Yes , please . I want … .

2. -What color do you want ?

-Blue .

3. I’ll take it / them .

I’ll buy it / them.

4. You’re welcome .

【课文讲解】

1. Can I help you?请问,您要点什么?

【剖析】 这是一个一般疑问句,原意为“我能帮你吗”。

【拓展】 在英语国家,商店售货员通常问顾客Can I help you?或May I help you?或What can I do for you?以表示客气和礼貌,而不说What do you want?顾客如需购物,可回答Yes,please.然后说出自己所需要的商品。如果仅仅想逛商店,可回答No,thanks.I’m just looking around.或Just a look.

2. For boys, we have black trousers for only 22$.

对于男孩来说,我们有黑色的裤子,只售22美元。

【剖析】 for boys为介词短语修饰整个句子。 “have sth.for+价格”意思为“以……价格销售某物”。

3. -I’ll take it . Thank you .

-You’re welcome .

(1)I’ll take it . “我要买这件东西”

I’ll take them . 有时,根据物品的不同,也可能用them.

同样,我们决定买东西时,也可以说:

I’ll buy it / them .

(2)Thank you . 表示对服务人员的工作表示感谢。也可说Thanks !

(3)You’re welcome . 别客气。是对thank you 的回答。

例如:

a. -Thank you for your help .

-You’re welcome .

b. -Thanks for your watch .

-You’re welcome .

【语法详解】

购物

在英语里,售货员见到顾客时常说:May/Can I help you?或What can I do for you?意为“您想买什么?”

如果顾客需要购物可以说:I am looking for.../I want to get/buy....我想买……

如果你只想逛商店可以说:No,thanks.I’m just looking around./Just have a look.不,谢谢了。我只是随便看看而已。

询问顾客想买的商品的特征时可以说:What color do you want?/What color, please?你要什么颜色的?What size do you want?/What size,please?你要什么尺码的?What kind do you want?/What kind, please?你要哪一种?

How much is...?常用来询问表单数意义的商品价格,而询问复数意义的商品价格常用How much are...?

另外,还可用What’s the price of...?来询问价格。它对单数或复数意义的商品价格都可用。如:What’s the price of the shoes?

【中考连线】

1.— is your hat?

—Black.

A. What color B. WhichC. How D. What

思路解析:因为答语是表示颜色的形容词,因此问句是问颜色的,故答案为A。

温馨提示:不要误认为Black是姓氏,从而造成误选。

2.—?

—Yes,please. I’d like some drink.

A. What do you want B. How do you doC. Can I help you D. Is that all

思路解析:根据答语意思“好的,我想喝点什么”,问句应是询问别人是否需要服务,故选择C。

温馨提示:在做本题时,有的同学会因不能正确理解答语的意思而错选,也有的是因为不了解英语的语言背景知识,或受汉语思维的影响而误选A。我们知道,询问别人是否需要服务,要用客气的语言,而用What do you want?会显得很不礼貌。

3.The black pants are twenty dollars.(就画线部分提问)

the black pants?

思路解析:twenty dollars“二十美元”,表示价格,应用What’s the price of提问。答案:What’s the price of

温馨提示:不要受定向思维的影响而误用how much are填写。本题中有四个空,需要四个单词填写,所以应用提问价格的What’s the price of填写。

同步测试题

第I卷

一、单项选择

A、找出与句中画线部分意义相同或相近的选项。

( )1.Do you have a lot of friends in your class?

A.manyB.muchC.a lotD.any

()2.What’s the price of the black shoes?

A.What about B.What color are C.How much areD.How many are

()3.Where do you have dinner?

A.getB.eatC.buy D.need

()4.I need to buy a hat.

A.forgetB.want C.beginD.stop

()5.This pencil case is cheap(便宜).I’ll take it.

A.likeB.sellC.buyD.get

B、根据所给句子或语境选择正确的答案填空。

()6.--- How much ______ the socks?

--- Three dollars.

A.is B.areC.doD. does

( )7.--- _______ is that case?

--- It’s white.

A.WhatB. How muchC. WhereD. What color

( )8.The red shoes ________ 25 dollars.

A.is B.doesC. are D. do

( )9.--- How much are these green bags?

--- _______ 50 dollars.

A.Yes.They areB.they areC.They are D. It is

( )10.--- What do you want?

--- I want a _______.

A.socksB. pants C. apple D. hat

( )11. ---How much ______ the T-shirt and bag?

--- ________ 46 dollars.

A.is;It’s B. is; They isC. are; They areD. are; They do

( )12. --- What _______ do you like?

---- ________.

A. color; Shoes B. /; BlueC. color; WhiteD. /; 2 dollars

( )13. These socks are only 3 dollars.Do you want ________?

A. it B.them C. that D. those

( )14. --- Thank you very much.

--- ____________.

A. Here you are B.You’re welcomeC. Thank you tooD. Not thanks

( )15. We have T-shirts ______ red.

A.forB. atC. inD. of

二、阅读理解

阅读下列短文(表格),并做每篇短文后面的题目,从各题A、B、C、D中选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最佳答案。

A

Wen Feng Store Sale

Goods        Colors         Price(each)

Socks        Black,white,green        $ 3

Sweater        Black        $15

Hat        Blue, white        $ 4

T—shirt        Red,green        $14

Shoes        Black and white        $25

Bag        Blue        $5

( )16.In all goods,______ is (are) cheap(便宜).

