英语家园

 找回密码
 注册

QQ登录

只需一步,快速开始

溜乎英语
超棒的英语学习网站快速提高英语水平YY语音频道,免费学习本广告位招租

社区广播台

查看: 8583|回复: 1
收起左侧

Lesson 46 Hobbies业余爱好

[复制链接]

该用户从未汇报

积分排名 387

小学四年级

Rank: 5Rank: 5Rank: 5

发表于 2006-11-24 19:58:12 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

北外视频



英音版录音



下载地址: http://www.enfamily.cn/upfile/nce/book4/NCE4046.mp3



美音版录音



First listen and then answer the following question.

听录音,然后回答以下问题。

Who, according to the author, are‘Fortune’s favoured children’?

A gifted American psychologist has said,‘Worry is a spasm of the emotion; the mind catches hold of something and will not let it go.’It is useless to argue with the mind in this condition. The stronger the will, the more futile the task. One can only gently insinuate something else into its convulsive grasp. And if this something else is rightly chosen, if it is really attended by the illumination of another field of interest, gradually, and often quite swiftly, the old undue grip relaxes and the process of recuperation and repair begins.

The cultivation of a hobby and new forms of interest is therefore a policy of the first importance to a public man. But this is not a business that can be undertaken in a day or swiftly improvised by a mere command of the will. The growth of alternative mental interests is a long process. The seeds must be carefully chosen; they must fall on good ground; they must be sedulously tended, if the vivifying fruits are to be at hand when needed.

To be really happy and really safe, one ought to have at least two or three hobbies, and they must all be real. It is no use starting late in life to say:‘I will take an interest in this or that.’Such an attempt only aggravates the strain of mental effort. A man may acquire great knowledge of topics unconnected with his daily work, and yet get hardly any benefit or relief. It is no use doing what you like; you have got to like what you do. Broadly speaking, human beings may be divided into three classes: those who are toiled to death, those who are worried to death, and those who are bored to death. It is no use offering the manual labourer, tired out with a hard week's sweat and effort, the chance of playing a game of football or baseball on Saturday afternoon. It is no use inviting the politician or the professional or business man, who has beenworking or worrying about serious things for six days, to work or worry about trifling things at the weekend.

As for the unfortunate people who can command everything they want, who can gratify every caprice and lay their hands on almost every object of desire----for them a new pleasure, a new excitement is only an additional satiation. In vain they rush frantically round from place to place, trying to escape from avenging boredom by mere clatter and motion. For them discipline in one form or another is the most hopeful path.

It may also be said that rational, industrious, useful human beings are divided into two classes: first, those whose work is work and whose pleasure is pleasure; and secondly, those whose work and pleasure are one. Of these the former are the majority. They have their compensations. The long hours in the office or the factory bring with them as their reward, not only the means of sustenance, but a keen appetite for pleasure even in its simplest and most modest forms. But Fortune's favoured children belong to the second class.

Their life is a natural harmony. For them the working hours are never long enough. Each day is a holiday,and ordinary holidays, when they come, are grudged as enforced interruptions in an absorbing vocation. Yet to both classes, the need of an alternative outlook, of a change of atmosphere, of a diversion of effort, is essential. Indeed, it may well be that those whose work is their pleasure are those who most need the means of banishing it at intervals from their minds.



