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Lesson 2 Breakfast or lunch? 早餐还是午餐?

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Rank: 10Rank: 10

发表于 2006-4-24 16:15:52 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
北外视频:



裕兴视频:

http://www.tudou.com/listplay/graLjNLM0Ww/DformQAGMcw.html

英音版录音



美音版录音



Lesson 2Breakfast or lunch? 早餐还是午餐?

First listen and then answer the question.

听录音,然后回答以下问题。

Why was the writer's aunt surprised?

It was Sunday. I never get up early on Sundays. I sometimes stay in bed until lunchtime. Last Sunday I got up very late. I looked out of the window. It was dark outside. 'What a day!' I thought. 'It's raining again.' Just then, the telephone rang. It was my aunt Lucy. 'I've just arrived by train,' she said. 'I'm coming to see you.'

'But I'm still having breakfast,' I said.

'What are you doing?' she asked.

'I'm having breakfast,' I repeated.

'Dear me,' she said. 'Do you always get up so late? It's one o'clock!'

until[ənˈtil,ʌnˈtil] prep. 直到

outside[ˌautˈsaid] adv. 外面

ring[riŋ] v. (铃、电话等)响

aunt[ɑ:nt] n. 姑,姨,婶,舅母

repeat[riˈpi:t] v. 重复

那是个星期天,而在星期天我是从来不早起的,有时我要一直躺到吃午饭的时候。上个星期天,我起得很晚。我望望窗外,外面一片昏暗。“鬼天气!”我想,“又下雨了。”正在这时,电话铃响了。是我姑母露西打来的。“我刚下火车,”她说,“我这就来看你。”

“但我还在吃早饭,”我说。

“你在干什么?”她问道。

“我正在吃早饭,”我又说了一遍。

“天啊,”她说,“你总是起得这么晚吗?现在已经1点钟了!”

课堂笔记:



Lesson 2Breakfast or lunch?

untilprep. 直到

outside adv. 在外面,n. 外面, adj. 外面的

外面(作状语)

inside里面,在里面

upside上边,在上边

downside下边,在下边

beside 在旁边

aside一边,在一边

at the outside 至多,充其量

ringv. (铃、电话等)响(rang, rung)

vt. 鸣,(铃、电话等)响(这种响是刺耳的, 往往是提醒人做某事)

Every morning the clock rings at 6.

The telephone(door bell) is ringing.

而风铃等响要用jingle,jingle (bell) (铃儿) 响叮当

vt. 打电话给(美语中用call

ring sb.给某人打电话

Tomorrow I'll ring you.

call sb up打电话给某人

give sb. a ring

give sb. a call

Remember to give me a ring. /Remember to ring me.

④n. 戒指

ring road环线

ring off 挂断电话

auntn. 姑,姨,婶,舅母

uncle: 叔叔

cousin ['kʌzən]堂兄妹(不分男女),表兄弟姊妹

nephew ['nefju:, 'nev-]外甥,侄子

niece [ni:s]外甥女, 侄女

mother- in- law 岳母,婆婆

father- in – law 岳父,公公

sister –in – law小姑子,大姑姐,小姨子,大姨姐

brother – in- law 小叔子,大伯哥,小舅子,大舅哥

step father继父

step mother继母

step sister同母异父/同父异母的姐妹

step brother…………..兄弟

ex – husband前夫

ex- wife前妻

repeatv. 重复

vt. 重复

Will you repeat the last word?

They are repeating that wonderful paly.

② vi. 重做,重说

Please repeat after me.