A.BagB.ShoesC.Hat D.Socks

( )17.Jack wants to buy two pairs of(两双)socks,one bag and two hats.How much are they?

A.Twenty-one yuan.B. Nineteen yuan.C.Eighteen dollars.D. Nineteen dollars.

( )18.Mary only likes blue,so(因此)she will buy ________ .

A.socks and bagB.pants and sweater C.hat and bagD.shoes and hat

( )19.The store has hat in _______.

A.all colorsB.blue,white and blackC.blue and black D.white and blue

()20.Peter has twenty dollars,so what can he buy?

A.Two bags and one T-shirt.B.Three hats and two bags.

C.One sweater and two pairs of socks. D.One T-shirt and one bag.

B

It is Sunday afternoon. Mary goes to do the shopping with her mother. Her mother wants to buy some food for supper. Mary wants to buy a new skirt and some school things. They come to a shop.

“What does your shop sell?” Mary asks, “A lot of things.” The girl in the shop says. “You can buy food, drinks, chothes in our shop and school things, too.”

Mary and her mother go in. there are many people in the shop. Mary finds a nice white skirt.

“How much is the skirt?” Mary asks the girl in the shop.

“It’s eighty yuan.”

“That’s too dear. Can I find a cheap one?”

“What about the green one? It looks nice. And it’s only thirty yuan.”

“Ok, thanks a lot.”

“You are welcome.”

After that, Mary buys some school things, too. Here mother buys a lot of food, like bread, cakes, meat and fish. They get home very late.

() 21. Mary goes to do the shopping with her mother on ________.

A. Saturday afternoonB. Saturday morningC. Sunday morningD. Sunday afternoon

()22. Mary wants to buy a new skirt and _________.

A. some food B. some drinksC. come clothesD. some school things

() 23 The white skirt is __________.

A. ¥30B. ¥110        C. ¥80D. ¥100

() 24. Mary buys a _________ skirt.

A. whiteB. greenC. redD. dear

() 25. The green skirt is ___________.

A. nice but dearB. nice and cheapC. not nice but cheapD. not nice or cheap

C

Mr. King goes to a dinner party. He is wearing old clothes. He comes into the room. But people in the room don’t look at him. They don’t ask him to sit at the table.

Mr. King goes home and puts on his good clothes. He goes back to the party. Everyone in the room stands up and smiles at him. They give him very good food to eat.

Mr. King takes off his clothes, and puts them in the food and says, “Eat, clothes!”

The other people ask, “What are you doing?”

He answers, “I’m asking my coat to eat food. I am wearing my old clothes. You don’t look at me. You don’t ask me to sit down. Now I’m in these clothes. And you give me very good food. Now I see, you give the food to my clothes, not to me!”

( )26. Mr. King goes to the dinner party, but people in the room don’t look at him. Because __.

A. he doesn’t come by carB. he is youngC. he is wearing his old clothesD. he is old

( )27. Mr. King goes home to _______ his ________ clothes.

A. put on;goodB. puts on;fineC. take off; goodD. wear;good

( )28. Mr. King goes back to the party. People in the room stand up and smile at him because_____ .

A. he is wearing his old clothesB. he comes by a very good car

C. he is wearing his good clothesD. he is putting on his good clothes

( )29. Mr. King takes off his good clothes, and ________ them _________ the good food.

A. ask;to eatB. asks;to eatC. lets;to eatD. ask;eat

()30. Mr. King says the good food is _______.

A. for heB. for his good clothesC. for meD. for him

第II卷

三、词汇应用。

第一节:根据句意和首字母,用本单元的词完成空格。

1. How much are these p__________?

2. This T-shirt is ten d__________.

3. You can buy socks for ¥3 e__________!

4. We have sweaters in all c__________.

5. C__________down to Huaxing and see for yourself.

第二节:用所给的词的适当形式填空。

6. How much__________(be) the blue socks?

7. Can you help__________(I)?

8. She often__________(watch) TV in the evening.

9. Can you__________(buy) the shirt?

10. The yellow__________(short) are $30.

四、用划线词的反义词填空

1.Bring your math book here and ________ away your exercise books.

2.I like short hair. I don’t like ________ hair.

3.My shoes are too old. I want to buy ________ ones.

4.The store sells school things. You can ________ some coloured pencils there.

5.I think this book is very easy and that book is very ________.

6.Watching TV is too boring. But playing sports is very ________.

7.His first name is John and his ________ name is Green.

8.The shirt is too big for me. Give me a ________ one, please.

9.The blackboard is black. The words on it are ________.

五、用英文数字填空

1.four + eight = ___________ 2.seven + eight= ___________

3.thirteen + seven = __________4.fourteen + sixteen = ___________

5.seventy - fourteen = ___________6.eighty - sixteen = ___________

7.sixty - thirteen = ___________8.eighty - forty= ___________

9.forty-eight - twelve= ___________10.ninety + five = ___________

六、书面表达

假如你的服装店出售很多的衣、帽、鞋、袜等,请写一则销售广告。(开头已给)

Welcome to Feiying Clothing Sale. These T-shirts are just $ 5 each ...

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