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Lesson 1 A private conversation 私人谈话

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发表于 2006-4-24 16:14:43 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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Lesson 1A private conversation 私人谈话

First listen and then answer the question.

听录音,然后回答以下问题。

Why did the writer complain to the people behind him?

Last week I went to the theatre. I had a very good seat. The play was very interesting. I did not enjoy it. A young man and a young woman were sitting behind me. They were talking loudly. I got very angry. I could not hear the actors. I turned round. I looked at the man and the woman angrily. They did not pay any attention. In the end, I could not bear it. I turned round again. 'I can't hear a word!' I said angrily.

'It's none of your business,' the young man said rudely. 'This is a private conversation!'

private['praivit]adj. 私人的

conversation[,kɔnvə'seiʃən]n. 谈话

theatre[ˈθiətə] n. 剧场,戏院

seat[si:t] n. 座位

play[plei] n. 戏

loudly['laudli]adv. 大声地

angry[ˈæŋɡri] adj. 生气的

angrily['æŋgrili]adv. 生气地

attention[əˈtenʃən] n. 注意

bear[bɛə] v. 容忍

business[ˈbiznis] n. 事

rudely['ru:dli]adv. 无礼地,粗鲁地

上星期我去看戏。我的座位很好,戏很有意思,但我却无法欣赏。一青年男子与一青年女子坐在我的身后,大声地说着话。我非常生气,因为我听不见演员在说什么。我回过头去怒视着那一男一女,他们却毫不理会。最后,我忍不住了,又一次回过头去,生气地说:“我一个字也听不见了!”

“不关你的事,”那男的毫不客气地说,“这是私人间的谈话!”

课堂笔记:

Lesson 1A private conversation 私人谈话

private['praivit]adj. 私人的

privacy:隐私it's a privacy. adj.

《Private Ryan》 private soldier:大兵

private citizen普通公民

private life:私生活

in private秘密地,私下地

private teacher私人教师

private school私立学校

private car 私家车

privation丧失,缺乏

privacy 隐私

it's my private letter/house ;

I want to talk with you about your disease in private, not in public.

我想私下里跟你谈谈你的病情,不想公开讲。

personal个人的

public 公共的

public letter 公开信 ;

public place :公共场所

public school公立学校

open 公开的

conversation[,kɔnvə'seiʃən]n. 谈话 (一般指非正式的谈话)

subject of conversation:话题

communication交流(强调往来,交往)

talk (正式谈话)

dialogue对话(强调有问有答)

exchange 交流(强调交换意见与看法)

chat聊天

discussion讨论(强调人数相对较多)

gossip 闲话(背后说人或者嚼舌头)

have a + talk/chat/dialogue/conversation/gossip 名词变动词

theatre[‘θiətə] n. 剧场,戏院

cineama电影院

street theater街头剧院

music hall音乐厅,歌舞厅

walk-in theater露天剧院

little theater实验剧场

nightclub夜总会

circus马戏团

drama 戏剧

seat[si:t] n. 座位

seat oneself=be seated就坐,坐下

have a good seat(place)

take a seat坐下来,就座

take your seat

Is the seat taken?这个座位有人吗?no/yes

sit down ,please

take your seat,please

be seated,please 更为礼貌

seat是及物动词,后面有宾语,加人

seat sb;seat him; 让某人就座

sit是不及物动词,后面不加宾语

baby seat儿童座位

back seat后座

offer a seat 让座

love seats 情侣座

car seat车座

box seat包厢座

chair椅子

bench 长凳

sofa 沙发

stool板凳

play[plei] n. 戏

play with玩,玩弄

It is wrong for a man to play with a woman’s affection. 男人玩弄女人的感情是不对的。

play on在…上玩后面常跟乐器名词

player运动员,比赛者

playground操场

playboy花花公子

play day 休假日,演出日

play footballplay basketballplay the pianoplay the violin[,vaiə'lin]

drama ['drɑ:mə, dræmə]戏剧

tragedy ['trædʒidi]悲剧

farce [fɑ:s]闹剧

TV play电视剧

opera歌剧

radio play广播剧

stage play 话剧

Peking opera京剧

dance drama舞剧

comedy ['kɔmidi]喜剧

dumb show哑剧

loudly['laudli]adv. 大声地

aloud , loud 和 loudly 都可以表示“大声地”,但在用法上有区别

aloud, loudly只能用作副词;loud既可作副词,也可用作形容词

aloud , loud二者作为副词,都有“大声地”、“响亮”的意思,有时可以通用。

aloud 强调发出的声音能被听见,aloud与read,think连用时,表示“出声”

loud用于talk,speak,shout,laugh等动词之后,在口语中代替loudly,侧重发出的音量大,传得远

loudly 放在动词前后均可,含有“喧闹”或“嘈杂”的意味

angry[ˈæŋɡri] adj. 生气的

be / get angry with sb.生某人的气

be / get angry at sth. 因某事而生气

angrily['æŋgrili]adv. 生气地

attention[ə’tenʃən] n. 注意

pay attention to sb./sth. 注意…;关心…

We should pay attention to the people around us.我们应该当关心周围的人。

Attention ,please. 请注意

pay attention注意

pay attention to对什么注意

You must pay attention to that gril.