Don’t repeat.

repeated反复的,重复的

repeater留级生,累犯,惯犯

repetition重复,重做

repeat after跟(某人)朗读(说话)

repeat oneself重说自己说的话

won’t bear repeating不堪重复

1、It was Sunday.

it指时间、天气、温度或距离,it是形式主语(empty subject)

2、I never get up early on Sundays.

on Sundays: 所有的星期天,每逢星期天,与一般现在时连用,表示经常性的行为。

介词on一般用于表示某一天的时间短语中:on Monday,on Monday morning,on that day

当使用last,next,this,that时,介词(以及定冠词)必须省略

I’ll see you next/this Friday.

never 从来不 (可以直接用在动词前面)=助动词+not (变成否定句,前面一定要加助动词)

I don't like her.=I never like her.

3、I sometimes stay in bed until lunchtime.

until用于表示动作、状态等的持续,可译为“一直到……为止”或“在……以前”。

在肯定句中,它与表示持续性状态的动词连用,表示持续到某一时刻:

I’ll wait here until 5.我会在这里等到5点钟。

His father was alive until he came back. 直到他回来为止,他爸爸都是活着的.

在否定句中,它通常与描述短暂动作的动词连用,表示“到……为止”、“直到……才”

not….until直到…才

She cannot arrive until 6.她到6点才能来。

His father didn't die until he came back. 直到他回来,他爸爸才死.

I stay in bed until twelve o'clock.

I didn't get up until 12 o'clock.

在表达卧床时bed前不需加冠词:

It’s time for bed now.

You must stay/remain in bed for another two days.你必须再卧床两天。

4、Last Sunday I got up very late.

get up起床

get out of bed起床,离开床(从床上爬起来)

5、I looked out of the window.

look after照看

look out of ….向…外看

look into sth.调查,检查

look forward to sth. 盼望,期待

look over sth.仔细检阅,反复检查

look through 浏览;详尽核查;温习;仔细查看

look sth. up查(资料)



look like看起来像;看起来象;看似;看上去象

look about四处观看;环顾四周;探望;四处寻找



look here听我说;看这里

look well看起来气色不错;显得不错;看起来健康;身体看上去不错

look small显得渺小;自惭形秽;看起来小

look worried 看上去很焦急;看上去很担忧;看中去很着急;看上去很着急

look exhilarated 喜冲冲



6、It was dark outside. 'What a day!' I thought. 'It's raining again.'

在英语中可用what引导的感叹句来表示惊奇、愤怒、赞赏、喜悦等感情,在感叹中主谓语采用正常语序。

What 对名词感叹,感叹句的结构为:What +a/an (+adj.)+n.(+主语+谓语)!

What a good girl (she is)! (主、谓可省)

有上下文和一定的语境, 才能省略形容词。一般省略形容词表示批评或不大好的意思。

What a thing to say!多么难听的话啊!

What (a lot of) trouble( he is causing)!

darkblackdense [dens]boldtan [tæn]dim [dim]

dark 指漆黑无光或没有任何的照明,还可指前途暗淡,心情沉重

black 一般强调颜色是黑的

dense指液体、蒸汽等不易透视的,或指人物密集的 dense smoke 浓烟 a dense fog 浓雾

bold 指大胆的,勇敢的,也指轮廓清楚的黑体字

tan指黄褐色,皮肤黑的颜色

dim 指光线不足导致模糊不清

7、Just then, the telephone rang.It was my aunt Lucy.

just then: 就在那时

at that time 在那时

in that moment在那一刻

at that moment在那时

just now 眼下,刚才

如果不知道对方性别, 他/她可以用it取代

Who are you?/Who is it ?

8、'I've just arrived by train,' she said. 'I'm coming to see you.'

by 直接加交通工具(不能有任何修饰词, 复数);如果加修饰词, 就要换掉by用in或on

I go out by bus.

I go out in/on two buses.(指具体的两辆车介词用in/on

Long ago people could go to America only by ship/sea.

如果是特指的交通工具,则要加冠词或其他限定词:

My aunt left by the 9:15 train.

by air乘飞机by bicycle/bike骑自行车

by boat 乘船by bus乘公共汽车

by car乘小汽车by land由陆路

by plane乘飞机by sea由海路

by ship 乘船by train乘火车

用 come 的现在进行时态 be coming 表示一般将来,表示近期按计划或安排要进行的动作。同样用法的动词有:go,come,leave,arrive,land,meet,die,start,return,join…

9、'But I'm still having breakfast,' I said.

still仍然,还

10、'Dear me,' she said. 'Do you always get up so late? It's one o'clock!'