WINSTON CHURCHILL Painting as a Pastime





New words and expressions生词和短语

gifted(1.1)['giftid] adj.有天才的

trifling(1.20) ['traifliŋ] adj.微小的

psychologist(1.1)[sai'kɔlədʒist] n.心理学家

gratify(1.22)['grætifai] v.使满意

spasm(1.1)['spæzəm] n.一阵(感情)发作

caprice(1.22)[kə'pri:s] n.任性

futile(1.3)['fju:tail] adj.无用的

satiation(1.24) [ˌseiʃiˈeiʃən] n.满足

insinuate(1.3)[in'sinjueit] v.使潜入,暗示

frantically(1.24)['fr$ntik+li] adv.狂乱地

convulsive(1.3) [kən'vʌlsiv] adj.起痉挛的

avenge(1.24) [ə v.替……报复

illumination(1.4) [iˌl j u:miˈneiʃən] n.启发,照明

boredom(1.25)['bɔ:dəm] n.厌烦

undue(1.5) [ˌʌnˈdju:] adj.不适当的

clatter(1.25)['klæ n.喧闹的谈话

grip(1.5)[grip] n.紧张

sustenance(1.29)['sʌstinəns] n.生计

recuperation(1.5)[riˈkju:pəreitʃən]n.休息

appetite(1.29) [ 'æpitait] n.欲望

improvise(1.8)['imprəvaiz] v.临时作成

grudge(1.32)[gr v.怨恨

sedulously(1.10) ['sedjuləsli] adv.孜孜不倦地

absorbing(1.32) [əb'sɔadj.引人入胜的

vivify(1.10)['vivifai] v.使生气勃勃

banish(1.35)['bæ v.排除,放弃

aggravate(1.14)['æɡrəveit] v.加剧

Notes on the text 课文注释

1 catch hold of,抓住……;let…go,放掉……。

2 lay one's hands on, 得到……,抓到……。

3 Fortune's favoured children中的 Fortune是指“命运女神”。

参考译文

一位天才的美国心理学家曾经说过:“烦恼是感情的发作,此时脑子纠缠住了某种东西又不肯松手。”在这种情况下,你和头脑争吵让它松手是无济于事的。这种意志越是强烈,这种尝试越是徒劳。你只能缓和而巧妙地让另一种东西进入痉挛僵持的头脑中。如果选得合适,而且的确受到别的领域的情趣的启迪,那么渐渐地,往往也是很顺利地,原先不适当的紧张就会松弛下来,恢复和修整的过程就会开始。

因此,对一个从事社会活动的人来说,培养一种业馀爱好和各种新的兴趣是头等重要的作法。但这并非一日之功,也不是单凭意志一蹴而就的事。精神上多种情趣的培养是一个长期的过程。要想在需要的时候可随手摘取充满生机的果实,那就必然从精选良种做起,然后将其植入肥沃的土地,还需要勤勉地护理。

一个人要想真正感到幸福和平安,至少应有两三种爱好,而且都比较实际。到了晚年才开始说:“我会对这个或那个发生兴趣”,已没有用了。这种愿望只能加剧精神紧张。一个人可能会获得与其日常工作无关的某些课题的渊博知识,而没有从中得到什么实益或宽慰。干你所喜欢的事是没有用的,你得喜欢你所干的事。泛泛地说,人可以分为 3类:劳累至死的人、忧虑至死的人、无聊至死的人。对于流汗出力干了一周苦活的体力劳动者来说,让他们在星期六下午再踢足球或打垒球是不合适的;同样,对于为严肃的公务操劳或烦恼了6天的政界人士、专业技术人员、商人来说,在周末再让他们为琐事而动脑子和忧虑也是无益的。

至于那些能任意支配一切的“可怜的人”,他们能够恣意妄为,能染指一切追求的目标。对这种人来说,多一种新的乐趣、多一种新的刺激只是增加一分厌腻而已。他们到处狂奔乱跑,企图以闲聊和乱窜来摆脱无聊对他们的报复,但这是徒劳的。对他们来说,用某种形式的纪律约束他们一下才能有希望使他们走上正道。

也可以这样说,理智的、勤劳的、有用的人可以分为两类:第一类是分清工作是工作,娱乐是娱乐的人;第二类人的工作和娱乐是一回事。这两类人当中,第一类人是大多数,他们能够得到补偿。在办公室或工厂里长时间的工作给他们带来了酬劳,这不仅是谋生的手段,而且还带来了寻找乐趣的强烈欲望。那怕是最简单的、最低等的乐趣。但是,命运之神的宠儿是第二类人,他们的生活是一种自然的和谐,对他们来说,工作时间总不会太长,每天都是假日,而通常的假期到来时,他们却惋惜这假期强制打断了他们埋头从事的工作。然而对这两种人来说,都需要换一换脑子,改变一下气氛,转移一下注意力,这是不可缺少的。说实在的,把工作当作享受的那些人可能最需要每隔一段时间把工作从头脑中撇开。

Comprehension 理解

Answer these questions:

1 In what way is the definition of worry quoted in the first paragraph relevant to the author's argument?

2 Why does the author class as unfortunate those people who can command everything they want?

3 How can people who have everything they want find relief from boredom?

4 What is the essential difference between the two classes of human beings defined by the author?(11.26-28)

5 Why is it particularly important for people whose work is their pleasure to cultivate a hobby?

Vocabulary词汇

Refer to the text to see how the following words have been used, then write sentences of your own using vocation(1.32).