pay a little attention稍加注意

pay much attention多加注意

pay more attention更多注意

pay no attention 不用注意

pay full attention全神集中精力

attentiveadj. 关心的,注意的

attentivelyadv. 专心地

attentiveness[ə'tentivnis] n. 专心,专注

bear[bɛə] v. 容忍过去式:bore [bɔ:],过去分词:borne [bɔ:n]

bear n. 熊

bearhug .热烈的拥抱

Kola bear 考拉熊

Polar bear 北极熊

Teddy bear泰迪熊

stand忍受,遭受,与 bear 用法相同,常常混用

endure [in'djuə]忍受,忍耐比较正式的用法,指承受某种苦难或肉体上的痛苦。

put up with忍受,容忍(非正式用语,口语中多用)

bear vt.

(1)承受,支撑,承担,负担:

Can the ice bear my weight?

这冰能承受我的体重吗?

Who will bear the cost?

谁来承担这笔费用?

(2)忍受(一般与can/could连用于疑问句及否定句中):

She eats too fast. I can't bear to watch/watching her.

她吃得太快。我看着受不了。

How can you bear living in this place?

你怎么能受得了住在这个地方?

In the end, 1 could not bear it.

最后,我忍不住了。

business[‘biznis] n. 事情,生意,任务,商业,交易

business man生意人

do business做生意

go to some place on business因公出差

I went to Tianjin on business.

thing可以指事情,也可以指东西

It's my business 私人事情

it's none of your business.

get down to business 认真着手办事

have no business 没有…的权利

out of business 破产的,停业的

talk business谈工作(生意)

When can I have a business of my own? 我什么时候才能有一家自己的公司呢。

businesslike管理得很好的,有条不紊的

busybody爱管闲事的人,搬弄是非的小人

rudely['ru:dli]adv. 无礼地,粗鲁地

rudeadj.

polite [pə'lait]有礼貌的politely 有礼貌地

1、Last week I went to the theatre.

句首的“Last week”点明叙述的事情发生的时间是上星期。因此整篇课文的时态基本上应是过去时(包括过去进行时),直接引语部分的时态除外。

go to the + 地点,代表主语的动作目的,强调活动而不是地点。

go to the theatre = go to the theatre to see a play,即去剧场看戏。

go to the cinema = go to the cinema to see a film(去电影院看电影)。

see a film 去看电影

go to the cinema去看电影

go to the + 地点表示去某地干嘛

go to the Great Wall

go to the shop去购物

以下的短语中名词前通常不加冠词:

go to school上学

go to bed上床,睡觉

go to hospital 去住院

go to sea去当海员

go to church上教堂,去做礼拜(cf.第1册第68课at school, at church;第1册第85课have been to school/church)

go to the + 人 + 's 表示去这个人开的店

go to the barber’s 去理发(男)

go to the butcher’s 去买肉

go to the baker’s 去买面包

go to the doctor's 去看病

go to the dairy去牛奶店

go home; 跟home相连一定表示没有事情可做,回家休息

2、I had a very good seat.

seat一般指戏院、汽车等配置的固定座位,也可以抽象地表示“座位”或“位子”的概念:

the front seat of a car汽车的前座

3、The play was very interesting.

interesting属于现在分词形式的形容词,意思是“使人感兴趣”。interested 对感兴趣的,主语是人

amusing / amused

exciting / excited

它通常与非人称主语连用或修饰某个事物:

This is an interesting book/idea.

这是一本有趣的书/一个令人感兴趣的主意。

4、I did not enjoy it.

enjoy vt. 为“欣赏”、“享受”、“喜爱”,后面一般跟名词、代词(包括反身代词)或动名词形式。

(2)Jane doesn't enjoy swimming. She enjoys going to the theatre.

简不喜欢游泳。她喜欢去剧院看戏。

(3)Enjoy yourself!

好好玩吧!

We always enjoy ourselves.

我们总是玩得很开心。

enjoy+sth :喜欢,从当中得到一种享受

I like something very much./I love something.

I enjoy the class.

I enjoy the music.

I enjoy the book.

enjoy the dinner/film/progeam/game

5、A young man and a young woman were sitting behind me. They were talking loudly.

这两句的时态为过去进行时。

was / were + doing过去进行时

单音节词,前面是元音,后面是辅音双写+ing

6、I got very angry.

get在这里有“逐渐变得”的含义,和become意思相近,是个表示过程的动词,表示状态的变化。

而I was very angry则仅表示当时的状态是生气,并不暗示过程。

be angry 表示生气的状态

get angry 表示变得生气的过程

7、I could not hear the actors. I turned round.

hear sb. 听见某人的话

hear from sb. 收到某人的来信

hear of sb./ sth. 知道某人(某事)

hear about sth. 听说、得悉某消息

turn round 转身,回头 =turn around

turn to sb. 求助于某人

turn up 出现,出席,到达

turn sb. sth . down拒绝

turn out证明是,结果

turn over打翻,翻转

9、They did not pay any attention.

pay

(1)vt., vi.支付(价款等):

Have you paid the taxi-driver?