天哪!英国人说Dear me!或My dear!

美国人说 : My god!

语法

现在进行时常与now,just,still等副词连用:

I am working as a teacher. "现阶段"

He is still sleeping. (现在还在睡觉)

Jane is just dressing up.简正在打扮。

一般现在时表示习惯性动作, 真理, 是过去、现在和未来都会发生的事情。一般现在时一般与频率副词often,always,sometimes,never,frequently,rarely,ever等连用。

频率副词往往放在句子中的实义动词前, 非实义动词后;如果既有实义动词又有非实义动词, 要放在两个之间;疑问句中副词往往放在主语后面。在否定句中not必须放在always之前,而且也出现在generally、normally、often、regularly和usually之前;not必须出现在sometimes和frequently之后。表示肯定的速记可以用在句尾;在特别强调和需要对比时,frequently、generally、normally、sometimes、usually等副词可用于句首。

I get paid on Friday usually.

Very often the phone rings when I’m in bath.

非实义动词 :

①系动词(be)

②帮助动词构成时态的助动词(do, does, will, shall, have, had, has)

③情态动词(must, can, may) 除此之外都是实义动词.

I frequently go to bed hungry. (形容词作状语)

He went to school hungry.饿着肚子上学.

You must come here hungry.空腹来这里.



学完本课以后做做练习吧,本课练习网址:

http://www.enfamily.cn/viewthread.php?tid=11898&extra=page%3D1

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小学二年级

Rank: 3

发表于 2007-7-17 13:42:19 | 显示全部楼层
感觉有点简单,我是不是该从第三册开始?

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积分排名 260

小学五年级

Rank: 6Rank: 6

月度发帖之星

发表于 2007-8-31 21:28:09 | 显示全部楼层
First listen and then answer the question.

听录音,然后回答以下问题。

Why was the writer's aunt surprised?

Because it was one o’clock and the writer was still having his breakfast.

该用户从未汇报

小学二年级

Rank: 3

发表于 2007-10-24 15:34:45 | 显示全部楼层
刚开始的都简单,后面就难多了`````````````

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小学二年级

Rank: 3

发表于 2007-10-31 13:32:49 | 显示全部楼层
very good!

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积分排名 743

小学三年级

Rank: 4Rank: 4

发表于 2007-11-24 10:38:48 | 显示全部楼层
who was coming to see the writer?

it is Lucy aunt was coming to see the writer.

what was the weather like last Sunday?

It was dark and raining.

why wasthe writer's aunt surprised?

because it is lunchtime. but the writer was still having breakfast.

该用户从未汇报

积分排名 743

小学三年级

Rank: 4Rank: 4

发表于 2007-11-24 13:51:10 | 显示全部楼层
频度动词:

He is alway nice and friendly to people.

I seldom watch TV.

We often meet at that coffee shop.

Are you still working?

I never late for appointments.

Sometime he tells us joks.

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积分排名 743

小学三年级

Rank: 4Rank: 4

发表于 2007-11-24 13:56:23 | 显示全部楼层
我的习惯:

I never get up early on Sundays.

I go to the library on Monday afternoons.

until用于否定句(至到....时候,才....)

the rain didn't stop until evening

I didn't get up until luchtime.

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小学二年级

Rank: 3

发表于 2008-1-18 13:49:22 | 显示全部楼层
有没有填空题答案提供啊

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积分排名 30

荣誉版主

Rank: 27Rank: 27Rank: 27

月度优秀版主月度发帖之星空间之星白雪公主

发表于 2008-3-23 17:53:43 | 显示全部楼层
thank you!
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