Summary摘要

Drawing your information from lines 7-21(‘The cultivation… things at the weekend.’), summarize the author's views on cultivating a hobby. Do not write more than 90 words. Use your own words as far as possible. Your answer should be in one paragraph.

Composition作文

Write a composition of about 600 words on one of the following subjects:

1 Worry.

2 Your favourite hobby.

3 ‘Human beings are divided into two classes: first, those whose work is work and whose pleasure is pleasure; and secondly, those whose work and pleasure are one.’(11.26-28) Which class, in your view, would it be preferable to belong to?

Key structures关键句型

A Complete the following sentences in any way you wish, then compare what you have written with the sentences in the passage:

1 It is useless to____(1.2)

2 It is no use____(1.13)

B Rewrite the sentences given below using the opening phrases provided.Do not refer to the passage until you have finished the exercise:

1 It is of the first importance to a public man to cultivate a hobby and new forms of interest.

The cultivation____(11.7-8)

2 If one wishes to be really happy and really safe, one ought to have at least two or three hobbies, and they must all be real.

To be____(11.12-13)

3 Not only do the long hours in the office or the factory bring with them the means of sustenance as their reward, but a keen appetite for pleasure even in its simplest and most modest forms.

The long hours____(11.28-30)

Special difficulties难点

A Study the following pairs of words and then write sentences of your own to bring out the difference.

1 late(1.13)----lately

The train arrived late.

We haven't seen you lately.

2 hardly(1.15)----hard(1.18)

He's so old now, he hardly works at all.

I'll pass the exam if I work hard.

3 alternative(1.33)----alternating

That's what we must do then, unless you have an alternative suggestion.

I visit my parents on alternating weekends.

B Use each of the following words figuratively in sentences of your own. Do not refer to the passage until you have finished the exercise:

seeds(1.9);fruits(1.10);sweat(1.18).

C Use the following expressions in sentences of your own. Do not refer to the passage until you have completed the exercise: broadly speaking(1.16); as for(1.22); the former(1.28).

Multiple choice questions多项选择题

Choose the correct answers to the following questions.

Comprehension理解

1 The only way to stop worrying is ____.

a.through an effort of the will

b.to become absorbed in some other activity

c.to let go whatever it is that's worrying you

d.relax until you recuperate

2 The cultivation of a hobby ____.

a.prevents you from being bored to death

b.can only occur over a long period of time

c.is particularly suitable for the professional or business man

d.is always a benefit

3 People who can spend as much money as they like ____.

a.are Fortune's favoured children

b.never feel bored

c.enjoy a life that is full of excitement

d.are truly unlucky

4 The people the writer admires most are those who ____,

a.can spend their entire lives on holiday

b.don't distinguish between work and pleasure

c.are rational, industrious and useful

d.work hard and can therefore enjoy their leisure

Structure句型

5 It's no use____ with the mind in this condition.(1.2)

a.in arguing

b.argue

c.to argue

d.arguing

6 The seeds____ carefully chosen.(1.9)

a.have to be

b.should be

c.were probably

d.are probably

7 Human beings may be divided into three classes: ____who are…(1.16)

a.that

b.the ones

c.the which

d.them

8 The long hours in the office bring with them____ the means of sustenance ____a keen appetite for pleasure.(11.28-29)

a.not only… and

b.either… or

c.both… and

d.and…and

Vocabulary 词汇

9 The stronger the will the more____ the task.(1.3)

a.elaborate

b.desirable

c.fertile

d.pointless

10 The seeds must be sedulously____(11.9-10)

a.cared for

b.grown

c.watered

d.followed

11 A manual labourer works with____(1.17)

a.his firm

b.his hands

c.machines

d.his mind

12 It may be said that rational, _____, useful human beings…(1.26)

a.professional

b.employed

c.industrial

d.hard-working

[ 本帖最后由 xinyuegegegood 于 2007-10-14 12:06 编辑 ]

汇报天数: 13 天

连续汇报: 1 天

[LV.3]偶尔看看II

小学三年级

Rank: 4Rank: 4

最佳新人奖

发表于 2016-12-16 08:27:50 | 显示全部楼层
冷雨雪夜,也最适合想心事
[发帖际遇]: mama002001 发帖时在路边捡到 4 元 家元,偷偷放进了口袋. 幸运榜 / 衰神榜
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 注册

本版积分规则

提示
随便
看看

精彩
图片

帖子
导读
快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表