你给出租车司机钱了吗?

You can pay a deposit of thirty pounds…

您可以先付30英镑的定金……

I paid 50 dollars for this skirt.

我花50美元买了这条裙子。

I'll pay by instalments.

我将分期付款。

(2)vt., vi. 给予(注意等);去(访问):

They did not pay any attention.

他们毫不理会。

We paid a visit to our teacher last Sunday. 上星期天我们去拜访了老师。

(3)n. 工资,报酬:同义词:salarywageremuneration [ri,mju:nə'reiʃən]报酬;酬劳,赔偿I have not received my pay yet.

我还没有领到工资。

10、In the end, I could not bear it.

in the end, 最后,终于。

表示一段较长的时间之后或某种努力之后:

She tried hard to finish her homework by herself. In the end, she had to ask her brother for help.

她试图自已完成家庭作业,但最后她不得不请她兄弟帮忙。

I turned round again. 'I can't hear a word!' I said angrily.

同义:finallyat lastin timeeventually [i'ventʃuəli] adv. 最后,终于

11、'It's none of your business,' the young man said rudely.

none of your business, 不关你的事。

(1)sb. 's business指某人(所关心的或份内)的事:

It is my business to look after your health.

我必须照顾你的身体健康。

This is none of his business.

这根本不关他的事。

(2)表示否定的代词none意义上相当于not any、not one of 或no one,但语气较强:no one 一般不跟of连用

She kept none of his letters.

他的信件她一封也没有保留。

None of my friends left early.

我的朋友没有一个早离开的。

none of这个短语有时可以表达一种断然、甚至粗暴的口气

尤其是在祈使句中:

None of your silly remarks!

别说傻话了!

12、'This is a private conversation!'

a private conversation,私人间的谈话。

在西方文化中人们对private(私人的,个人的)这个概念很看重。

这个词的名词形式privacy有“隐私(权)”的意思。所以课文中的小伙子会振振有词地说“This is a private conversation!”不过他忘了他是在一个public place(公众场合),而且他们的说话声太大,已经影响了别人。

语法 Grammar in use

简单陈述句的语序(Word order in simple statements)

简单陈述句的语序一般为:

主语一般为名词、代词或名词短语,通常位于动词之前。动词必须与主语“一致”,所以主语决定动词的单复数形式(如I am, you are, he has)。宾语一般为名词、代词或名词短语。在主动句中,宾语一般位于动词之后。一个句子不总需要有宾语。状语的位置比较灵活。当一个句子里有一种以上的副词时,地点副词的一般位置是在方式副词之后、时间副词之前,如上面的最后一个例句。时间状语可以在句尾,也可以在句首:

Last night Lucy went to the theatre.

昨晚露西去剧院看戏了。

I heard a voice at the door just now.

我刚才听到门口有声音。

Sam listened to the story quietly.

萨姆静静地听着故事。

The man ran away quickly.

那人很快跑掉了。(无宾语)

学完本课以后做做练习吧,本课练习网址

http://www.enfamily.cn/viewthread.php?tid=11909

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小学二年级

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发表于 2007-6-12 23:00:46 | 显示全部楼层

回复 #1 雪狼 的帖子

太棒了。非常感谢!

该用户从未汇报

小学二年级

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发表于 2007-7-17 13:24:06 | 显示全部楼层
太感谢了,我觉得真不错

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小学五年级

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月度发帖之星

发表于 2007-8-31 21:25:30 | 显示全部楼层
First listen and then answer the question.

听录音,然后回答以下问题。

Why did the writer complain to the people behind him?

Because they were talking loudly and the writer couldn’t hear the actors

该用户从未汇报

小学二年级

Rank: 3

发表于 2007-10-2 07:20:04 | 显示全部楼层
怎么看不到讲解了?

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小学二年级

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发表于 2007-10-24 14:49:03 | 显示全部楼层
每天坚持学两课,哈哈哈``````````

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积分排名 796

小学三年级

Rank: 4Rank: 4

发表于 2007-11-23 20:36:02 | 显示全部楼层
last week. where did the writergo?

the writer went to the theatre last week.

why didn't he enjoy the play?

because ayoung man and ayoung woman were talking loundly.

what did the young man say to the writer?

the young man said to the writer:" this is a private conversation".

该用户从未汇报

小学二年级

Rank: 3

发表于 2008-1-14 11:08:02 | 显示全部楼层

太好喽~

这个真是太棒喽.天天来看~嘿嘿

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Rank: 27Rank: 27Rank: 27

月度优秀版主月度发帖之星

发表于 2008-1-14 21:05:23 | 显示全部楼层
5楼的要看什么讲解?视频里是有的呀

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小学一年级

Rank: 2Rank: 2

发表于 2008-2-4 14:46:53 | 显示全部楼层
支持,我很喜欢
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